The Hemlock Cup

Socrates, Athens and the Search for the Good Life

Author: Bettany Hughes

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 1446419169

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 544

View: 4646

DOWNLOAD NOW »

We think the way we do because Socrates thought the way he did. His aphorism 'The unexamined life is not worth living' may have originated twenty-five centuries ago, but it is a founding principle of modern life. For seventy years Socrates was a vigorous citizen of Golden Age Athens, philosophising in the squares and public arenas rather than in the courts of kings, before his beloved city turned on him, condemning him to death by poison. Socrates lived in and contributed to a city that nurtured key ingredients of contemporary civilisation - democracy, liberty, science, drama, rational thought - yet, as he wrote almost nothing down, he himself is an enigmatic figure. In The Hemlock Cup, acclaimed historian Bettany Hughes gives Socrates the biography he deserves, painstakingly piecing together Socrates' life and using fresh evidence to get closer to the man who asked 'how should we live?' - a question as relevant now as it has ever been.
Release

Eudaimonia - Happiness Is Not Enough

Author: M. J. Newby

Publisher: Troubador Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 1848767501

Category: Philosophy

Page: 188

View: 2765

DOWNLOAD NOW »

What the love of wisdom is and how it enables us to live in today`s world are explored in this ambitious work. Rich insights into what human maturity means and how it is reached have become too easily lost or confined to the world of high academia. Well-being, the true goal of human being, has been tragically reduced to `happiness` and its meanings lost. No subject could be more important, and few modern works deal with it that are not religious, dogmatic and furtively proselytising. Profound ideas are here applied to such unlikely things as skateboarding, love-making, getting rich, tourism and playing cricket, all of which can become a means to the development of mental strength and genuine love. Post-religious spirituality, clarified here, is the development of the psyche, which is as important as finding or losing oneself, and winning or losing in the arena of living. In the age of fiction our lives are enriched by myriad vital stories, personally loved, and also endowed with wider meanings through living in the shared master story for today, the incomplete saga of the salvation of the planet. Radical implications for education, human communication, politics and a sustainable future permeate the text, which calls upon authoritative voices from recent times and the deeper past, from Socrates to Habermas. from Judaism and Christianity to Islam and the traditions of the East. This is no mere history, but the building of a radical approach to human spirituality, lifestyle, communication and life-goals. Although the way is hard, deliverance from the darkness of consumerism, the pressure of rivalry, and confusion about ultimate goals is offered in this book. The thorough bibliography and referencing enable the reader to pursue a wide range of topics, and render the work suitable for the hard-pressed student as well as readers-for-leisure.
Release

Dying for Ideas

The Dangerous Lives of the Philosophers

Author: Costica Bradatan

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1472525825

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 742

DOWNLOAD NOW »

What do Socrates, Hypatia, Giordano Bruno, Thomas More, and Jan Patocka have in common? First, they were all faced one day with the most difficult of choices: stay faithful to your ideas and die or renounce them and stay alive. Second, they all chose to die. Their spectacular deaths have become not only an integral part of their biographies, but are also inseparable from their work. A "death for ideas" is a piece of philosophical work in its own right; Socrates may have never written a line, but his death is one of the greatest philosophical best-sellers of all time. Dying for Ideas explores the limit-situation in which philosophers find themselves when the only means of persuasion they can use is their own dying bodies and the public spectacle of their death. The book tells the story of the philosopher's encounter with death as seen from several angles: the tradition of philosophy as an art of living; the body as the site of self-transcending; death as a classical philosophical topic; taming death and self-fashioning; finally, the philosophers' scapegoating and their live performance of a martyr's death, followed by apotheosis and disappearance into myth. While rooted in the history of philosophy, Dying for Ideas is an exercise in breaking disciplinary boundaries. This is a book about Socrates and Heidegger, but also about Gandhi's "fasting unto death" and self-immolation; about Girard and Passolini, and self-fashioning and the art of the essay.
Release

