In the context of an account of the authors' own conversion to Judaism as a result of study of the Holocaust, discusses moral and theological problems arising from the Holocaust and the need for a reorientation of Christian and Western ...
Author: Robert Seitz Frey
Publisher: University Press of America
In the context of an account of the authors' own conversion to Judaism as a result of study of the Holocaust, discusses moral and theological problems arising from the Holocaust and the need for a reorientation of Christian and Western thought.
Although speaking of emotionality, we must be clear that this does not indicate that our wants and desires determine our response to imperatives. This is because obeying the imperative and our subjection to it is always “determined by ...
Author: James Magrini
Arguing for a renewed view of objects and nature, Ethical Responses to Nature’s Call considers how it is possible to understand our ethical duties - in the form of ethical intuitionalism - to nature and the planet by listening to and releasing ourselves over to the call or address of nature. Blending several strands of philosophical thought, such as Graham Harman’s Object-Oriented Ontology, W. D. Ross’s prima fathics, Alphonso Lingis’s phenomenological ethics traceable to The Imperative, and Michael Bonnett’s ecophilosophy, this book offers a unique rejoinder to the problems and issues that continue to haunt humans’ relationship to nature. The origins of such problems and issues largely remain obscured from view due to the oppressive influence of the "Cultural Framework" which gives form and structure to the ways we understand, discourse on, and comport ourselves in relation to the natural world. Through understanding this "Cultural Framework" we also come to know the responses we continue to offer in answer to nature’s call and address, and are then in a position to analyze and assess those responses in terms of their potential ethical weight. Such a phenomenon is made possible through the descriptive-and-interpretive method of eco-phenomenology. This renewed vision of the human-and-nature provides direction for our interaction with and behavior toward nature in such a way that the ethical insight offers a diagnosis and provides a potentially compelling prescriptive for environmental ills.
To explain spatial S-R compatibility effects, Simon (1968; Simon & Rudell, 1967) invoked a basic natural tendency to respond toward the source of the imperative stimulus. When the side of the stimulus does not match the side of the ...
Author: R.W. Proctor
Stimulus-response compatibility refers to the finding that certain mappings of stimuli to responses produce faster and more accurate responding than do others. The present volume surveys compatibility research which falls into four broad categories: (a) mental representation and coding (b) neurophysiological mechanisms (c) motor performance (d) human factors applications. The major findings and models within each of the categories are summarized, and an integrated perspective is provided. The research indicates that compatibility effects reflect basic cognitive processes that bear on a range of issues in cognitive science and that have applied implications for human factors specialists.
If the speaker alone is the source of the command expressed in the imperative, a response like “I agree” is infelicitous as a response to an imperative like “Come home!” for example. This is because the speaker alone is the source of ...
Author: Daniela Isac
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
This book studies the properties of imperative clauses in the context of a theory of Universal Grammar. Daniela Isac argues that the specificity of imperative clauses cannot be the result of a unique imperative Force feature; instead, the `type' of imperative clauses can be traced back to a plurality of finer grained features, such as Modality and phi-features, hosted by the Mod, Infl, and Speech Event heads, among others. The data are drawn from a wide range of languages including various Romance, Slavic, and Germanic languages, as well as Finnish and Inuktitut. The analysis accounts for recurrent patterns in the interaction of imperative mood with phenomena like negation, restrictions on grammatical subjects, and the possibility of embedding imperative clauses. The approach, which focuses exclusively on morphosyntactic rather than semantic features, is potentially transferable to the analysis of other clause types, such as exclamatives, interrogatives, and declaratives.
Uncued choice RT Stimulus identification Responseinitiation Responseprogramming Table 2.8 A summary of the similarities and ... In an uncued CRT, the programming of movement must occur between the imperative stimulus and the response.
Author: Ivan Donaldson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
'Marsden's Book of Movement Disorders' represents the final work of the late Professor C. David Marsden, who was the most influential figure in the field of movement disorders, in terms of his contributions to both research and clinical practice, in the modern era. It was conceived and written by David Marsden and his colleague at the Institute of Neurology, Prof. Ivan Donaldson. It was their intention that this would be the most comprehensive book on movement disorders and also that it would serve as the 'clinical Bible' for the management of these conditions. It provides a masterly survey of the entire topic, which has been made possible only by vast laboratory and bedside experience. The coverage of this comprehensive online resource includes the full breadth of movement disorders, from the underlying anatomy and understanding of basal ganglia function to the diagnosis and management of specific movement disorders, including the more common conditions such as Parkinson's Disease through to very rare conditions such as Neimann-Pick disease. Chapters follow a structured format, featuring historical overviews, definitions, clinical features, differential diagnosis, investigations and treatment covered in a structured way. Figures include many original photographs and diagrams of historical significance, which can all be downloaded as PowerPoint presentations. Among these illustrations are still images of some original film clips of some of Dr. Marsden's patients published here for the first time. Comprehensively referenced, with links through to primary research journal articles, and updated by experts from the Institute of Neurology at Queen Square, 'Marsden's Book of Movement Disorders' is a valuable reference for movement disorder specialists and researchers, as well as clinicians who care for patients with movement disorders.
