The Frontal Lobes and Voluntary Action

The Frontal Lobes and Voluntary Action

This book succinctly demonstrates how the brain's frontal lobe is specialized for directing voluntary action.

Author: R. E. Passingham

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0198523645

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 299

View: 778

This book presents an argument rather than a review: that the frontal lobes as a whole are specialized for voluntary action. For each area within the frontal lobes, a specific role in the execution of voluntary action is proposed. Topics covered include the control of movement in the motorcortex and premotor areas, decision-making in the pre-frontal cortex, response learning in the basal ganglia, and the mental trial and error that forms the basis of future responses. This analysis is based on the author's own work using the most up-to-date imaging techniques. Controversial andthought-provoking, it will serve as the basis for future work and debate on the subject.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Frontal Lobes and Voluntary Action

The Frontal Lobes and Voluntary Action

This book succinctly demonstrates how the brain's frontal lobe is specialized for directing voluntary action.

Author: R. E. Passingham

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015032756358

Category: Psychology

Page: 299

View: 586

This book succinctly demonstrates how the brain's frontal lobe is specialized for directing voluntary action. Using data from monkeys, neurological patients, and normal subjects, the author presents a flow diagram of frontal lobe operations at the systems level. Topics include the various definitions of the term "voluntary" in a neuropsychological context, how the motor cortex provides a mechanism for the execution of voluntary behavioral actions, and how the premotor areas play a role in the selection of the movements to be performed. The text also shows how the prefrontal cortex is engaged when the subject has to make new voluntary decisions, and how the basal ganglia play a critical role in response learning. The author considers how, in humans, the prefrontal cortex has been refined to allow for trial-and-error decision making, and how the premotor and prefrontal areas select between verbal responses. Psychologists, neuropsychologists, and neurophysiologists will all want to read this pathbreaking book.
Categories: Psychology

Anticipation and the control of voluntary action

Anticipation and the control of voluntary action

The Frontal Lobes and Voluntary Action. New York: Oxford University Press. Penfield, W., and Iasper, H. H. (1954). Epilepsy and the Functional Anatomy ofthe ...

Author: Dorit Wenke

Publisher: Frontiers E-books

ISBN: 9782889191574

Category:

Page:

View: 703

A major hallmark in the adaptive control of voluntary action is the ability to anticipate short and long term future events. Anticipation in its various forms is an important prerequisite for (higher order) cognitive abilities such as planning, reasoning and the pursuit of both immediate goals and long-term goals that may even stand in opposition to immediate desires and needs (e.g., to invest in pension funds). Therefore, it is not surprising that diverse and rather independent research lines have evolved, all somehow targeting various anticipatory capacities that are involved in the control of voluntary action and thus, contribute to the uniqueness of human goal-directed behavior. For example, prediction of the incentive value of action outcomes drives goal-directed instrumental behavior (e.g., Dickinson & Balleine, 2000; Rushworth & Behrens, 2008). Similarly, the Ideo-Motor Principle assumes that actions are selected and activated by the mere anticipation of the sensory experience they produce (e.g., James, 1890; Prinz, 1990). Furthermore, the degree of match between intended, anticipated and actual action effects has been proposed to be a major determinant of motor programming and online action corrections (Jeannerod, 1981), motor learning (e.g., Wolpert, Diedrichsen, & Flanagan, 2011), and the subjective sense of causing and controlling an action and its effects (Sense of Agency; e.g., Abell, Happé, & Frith, 2000). The role of anticipation in the control of voluntary action, however, goes far beyond the anticipation of immediate action effects and desired goals. For instance, pre-cues and alerting signals are used for advance preparation of what to do (e.g., Meiran, 1996), when to act or expect an event onset (e.g., Callejas, Lupianez, & Tudela, 2004; Los & van der Heuvel, 2001; Nobre & Coull, 2010) and to anticipate conflict (e.g., Correa, Rao, & Nobre, 2009). Voluntary action is influenced by the anticipation and prediction of mental effort in task processing (e.g., Song & Schwarz, 2008). In addition, the anticipation of long-term future social consequences (e.g., expected aloneness) has been shown to affect cognitive mechanisms involved in logic and reasoning (e.g., Baumeister, Twenge, & Nuss, 2002). Last but not least, learning of statistical contingencies (e.g., conflict frequency) leads to the anticipation and prediction of context-specific executive control requirements (e.g., Crump, Gong, & Milliken, 2006, Dreisbach & Haider, 2006). The aim of the present Research Topic is to provide a platform that offers the possibility of cross-fertilization and enhanced visibility among to date rather segregated research lines.
Categories:

The Frontal Lobes

The Frontal Lobes

... 83,90 Visuokinesthetic motor programs, 85 Voluntary action, left frontal area in, 215 Voluntary eye movement, 231 Voluntary saccadic eye movement task, 148 WAIS, see Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale "Wandering attention," 99 WCST, ...