Understanding the Political Philosophers

From Ancient to Modern Times

Author: Alan Haworth

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136329404

Category: Philosophy

Page: 346

View: 6407

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Understanding the Political Philosophers is an absorbing and accessible introduction to the major philosophers and core texts of western political philosophy. Organised historically - beginning with Socrates and Plato, and concluding with post-Rawlsian theory - Alan Haworth presents the key ideas and developments with clarity and depth. Each chapter provides a concentrated study of a given thinker or group of thinkers and together they constitute a broad account of the main arguments in political philosophy. There are chapters on Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, the Utilitarians, Marx, and Rawls’s early work. This revised second edition has been brought fully up-to-date, and includes expanded coverage of the period from the death of Aristotle to the sixteenth century, as well as a new chapter on Rawls’s later philosophy and the direction of post-Rawlsian philosophy. Including a chronology and suggestions for further reading, Understanding the Political Philosophers is an ideal introductory text for students taking courses in political philosophy or political theory.
Release

Egypt, Greece, and Rome

Civilizations of the Ancient Mediterranean

Author: Charles Freeman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199651922

Category: Art

Page: 759

View: 7867

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Covering more than four thousand years of ancient history, from the early Egyptians to the dawn of Byzantium, an illustrated introduction to the Mediterranean's three major civilizations examines their links and traces their influence up to the present day. UP.
Release

Istanbul

A Tale of Three Cities

Author: Bettany Hughes

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 0297868497

Category: History

Page: 816

View: 6205

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Istanbul has always been a place where stories and histories collide and crackle, where the idea is as potent as the historical fact. From the Qu'ran to Shakespeare, this city with three names - Byzantium, Constantinople, Istanbul - resonates as an idea and a place, and overspills its boundaries - real and imagined. Standing as the gateway between the East and West, it has served as the capital of the Roman, Byzantine, Latin and Ottoman Empires. For much of its history it was known simply as The City, but, as Bettany Hughes reveals, Istanbul is not just a city, but a story. In this epic new biography, Hughes takes us on a dazzling historical journey through the many incarnations of one of the world's greatest cities. As the longest-lived political entity in Europe, over the last 6,000 years Istanbul has absorbed a mosaic of micro-cities and cultures all gathering around the core. At the latest count archaeologists have measured forty-two human habitation layers. Phoenicians, Genoese, Venetians, Jews, Vikings, Azeris all called a patch of this earth their home. Based on meticulous research and new archaeological evidence, this captivating portrait of the momentous life of Istanbul is visceral, immediate and scholarly narrative history at its finest.
Release

Helen Of Troy

Goddess, Princess, Whore

Author: Bettany Hughes

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 1446419142

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 496

View: 6278

DOWNLOAD NOW »

As soon as men began to write, they made Helen of Troy their subject; for nearly three thousand years she has been both the embodiment of absolute female beauty and a reminder of the terrible power that beauty can wield. Because of her double marriage to the Greek King Menelaus and the Trojan Prince Paris, Helen was held responsible for both the Trojan War and enduring enmity between East and West. For millennia she has been viewed as an exquisite agent of extermination. But who was she? Helen exists in many guises: a matriarch from the Age of Heroes who ruled over one of the most fertile areas of the Mycenaean world; Helen of Sparta, the focus of a cult which conflated Helen the heroine with a pre-Greek fertility goddess; the home-wrecker of the Iliad; the bitch-whore of Greek tragedy; the pin-up of Romantic artists. Focusing on the 'real' Helen - a flesh-and-blood aristocrat from the Greek Bronze Age - acclaimed historian Bettany Hughes reconstructs the context of life for this elusive pre-historic princess and places her alongside the heroes and heroines of myth and history. Through the eyes of a young Mycenaean woman, Hughes examines the physical, historical and cultural traces that Helen has left on locations in Greece, North Africa and Asia Minor. Vivid and compelling, this remarkable book brilliantly unpacks the facts and myths surrounding one of the most enigmatic and notorious figures of all time.
Release