After the 5 - sec warning interval , the imperative stimulus sounded and the subject responded as quickly as possible by lifting this thumb from the skin switch . Following the response , normal respiration was resumed and the warning ...
However, the response is capable of delivering a reward only some time delay after the presentation of the cue. The time at which reward becomes available is indicated by another stimulus (the “imperative stimulus”).
Author: Robert Miller
Publisher: CRC Press
This book takes a new and up-to-date look at the prominent theory that the left hemisphere is specialised for representing patterns extended in time whereas the right hemisphere represents simultaneous or 'spatial' patterns. What makes it unique in the field is that it looks at this theory from a neurobiological basis. It suggests that the difference resides in the range of conduction times in the axons connecting different regions of the cortex in each hemisphere. This hypothesis is discussed with respect to theoretical models of brain dynamics, and both gross and microscopic structure of the hemispheres. It deals with the psychological implications of the hypothesis for higher functions of the human cerebrum and outlines testable implications wherever possible.
Each of these too has its own appropriate responses. ... These two characteristics of the HIV epidemic impose a set of imperatives upon us: 1. The imperative of an effective response. 2. The imperative of a sustainable response. 3.
Author: George Clement Bond
Category: Political Science
This book offers detailed ethnographic studies from Africa and the Caribbean to explain AIDS in a global and comparative third-world context. The essays move beyond medical or epidemiological models, explaining the epidemic in its economic, social, political, and historical contexts.
So much for the imperative but what of the response ? The Australians responded to this emerging strategic imperative of the mid - 19th century by developing what has been called Australia's first foreign policy and for decades to come ...
Author: Christopher D. WickensPublish On: 2021-09-28
In those experiments, people were required to respond to a single imperative stimulus located at an unpredictable place in the visual field. Prior to the imperative stimulus, people were cued as to where it was likely to occur.
Author: Christopher D. Wickens
Forming connections between human performance and design, this new edition of Engineering Psychology and Human Performance examines human–machine interaction. The book is organized directly from a psychological perspective of human information processing, and chapters correspond to the flow of information as it is processed by a human being—from the senses, through the brain, to action—rather than from the perspective of system components or engineering design concepts. Upon completing this book, readers will be able to identify how human ability contributes to the design of technology; understand the connections within human information processing and human performance; challenge the way they think about technology’s influence on human performance; and show how theoretical advances have been, or might be, applied to improving human–machine interactions. This new edition includes the following key features: A new chapter on research methods Sections on interruption management and distracted driving as cogent examples of applications of engineering psychology theory to societal problems A greatly increased number of references to pandemics, technostress, and misinformation New applications Amplified emphasis on readability and commonsense examples Updated and new references throughout the text This book is ideal for psychology and engineering students, as well as practitioners in engineering psychology, human performance, and human factors. The text is also supplemented by online resources for students and instructors.
... a further problem came to occupy public attention, namely the imperative of responding to globalization. ... had pursued in the postwar period was seen as the reason why Japan's response to globalization had gone so badly wrong.
Author: Yoichi Funabashi
Category: Social Science
This book examines five features of Japan’s ‘Lost Decades’: the speed of the economic decline in Japan compared to Japan’s earlier global prowess; a rapidly declining population; considerable political instability and failed reform attempts; shifting balances of power in the region and changing relations with Asian neighbouring nations; and the lingering legacy of World War Two. Addressing the question of why the decades were lost, this book offers 15 new perspectives ranging from economics to ideology and beyond. Investigating problems such as the risk-averse behaviour of Japan’s bureaucracy and the absence of strong political leadership, the authors analyse how the delay of ‘loss-cutting policies’ led to the 1997 financial crisis and a state of political gridlock where policymakers could not decide on firm strategies that would benefit national interests. To discuss the rebuilding of Japan, the authors argue that it is first essential to critically examine Japan’s ‘Lost Decades’ and this book offers a comprehensive overview of Japan’s recent 20 years of crisis. The book reveals that the ‘Lost Decades’ is not an issue unique to the Japanese context but has global relevance, and its study can provide important insights into challenges being faced in other mature economies. With chapters written by some of the world’s leading Japan specialists and chapters focusing on a variety of disciplines, this book will be of interest to students and scholars in the areas of Japan studies, Politics, International Relations, Security Studies, Government Policy and History.
