The Nation Electronic Resource

The Nation  Electronic Resource

Euchre is set down as å game al tory of Western Europe during i be latier part tizens of other States ... German , to which the term bower belongs . in all their causes and bearings , but the religion Prefixes and suffixes are ...

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ISBN: NYPL:33433100957657

Category: American periodicals

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Categories: American periodicals

The Oxford Handbook of Psycholinguistics

The Oxford Handbook of Psycholinguistics

For example, in the southern Bantu language Sesotho, where nouns take a singular/plural noun class prefix, ... This strongly suggests that these function word omissions are due to constraints on production rather than perception.

Author: Shirley-Ann Rueschemeyer

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780191090431

Category: Psychology

Page: 1088

View: 645

The ability to communicate quickly and flexibly through both spoken and written language is one of the defining characteristics of the human race. Yet it remains a mysterious process. The science of psycholinguistics attempts to uncover the mechanisms and representations underlying human language. This interdisciplinary field has seen massive developments over the last decades, with a broad expansion of the research base, and the incorporation of new experimental techniques such as brain imaging and computational modelling. The result is that real progress is being made in the understanding of the key components of language in the mind. This new and expanded edition of The Oxford Handbook of Psycholinguistics brings together the views of over 80 experts in various domains of psycholinguistic research, offering a comprehensive and authoritative review of the field. With contributions from the fields of psychology, linguistics, cognitive neuroscience, attention, genetics, development, and neuropsychology divided into five themed sections, this new edition of The Oxford Handbook of Psycholinguistics is unparalleled in its breadth of coverage. The comprehensive nature of this book coupled with the accessibility of the short chapter format makes this handbook essential reading for students and researchers in the fields of psychology, linguistics and neuroscience.
Categories: Psychology

Quotative Indexes in African Languages

Quotative Indexes in African Languages

This is why I mention Nguni here, because like other southern Bantu languages it possesses complex verb forms based on the modal subjunctive preceded by a prefix. Nguni in fact displays several prefixes: ma- and a- yield a "hortative", ...

Author: Tom Güldemann

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110211450

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 707

View: 414

The book represents the results of a synchronic and diachronic cross-African survey of quotative indexes. These are linguistic expressions that signal in the ongoing discourse the presence of a quote (often called "direct reported speech"). For this purpose, 39 African languages were selected to represent the genealogical and geographical diversity of the continent. The study is based primarily on this language sample, in particular on the analysis of quotative indexes and related expressions from a text corpus of each sample language, but also includes a wide range of data from the published literature on other African as well as non- African languages. It is the first typological investigation of direct reported discourse of this magnitude in a large group of languages. The book may thus serve as a starting point of similar studies in other geographical areas or even with a global scope, as well as stimulate more detailed investigations of particular languages. The results of the African survey challenge several prevailing cross-linguistic generalizations regarding quotative indexes and reported discourse constructions as a whole, of which two are of particular interest. In the syntactic domain, where reported discourse has mostly been dealt with under so- called sentential complementation, the study supports the minority view that direct reported discourse and also a large portion of indirect reported discourse show hardly any evidence for the claim that the reported clause is a syntactic object complement of some matrix verb. With respect to grammaticalization, the work concludes that speech verbs are, against common belief, not a frequent source of quotatives, complementizers, and other related markers. Far more frequent sources are markers of similarity and manner; generic verbs of equation, inchoativity, and action; and pronominals referring to the quote or the speaker. Another more general conclusion of the study is that especially direct reported discourse can be fruitfully analyzed as part of a larger linguistic domain called "mimesis". This comprises expressions which represent a state of affairs by means of enactment/ performance rather than with the help of "canonical" linguistic signs and includes, besides reported discourse, world-referring bodily gestures, ideophone-like signs, and non-linguistic sound.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Comparative Method Reviewed

The Comparative Method Reviewed

Since Proto-Western-Oceanic was a dialect network rather than a unitary language, I take something of a liberty in ... The reconstructed forms are from the investigations reported in Ross (1988); the subject pronominal prefixes were ...

Author: Mark Durie

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195362101

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 336

View: 395

Historical reconstruction of languages relies on the comparative method, which itself depends on the notion of the regularity of change. The regularity of sound change is the famous Neogrammarian Hypothesis: "sound change takes place according to laws that admit no exception." The comparative method, however, is not restricted to the consideration of sound change, and neither is the assumption of regularity. Syntactic, morphological, and semantic change are all amenable in varying degrees, to comparative reconstruction, and each type of change is constrained in ways that enable the researcher to distinguish between regular and more irregular changes. This volume draws together studies by scholars engaged in historical reconstruction, all focussing on the subject of regularity and irregularity in the comparative method. A wide range of languages are represented, including Chinese, Germanic, and Austronesian.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Essays on Language Function and Language Type

Essays on Language Function and Language Type

This analysis proposes more functions than have been suggested in previous studies. ... mode constructions of Seko Padang In Seko Padang there are four declarative mode verb forms distinguished by prefixes, or the lack thereof.

Author: Joan L. Bybee

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027221681

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 478

View: 602

In their subject matter and in their theoretical orientation all the papers in this volume reflect the powerful influence of T. Givón. Most of them deal with questions of morphosyntactic typology, pragmatics, and grammaticalization theory. Many of them are directly based on extensive fieldwork on local languages of the Americas, Africa, Asia, and the Pacific. Others are based on statistical analyses of extensive written and spoken corpora of texts.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Oxford Magazine

The Oxford Magazine

For this purpose the anthropologist must survey conspicuous mould up to the most specialised flower . ... suffixes . the pollen light and very abundant , so much so as sometimes By attaching these to substantive or verb , almost any set ...

