The Instrumental Case in English

The Instrumental Case in English

Author: Don L. Nilsen

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110815498

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 187

View: 737

Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Old English Grammar Reader

Old English Grammar   Reader

The genitive case has a number of other idiomatic uses , just as in Modern English : The genitive of relationship ( Edward's brother ) ; The genitive of measure ( an acre of land ) ; The subjective genitive ( the king's command ) ...

Author: Robert E. Diamond

Publisher: Wayne State University Press

ISBN: 0814315100

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 304

View: 269

'An excellent introduction to Old English. The reader is complete with excellent translations; and the grammar part is clear and suitable for an undergraduate or graduate student.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Dative External Possessors in Early English

Dative External Possessors in Early English

2 Dative case in Old English An overview This chapter presents an overview of the dative case in Old English to give the reader a picture of how DEPs fit in with other uses of the dative case . This overview is not intended as a ...

Author: Cynthia L. Allen

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192568267

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 336

View: 446

This volume is the first systematic, corpus-based examination of dative external possessors in Old and Early Middle English and their diachronic development. Modern English is unusual among European languages in not having a productive dative external possessor construction, whereby the possessor is in the dative case and behaves like an element of the sentence rather than part of the possessive phrase. This type of construction was found in Old English, however, especially in expressions of inalienable possession; it appeared in variation with the internal possessors in the genitive case, which then became the only productive possibility in Middle English. In this book, Cynthia Allen traces the use of dative external possessors in the texts of the Old and early Middle English periods and explores how the empirical data fit with the hypotheses put forward to date. She draws on recent developments in linguistic theory to evaluate both language-internal explanations for the loss of the dative construction and the possible role of language contact, especially with the Brythonic Celtic languages. The book will be of interest to students and researchers in the fields of historical syntax and morphology, language variation and change, and the comparative syntax of the Germanic languages.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Drout s Quick and Easy Old English

Drout s Quick and Easy Old English

of case agreement among adjectives, nouns and pronouns. The Instrumental Case Even though many books of Old English grammar separate the dative and instrumental cases, it is easier to think of the instrumental as just another use of the ...

Author: Michael D.C. Drout

Publisher: Witan Publishing

ISBN:

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page:

View: 921

Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Periphrasis Replacement and Renewal

Periphrasis  Replacement and Renewal

The instrumental case is only marked in certain strong adjectival and pronominal declensions in Old English. Although tentatively, I put the instrumental case lower than the genitive case on the above hierarchy.

Author: Dóra Pődör

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781443866507

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 345

View: 747

The contributions to this volume smoothly blend synchronic theory and diachronic investigations, and thus offer novel observations about the historical evolution of the English language from various theoretical angles (such as minimalist theory, formal semantics, recent theories on productivity, and various discourse models). By offering new vantage points and improved frameworks for the study of Present-Day English, the papers also provide solutions to problems that have been persistently present in the synchronic analysis of English. The papers are arranged around four thematic headings. The first part discusses patterns and models of replacement, while the second focuses on syntactic and semantic variation. The third part presents case studies of the historical development of adverbials and particles. The final part investigates functional and regional variation in discourse and vocabulary. The 15 peer-reviewed, revised papers were originally presented at the 16th International Conference on English Historical Linguistics held in August 2010 in Pécs, Hungary. The volume will appeal to linguists interested in a wide range of areas of linguistic research, including language change, grammatical theory, language variation, semantic change, diachronic discourse analysis, translation studies, and corpus-based study of English.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Basic Polish

Basic Polish

This second edition has been revised to include updated examples and explanations.

Author: Dana Bielec

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317624370

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 256

View: 413

Basic Polish presents concise explanations of grammar with related exercises, to build confidence in using the modern language. Assuming no previous knowledge of Polish, the book’s step-by-step approach guarantees a thorough grounding in the basics of grammar. Each of the forty units introduces particular grammar points. Clear and concise explanations are supported by a wide range of examples and exercises to allow students to practise and consolidate their learning. Later units also reinforce material taught in earlier ones. Key features include: clear, accessible format many useful language examples jargon-free explanations of grammar abundant exercises with a full answer key notes on the Polish alphabet, pronunciation and stress Polish-English vocabulary subject index. This second edition has been revised to include updated examples and explanations. It also offers five new appendices containing a comprehensive summary of grammar functions, guidance on studying an inflected language, and helpful information on question words, the important verbs być and mieć and perfective and imperfective verb aspects. Written by an experienced language teacher and author, Basic Polish is the ideal introduction to the structures and expressions most widely used in spoken and written Polish. It is suitable for both independent use and classroom study.
Categories: Foreign Language Study

Russian For Dummies

Russian For Dummies

As the name suggests, the instrumental case is often used to indicate the instrument that assists in the carrying out of an action ... By the way, you may wonder why the English preposition “about” is translated by two different Russian ...