A moral universe could arise from the imperative to answer the self we left behind.45 According to Muschamp, the architecture of the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum avoids any literal representation of Dachau or any of the other death ...
Author: Jeffrey R. Di Leo
Publisher: Psychology Press
Where does learning take place? In this collection of passionately argued essays, leading educators and theorists explore the "where" of pedagogy - how pedagogical processes are influenced by local conditions. Understanding this dynamic just may be the single most important ingredient to successful teaching.Classrooms Matter presents some of the best known voices in critical pedagogy--Michael Apple, Henry Giroux, Stanley Aronowitz, Carol Becker, Peter McLaren--alongside essays by such well-known scholars as Mark Poster, Sharon O'Dair, David Trend, Jacqueline Bobo, and others. These thinkers explore the sensitive balance between technology, physical space, economic developments, political events, and the goals of teaching--a balance we must constantly renegotiate if classrooms are to matter at all.
CALL AND RESPONSE: LISTENING FOR THE COMMUNITY OF STRANGERS Mentors who accept the “elected obligation”12 to respond to the imperative presented by their students must first learn to listen: to “receive a world [they] cannot share.
Author: Mary Jo Hinsdale
This book is for higher education faculty and staff who wish to deepen their approach to mentoring all students, but it is especially concerned with “outsider” students – those who come from groups that were long excluded from higher education, and who have been marginalized and minoritized by society and academia. Mentoring is difficult work for an abundance of reasons, and – given higher education’s troubled history of exclusion, as well as a contemporary context fraught with social and power imbalances – it can be especially challenging when the mentorship takes place across dimensions of difference such as social class, race, ethnicity, sexuality, gender, or ability. Mutuality, Mystery, and Mentorship in Higher Education examines the seemingly spontaneous and serendipitous connection between mentor and protégé, and points to a new vision of mentorship based on a deep sense of reciprocity between the two. Hinsdale proposes that if more mentors take a responsive, decolonizing approach to their work across difference, then the promise of social and class mobility through education might be realized for more of our students and the tide might begin to turn toward an increasingly inclusive, intellectually open academy.
The book demonstrates that in such a dynamic environment, the imperative to understand Russian interests, actions, and, no less importantly, its society, is as great as it has ever been. The urgency of this research agenda is also ...
Author: Lada V. Kochtcheeva
Publisher: Springer Nature
Category: Political Science
This book analyzes the nature of Russia’s involvement with globalization. To date, Russia has mainly followed a course of selective openness governed by an increasingly strong state pursuing self-determination and its own vision of strategic objectives and forms of cooperation, rather than the projected reproduction of global convergence. It is also a country that is believed to be finding a new place and position for itself in the evolving global order, where European and American reflections shape the treatment of contemporary questions concerning Russia’s status in the world. The book highlights the problems and conflicts associated with political developments, democratization, economic reforms, and innovation, as well as societal perceptions and national identity formation. The world is shifting, with Russia developing its own vision of global politics and cultivating a pragmatic strategy based on national interest, one that supports globalization where necessary and opposes it where conflicts of interest and values are inevitable.
Since Palmer the idea of the imperative drill has been rediscovered by J. Asher, the author of the total physical response method. In recent years many other glottodidactic specialists have also been developing techniques for use in ...
Author: Dieter Kastovsky
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS is a series of books that open new perspectives in our understanding of language. The series publishes state-of-the-art work on core areas of linguistics across theoretical frameworks as well as studies that provide new insights by building bridges to neighbouring fields such as neuroscience and cognitive science. TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS considers itself a forum for cutting-edge research based on solid empirical data on language in its various manifestations, including sign languages. It regards linguistic variation in its synchronic and diachronic dimensions as well as in its social contexts as important sources of insight for a better understanding of the design of linguistic systems and the ecology and evolution of language. TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS publishes monographs and outstanding dissertations as well as edited volumes, which provide the opportunity to address controversial topics from different empirical and theoretical viewpoints. High quality standards are ensured through anonymous reviewing.
