The Great Firewall of China

The Great Firewall of China

Through years of investigation James Griffiths gained unprecedented access to the Great Firewall and the politicians, tech leaders, dissidents and hackers whose lives revolve around it.

Author: James Griffiths

Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.

ISBN: 9781786995384

Category: Political Science

Page: 400

View: 400

‘Readers will come away startled at just how fragile the online infrastructure we all depend on is and how much influence China wields – both technically and politically' – Jason Q. Ng, author of Blocked on Weibo 'An urgent and much needed reminder about how China's quest for cyber sovereignty is undermining global Internet freedom’ – Kristie Lu Stout, CNN ‘An important and incisive history of the Chinese internet that introduces us to the government officials, business leaders, and technology activists struggling over access to information within the Great Firewall’ – Adam M. Segal, author of The Hacked World Order Once little more than a glorified porn filter, China’s ‘Great Firewall’ has evolved into the most sophisticated system of online censorship in the world. As the Chinese internet grows and online businesses thrive, speech is controlled, dissent quashed, and attempts to organise outside the official Communist Party are quickly stamped out. But the effects of the Great Firewall are not confined to China itself. Through years of investigation James Griffiths gained unprecedented access to the Great Firewall and the politicians, tech leaders, dissidents and hackers whose lives revolve around it. As distortion, post-truth and fake news become old news James Griffiths shows just how far the Great Firewall has spread. Now is the time for a radical new vision of online liberty.
Categories: Political Science

The Great Firewall of China A Critical Analysis

The Great Firewall of China  A Critical Analysis

Censorship has a great impact on society as we enter the cyber environment.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:318694032

Category:

Page: 50

View: 200

Censorship has a great impact on society as we enter the cyber environment. The Chinese "Great Firewall", as it is commonly called, brings great attention to China as they enter into the global economy. The Great Firewall is one approach China tries to censor their people. Many techniques are used to establish this cyber boundary such as: firewalls, real-name internet registration, filtering, political controls, police actions and governmental controls. These controls are being challenged by Chinese nationals through the mass public, technology, and software. There are many political, diplomatic, international, and non-governmental organizations who continue their efforts to minimize the affects of the Great Firewall. The United States finds itself in a unique situation trying to eliminate human rights violations while encouraging freedom. Some United States companies find themselves in a moral dilemma; accept the Chinese requirements to do business which may include supporting censorship and human rights violations or to eliminate doing business with the Chinese and missing out on a great financial opportunity.
Categories:

The Great Firewall of China Political and economical implications of the Great Shield

The Great Firewall of China  Political and economical implications of the Great Shield

Seminar paper from the year 2010 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Globalization, Political Economics, grade: A-, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, course: Global Perspectives on Contemporary Issues ...

Author: Matthias Runkel

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 9783656855583

Category: Political Science

Page: 12

View: 279

Seminar paper from the year 2010 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Globalization, Political Economics, grade: A-, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, course: Global Perspectives on Contemporary Issues, language: English, abstract: When thinking about China and the Internet, the first thing that probably comes to one’s mind is censorship: The Great Firewall of China that insulates the Chinese population from western in-fluence via Google, Facebook or Wikipedia. But it is not only that. The restrictions do not only disconnect China from foreign webpages that may contain critical information. Censorship of the internet impacts the People’s Republic of China on many different levels. First of all, it is a political topic, because of the internet’s influence on public opinion. But this also affects China’s international relations to other governments. Second, it is a business-related topic. So many industries count on the internet and censorship is a hurdle for their development. Instead of blocking this development, China will have to embrace the internet as a cornerstone for its future economy to be able to continue growing. To support this statement, this paper will discuss the implications of online censorship on domestic and foreign policy and the affects on international trade and China’s future growth, respectively.
Categories: Political Science

Censored

Censored

Censored gives an unprecedented view of how governments encroach on the media consumption of citizens. "Sometimes you read a book where all you can do is hold your hand up and recognize that this is as good as it gets.

Author: Margaret E. Roberts

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691204000

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 417

A groundbreaking and surprising look at contemporary censorship in China As authoritarian governments around the world develop sophisticated technologies for controlling information, many observers have predicted that these controls would be easily evaded by savvy internet users. In Censored, Margaret Roberts demonstrates that even censorship that is easy to circumvent can still be enormously effective. Taking advantage of digital data harvested from the Chinese internet and leaks from China's Propaganda Department, Roberts sheds light on how censorship influences the Chinese public. Drawing parallels between censorship in China and the way information is manipulated in the United States and other democracies, she reveals how internet users are susceptible to control even in the most open societies. Censored gives an unprecedented view of how governments encroach on the media consumption of citizens.
Categories: Political Science

The Great Firewall of China

The Great Firewall of China

"Once little more than a glorified porn filter, China's 'Great Firewall' has evolved into the most sophisticated system of online censorship in the world.

