Cronin answers these questions as he captures the complex relationship between authorship and the reward system of science.
Author: Blaise Cronin
Publisher: Scarecrow Press
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
The collaborative character of science and scholarship, whether formal or informal in nature, is the focus of this discussion by a master of the subject. The world of scholarly communication is evolving with exponential speed. Propelled by the Web and the rapid transition from paper to electronic journals, the scale of the research effort is moving from the individual to research conducted by dozens of scientists scattered all over the globe. These changes evoke many questions: What does it mean to be an author in an age of collective effort? How are responsibility and credit allocated in collaborative endeavors? What is the relationship between reading, referencing and reputation - the political economy of citation? How are social relations inscribed in intellectual space? Will the move to online and open access publishing provide new measures of authorial salience and intellectual impact? Cronin answers these questions as he captures the complex relationship between authorship and the reward system of science.
The use of the terms science and religion serve to illustrate the point as they are
often used of debates centuries into the past. “science” in its modern usage was
first applied to the discipline in the mid-nineteenth century by William Whewell, ...
Author: Robert Brennan
Publisher: ISD LLC
The question of divine agency in the world remains one important unresolved underlying obstacle in the dialogue between theology and science. Modern notions of divine agency are shown to have developed out of the interaction of three factors in early modernity. Two are well known: late medieval perfect-being theology and the early modern application of the notion of the two books of God's revelation to the understanding of the natural order. It is argued the third is the early modern appropriation of theAugustinian doctrine of inspiration. This assumes the soul's existence and a particular description of divine agency in humans, which became more generally applied to divine agency in nature. Whereas Newton explicitly draws the parallel between divine agency in humans and that in nature, Darwin rejects its supposed perfection and Huxley raises serious questions regarding the traditional understanding of the soul. This book offers an alternative incarnational description of divine agency, freeing consideration of divine agency from being dependent on resolving the complex issues of perfect-being theology and the existence of the soul. In conversation with Barth's pneumatology, this proposal is shown to remain theologically coherent and plausible while resolving or avoiding a range of known difficulties in the science-theology dialogue.
Author: Hans-Jörg RheinbergerPublish On: 2018-12-01
Floon was fascinated by Bachelard's unconventional approach to the sciences
and his poetics. Together, their relationship interrogated and celebrated the
interplay of hand and matter as it occurs in poetic writing, in the art of engraving,
and in ...
Author: Hans-Jörg Rheinberger
Publisher: SUNY Press
A rich intellectual encounter, revolving around the hands of the experimenter and those of the artist, highlighting the relation between the sciences and the arts. This book is the first to explore in detail the encounter between Albert Flocon and Gaston Bachelard in postwar Paris. Bachelard was a philosopher and historian of science who was also involved in literary studies and poetics. Flocon was a student of the Bauhaus in Dessau, Germany, who specialized in copper engraving. Both deeply ingrained in the surrealist avant-garde movements, each acted at the frontiers of their respective métiers in exploring uncharted territory. Bachelard experienced the sciences of his time as constantly undergoing radical changes, and he wanted to create a historical epistemology that would live up to this experience. He saw the elementary gesture of the copper engraver—the hand of the engraver—as meeting the challenge of resistant and resilient matter in an exemplary fashion. Flocon was fascinated by Bachelard’s unconventional approach to the sciences and his poetics. Together, their relationship interrogated and celebrated the interplay of hand and matter as it occurs in poetic writing, in the art of engraving, and in scientific experimentation. In the form of a double biography, Hans-Jörg Rheinberger succeeds in writing a lucid intellectual history and at the same time presents a fascinating illustrated reading of Flocon’s copper engravings. “Rheinberger is one of the premier scholars of the world in his fields, and an acknowledged expert on Bachelard. Though the book is exceptionally short, there is a wealth of learning and scholarship packed into it. The author is intimately familiar with all of the literature on the subjects he discusses, and master of the relevant primary sources and documents relating to Bachelard and Flocon. I was utterly charmed and captivated by this book, continually spurred on to read and think more.” — James J. Bono, author of The Word of God and the Languages of Man: Interpreting Nature in Early Modern Science and Medicine: Ficino to Descartes
Let me now remind you of that recent business about Einstein which pleased you
so much and was reported in the American press . The University of Philadelphia
got a letter from a man of science who announced his discovery of a serious ...