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ISBN: HARVARD:HXG9ZC

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The Languages and Linguistics of Africa

The Languages and Linguistics of Africa

Tom Güldemann. The membership of Nupoid languages in Niger-Congo is uncontroversial, though. ... the reconstruction of a proto-set of noun prefixes that correspond in both form and function with those in canonical Niger-Congo systems, ...

Author: Tom Güldemann

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110421668

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 1032

View: 145

This innovative handbook takes a fresh look at the currently underestimated linguistic diversity of Africa, the continent with the largest number of languages in the world. It covers the major domains of linguistics, offering both a representative picture of Africa’s linguistic landscape as well as new and at times unconventional perspectives. The focus is not so much on exhaustiveness as on the fruitful relationship between African and general linguistics and the contributions the two domains can make to each other. This volume is thus intended for readers with a specific interest in African languages and also for students and scholars within the greater discipline of linguistics.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Polysemy in Cognitive Linguistics

Polysemy in Cognitive Linguistics

I would also like to thank both Tom and Elizabeth Willett for checking my transcriptions and filling in the finer details of the morphological analysis of these examples. ... The Function of Verb Prefixes in Southwestern Otomi.

Author: Hubert Cuyckens

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027283696

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 296

View: 721

In Cognitive Linguistics, polysemy is regarded as a categorizing phenomenon; i.e., related meanings of words form categories centering around a prototype and bearing family resemblance relations to one another. Under this polysemy = categorization view, the scope of investigation has been gradually broadened from categories in the lexical and lexico-grammatical domain to morphological, syntactic, and phonological categories. The papers in this volume illustrate the importance of polysemy in describing these various categories. A first set of papers analyzes the polysemy of such lexical categories as prepositions and scalar particles, and looks at the import of polysemy in frame-based dictionary definitions. A second set shows that noun classes, case, and locative prefixes constitute meaningful and polysemous categories. Three papers, then, pay attention to polysemy from a psychological perspective, looking for psychological evidence of polysemy in lexical categories.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Nation

The Nation

Euchre is set down as a game at tory of Western Europe during the latter part tizens of other States ” -videlicet ... bower belongs . in all their causes and bearings , but the religion Prefixes and suffixes are , as usual , most mi .

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ISBN: UOM:39015030944147

Category: United States

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View: 798

Categories: United States

South African journal of African languages

South African journal of African languages

Consider the following examples which illustrate the occurrence of the noun stem meaning ' child ' . The prefixes of classes 1 and 2 are affixed to this stem . naso nanso Chewa ( 15 ) mwana ( 1 ) ' child ' pl ana ( 2 ) Venda ( 16 ) ...

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ISBN: STANFORD:36105015112399

Category: African languages

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View: 836

Categories: African languages

Anthropos

Anthropos

The * CV - n- noun - class prefixes in Australian languages " ) theory rests on forms and relationships of pronouns ... In actual fact , the order is not that free Wurm ” ( 726 ) . and is dependent on such functions as “ case ranking ...

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ISBN: UOM:39015073110747

Category: Anthropology

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View: 505

Categories: Anthropology

The Function of Verb Prefixes in Southwestern Otom

The Function of Verb Prefixes in Southwestern Otom

... š - ta - tom - bi - ki kir dậhtų F ^ cc ^ 2 = shepherd EL - SM ^ 1 - buy - BEN - 2 xcp2 clothing Take care of my ... Items referenced by such locative noun phrases are , by definition , excentric in relation to the deictic center .

Author: Henrietta Andrews

Publisher: Summer Institute of Linguistic

ISBN: UOM:39015029973370

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 105

View: 925

Discusses how Otomí verb prefixes include deixis in their function. States that a key element to understanding the makeup of Otomí verbs is the role of deixis in the verb and elsewhere in the sentence. Discusses how every independent Otomi sentence is grounded in reality through deixis, and every dependent sentence depends upon deictic grounding in sentences around it.
Categories: Foreign Language Study

Abstracts of the Annual Meeting

Abstracts of the Annual Meeting

An analysis of the posi . tion of ghe is proposed which accounts for its dual function as a conjugation and mode prefix . Historical and comparative evidence indicate that the dual function of ghe is probably not restricted to Sekani in ...

Author: American Anthropological Association

Publisher:

ISBN: UIUC:30112106962472

Category: Anthropology

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View: 273

Categories: Anthropology

Cumulative Book Index

Cumulative Book Index

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ISBN: UOM:39015058373773

Category: American literature

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A world list of books in the English language.
Categories: American literature

The New Encyclopaedia Britannica

The New Encyclopaedia Britannica

Author: Encyclopaedia Britannica

Publisher:

ISBN: IND:30000004142703

Category: Encyclopaedia

Page:

View: 521

Spine title: Encyclopaedia Britannica. Includes bibliographies. Propaedia: outline of knowledge and guide to the Britannica. 1 v.--Micropaedia: ready reference and index. 10 v.--Macropaedia: knowledge in depth. 19 v. Accompanied by supplement (2 v.) issued in 1994 uder the title: The Encyclopaedia Britannica supplement.
Categories: Encyclopaedia

Meeting Handbook

Meeting Handbook

Author: Linguistic Society of America

Publisher:

ISBN: IND:30000107481719

Category: Linguistics

Page:

View: 510

Categories: Linguistics