The Great Ideas of Clinical Science

The Great Ideas of Clinical Science

This integrative volume aims to facilitate communication among all mental health professionals and to narrow the scientist-practitioner gap.

Author: Scott O. Lilienfeld

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1138872814

Category:

Page: 448

View: 482

The idea that there is a fundamental rift between researchers and practitioners should not come as a surprise to anyone familiar with the current literature, trends, and general feelings in the field of clinical psychology. Central to this scientist-practitioner gap is an underlying disagreement over the nature of knowledge - namely that while some individuals point to research studies as the foundation of truth, others argue that clinical experience offers a more adequate understanding of the causes, assessment, and treatment of mental illness. The Great Ideas of Clinical Science is an ambitious attempt to dig beneath these fundamental differences, and reintroduce the reader to unifying principles often overlooked by students and professionals alike. The editors have identified 17 such universals, and have pulled together a group of the most prolific minds in the field to present the philosophical, methodological, and conceptual ideas that define the state of the field. Each chapter focuses on practical as well as conceptual points, offering valuable insight to practicing clinicians, researchers, and teachers of any level of experience. Written for student, practitioner, researcher, and educated layperson, this integrative volume aims to facilitate communication among all mental health professionals and to narrow the scientist-practitioner gap.
Categories:

The Great Ideas of Clinical Science

The Great Ideas of Clinical Science

The Great Ideas of Clinical Science Redux: Revisiting Our Intellectual Roots SCOTT O. LILIENFELD AND WILLIAM T. O'DONOHUE Why are the Great Ideas of ...

Author: Scott O. Lilienfeld

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135930172

Category: Psychology

Page: 448

View: 144

The idea that there is a fundamental rift between researchers and practitioners should not come as a surprise to anyone familiar with the current literature, trends, and general feelings in the field of clinical psychology. Central to this scientist-practitioner gap is an underlying disagreement over the nature of knowledge - namely that while some individuals point to research studies as the foundation of truth, others argue that clinical experience offers a more adequate understanding of the causes, assessment, and treatment of mental illness. The Great Ideas of Clinical Science is an ambitious attempt to dig beneath these fundamental differences, and reintroduce the reader to unifying principles often overlooked by students and professionals alike. The editors have identified 17 such universals, and have pulled together a group of the most prolific minds in the field to present the philosophical, methodological, and conceptual ideas that define the state of the field. Each chapter focuses on practical as well as conceptual points, offering valuable insight to practicing clinicians, researchers, and teachers of any level of experience. Written for student, practitioner, researcher, and educated layperson, this integrative volume aims to facilitate communication among all mental health professionals and to narrow the scientist-practitioner gap.
Categories: Psychology

Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy as a Science

Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy as a Science

Science is an essential safeguard against human error. In S. O. Lilienfeld & W. T. O'Donohue (Eds.), The great ideas of clinical science: 17 principles that ...

Author: Luciano L'Abate

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461444510

Category: Psychology

Page: 364

View: 736

This book demonstrates how clinical psychology and psychotherapy practices may reach a scientific level provided they change the three basic paradigms that have controlled those practices in the last century. These three, now outdated, paradigms, are: (1) one-on-one (2) personal contacts (3) through talk. These paradigms have served well in the past but they are no less helpful in the current digitally focused world.
Categories: Psychology

Neuropsychological Assessment in the Age of Evidence Based Practice

Neuropsychological Assessment in the Age of Evidence Based Practice

Clinical case studies are important in the science and practice of psychotherapy. In S. Lilienfeld & W. O'Donohue (Eds.), The Great Ideas of Clinical ...