Author: Donald T. Stuss

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

ISBN: UOM:39015046933118

Category: Medical

Page: 303

View: 583

Categories: Medical

Executive Control and the Frontal Lobe Current Issues

Executive Control and the Frontal Lobe  Current Issues

Cereb Cortex 6:31–38 PandyaDN, Yeterian EH (1998) Comparison ofprefrontal ... Res 92:89–102 Passingham RE (1993) The frontal lobes and voluntary action.

Author: Werner X. Schneider

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642597947

Category: Medical

Page: 138

View: 831

While the importance of the prefrontal cortex for "higher-order" cognitive functions is largely undisputed, no consensus has been reached regarding precise specifications of these functions. For example, although some degree of regional specialization within the frontal lobe seems inevitable, by and large, most attempts to map specific cognitive functions onto neuroanatomical and/or cytoarchitectonic subdivisions have been disappointing. Although a high degree of functional specialization probably exists within the frontal cortex, it seems increasingly likely that the structural organization of this system does not relate, in any straightforward way, to contemporary models of cognition.
Categories: Medical

Cognition

Cognition

The occipital and temporal lobes construct a mental representation of the world ... of the frontal lobe and parietal lobe plan and direct voluntary actions.

Author: Arnold Lewis Glass

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107088313

Category: Psychology

Page: 500

View: 867

Drawing on a modern neurocognitive framework, this full-color textbook introduces the entire field of cognition through an engaging narrative. Emphasizing the common neural mechanisms that underlie all aspects of perception, learning, and reasoning, the text encourages students to recognize the interconnectivity between cognitive processes. Elements of social psychology and developmental psychology are integrated into the discussion, leading students to understand and appreciate the connection between cognitive processing and social behavior. Numerous learning features provide extensive student support: chapter summaries encourage students to reflect on the main points of each chapter; end-of-chapter questions allow students to review their understanding of key topics; approximately 200 figures, photos, and charts clarify complex topics; and suggestions for further reading point students to resources for deeper self-study. The textbook is also accompanied by 800 multiple-choice questions, for use before, during, and after class, which have been proven to dramatically improve student understanding and exam performance.
Categories: Psychology

Using Eye Movements as an Experimental Probe of Brain Function

Using Eye Movements as an Experimental Probe of Brain Function

Conclusion The neural mechanisms subserving voluntary action are rather harder ... areas and Passingham, R.E. (1995) The frontal lobes and voluntary action.

Author: R. John Leigh

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080932320

Category: Science

Page: 652

View: 170

This volume of Progress in Brain Research is based on the proceedings of a conference, "Using Eye Movements as an Experimental Probe of Brain Function," held at the Charing Cross Hospital Campus of Imperial College London, UK on 5th -6th December, 2007 to honor Professor Jean Büttner-Ennever. With 87 contributions from international experts – both basic scientists and clinicians – the volume provides many examples of how eye movements can be used to address a broad range of research questions. Section 1 focuses on extraocular muscle, highlighting new concepts of proprioceptive control that involve even the cerebral cortex. Section 2 comprises structural, physiological, pharmacological, and computational aspects of brainstem mechanisms, and illustrates implications for disorders as diverse as opsoclonus, and congenital scoliosis with gaze palsy. Section 3 addresses how the cerebellum transforms neural signals into motor commands, and how disease of such mechanisms may lead to ataxia and disorders such as oculopalatal tremor. Section 4 deals with sensory-motor processing of visual, vestibular, somatosensory, and auditory inputs, such as are required for navigation, and gait. Section 5 illustrates how eye movements, used in conjunction with single-unit electrophysiology, functional imaging, transcranial magnetic stimulation, and lesion studies have illuminated cognitive processes, including memory, prediction, and even free will. Section 6 includes 18 papers dealing with disorders ranging from congenital to acquired forms of nystagmus, genetic and degenerative neurological disorders, and treatments for nystagmus and motion sickness. * Clinicians will find important new information on the substrate for spinocerebellar ataxia, late-onset Tay-Sachs disease, Huntington disease, and pulvinar lesions * Organizes multiple articles on such topics as proprioception, short and longer-term memory, and hereditary cerebellar ataxias for a more coherent presentation * Articles on anatomic tracers, functional imaging, and computational neuroscience are illustrated in color
Categories: Science

Human Evolution

Human Evolution

How to study frontal lobe functions in humans. ... The frontal lobes and voluntary action. ... Premotor cortex and the recognition of motor actions.