Author: James Tomos Griffiths

Publisher:

ISBN: 1350225509

Category: Censorship

Page: 385

View: 255

"Once little more than a glorified porn filter, China's 'Great Firewall' has evolved into the most sophisticated system of online censorship in the world. As the Chinese internet grows and online businesses thrive, speech is controlled, dissent quashed, and attempts to organise outside the official Communist Party are quickly stamped out. But the effects of the Great Firewall are not confined to China itself. Through years of investigation James Griffiths gained unprecedented access to the Great Firewall and the politicians, tech leaders, dissidents and hackers whose lives revolve around it. As distortion, post-truth and fake news become old news James Griffiths shows just how far the Great Firewall has spread. Now is the time for a radical new vision of online liberty"--Publisher's website.
Categories: Censorship

Escaping from the Great Firewall

Escaping from the Great Firewall

This book focuses its exploration on the implications and repercussions of a typical Chinese user, accustomed to the pervasive Internet censorship in China, who starts benefiting from an open and democratic Internet environment as the ...

Author: Sergio de Eccher

Publisher: Runa Editrice

ISBN: 9788897674672

Category: Social Science

Page: 316

View: 999

The strict regulations on the Internet imposed by the Chinese government on its cyberspace are well known and the Chinese web experience is heavily spoiled day by day. Nevertheless, the typical Chinese Internet user is often not aware of what is going on in China and users’ perception of the Internet freedom issues is very low ( Global Internet User Survey 2012). This book focuses its exploration on the implications and repercussions of a typical Chinese user, accustomed to the pervasive Internet censorship in China, who starts benefiting from an open and democratic Internet environment as the Italian one. Will the Chinese user’s perception of the problems of freedom of speech and open access to information increase? Sergio de Eccher After having completed his Master degree in Political Science and International Relations at University of Padua (Italy) with a thesis centered on the new threats to States’ security within the 2.0 era, Sergio de Eccher (1977) has focused his research on the role of the Internet within the authoritarian States. During his 5 years of Phd studies at University of St. Gallen (Switzerland), he has examined the role of the Internet in China and the strict regulations imposed by the Chinese government on its cyberspace. This book revolves around Chinese users’ perception of the Internet freedom issues present in China and its core focuses on the Internet habits of the typical Chinese user within a controlled web environment. The innovation of this project is based on the implications occurring after that a Chinese user living in Italy, accustomed to the pervasive Internet censorship present within the Chinese Internet, starts benefiting from an open Internet dimension within a democratic country, as the Italian cyber-society.
Categories: Social Science

The Great Firewall

The Great Firewall

Author: Zhao Zheng

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:896062731

Category: Freedom of speech

Page: 186

View: 868

Categories: Freedom of speech

Internet Censorship in the People s Republic of China

Internet Censorship in the People s Republic of China

Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online.

Author: Source Wikipedia

Publisher: University-Press.org

ISBN: 1230518347

Category:

Page: 28

View: 723

Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 26. Chapters: Green Dam Youth Escort, Great Firewall of China, Blocking of Wikipedia by the People's Republic of China, 50 Cent Party, War of Internet Addiction, List of blacklisted keywords in the People's Republic of China, List of websites blocked in the People's Republic of China, History of Internet censorship in the People's Republic of China, Very erotic very violent, Freegate, River crab, List of Internet phenomena in the People's Republic of China, Big mama, Global Internet Freedom Consortium, ElgooG. Excerpt: Internet censorship in the People's Republic of China is conducted under a wide variety of laws and administrative regulations. There are no specific laws or regulations which the censorship follows. In accordance with these laws, more than sixty Internet regulations have been made by the People's Republic of China (PRC) government, and censorship systems are vigorously implemented by provincial branches of state-owned ISPs, business companies, and organizations. The censorship is not applied in Hong Kong and Macau, as they are special entities recognized by international treaty vested with independent judicial power and not subject to most laws of the PRC, including those requiring the restriction of free flow of information. The escalation of the government's effort to neutralize critical online opinion comes after a series of large anti-Japanese, anti-pollution, anti-corruption protests, and ethnic riots, many of which were organized or publicized using instant messaging services, chat rooms, and text messages. The size of the Internet police is rumored at more than 30,000. Critical comments appearing on Internet forums, blogs, and major portals such as Sohu and Sina usually are erased within minutes. The apparatus of the PRC's Internet repression is considered more extensive and more advanced than in any...
Categories:

The Great Firewall of China

The Great Firewall of China

4 Q. He, The Fog of Censorship: media control in China, New York NY: Human ... 6 G. Barme and S. Ye, 'The Great Firewall of China', Wired, 1 June 1997, ...

Author: James Griffiths

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781786995377

Category: Political Science

Page: 401

View: 440

'Readers will come away startled at just how fragile the online infrastructure we all depend on is and how much influence China wields – both technically and politically' – Jason Q. Ng, author of Blocked on Weibo 'An urgent and much needed reminder about how China's quest for cyber sovereignty is undermining global Internet freedom' – Kristie Lu Stout, CNN 'An important and incisive history of the Chinese internet that introduces us to the government officials, business leaders, and technology activists struggling over access to information within the Great Firewall' – Adam M. Segal, author of The Hacked World Order Once little more than a glorified porn filter, China's 'Great Firewall' has evolved into the most sophisticated system of online censorship in the world. As the Chinese internet grows and online businesses thrive, speech is controlled, dissent quashed, and attempts to organise outside the official Communist Party are quickly stamped out. But the effects of the Great Firewall are not confined to China itself. Through years of investigation James Griffiths gained unprecedented access to the Great Firewall and the politicians, tech leaders, dissidents and hackers whose lives revolve around it. As distortion, post-truth and fake news become old news James Griffiths shows just how far the Great Firewall has spread. Now is the time for a radical new vision of online liberty.
Categories: Political Science

The Dragon Spins the Web

The Dragon Spins the Web

This is due to a concerted effort by the Chinese government to separate technology from ideology, achieved by tapping into a pre-existing suspicion of Western technology and ideas derived from the Chinese experience of colonization during ...

Author: Guglielmo Plain

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:900664357

Category: Internet

Page: 122

View: 834

"In the Western context, the Internet has been seen as a technology for social change and the spread of democratic ideals, however, in the Chinese context, Internet technology has not had the same results. This is due to a concerted effort by the Chinese government to separate technology from ideology, achieved by tapping into a pre-existing suspicion of Western technology and ideas derived from the Chinese experience of colonization during the 19th and 20th century... Chinese Internet policy can be seen as a three-tier system : self-censorship, partly due to fear of repercussions, but also due to a general acceptabce of the status quo; making internet providers and organizations such as blog hosting sites responsible for what their users publish ; and creating the "Great Firewall of China", a system of monitoring and blocking access to certan international websites from inside China..." -- From abstract.
Categories: Internet

Short History of China

Short History of China

From the beginnings of Chinese prehistory right through to internet censorship with the `Great Firewall of China¿, Gordon Kerr offers a comprehensive introduction to the sprawling history of this enormous country.A Short History of China ...

Author: Gordon Kerr

Publisher:

ISBN: 0857303449

Category:

Page:

View: 355

The turbulent and chequered past of the world¿s most populous country is one of the most fascinating in world history, and relatively little known in the west. From the beginnings of Chinese prehistory right through to internet censorship with the `Great Firewall of China¿, Gordon Kerr offers a comprehensive introduction to the sprawling history of this enormous country.A Short History of China provides an absorbing introduction to more than 4,000 years of Chinese history, telling the stories of the tyrants, despots, femmes fatales, artists, warriors and philosophers who have shaped this fascinating and complex nation. It describes the amazing technological advances that her scientists and inventors made many hundreds of years before similar discoveries in Europe. It also investigates the Chinese view of the world and examines the movements, aspirations and philosophies that moulded it and, in so doing, created the Chinese nation.Finally, the book examines the dramatic changes of the last few decades and the emergence of China as an economic and industrial 21st century superpower, making Napoleon Bonaparte¿s words about her ring true: 'Let China sleep, for when she awakes, she will shake the world'
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Blocked on Weibo

Blocked on Weibo

With dozens of phrases that could get a Chinese Internet user invited to the local police station "for a cup of tea" (a euphemism for being detained by the authorities), Blocked on Weibo offers an invaluable guide to sensitive topics in ...

Author: Jason Q. Ng

Publisher: New Press, The

ISBN: 9781595588852

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 250

Though often described with foreboding buzzwords such as "The Great Firewall" and the "censorship regime," Internet regulation in China is rarely either obvious or straightforward. This was the inspiration for China specialist Jason Q. Ng to write an innovative computer script that would make it possible to deduce just which terms are suppressed on China’s most important social media site, Sina Weibo. The remarkable and groundbreaking result is Blocked on Weibo, which began as a highly praised blog and has been expanded here to list over 150 forbidden keywords, as well as offer possible explanations why the Chinese government would find these terms sensitive. As Ng explains, Weibo (roughly the equivalent of Twitter), with over 500 million registered accounts, censors hundreds of words and phrases, ranging from fairly obvious terms, including "tank" (a reference to the "Tank Man" who stared down the Chinese army in Tiananmen Square) and the names of top government officials (if they can’t be found online, they can't be criticized), to deeply obscure references, including "hairy bacon" (a coded insult referring to Mao’s embalmed body). With dozens of phrases that could get a Chinese Internet user invited to the local police station "for a cup of tea" (a euphemism for being detained by the authorities), Blocked on Weibo offers an invaluable guide to sensitive topics in modern-day China as well as a fascinating tour of recent Chinese history.
Categories: Political Science

The Internet in China

The Internet in China

" This convenient handbook covers the role of the internet in business and economy, governance and politics, civil society, and social welfare.

Author: Ashley Esarey

Publisher: Berkshire Publishing Group LLC

ISBN: 1614729352

Category: Computers

Page: 266

View: 488

Internet in China, a Berkshire Essential, provides unique and much-needed historical background on the communications revolution and technological developments that have transformed Chinese society, creating new conflicts and new opportunities for the nation's half a billion "netizens." This convenient handbook covers the role of the internet in business and economy, governance and politics, civil society, and social welfare. More than forty international experts, many of them Chinese, write about community-building and social networking, online dating and romance, government regulation, education and entertainment, and phenomenon specific to China, including the "Great Firewall" and microblogging.
Categories: Computers

Search Engine Marketing for the Chinese Market

Search Engine Marketing for the Chinese Market

Bachelor Thesis from the year 2013 in the subject Communications - Public Relations, Advertising, Marketing, Social Media, grade: 1, FH OÖ Standort Steyr, course: Marketing & E-Business, language: English, abstract: Globalization has ...

Author: Anita Gerstmayr

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 9783656662976

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 85

View: 798

Bachelor Thesis from the year 2013 in the subject Communications - Public Relations, Advertising, Marketing, Social Media, grade: 1, FH OÖ Standort Steyr, course: Marketing & E-Business, language: English, abstract: Globalization has brought new opportunities to developing countries, and within the last few decades, especially the People’s Republic of China transformed itself from a developing nation behind the bamboo curtain to one of the most influential nations on the world market. China’s online population is growing very fast and counted already more than 560 million users in 2012, with a share of more than 70% of mobile Internet users. The Internet has become an indispensable tool for finding information quickly using a search engine. Therefore, for companies trading in China, their website will undoubtedly be vital in enhancing their public image and increasing sales volumes, and improving this website through search engine marketing (SEM) will be crucial to succeed. Due to huge cultural differences and governmental censorship of the Internet in mainland China, doing online business in this country is definitely different as in the Western world. To find out what is necessary for launching an international company website in China successfully, this paper describes and critically analyses the basic knowledge about China’s online users and its online media world as well as search engines available in China and the challenges Chinese internet users face because of The Great Firewall. Aiming to provide key input for effective search engine marketing, this thesis combines theoretical background from various literary sources with the results of the author’s online survey and interviews with four online marketing experts, who give an insight into their in-depth know-how of China's online marketing world and to provide advice on effective SEM for China’s leading search engine Baidu. Clearly, as this papers shows, practising successful SEO depends on the combination of many different factors and actions. Writing original content, proper usage of keywords, incoming links from authoritative sites and other Baidu-sites are just some issues to be considered. Furthermore a Chinese ISP and content written in well-articulated “Simplified Chinese” are other keys to success. Doing SEA for Baidu is quite challenging, especially for foreigners, because it requires experience with SEA, cultural understanding and perfect knowledge of Chinese to find the right keywords and handle Baidu’s SEA and Analytics tool. Nevertheless, understanding China’s culture and language is an important factor achieving good online visibility in China.
Categories: Business & Economics

A New Approach to China

A New Approach to China

The first across-the-table negotiation between Google and China concluded successfully in 2006, when Google received a license to establish a local domain (google.cn) targeted at Chinese Internet users and not subject to the 'Great Firewall ...

Author: Jeanne M. Brett

Publisher:

ISBN: 1473970547

Category: Crisis management

Page:

View: 589

The first across-the-table negotiation between Google and China concluded successfully in 2006, when Google received a license to establish a local domain (google.cn) targeted at Chinese Internet users and not subject to the 'Great Firewall.' During these negotiations both Google and the Chinese government struggled to reach an outcome that would be acceptable to their constituents. Google was caught between pleasing its shareholders and preserving its reputation for free access to information, while China was balancing the desire for cutting-edge search technology and the concern that liberal access to information would undermine its political-economic model. This case study discusses this topic.
Categories: Crisis management