Author: Stephen C. Bowden

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190663773

Category: Psychology

Page: 288

View: 690

Evidence-based practice has become the benchmark for quality in healthcare and builds on rules of evidence that have been developed in psychology and other health-care disciplines over many decades. This volume aims to provide clinical neuropsychologists with a practical and approachable reference for skills in evidence-based practice to improve the scientific status of patient care. The core skills involve techniques in critical appraisal of published diagnostic-validity or treatment studies. Critical appraisal skills assist any clinician to evaluate the scientific status of any published study, to identify the patient-relevance of studies with good scientific status, and to calculate individual patient-probability estimates of diagnosis or treatment outcome to guide practice. Initial chapters in this volume review fundamental concepts of construct validity relevant to the assessment of psychopathology and cognitive abilities in neuropsychological populations. These chapters also summarize exciting contemporary development in the theories of personality and psychopathology, and cognitive ability, showing a convergence of theoretical and clinical research to guide clinical practice. Conceptual skills in interpreting construct validity of neuropsychological tests are described in detail in this volume. In addition, a non-mathematical description of the concepts of test score reliability and the neglected topic of interval estimation for individual assessment is provided. As an extension of the concepts of reliability, reliable change indexes are reviewed and the implication of impact on evidence-based practice of test scores reliability and reliable change are described to guide clinicians in their interpretation of test results on single or repeated assessments. Written by some of the foremost experts in the field of clinical neuropsychology and with practical and concrete examples throughout, this volume shows how evidence-based practice is enhanced by reference to good theory, strong construct validity, and better test score reliability.
Categories: Psychology

Science and Pseudoscience in Clinical Psychology Second Edition

Science and Pseudoscience in Clinical Psychology  Second Edition

Clinical assessment of object relations using the TAT. ... In S. O. Lilienfeld & W. T. O'Donohue (Eds.), The great ideas of clinical science: The 17 ...

Author: Scott O. Lilienfeld

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN: 9781462517510

Category: Psychology

Page: 548

View: 433

This valued resource helps practitioners and students evaluate the merits of popular yet controversial practices in clinical psychology and allied fields, and base treatment decisions on the best available research. Leading authorities review widely used therapies for a range of child, adolescent, and adult disorders, differentiating between those that can stand up to the rigors of science and those that cannot. Questionable assessment and diagnostic techniques and self-help models are also examined. The volume provides essential skills for thinking critically as a practitioner, evaluating the validity of scientific claims, and steering clear of treatments that are ineffective or even harmful. New to This Edition *Reflects the significant growth of evidence-based practices in the last decade. *Updated throughout with the latest treatment research. *Chapter on attachment therapy. *Chapter on controversial interventions for child and adolescent antisocial behavior. *Addresses changes in DSM-5.
Categories: Psychology

Becoming a Therapist

Becoming a Therapist

Since the academic culture, especially in the large research universities, ... For example, in the book The Great Ideas of Clinical Science: 17 Principles ...

Author: Thomas M. Skovholt

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118178195

Category: Psychology

Page: 320

View: 537

Praise for Becoming a Therapist "This resource is filled with practical and personal advice, relevant stories, and examples, and reads more like help from a friend than a typical textbook." —Roberta L. Nutt, PhD, ABPP, Visiting Professor and Training Director, Counseling Psychology Program, University of Houston "Ah, now this is the book I wish had been available when I entered the field. Tom Skovholt has defined the initial experiences and followed the process through to the culmination of the therapeutic experience in a truly great book. Becoming a Therapist is a major contribution to our field." —Arthur (Andy) M. Horne, Dean and Distinguished Research Professor, College of Education, The University of Georgia; President-Elect, Society of Counseling Psychology "Becoming a Therapist's informal style is accessible and engaging and yet soundly grounded in evidence and in the wisdom Skovholt has developed through his career-long research on psychotherapists and their development." —Rodney K. Goodyear, PhD, Professor, School of Education, University of Redlands; Emeritus Professor of Education (Counseling Psychology), University of Southern California Essential guidance for mental health professionals navigating the start of their helping careers Written for those entering a career in the helping professions, Becoming a Therapist: On the Path to Mastery explores the therapeutic career path for new practitioners, painting a vivid portrait of the novice therapist's journey. This practical book guides you in using the helping relationship to improve the lives of others, whether your chosen profession is in counseling, clinical psychology, social work, school counseling, addictions counseling, family therapy, medicine, community counseling, pastoral counseling, or academic advising. Destined to become the resource every new practitioner turns to again and again, Becoming a Therapist prepares you for the reality of what it means to be a beginning therapist, with relevant discussion of: The fifteen indispensable qualities of every mental health professional The unfolding practitioner self Self-care for burnout prevention and resiliency development The importance of culturally competent practice to practitioner expertise Practice, research/theory, and personal life: the practitioner's learning triangle The significance of peer relationships in the novice experience Steeped in author Thomas Skovholt's years of experience, Becoming a Therapist thoroughly and clearly illustrates the excitement, intensity, anxiety—and, ultimately, the satisfaction—you can expect as a helping professional.
Categories: Psychology

