The Great Power Competition Volume 1

The Great Power Competition Volume 1

This collection of work comes from scholars, strategic thinkers, and subject matter experts who participated in the Great Power Competition Conference hosted by the University of South Florida, in partnership with the National Defense ...

Author: Adib Farhadi

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3030644723

Category: Political Science

Page: 430

View: 966

Over the past decade, the international political system has come to be characterized as a Great Power Competition in which multiple would-be hegemons compete for power and influence. Instead of a global climate of unchallenged United States dominance, revisionist powers, notably China and Russia alongside other regional powers, are vying for dominance through political, military, and economic means. A critical battleground in the Great Power Competition is the Middle East, the Horn of Africa, and the Central Asia South Asia (CASA), also known as the Central Region. With the planned withdrawal of U.S. military forces from Afghanistan, the U.S. has stated its intention of shifting attention away from the CASA Region in favor of a more isolationist foreign policy approach. This book provides an in-depth understanding of the implications for this shift related to regional diplomacy & politics, economic opportunities & rivalries, security considerations & interests, and the information environment. Amplifying the vital importance of success in the Central Region to U.S. prosperity and security, this volume advances dialogue in identifying key issues for stakeholders within and beyond the Central Region to gain a holistic perspective that better informs decision-making at various levels. This collection of work comes from scholars, strategic thinkers, and subject matter experts who participated in the Great Power Competition Conference hosted by the University of South Florida, in partnership with the National Defense University Near East South Asia Center for Strategic Strategies in January 2020.
Categories: Political Science

Scramble for the Skies

Scramble for the Skies

With a focus on China, the United States, and India, this book examines the economic ambitions of the second space race.

Author: Namrata Goswami

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9781498583121

Category: Political Science

Page: 464

View: 851

With a focus on China, the United States, and India, this book examines the economic ambitions of the second space race. The authors argue that space ambitions are informed by a combination of factors, including available resources, capability, elite preferences, and talent pool. The authors demonstrate how these influences affect the development of national space programs as well as policy and law.
Categories: Political Science

Great Power Competition

Great Power Competition

Future missions may vary, but all will include the need to understand the geopolitical and cultural foundations of regions in which we operate and the people we encounter around the globe. All Army leaders should read this book.

Author: Mahir J Ibrahimov

Publisher:

ISBN: 9798570002920

Category:

Page: 306

View: 173

The world is changing at an ever-increasing pace. Modern communication with worldwide connectivity has brought together a global community. In this environment, we must be globally astute. We must understand the geopolitical and sociocultural aspects of regional affairs in any region in which we may be called upon to serve. Understanding the operating environment and associated regional cultures of our partners and competitors is essential to making military decisions that directly affect outcomes locally, regionally, and globally. Agile leaders must be able to recognize the cultural and geopolitical realities of operations and be prepared to adjust appropriately to achieve our nation's broader goals. The US Army's culture, regional expertise, and language programs provide a mechanism to prepare our troops to operate in and among a region's indigenous cultures.This anthology, Great Power Competition: The Changing Landscape of Global Geopolitics, written under the auspices of the US Army Command and General Staff College's Cultural and Area Studies Office (CASO), expands on the previous volume, Cultural Perspectives, Geopolitics, & Energy Security of Eurasia: Is the Next Global Conflict Imminent? The first book gained significant positive traction among Army leaders as well as among scholars nationally and internationally. Great Power Competition expands the focus to include Latin America and Africa. Our authors provide insight and observations on the battle for influence in these important regions.As our Army refocuses to prepare for competition in complex future operating environments, the insights offered in this volume are important iv for all Army leaders. Future missions may vary, but all will include the need to understand the geopolitical and cultural foundations of regions in which we operate and the people we encounter around the globe. All Army leaders should read this book.
Categories:

The Great Power Competition Between the United States and China

The Great Power Competition Between the United States and China

"This research work examines how the United States-Nigeria relations can be optimized by leveraging the great power competition between the United States and China to reduce insecurity in Nigeria and re-establish it as a benign hegemon.