For Jonas an imperative responding to the new type of human action might run like this, “Act so that the effects of your action are compatible with the permanence of genuine human life.” Or, expressed negatively, “Act so that the ...
Author: Laszlo Zsolnai
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
“What should I do?,” “How should I deal with this?,” “How should I behave?,” “How should I act?” we ask ourselves daily. But, this is only the first part of the sentence, while the full sentence is “What should I do … to achieve such and such?”, for example to complete an assigned task, to do well before my boss or a client, to be pleased with myself, to carry out my plans, to make money in the stock market, to pass an exam, to complete an application, etc. These and similar questions that people ask, consciously or not, openly or not, are decisions. What skills must we master, especially when there is a need to make not only elementary decisions, but also decisions that affect the existence, health, and even lives of people? First, Laszlo Zsolnai writes that we should acquire the skill of gaining knowledge. Only then will we stand a chance of reacting to things that are improbable today, but could become a fact tomorrow. Also essential is the skill of designing, i.e., preparing actions conceptually in order to make decisions before irreversible changes occur. Finally, it is essential to master the skill of multidimensional judgment within the space defined by effectiveness, efficiency, and ethics. This is Zsolnai’s attempt to build a model of making ethical decisions both effectively and efficiently. Therefore, the model is much broader than purely an analytical framework would be. It must tell us how to act rather than limit us to reflection on actions already performed; it must combine decision and praxiological analysis of human conduct. The proposed model enlarges the scope of the debate and suggests new avenues of both rational and responsible decision making. This is an original statement of the crossover of policy and morality.
The response to the imperative stimulus was emitted by pressing the space bar on the computer keyboard , and RT was measured from stimulus onset to response emission . Procedure When the cube was visible , on each trial the sequence of ...
Author: H. Bundesen
Publisher: Psychology Press
This volume traces the modern critical and performance history of this play, one of Shakespeare's most-loved and most-performed comedies. The essay focus on such modern concerns as feminism, deconstruction, textual theory, and queer theory.
intended to elicit a response from the hearer and is henceforth called the response elicitation mode . * The use of these two modes is not restricted to the declarative , but embraces the imperative and interrogative as well .
Author: Joseph Evans Grimes
Publisher: Summer Inst of Linguistics
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Linguistics; non-Aboriginal material on discourse structure, referential strategies and markers in African and Central Asian languages.
After acquisition, the organism elicits an adaptive conditioned response (also saliva production in the example) when the ... After a blank interval, called the foreperiod (FP), an imperative stimulus (S2, comparable to an unconditioned ...
Author: Jörg Müller
This book represents the thoroughly refereed post-proceedings of the 6th International Workshop on Agent-Oriented Software Engineering, AOSE 2005. The 18 revised full papers were carefully selected from 35 submissions during two rounds of reviewing and improvement. The papers are organized in topical sections on modeling tools, analysis and validation tools, multiagent systems design, implementation tools, and experiences and comparative evaluations.
... an unsuccessful First Amendment lawsuit against the Philadelphia transit system.19 The responses by various public health organizations meet each of the three components of the ethical imperative—a public response by experts from a ...
Author: Katheryn Russell-Brown
Publisher: NYU Press
Category: Social Science
Winner of the 2009 National Jewish Book Award in American Jewish Studies Recipient of the 2010 Guggenheim Fellowship in Humanities-Intellectual & Cultural History It has become an accepted truth: after World War II, American Jews chose to be silent about the mass murder of millions of their European brothers and sisters at the hands of the Nazis. In this compelling work, Hasia R. Diner shows the assumption of silence to be categorically false. Uncovering a rich and incredibly varied trove of remembrances—in song, literature, liturgy, public display, political activism, and hundreds of other forms—We Remember with Reverence and Love shows that publicly memorializing those who died in the Holocaust arose from a deep and powerful element of Jewish life in postwar America. Not only does she marshal enough evidence to dismantle the idea of American Jewish “forgetfulness,” she brings to life the moving and manifold ways that this widely diverse group paid tribute to the tragedy. Diner also offers a compelling new perspective on the 1960s and its potent legacy, by revealing how our typical understanding of the postwar years emerged from the cauldron of cultural divisions and campus battles a generation later. The student activists and “new Jews” of the 1960s who, in rebelling against the American Jewish world they had grown up in “a world of remarkable affluence and broadening cultural possibilities” created a flawed portrait of what their parents had, or rather, had not, done in the postwar years. This distorted legacy has been transformed by two generations of scholars, writers, rabbis, and Jewish community leaders into a taken-for-granted truth.