Author: Andrew Kaufman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118052884

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 384

View: 361

Russian is spoken by nearly 450 million people, and demand for Russian-speakers is growing. This introductory course includes an audio CD with practice dialogues-just the ticket for readers who need basic Russian for business, school, or travel. Serafima Gettys, PhD (Newark, CA), is Coordinator of the Foreign Language Program at Lewis University. Andrew Kaufman, PhD (Charlottesville, VA), is a Visiting Assistant Professor at the University of Virginia. Note: CD-ROM/DVD and other supplementary materials are not included as part of eBook file.
Categories: Foreign Language Study

Learn Polish Language Through Dialogue

Learn Polish Language Through Dialogue

The book is equipped with the audio tracks. The address of the home page of the book on the Internet, where audio files are available for listening and downloading, is listed at the beginning of the book on the copyright page.

Author: Anna Tkachenko

Publisher: Audiolego

ISBN:

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 100

View: 922

The textbook gives you many examples on how questions and answers in Polish dialogue should be formed. It is easy to see the difference between Polish and English using parallel translation. Common questions and answers used in everyday situations are explained simply enough even for beginners. Some sayings and jokes make it engaging despite seven cases that make Polish a little difficult for some students. The book is equipped with the audio tracks. The address of the home page of the book on the Internet, where audio files are available for listening and downloading, is listed at the beginning of the book on the copyright page.
Categories: Foreign Language Study

Ukrainian A Comprehensive Grammar

Ukrainian  A Comprehensive Grammar

2.4.1.5 The locative Case The locative case (Ukr. Micuéeuil “locative = pertaining to location') is only used with prepositions: hence the alternative name of this case in English, the “prepositional'. 2.4.1.6 The instrumental Case The ...

Author: Ian Press

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136862441

Category: FOREIGN LANGUAGE STUDY

Page: 336

View: 527

Ukrainian: A Comprehensive Grammar is a complete reference guide to modern Ukrainian grammar. The authors have consulted a great number of sources, in addition to a wide range of native speakers. The result is the first true reference grammar of Ukrainian to be published outside Ukraine, it will be the standard reference work for years to come. The volume is organized to enable students of the language to find the information they seek quickly and easily, and to promote a thorough understanding of Ukrainian grammar. It presents the complexities of the language in a systematic and user-friendly form. Features include * detailed tables in each chapter for easy reference * numerous examples throughout * thorough descriptions of all parts of speech * list of grammatical terms in English and Ukrainian * complete descriptions of the word-formational processes of Ukrainian * an overview of past and present changes in the language * bibliography of works relating to Ukrainian * full index.
Categories: FOREIGN LANGUAGE STUDY

A Progressive Grammar of the Malayalam Language

A Progressive Grammar of the Malayalam Language

121. The Instrumental Case ( § 73 ) may also be employed in connexion with the Participial Noun ( cf. the Preposition “ by ” or “ in ” before a Participle in English ) . “ Instrument ” and “ Reason ” or “ Condition ” are similar notions ...

Author: L. Johannes Frohnmeyer

Publisher: Asian Educational Services

ISBN: 8120600681

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 306

View: 845

Categories: Foreign Language Study

Introducing Global Englishes

Introducing Global Englishes

The English language once had an extensive declension system similar to Latin, modern German and Icelandic. Old English distinguished between the nominative, accusative, dative, and genitive cases, and for strongly declined adjectives ...

Author: Nico Hess

Publisher: Scientific e-Resources

ISBN: 9781839472992

Category:

Page:

View: 387

It is estimated that "e;the number of native English speakers is 300 million to 450 million."e; More than one billion people are believed to speak some form of English. Although the numbers vary, it is widely accepted that hundreds of millions of people around the world speak English, whether as a native, second or a foreign language. English, in some form, has become the native or unofficial language of a majority of the countries around the world today. "e;In 20 to 30 countries around the world, English is merging with native languages to create hybrid Englishes."e; This comprehensive study of Introducing Global Englishes indented to be useful and popular among students because of the simplicity and directness of explanations of the various terms and concepts, its wealth of illustrative examples enables the reader to assimilate the content without being intimidated by its range and scope. Written in a very careful manner keeping in view of the course requirements it is aimed at familiarising students with the vibrant currents of thought that have enriched the literary enterprise of our time.
Categories:

English Grammar Past and Present

English Grammar  Past and Present

Eng . henne has been superseded by now , which is of the same root as new . Whence , thence , hence . ... Thus answers to A.S. Gus , which is probably another spelling of Týs , the Instrumental case of Bes = this .