Author: Ewejide Akintunde

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1233078680

Category: China

Page: 34

View: 305

"This research work examines how the United States-Nigeria relations can be optimized by leveraging the great power competition between the United States and China to reduce insecurity in Nigeria and re-establish it as a benign hegemon. With the ongoing war on terrorism in Nigeria, there is an urgent need for improved readiness and acquisition of aircraft, weapon platforms, and military equipment. Given the United States tendency to sanction Nigeria by stopping weapon sales and military aid, Nigeria needs to take a critical look at how it can clinically pave a path between the United States and China in such a way that it will not hurt Nigeria. The upside of the competition is that alternatives abound, and Nigeria will not be confined to dealing with only one country. The downside is the influx of too many platforms, equipment and questions of quality which could pose maintenance and interoperability challenges. Past and ongoing military cooperation and assistance between the United States and Nigeria has left much to be desired. Poor outcomes of the United States programs were not only attributed to a program-problem mismatch, but also due to the incapacity of the Nigerian security agencies and the United States bureaucratic bottlenecks in the White House and Capitol Hill executives. During the Cold War era, Nigeria had a smooth, interest based "pendulum swing" relationship between the United States and Soviet Union. Nigeria successfully crafted a path between the United States and Soviet Union without creating acrimony. Finding a "win-win" solution once again to this dilemma would ultimately enable Nigeria to find enduring solutions to its security challenges, ensure Africa's regional stability, and consolidate its existing relationship with both the United States and China. The solutions lie in repositioning Nigeria's security agencies and revamping Nigeria's institutions to address the fundamental causes of insecurity. Seeking alternatives and the new Asian strategy provides opportunities for Nigeria to strengthen and deepen the Nigeria-United States relationship as we move into an increasingly independent global era. As Nigeria-China relations grow, the United States will respond by easing sanctions, limit, leverage, and compete with China in favor of Nigeria's interest."--Abstract.
Categories: China

The Great Power Competition

The Great Power Competition

While it is still early to fully understand how the ongoing response to the COVID-19 pandemic will impact U.S. policy, this book provides a timely analysis of relevant dynamics such as popular radicalization, digital information ecosystems, ...

Author: Adib Farhadi

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030903909

Category: Balance of power

Page:

View: 295

Even before the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, the Central Region faced numerous obstacles to building a stable and prosperous future. The region, which encompasses the Middle East, the Horn of Africa, Central Asia, and South Asia, has been plagued by economic and political uncertainty amidst dramatic shifts in the global power structure. With the pandemic now exacerbating the volatility in this already fragile region, the U.S.'s strategic objectives are rife for re-examination. A complicated stew of factors such as weakening of established governance systems, the emboldening of extremist individuals and groups through advances in digital technology, the humanitarian crises in Afghanistan and Syria, and the intensification of the great power competition with China and Russia are creating a fertile environment for the growth of violent extremist organizations (VEOs). Such organizations take advantage of vulnerable, aggrieved, and traumatized populations to fuel radicalization, recruitment, and unrest, which further undermine stability and the potential for peace and prosperity. While it is still early to fully understand how the ongoing response to the COVID-19 pandemic will impact U.S. policy, this book provides a timely analysis of relevant dynamics such as popular radicalization, digital information ecosystems, networks of influence, and new capabilities to recognize and prepare for other such black swan events in the region.
Categories: Balance of power

Toward a New Targeting Approach for Great Power Competition

Toward a New Targeting Approach for Great Power Competition

" ... a fundamental question arising for the US military is how to apply its limited, non-nuclear munitions and delivery capacities against the outsized target sets of nuclear-armed Russia and China in ways that could still achieve ...

Author: Harry Foster

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1109396676

Category: Access denial (Military science)

Page: 21

View: 408

"... a fundamental question arising for the US military is how to apply its limited, non-nuclear munitions and delivery capacities against the outsized target sets of nuclear-armed Russia and China in ways that could still achieve meaningful operational and strategic effects? Are there approaches that could hold at risk meaningful target sets conventionally for deterrence or compellence while minimizing risks of nuclear escalation? To address these questions, this paper begins with a brief summary of the history of targeting approaches developed since the late Cold War. With this foundation, it then outlines how dominant contemporary approaches to targeting may increasingly be called into question with respect to rival great powers. Finally, it describes a first-cut framework for reconceptualizing targeting approaches, especially for US and allied air forces, for an era of great power competition."--Introduction.
Categories: Access denial (Military science)

Leveraging Complexity in Great Power Competition and Warfare

Leveraging Complexity in Great Power Competition and Warfare

This is a technical report that supports a companion report, Leveraging Complexity in Great-Power Competition and Warfare: Volume I, An Initial Exploration of How Complex Adaptive Systems Thinking Can Frame Opportunities and Challenges.