The Millon Inventories

The Millon Inventories

In S. O. Lilienfeld & W. T. O'Donohue (Eds.), The great ideas of clinical science: 17 principles that every mental health professional should understand ...

Author: Theodore Millon

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 9781593856748

Category: Psychology

Page: 732

View: 930

Now in a substantially revised and expanded second edition, this important work thoroughly details the full range of clinical assessment tools developed by Theodore Millon and his associates. Presented is the most current, authoritative overview of the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory (MCMI), as well as comprehensive information on widely used instruments for such specific populations as adolescents, preadolescents, medical patients, and college students. With a heightened focus on clinical practice, the second edition offers explicit guidance for linking assessment to individualized, evidence-based treatment planning and intervention. Many of the chapters are entirely new, reflecting significant research advances and the development of new inventories.
Categories: Psychology

Case Studies in Clinical Psychological Science

Case Studies in Clinical Psychological Science

In S. O. Lilienfeld and W. O'Donohue (Eds.), The great ideas of clinical science: 17 principles that every mental health professional should understand (pp.

Author: William O'Donohue

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199908264

Category: Psychology

Page: 496

View: 843

In the past few decades clinical science has emerged as a prominent model for training and practice in clinical psychology. This model emphasizes evidence derived from high-quality research and is consistent with the increasingly influential evidence-based movement in medicine, which is a vital step toward making psychotherapy more effective, efficient, and safe. Despite this trend, much current psychological practice is not evidence-based; moreover, there is a marked dearth of resources available to train students and assist practitioners with the challenging goal of translating science into practice. Case Studies in Clinical Psychological Science demonstrates in detail how the clinical science model can be applied to actual cases. Edited by Professors William O'Donohue and Scott O. Lilienfeld, this book's unique structure presents dialogues between leading clinical researchers regarding the treatment of a wide variety of psychological problems, from depression and Alzheimer's disease to Panic Disorder and chronic pain. Chapters describe what evidence-based practice consists of for various clinical problems and are followed by commentary sections in which other leading clinical researchers analyze the case at hand, pointing out additional assessment and treatment options and controversial issues. The chapter authors then reply to the commentary in response sections. By examining the application of scientifically based interventions to actual cases and modeling thoughtful and collegial discussion among prominent clinical researchers, Case Studies in Clinical Psychological Science will assist students, practitioners, and clinical researchers with the crucial task of applying research evidence to psychotherapy and bridging the gap between science and practice.
Categories: Psychology

Paradigms in Theory Construction

Paradigms in Theory Construction

Personality traits are essential for a complete clinical science. In S. O. Scott & W. T. O'Donohue (Eds.), The great ideas of clinical science: 17 ...