Author: Casimir Stanislas ArpentignyPublish On: 1889
The Science of the Hand, Or The Art of Recognising the Tendencies of the
Human Mind by the Observation of the Formations of the Hands Casimir
Stanislas Arpentigny. [ T 84 ] and perhaps this science will reach a sufficient , if
not a perfect ...
Meier , M . F . 1984 , ' The contribution of small glaciers to global sea level , Science 226 : 1418 - 1421 . Méon , H . and W . Pannetier , 1994 , ' Palynological
study of the late Quaternary of Loyalty Basin ( SW Pacific ) ' , Palaeogeography ...
dwellings of the rich were carpeted , and sometimes warmed by furnaces in
winter and cooled in summer with perfumed air ... of Caliphs , who considered it
not beneath their dignity to devote their lives to science and the elevation of their
... medical fessed to become an angel became a beast , ” science , rejecting their
parasitic follies and a truth often and shamefully verified by the inanities , may
give each other the hand of clairvoyants , spiritualists and Free - loves of
( Longmans ) . still of the First type , acts against Power in favour The Elements of
Mechanism by T. M. Goodeve . of Speed . This goes on till the Hand approaching
Small 8vo.3 / 6 . ( Longman's Text Books of Science ) . the Fulcrum is unable ...
THE STUDY OF THE HAND . By CHEIRO , THE PALMIST . IN The greatest truth
may lie in smallest flesh , the slightest variation in the things , formation of the
limbs of a horse , The greatest good in what we most despise , contains , to his ...
If we suppose the commutator ( fig . 73 ) at the station's , and the indicator at s ' , the arm of the commutator and that of the indicator being upon the mark + , any
motion of the former made in the direction of the hand of a clock , will produce a ...
The " gipsies ' palmistry ” has now , forsooth , be The student of anatomy , — who
finds in the hand come a science , and is defined by one , in a volume more than
fifty muscles and ligaments of great strength ; found in many drawing - rooms ...
tion with the word signifying a hand , and the number ten with a word denoting the right hand ; for in counting with our fingers we begin with the little finger of the
left hand , and so on till we get to the little finger of the right hand . ” Hence the ...
... of his own opinion . “ We have many experts in many branches of literature and
science at Cambridge , but we all live together in very tolerable amity . ... Even in
literature itself we feel the influence of the hand of science . I was reading the ...
The number of divisions on the hand which is two points . Another turn or two of the screw the tooth which corresponds to the 28th of the in advance marks the
number of minutes a well will enable C , and similarly D , or any number of month
Science Examinations were and 12 boroughs and urban districts are making
held at 1488 centres , and 13,080 ... and balance in of Science , London , were
awarded , the hand of moneys received and allocated to number of competitors
I am strongly induced to believe that the A. armillatus of M. EDWARDS is the
same as this species ; the “ circular depression around the large hand , "
mentioned by him , among its characters , corresponds exactly with the abrupt
Effect of Condensers on the Brush Discharge from the Holtz Machine ; by J. W.
FEWKES . The readiest way of producing the brush discharge is to connect the
negative conductor of the Holtz machine with the ground , and to place the hand
the animal to walk , slowly and awkwardly , as if we were to fold our fingers on the
palm of the hand , and bear upon ... an opportunity of applying the principles and
mode of investigation followed by our great authority in this part of science .
It is possible , for example , to cause the muscles of the fore - arm to contract
exactly like those of the frog by means of very feeble electric shocks imparted to the nerves through the skin . In this case both hand and fingers are contracted ;
and it ...