Author: Sherrill Lingel

Publisher:

ISBN: 1977407579

Category: History

Page: 54

View: 238

This is a technical report that supports a companion report, Leveraging Complexity in Great-Power Competition and Warfare: Volume I, An Initial Exploration of How Complex Adaptive Systems Thinking Can Frame Opportunities and Challenges.
Categories: History

Weak States and Spheres of Great Power Competition

Weak States and Spheres of Great Power Competition

This book explains the development of the international system’s present-day balance of power by exploring three central questions: (1) Under what conditions has the international system order evolved from a unipolar system to the current ...

Author: Hanna Samir Kassab

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000082333

Category: Political Science

Page: 184

View: 583

This book explains the development of the international system’s present-day balance of power by exploring three central questions: (1) Under what conditions has the international system order evolved from a unipolar system to the current multipolar system? (2) What are its major states? (3) How do weak powers affect great power competition? It puts forward the following hypotheses: (1) if China and Russia are expanding their military, political, and economic influence into weaker states globally, then the unipolar American order is unraveling; and (2) if the international system is multipolar, then great power balancing may enhance international security. However, balancing may be made difficult because of weak state aid-seeking behavior. When weak states engage competing great powers, they become spheres of competition. This book delves into these states. Whether in Africa, Latin America, the Middle East, Central Asia, East Asia, or Eastern Europe, great powers hope to establish some control over weaker units for security, economic, and at times, prestige purposes. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of political science and IR, security studies, and IPE, as well as members of the think tank community and policy analysts.
Categories: Political Science

Great Power Competition for Overseas Bases

Great Power Competition for Overseas Bases

This book will be of interest to political scientists, military and government officials, diplomats, and policymakers.

Author: Robert E. Harkavy

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9781483145204

Category: History

Page: 372

View: 481

Great Power Competition for Overseas Bases: The Geopolitics of Access Diplomacy explores the geopolitics of the major powers' overseas basing systems in relation to global strategies and changes in the international system in three fairly distinct phases: the interwar, early postwar, and recent postwar periods. This book links the great powers' competition for overseas bases to several streams of more or less contemporary international relations theory. This monograph consists of seven chapters and opens with an introduction to the diplomacy of basing access, followed by a discussion on the different types or purposes of basing access as they have evolved over the past several decades in response to changes in diplomacy and military technology. The major powers' overseas basing-access networks in the consecutive interwar, early postwar, and recent postwar periods are then reviewed, along with the earlier corpus of geopolitical theory, specifically as it relates to basing diplomacy. Emphasis is on the conflicting assumptions about what reciprocal strategic advantages and disadvantages inhere to the geographic positions of the United States and USSR. The final chapter considers a number of ""functional"" areas of world politics that are closely intertwined with basing diplomacy, and relates the competition for facilities to raw materials access, surrogate wars, strategic deterrence, arms control, balances of payments, arms sales and aid, alliances, and other such staple concerns of international relations. This book will be of interest to political scientists, military and government officials, diplomats, and policymakers.
Categories: History

Globalization Multipolarity and Great Power Competition

Globalization  Multipolarity and Great Power Competition

Written using simple jargon, Globalization, Multipolarity and Great Power Competition is equally accessible to academics, casual readers and laypeople interested in international politics.

Author: Hanna Samir Kassab

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781000613926

Category: Political Science

Page: 192

View: 462

In his new book, Hanna Samir Kassab examines changes and trends in international politics and the competition between great powers for control of the international system. He argues that the increase in geopolitical, economic, nationalist, and resource competition between three great powers, the United States, China, and Russia, points to the changing structure of the international system. This competition is a systemic one, focusing more on the rules and norms that defined the system since the end of the Cold War. This American-led unipolar order is translating into a multipolar one. Kassab begins by tracing the decline of the United States after the Iraq War (2003) and the Great Recession (2008) as well as the rise of China and the resurgence of Russia. He describes major foreign policy changes from George H.W. Bush to Donald J. Trump and how the various administrations approached the international system. This explains that while the United States pulls-back from the international system, China and Russia are seeking to increase their influence. Written using simple jargon and defines terms whenever necessary, Globalization, Multipolarity and Great Power Competition is equally accessible to academics and casual readers and lay-people interested in international politics.
Categories: Political Science