Author: Luciano L'Abate

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461409144

Category: Psychology

Page: 458

View: 687

Within the field of psychology there is a proliferation of paradigms, theories, models, and dimensions without an underlying conceptual framework or theory. This conclusion has been reached by representatives of many different psychological specialties. In response to this inconsistency this book presents a hierarchical framework about important theoretical issues that are present in psychological thinking. These issues concern definitions of three major theoretical concepts in theory and practice: (a) paradigms, (b) theories, and (c) models. It focuses on defining, comparing, and contrasting these three conceptual terms. This framework clarifies differences among paradigms, theories, and models, terms which have become increasingly confused in the psychological literature. Paradigms are usually confused with theories or with models while theories are confused with models. Examples of misuses of these terms suggest the need for a hierarchical structure that views paradigms as conceptual constructions overseeing a variety of psychological theories and verifiable models.
Categories: Psychology

Clinical Psychology

Clinical Psychology

In S. O. Lilienfeld & W. T. O'Donohue (Eds.), The great ideas of clinical science: 17 principles that every mental health professional should understand (pp ...

Author: Andrew M. Pomerantz

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 9781506333762

Category: Psychology

Page: 632

View: 427

Recipient of the 2017 Textbook Excellence Award from the Textbook & Academic Authors Association (TAA) Up to date with current DSM-5 coverage throughout, the comprehensive, highly-readable Fourth Edition of Clinical Psychology: Science, Practice, and Culture provides students vital exposure to the real-world practice of clinical psychology balanced with the latest research in the field. Throughout the book, author Andrew M. Pomerantz explores clinical assessment, psychotherapy, ethical and professional issues, current controversies, and specialized topics in a scholarly, yet fascinating, easy-to-read style. Value-priced and packed with clinical examples, the Fourth Edition offers more coverage of cultural/diversity issues in clinical psychology than any other text for the course, as well as thorough coverage of recent, prominent developments in psychotherapy and clinical assessment. New topics, new pedagogy, expanded discussions of ethics, and hundreds of new references published since 2014 make this a resource students will keep and refer to throughout their professional lives.
Categories: Psychology

Evidence Based Practice in Action

Evidence Based Practice in Action

Bridging Clinical Science and Intervention Sona Dimidjian ... The great ideas of clinical science: 17 principles that every mental health professional ...

Author: Sona Dimidjian

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN: 9781462539765

Category: Medical

Page: 450

View: 236

"The evidence-based practice (EBP) movement has always been about implementing optimal health care practices. Practitioners have three primary roles they can play in relation to the research evidence in EBP: scientists, systematic reviewers, and research consumers. Learning EBP is an acculturation process begun during professional training that seamlessly integrates research and practice"--Provided by publisher.
Categories: Medical

The Art and Science of Psychotherapy

The Art and Science of Psychotherapy

In S. O. Lilienfeld & W. O'Donohue (Eds), The great ideas of clinical science: The 18 concepts every mental health researcher and practitioner should ...

Author: Stefan G. Hofmann

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135928216

Category: Psychology

Page: 340

View: 874

Psychotherapy, like most other areas of health care, is a synthesis of scientific technique and artistic expression. The practice, like any other, is grounded in a series of standardized principles, theories, and techniques. Individual practitioners define themselves within the field by using these basic tools to achieve their therapeutic goals in novel ways, applying these rudimentary skills and guiding principles to each situation. However, a toolbox full of treatment approaches, no matter how comprehensive, is not enough to effectively reach your patients. Effective work can only be accomplished through a synthesis of the fundamental scientific methods and the creative application of these techniques, approaches, and strategies. The Art and Science of Psychotherapy offers invaluable insight into the creative side of psychotherapy. The book addresses the fundamental split between researchers and scholars who use scientific methods to develop disorder-specific treatment techniques and those more clinically inclined therapists who emphasize the individual, interpersonal aspects of the therapeutic process. With contributions from leading therapists, the editors have compiled a practical handbook for clinical psychologists, social workers, psychiatrists, and mental health professionals.
Categories: Psychology

Psychological Science Under Scrutiny

Psychological Science Under Scrutiny

Science is an essential safeguard against human error. In W. T. O'Donohue & S. O. Lilienfeld (Eds.), The great ideas of clinical science: 17 principles that ...