Author: John Collinson Nesfield

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105047699348

Category: English language

Page: 470

View: 556

Categories: English language

Russian for the Mathematician

Russian for the Mathematician

the third was the dative (usually translated by to or for in English), from the Latin dare (to give); e.g., ... In present-day Russian there are two more cases (also inherited from Indo-European), namely the instrumental and the ...

Author: Sydney Henry Gould

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642653841

Category: Mathematics

Page: 212

View: 451

The Board of Trustees of the American Mathematical Society, expressing its belief that a great deal of time would be saved for mathematicians if they could study a textbook of Russian precisely adapted to their needs, granted to the present author nine months leave of absence from his duties as Editor of Translations. To the Board, and to Gordon L. Walker, the Exec utive Director of the Society, who took the initiative in this matter with his customary energy and good will, the author is deeply gratefUl for the opportunity to write such a book. For indispensable help and advice in the preparation of the book, which was written chiefly in Gottingen, Moscow and Belgrade, gratitude is due to many people, especially to Martin Kneser of the Mathematics Institute in Gottingen, S. M. Nikol'skii and L. D. Kudrjavcev of the Steklov Institute in Moscow, T. P. Andjelic of the Mathematics Institute in the Yugoslav Academy of Arts and Sciences, G. Kurepa and B. Terzic of the Mathematics and Slav istics Departments in the University of Belgrade, and Alexander Schenker of the Department of Slavic Languages and Literatures in Yale University. For expert assistance, both secretarial and linguistic, the author is indebted to his wife Katherine and his son William, for proficient typing of the Reading Selections to Tamara Burmeister, Secretary of the Slavistics Depart ment in Belgrade, and Christine Lefian, editorial assistant in the American Mathematical Society. Providence, USA S. H.
Categories: Mathematics

The Dative

The Dative

Modern English, with its heavy reliance on word order as a means of signalling grammatical functions, has only a residual overt case system: the inflectional genitive is narrowly restricted in distribution and the nominative vs.

Author: William van Belle

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027228130

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 296

View: 608

This book is the second part of a two-volume reader on the 'Dative'. In the first part, which appeared in 1996, eleven papers were presented providing a syntactic and semantic description of the category 'Dative' in eleven languages. The aim of this second part is to discuss several aspects of the Dative in greater detail. It contains eight papers dealing with theoretical considerations on 'dativity' as well as with contrastive, typological and diachronic issues. A major concern is the relation between form (case, grammatical relation) and meaning (semantic roles or other kinds of meaning). Most contributions in this volume represent cognitive and functional views or a critical discussion of them.As in the first volume, the linguistic material mainly stems from Germanic and Romance languages. Contemporary English is the basis for Davidse's theoretical claims; Pasicki studies the dative in Old English. Dutch appears especially in Geeraerts' semantic analysis, but also in the papers by Draye, Lamiroy & Delbecque and Van Langendonck. Draye, Lamiroy & Delbecque and Melis also take German into consideration. Latin is dealt with by Melis and Van Langendonck. Modern Romance languages, especially French, provide further data for Melis and Lamiroy & Delbecque. Finally, Newman adduces a variety of languages for his typological analyses.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

History of the English Language

History of the English Language

were gradually eroded, eventually leading to a loss of grammatical case and grammatical gender in the Early Middle English period. The most important umlaut process was *i-mutation (c. 500 CE), which led to pervasive alternations of all ...

Author: Carson Stewart &

Publisher: Scientific e-Resources

ISBN: 9781839472985

Category:

Page:

View: 827

A History of the English Language explores the etymological and social improvement of English from the Roman victory of England to the present day to give an exhaustive review of the distinctive parts of its history. This top of the line exemplary course book has been reconsidered and refreshed and urges the reader to create both a comprehension of present-day English and an illuminated mentality toward the issues influencing the dialect today. The history and advancement of English, from the most punctual referred to works to its status today as a prevailing world dialect, is a subject of real significance to etymologists and students of history. In this book, a group of worldwide specialists cover the whole written history of the English dialect, sketching out its improvement more than fifteen centuries. With an accentuation on later periods, each key stage in the historical backdrop of the dialect is secured, with full records of institutionalization, names, the circulation of English in Britain and North America, and its worldwide spread. New authentic studies of the vital parts of the dialect are displayed, and recorded changes that have influenced English are dealt with as a proceeding with process, clarifying the state of the dialect today. This total and state-of-the-art history of English will be fundamental to every propelled understudy, researchers and instructors in this conspicuous field.
Categories: