The Fundamental Theorem of Algebra

Author: Benjamin Fine,Gerhard Rosenberger

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461219280

Category: Mathematics

Page: 210

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The fundamental theorem of algebra states that any complex polynomial must have a complex root. This book examines three pairs of proofs of the theorem from three different areas of mathematics: abstract algebra, complex analysis and topology. The first proof in each pair is fairly straightforward and depends only on what could be considered elementary mathematics. However, each of these first proofs leads to more general results from which the fundamental theorem can be deduced as a direct consequence. These general results constitute the second proof in each pair. To arrive at each of the proofs, enough of the general theory of each relevant area is developed to understand the proof. In addition to the proofs and techniques themselves, many applications such as the insolvability of the quintic and the transcendence of e and pi are presented. Finally, a series of appendices give six additional proofs including a version of Gauss'original first proof. The book is intended for junior/senior level undergraduate mathematics students or first year graduate students, and would make an ideal "capstone" course in mathematics.
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Types for Proofs and Programs

International Workshop, TYPES 2000, Durham, UK, December 8-12, 2000. Selected Papers

Author: Paul Callaghan,Zhaohui Luo,James McKinna,Robert Pollack

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3540458425

Category: Computers

Page: 248

View: 948

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This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-proceedings of the International Workshop of the TYPES Working Group, TYPES 2000, held in Durham, UK in December 2000. The 15 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected during two rounds of refereeing and revision. All current issues on type theory and type systems and their applications to programming, systems design, and proof theory are addressed.
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A First Course in Topology

Continuity and Dimension

Author: John McCleary

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821838849

Category: Mathematics

Page: 211

View: 9893

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How many dimensions does our universe require for a comprehensive physical description? In 1905, Poincare argued philosophically about the necessity of the three familiar dimensions, while recent research is based on 11 dimensions or even 23 dimensions. The notion of dimension itself presented a basic problem to the pioneers of topology. Cantor asked if dimension was a topological feature of Euclidean space. To answer this question, some important topological ideas were introduced by Brouwer, giving shape to a subject whose development dominated the twentieth century. The basic notions in topology are varied and a comprehensive grounding in point-set topology, the definition and use of the fundamental group, and the beginnings of homology theory requires considerable time.The goal of this book is a focused introduction through these classical topics, aiming throughout at the classical result of the Invariance of Dimension. This text is based on the author's course given at Vassar College and is intended for advanced undergraduate students. It is suitable for a semester-long course on topology for students who have studied real analysis and linear algebra. It is also a good choice for a capstone course, senior seminar, or independent study.
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A First Course in Analysis

Author: George Pedrick

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441985549

Category: Mathematics

Page: 279

View: 3664

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This text on advanced calculus discusses such topics as number systems, the extreme value problem, continuous functions, differentiation, integration and infinite series. The reader will find the focus of attention shifted from the learning and applying of computational techniques to careful reasoning from hypothesis to conclusion. The book is intended both for a terminal course and as preparation for more advanced studies in mathematics, science, engineering and computation.
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Elements of Abstract Algebra

Author: Allan Clark

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486647258

Category: Mathematics

Page: 205

View: 2270

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Lucid coverage of the major theories of abstract algebra, with helpful illustrations and exercises included throughout. Unabridged, corrected republication of the work originally published 1971. Bibliography. Index. Includes 24 tables and figures.
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Glimpses of Algebra and Geometry

Author: Gabor Toth

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387224556

Category: Mathematics

Page: 450

View: 929

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Previous edition sold 2000 copies in 3 years; Explores the subtle connections between Number Theory, Classical Geometry and Modern Algebra; Over 180 illustrations, as well as text and Maple files, are available via the web facilitate understanding: http://mathsgi01.rutgers.edu/cgi-bin/wrap/gtoth/; Contains an insert with 4-color illustrations; Includes numerous examples and worked-out problems
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Mathematics and Its History

Author: John Stillwell

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1489900071

Category: Mathematics

Page: 371

View: 1501

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A concise, unified view of mathematics together with its historical development. Aiming at mathematicians who have mastered the basic topics but wish to gain a better grasp of mathematics as a whole, the author gives the reasons for the emergence of the main fields of modern mathematics, and explains the connections between them by tracing the course of a few mathematical themes from ancient times down to the 20th century. The emphasis here is on history as a method for unifying and motivating mathematics, rather than as an end in itself, and there is more mathematical detail than in other general histories. However, no historical expertise is assumed, and classical mathematics is rephrased in modern terms where needed. Nevertheless, there are copious references to original sources for readers wishing to explore the classics for themselves. In summary, readers will be able to add to their mathematical knowledge as well as gaining a new perspective on what they already know.
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A Concrete Introduction to Higher Algebra

Author: Lindsay N. Childs

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387745270

Category: Mathematics

Page: 604

View: 7577

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This book is an informal and readable introduction to higher algebra at the post-calculus level. The concepts of ring and field are introduced through study of the familiar examples of the integers and polynomials. The new examples and theory are built in a well-motivated fashion and made relevant by many applications - to cryptography, coding, integration, history of mathematics, and especially to elementary and computational number theory. The later chapters include expositions of Rabiin's probabilistic primality test, quadratic reciprocity, and the classification of finite fields. Over 900 exercises are found throughout the book.
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Newsletter

Author: New Zealand Mathematical Society

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 8819

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Abstract Algebra

Author: Ronald Solomon

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821847954

Category: Mathematics

Page: 227

View: 2115

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This undergraduate text takes a novel approach to the standard introductory material on groups, rings, and fields. At the heart of the text is a semi-historical journey through the early decades of the subject as it emerged in the revolutionary work of Euler, Lagrange, Gauss, and Galois. Avoiding excessive abstraction whenever possible, the text focuses on the central problem of studying the solutions of polynomial equations. Highlights include a proof of the Fundamental Theorem of Algebra, essentially due to Euler, and a proof of the constructability of the regular 17-gon, in the manner of Gauss. Another novel feature is the introduction of groups through a meditation on the meaning of congruence in the work of Euclid. Everywhere in the text, the goal is to make clear the links connecting abstract algebra to Euclidean geometry, high school algebra, and trigonometry, in the hope that students pursuing a career as secondary mathematics educators will carry away a deeper and richer understanding of the high school mathematics curriculum. Another goal is to encourage students, insofar as possible in a textbook format, to build the course for themselves, with exercises integrally embedded in the text of each chapter.
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