Author: Scott O. Lilienfeld

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118661086

Category: Psychology

Page: 400

View: 414

Psychological Science Under Scrutiny explores a range of contemporary challenges to the assumptions and methodologies of psychology, in order to encourage debate and ground the discipline in solid science. Discusses the pointed challenges posed by critics to the field of psychological research, which have given pause to psychological researchers across a broad spectrum of sub-fields Argues that those conducting psychological research need to fundamentally change the way they think about data and results, in order to ensure that psychology has a firm basis in empirical science Places the recent challenges discussed into a broad historical and conceptual perspective, and considers their implications for the future of psychological methodology and research Challenges discussed include confirmation bias, the effects of grant pressure, false-positive findings, overestimating the efficacy of medications, and high correlations in functional brain imaging Chapters are authored by internationally recognized experts in their fields, and are written with a minimum of specialized terminology to ensure accessibility to students and lay readers
Categories: Psychology

The Moon and Madness

The Moon and Madness

In their book The Great Ideas of Clinical Science, psychologists O'Donahue, Lilienfeld and Fowler gave as an example the traditional idea 'that human ...

Author: Niall McCrae

Publisher: Andrews UK Limited

ISBN: 9781845403317

Category: Medical

Page: 262

View: 908

Lunacy, the legendary notion of minds unhinged by the moon, continues to captivate the popular imagination. Although it violates the assumptions of modern science and psychiatry, such belief remains common among mental health workers. Furthermore, several studies have found a small, unexplained correlation between behaviour and the lunar cycle. The book is divided into two parts. It begins with a historical account of the lunacy concept, followed by an investigation of hypothetical mechanisms for a lunar effect.
Categories: Medical

A Primer on Clinical Experience in Medicine

A Primer on Clinical Experience in Medicine

Reasoning, Decision Making, and Communication in Health Sciences MD, Milos Jenicek. 9. Slotnick HB. ... 29–47, in: The Great Ideas of Clinical Science.

Author: MD, Milos Jenicek

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781466515598

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 366

View: 992

Mastery of quality health care and patient safety begins as soon as we open the hospital doors for the first time and start acquiring practical experience. The acquisition of such experience includes much more than the development of sensorimotor skills and basic knowledge of the sciences. It relies on effective reasoning, decision making, and comm
Categories: Business & Economics

Handbook of Research on Technoself Identity in a Technological Society

Handbook of Research on Technoself  Identity in a Technological Society

Situated knowledges: The science question in feminism and the privilege of ... S. O., & O'Donohue, W. T. (Eds.), The great ideas of clinical science: 17 ...

Author: Luppicini, Rocci

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781466622128

Category: Computers

Page: 741

View: 799

"This book provides insights to better enhance the understanding of technology's widespread intertwinement with human identity within an advancing technological society"--Provided by publisher.
Categories: Computers

Detection of Malingering during Head Injury Litigation

Detection of Malingering during Head Injury Litigation

Research report: Assessing risk of reoffending in adolescents who have committed a ... The great ideas of clinical science: 17 principles that every mental ...

Author: Cecil Reynolds

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461404415

Category: Psychology

Page: 381

View: 179

Increased public awareness of traumatic brain injuries has fueled a number of significant developments: on the one hand, more funding and more research related to these injuries and their resulting deficits; on the other, the possibility of higher stakes in personal injury suits—and more reasons for individuals to feign injury. Expanding both the conceptual and clinical knowledge base on the subject, the Second Edition of Detection of Malingering during Head Injury Litigation offers the latest detection tools and techniques for veteran and novice alike. As in its initial incarnation, this practical revision demonstrates how to combine clinical expertise, carefully-gathered data, and the use of actuarial models as well as common sense in making sound evaluations and reducing ambiguous results. And, the book navigates the reader through the many caveats that come with the job, beginning with the scenario that an individual may be malingering despite having an actual brain injury. Among the updated features: •Specific chapters on malingering on the Halstead-Reitan, Luria-Nebraska, and MMPI-2. •A framework for distinguishing genuine from factitious PTSD in head injury cases. •Detailed information regarding performance on the WMT, MSVT, and NV-MSVT by children with developmental disabilities. •Guidelines for explaining symptom validity testing to the trier of fact. •Entirely new chapters on mild TBI and on malingering of PTSD symptoms in the context of TBI litigation. Professional neuropsychologists and forensic psychologists will appreciate this new edition of Detection of Malingering during Head Injury Litigation as an invaluable source of refinements to their craft, and improvement as an expert witness.
Categories: Psychology