Author: John L. Bradshaw

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781317715887

Category: Psychology

Page: 235

View: 373

The last decade has seen an explosive burst of new information about human origins and our evolutionary status with respect to other species. We have long been considered unique as upright, bipedal creatures endowed with language, the ability to use tools, to think and introspect. We now know that other creatures may be more or less capable of similar behaviour, and that these human capacities in many cases have long evolutionary trajectories. Our information about such matters comes from a diverse variety of disciplines, including experimental and neuropsychology, primatology, ethology, archaeology, palaeontology, comparative linguistics and molecular biology. It is the interdisciplinary nature of the newly-emerging information which bears upon one of the profoundest scientific human questions - our origin and place in the animal kingdom, whether unique or otherwise - which makes the general topic so fascinating to layperson, student, and expert alike. The book attempts to integrate across a wide range of disciplines an evolutionary view of human psychology, with particular reference to language, praxis and aesthetics. A chapter on evolution, from the appearance of life to the earliest mammals, is followed by one which examines the appearance of primates, hominids and the advent of bipedalism. There follows a more detailed account of the various species of Homo, the morphology and origin of modern H. sapiens sapiens as seen from the archaeological/palaeontological and molecular-biological perspectives. The origins of art and an aesthetic sense in the Acheulian and Mousterian through to the Upper Palaeolithic are seen in the context of the psychology of art. Two chapters on language address its nature and realization centrally and peripherally, the prehistory and neuropsychology of speech, and evidence for speech and/or language in our hominid ancestors. A chapter on tool use and praxis examines such behaviour in other species, primate and non-primate, the neurology of praxis and its possible relation to language. Encephalization and the growth of the brain, phylogenetically and ontogenetically, and its relationship to intellectual capacity leads on finally to a consideration of intelligence, social intelligence, consciousness and self awareness. A final chapter reviews the issues covered. The book, of around 70.000 words of text, includes over 500 references over half of which date from 1994 or later.
Categories: Psychology

Executive Functions and the Frontal Lobes

Executive Functions and the Frontal Lobes

He suggests that the frontal lobes contain a system for the programme, regulation and verification of voluntary action with an emphasis on action that is ...

Author: Vicki Anderson

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781136873546

Category: Psychology

Page: 544

View: 990

This volume has as its primary aim the examination of issues concerning executive function and frontal lobe development. While many texts have addressed these issues, this is the first to do so within a specifically developmental framework. This area of cognitive function has received increasing attention over the past decade, and it is now established that the frontal lobes, and associated executive functions, are critical for efficient functioning in daily life. It is also clear, and of particular relevance to this text, that these functions develop gradually through childhood, and then deteriorate during old age. These developmental trajectories, and the impact of any interruption to them, are the focus of this volume.
Categories: Psychology

The Human Being

The Human Being

For an action to be free or voluntary it presupposes that we could also decide to perform some ... Passingham, The Frontal Lobes and Voluntary Action, 236f.

Author: Hans Schwarz

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 9780802870889

Category: Religion

Page: 402

View: 214

This overview of Christian anthropology by Hans Schwarz uniquely emphasizes three things: (1) the biblical testimony, (2) the historical unfolding of Christian anthropology through the centuries, and (3) the present affirmation of Christian anthropology in view of rival options and current scientific evidence. Schwarz begins by elucidating the special place occupied by human beings in the world, then ponders the complex issue of human freedom, and concludes by investigating humanity as a community of men and women in this world and in the world beyond. While maintaining a strong biblical orientation, Schwarz draws on a wide range of resources, including philosophy and the natural sciences, in order to map out what it means to be human. Schwarz's Human Being will interest anyone who is concerned with how in the face of fascinating scientific insights we can intelligently talk today about human sinfulness, human freedom, and human beings as children of the God who created us.
Categories: Religion

Higher Cortical Functions in Man

Higher Cortical Functions in Man

The waking state of the cortex, maintained by the normally functioning frontal lobes, enables complex systems of voluntary actions to be carried out under ...

Author: Alexandr Romanovich Luria

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461585794

Category: Medical

Page: 656

View: 542

This full-length translation of Professor Luria's book introduces to the English speaking world a major document in neuropsychology, summarizing Professor Luria's earlier contributions to that area for nearly a third of a century. It is a monumental contribution. Nothing of this scope exists in the Western literature of this field, with the possible exception of Ajuriaguerra and Hecaen's book (in French) on the cerebral cortex. Professor Luria's book thus marks a further and decisive step toward the eventual coalescence of neurology and psychology, a goal to which only a few laboratories in the East and West have been devoted over the last decades. The book is unique in its organization. The first half deals with observations and interpretations concerning the major syndromes of man's left cerebral hemisphere: those grievous distortions of higher functions traditionally described as aphasia, agnosia, and apraxia. There is also a detailed and brilliant analysis of the syndrome of massive frontal-lobe involvement. The entire second half of the book is given over to a painstaking description of Professor Luria's tests, many of them introduced by himself, and set out in such detail that anyone could repeat them and thus verify Professor Luria's interpretations.
Categories: Medical

The Human Frontal Lobes Second Edition

The Human Frontal Lobes  Second Edition

In addition, the frontal lobe controls voluntary action through planning of movements in prefrontal areas, preparation of movements in premotor areas, ...

Author: Bruce L. Miller

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN: 9781462515011

Category: Psychology

Page: 666

View: 529

Now in a revised and expanded second edition, this authoritative work synthesizes the rapidly growing knowledge base on the human frontal lobes and their central role in behavior, cognition, health, and disease. Leading contributors address neuroanatomy, neurochemistry, and normal neuropsychological functioning, and describe the nature and consequences of frontal lobe dysfunction in specific neurological and psychiatric conditions. Second edition features include a new section on structural and functional neuroimaging and substantially expanded coverage of frontotemporal dementia and related disorders. Other new topics include self-consciousness, competence, and personality; new testing approaches; bipolar disorder; and adult-onset genetic disorders of the frontal lobes. The book is illustrated with nearly 100 figures.
Categories: Psychology

Concise Encyclopedia of Brain and Language

Concise Encyclopedia of Brain and Language

The Frontal Lobes and Voluntary Action. New York: Clarendon. Perecman, E(ed.) (1987). The Frontal Lobes Revisited. New York: IRBN. Stuss, DT and Alexander, ...

Author: Harry A. Whitaker

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080964990

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 632

View: 410

This volume descibes, in up-to-date terminology and authoritative interpretation, the field of neurolinguistics, the science concerned with the neural mechanisms underlying the comprehension, production and abstract knowledge of spoken, signed or written language. An edited anthology of 165 articles from the award-winning Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics 2nd edition, Encyclopedia of Neuroscience 4th Edition and Encyclopedia of the Neorological Sciences and Neurological Disorders, it provides the most comprehensive one-volume reference solution for scientists working with language and the brain ever published. Authoritative review of this dynamic field placed in an interdisciplinary context Approximately 165 articles by leaders in the field Compact and affordable single-volume format
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Methodology Of Frontal And Executive Function

Methodology Of Frontal And Executive Function

The frontal lobes and voluntary action. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Paulescu, E., Frith, C.D., & Frackowiak, R.S. (1993). The neural correlates of ...

Author: Patrick Rabbitt

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781135472030

Category: Psychology

Page: 256

View: 980

This volume reflects the pressure to develop useful models and methodologies to study executive behaviour - the ability to update information in working memory in order to control selective attention to formulate plans of action and to monitor their efficient execution. Many models are based on the concept of a single "central executive" that manges these functions; others propose a number of independent "working memory systems" that each serve one task or activity but not others.; This book is a collection of essays by active researchers who discuss their own work on the definition of "executive" or "controlled" behaviours, and on the relation of these behaviours to specific areas of the frontal cortex. The papers are particularly concerned with logical difficulties that arise in defining these functions that lead, in turn, to methodological difficulties in studying them. In particular, they discuss such problems as the low test-re-test reliability of tasks that have been used to define and explore "executive" behaviours, the limited validity of these tasks in predicting performance deficits, the poor localization of the changes observed with respect to underlying brain function, and the relation of performance on these tasks to individual difference in performance on measures of "global" or "general" intellectual ability such as Spearman's 1927 gf.; The authors discuss their own research on the relations between cognitive function and neuropsychology, on changes in executive competence in conditions such as closed head injuries or dementias that may diffusely affect the whole brain, and on changes in executive function in normal old age.
Categories: Psychology

Religion in Mind

Religion in Mind

The Frontal Lobes and Voluntary Action. New York: Oxford University Press. Pincus, H. I999. “Aggression, Criminality and the Frontal Lobes.

Author: Jensine Andresen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521801522

Category: Religion

Page: 294

View: 523

Originally published in 2001, Religion in Mind summarizes and extends the advances in the cognitive study of religion throughout the 1990s.
Categories: Religion

Themes in Motor Development

Themes in Motor Development

The structural base of planning, the frontal lobes, ... observed that injury to the frontal lobes disturbs impulse control, regulation of voluntary action, ...

Author: H.T.A Whiting

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400944626

Category: Psychology

Page: 372

View: 499

This book is divided into Sections. Each Section is devoted to a particular theme in Motor Development and comprises two or more contributions. The order of presentation is largely fortuitous and does not reflect any value judgement on the part of the editors as to the importance of anyone theme in comparison to others addressed' in the book. This volume is to be seen as a companion volume to 'Motor Development in Children: Aspects of coordination and control' in which the more general issues in motor development presented during the Institute are published. Together, the two volumes provide both a general and a theme specific approach to this expanding field of knowledge. XI PREFACE Books and conferences, on what in North America is euphemistically termed motor development, have been few and far between in the past 25 years. This is not to say that the study of how children acquire and develop motor skills has not been a subject on which scientists have focused their attention. In the United States in the 1930's and 1940's, Bayley (1935) and Gesell and Amatruda (1947) described and scaled the rates at which young children acquired motor skills. In Europe, the development of childrens' motor behaviour was of theoretical interest to Piaget (1952).
Categories: Psychology

Perception and Action

Perception and Action

The frontal lobes and voluntary action . New York : Oxford University Press . Passingham , R.E. ( 1996 ) . Functional specialization of the supplementary ...

Author: Jean Decety

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0863776000

Category: Psychology

Page: 335

View: 408

Presents original contributions from cognitive neuroscientists and cognitive neuropsychologists who address this area from different complementary perspectives.
Categories: Psychology

Cognition Brain and Consciousness

Cognition  Brain  and Consciousness

The Stroop Test is useful to probe for subtle frontal lobe damage that ... Voluntary actions become automatic with practice (Shiffrin and Schneider, 1977).

Author: Bernard J. Baars

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123814405

Category: Psychology

Page: 672

View: 884

Cognition, Brain, and Consciousness, Second Edition, provides students and readers with an overview of the study of the human brain and its cognitive development. It discusses brain molecules and their primary function, which is to help carry brain signals to and from the different parts of the human body. These molecules are also essential for understanding language, learning, perception, thinking, and other cognitive functions of our brain. The book also presents the tools that can be used to view the human brain through brain imaging or recording. New to this edition are Frontiers in Cognitive Neuroscience text boxes, each one focusing on a leading researcher and their topic of expertise. There is a new chapter on Genes and Molecules of Cognition; all other chapters have been thoroughly revised, based on the most recent discoveries. This text is designed for undergraduate and graduate students in Psychology, Neuroscience, and related disciplines in which cognitive neuroscience is taught. New edition of a very successful textbook Completely revised to reflect new advances, and feedback from adopters and students Includes a new chapter on Genes and Molecules of Cognition Student Solutions available at http://www.baars-gage.com/ For Teachers: Rapid adoption and course preparation: A wide array of instructor support materials are available online including PowerPoint lecture slides, a test bank with answers, and eFlashcords on key concepts for each chapter. A textbook with an easy-to-understand thematic approach: in a way that is clear for students from a variety of academic backgrounds, the text introduces concepts such as working memory, selective attention, and social cognition. A step-by-step guide for introducing students to brain anatomy: color graphics have been carefully selected to illustrate all points and the research explained. Beautifully clear artist's drawings are used to 'build a brain' from top to bottom, simplifying the layout of the brain. For students: An easy-to-read, complete introduction to mind-brain science: all chapters begin from mind-brain functions and build a coherent picture of their brain basis. A single, widely accepted functional framework is used to capture the major phenomena. Learning Aids include a student support site with study guides and exercises, a new Mini-Atlas of the Brain and a full Glossary of technical terms and their definitions. Richly illustrated with hundreds of carefully selected color graphics to enhance understanding.
Categories: Psychology

Encyclopedia of Neuroscience Volume 1

Encyclopedia of Neuroscience  Volume 1

The historical notions of the frontal lobe syndrome come from observations of such patients. ... Passingham R (1995) The Frontal Lobes and Voluntary Action.

Author: Larry R. Squire

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080963938

Category: Medical

Page: 12505

View: 268

The Encyclopedia of the Neuroscience explores all areas of the discipline in its focused entries on a wide variety of topics in neurology, neurosurgery, psychiatry and other related areas of neuroscience. Each article is written by an expert in that specific domain and peer reviewed by the advisory board before acceptance into the encyclopedia. Each article contains a glossary, introduction, a reference section, and cross-references to other related encyclopedia articles. Written at a level suitable for university undergraduates, the breadth and depth of coverage will appeal beyond undergraduates to professionals and academics in related fields.
Categories: Medical