Clinical Case Formulation

Clinical Case Formulation

Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 33, 316–22. ... in The Great Ideas of Clinical Science: 17 Principles That Every Mental Health Professional ...

Author: Peter Sturmey

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470515914

Category: Psychology

Page: 344

View: 857

Case formulation is a key skill for mental health practitioners, and this book provides examples of ten case formulations representing the most common mental health problems in a variety of populations and contexts, offering commentary on contrasting formulations of the same case. Provides an overview of the general features of case formulation and how it can drive treatment Features clinical cases from a variety of populations, focusing on a range of different problems Covers all the major theoretical perspectives in clinical practice – behavioural, cognitive behavioural, psychodynamic, medical , and eclectic Offers commentary on contrasting formulations of the same case for five different clinical problems
Categories: Psychology

50 Great Myths of Popular Psychology

50 Great Myths of Popular Psychology

Journal of the American Medical Association, 224, 1646-1647. ... The great ideas of clinical science: 17 principles that every mental health researcher and ...

Author: Scott O. Lilienfeld

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444360745

Category: Psychology

Page: 352

View: 936

50 Great Myths of Popular Psychology uses popular myths as a vehicle for helping students and laypersons to distinguish science from pseudoscience. Uses common myths as a vehicle for exploring how to distinguish factual from fictional claims in popular psychology Explores topics that readers will relate to, but often misunderstand, such as 'opposites attract', 'people use only 10% of their brains', and 'handwriting reveals your personality' Provides a 'mythbusting kit' for evaluating folk psychology claims in everyday life Teaches essential critical thinking skills through detailed discussions of each myth Includes over 200 additional psychological myths for readers to explore Contains an Appendix of useful Web Sites for examining psychological myths Features a postscript of remarkable psychological findings that sound like myths but that are true Engaging and accessible writing style that appeals to students and lay readers alike
Categories: Psychology

Detection of Malingering during Head Injury Litigation

Detection of Malingering during Head Injury Litigation

In S. O. Lilienfeld & W. T. O'Donohue (Eds.), The great ideas of clinical science: 17 principles that every mental health professional should understand (pp ...

Author: Arthur MacNeill Horton, Jr.

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030546564

Category: Psychology

Page: 361

View: 334

Expanding both the conceptual and clinical knowledge base on the subject, the Third Edition of Detection of Malingering during Head Injury Litigation offers the latest detection tools and techniques for veteran and novice alike. Increased public awareness of traumatic brain injuries has fueled a number of significant developments: on the one hand, more funding and more research related to these injuries and their resulting deficits; on the other, the possibility of higher stakes in personal injury suits—and more reasons for individuals to feign injury. As in its earlier editions, this practical revision demonstrates how to combine clinical expertise, carefully-gathered data, and the use of actuarial models as well as common sense in making sound evaluations and reducing ambiguous results. The book navigates the reader through the many caveats that come with the job, beginning with the scenario that an individual may be malingering despite having an actual brain injury. Among the updated features: Specific chapters on malingering on the Word Memory Test (WMT), Test of Malingered Memory (TOMM) MMPI-2, MMPI-RF and MMPI-3; Detailed information regarding performance on performance validity tests in the domain of executive functioning and memory, Guidelines for explaining performance and symptom validity testing to the trier of fact; Chapters on mild TBI in children in head injury litigation, cultural concerns and ethical issues in the context of head injury litigation.
Categories: Psychology