The Fourth State of Matter

An Introduction to Plasma Science, 2nd Edition

Author: Shalom Eliezer,Y Eliezer

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420033433

Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 9117

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Plasma physics may hold the key to a virtually inexhaustible future energy source through the control of thermonuclear reactions. The complexity of plasma physics makes it a difficult subject to write about in popular terms, but the authors of The Fourth State of Matter: An Introduction to Plasma Science, Second Edition treat plasma in a comprehensible way. Combining factual substance with an easy-to-read and lucid presentation, the book describes the characteristics of plasma, its distribution in the universe, and how it is used by man. It explores plasma in industry and presents current and possible future applications. The book also details the history of plasma research and plasma technology. Retained from the first edition, rhyming verses add fun to the explanation of what can be complicated scientific concepts. Accessible to anyone interested in plasma physics, this non-mathematical book is an excellent addition to a well-rounded science collection.
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Cosmic Plasma

Author: H. Alfvèn

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9789027711519

Category: Science

Page: 164

View: 1323

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The general background of this monograph and the aim of it is described in detail in Chapter I. As stated in 1.7 it is written according to the principle that "when rigour appears to conflict with simplicity, simplicity is given preference", which means that it is intended for a rather broad public. Not only graduate students but also advanced undergraduates should be able to understand at least most of it. This monograph is the result of many years of inspiring discussions with a number of colleagues, for which I want to thank them very much. Especially I should mention the groups in Stockholm and La Jolla: in Stockholm, Dr Carl-Gunne Flilthammar and many of his collaborators, including Drs Lars Block, Per Carlqvist, Lennart lindberg, Michael Raadu, Staffan Torven, Miroslav Babic, and Itlgvar Axniis, and further, Drs Bo Lehnert and Bjorn Bonnevier, all at the Royal Institute of Technology. Of other col­ leagues in Sweden, I should mention Dr Bertel Laurent, Stockholm University, Dr Aina Elvius, The Stockholm Observatory, and Dr Bengt Hultqvist, Kiruna. In La Jolla my thanks go first of all to Dr Gustaf Arrhenius, who once invited me to La Jolla, which was the start of a most interesting collaboration; further, to Dr W. B.
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An Introduction to Alfven Waves,

Author: Rodney Cross

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 236

View: 2282

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Alfven waves permeate the universe. They have been observed in the Sun, in the magnetosphere, as low frequency fluctuations in the Earth's magnetic field, and they are easily generated in laboratory plasmas. Alfven waves serve as a useful diagnostic tool to probe plasma conditions in both space and laboratory plasmas. In the quest for nuclear fusion they have been used with spectacular success to heat tokamak plasmas to temperatures exceeding 50 million Kelvin. This book aims to provide an introduction to the physics of Alfven wave propagation for postgraduate physicists and astrophysicists who are entering research on laboratory or space plasmas. In the early chapters the basic properties of Alfven waves are derived for homogeneous plasmas, using the ideal magnetohydrodynamic fluid equations. The essential differences between torsional and compressional wave types are highlighted by an examination of phase and group velocity surfaces, and by a discussion of recent experimental results obtained with small, 'point-source', antennae. Later chapters deal with cylindrical plasmas, Alfven waves in a plasma with two or more ion species, effects of plasma current, resistive damping and inhomogeneous plasmas. There are also two chapters about numerical and experimental techniques, topics which are often neglected in other books.
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Principles of Fusion Energy

An Introduction to Fusion Energy for Students of Science and Engineering

Author: A. A. Harms,Klaus F.. Schoepf,David Ross Kingdon

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789812380333

Category: Science

Page: 295

View: 2007

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This textbook accommodates the two divergent developmental paths which have become solidly established in the field of fusion energy: the process of sequential tokamak development toward a prototype and the need for a more fundamental and integrative research approach before costly design choices are made.Emphasis is placed on the development of physically coherent and mathematically clear characterizations of the scientific and technological foundations of fusion energy which are specifically suitable for a first course on the subject. Of interest, therefore, are selected aspects of nuclear physics, electromagnetics, plasma physics, reaction dynamics, materials science, and engineering systems, all brought together to form an integrated perspective on nuclear fusion and its practical utilization.The book identifies several distinct themes. The first is concerned with preliminary and introductory topics which relate to the basic and relevant physical processes associated with nuclear fusion. Then, the authors undertake an analysis of magnetically confined, inertially confined, and low-temperature fusion energy concepts. Subsequently, they introduce the important blanket domains surrounding the fusion core and discuss synergetic fusion-fission systems. Finally, they consider selected conceptual and technological subjects germane to the continuing development of fusion energy systems.
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Atomic Physics in Hot Plasmas

Author: David Salzmann

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195355154

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 5616

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The aim of this book is to provide the reader with a coherent and updated comprehensive treatise that covers the central subjects of the field. The style and content is suitable both for students and researchers. Highlights of the book include (among many others) the Ion-Sphere model, statistical models, Average-Atom model, emission spectrum, unresolved transition arrays, supertransition arrays, radiation transport, escape factors and x-ray lasers.
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Introduction to Hydrogen Technology

Author: K. S. V. Santhanam,Roman J. Press,Massoud J. Miri,Alla V. Bailey,Gerald A. Takacs

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119265584

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 432

View: 5245

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Introduces the field of hydrogen technology and explains the basic chemistry underlying promising and innovative new technologies This new and completely updated edition of Introduction to Hydrogen Technology explains, at an introductory level, the scientific and technical aspects of hydrogen technology. It incorporates information on the latest developments and the current research in the field, including: new techniques for isolating and storing hydrogen, usage as a fuel for automobiles, residential power systems, mobile power systems, and space applications. Introduction to Hydrogen Technology, Second Edition features classroom-tested exercises and sample problems. It details new economical methods for isolating the pure hydrogen molecule. These less expensive methods help make hydrogen fuel a very viable alternative to petroleum-based energy. The book also adds a new chapter on hydrogen production and batteries. It also provides in-depth coverage of the many technical hurdles in hydrogen storage. The developments in fuel cells since the last edition has been updated. Offers new chapters on hydrogen production, storage, and batteries Features new sections on advanced hydrogen systems, new membranes, greenhouse gas sensors and updated technologies involving solar and wind energies Includes problems at the end of the Chapters, as well as solutions for adopters This book is an introduction to hydrogen technology for students who have taken at least one course in general chemistry and calculus; it will also be a resource book for scientists and researchers working in hydrogen-based technologies, as well as anyone interested in sustainable energy.
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Bonding, Structure and Solid-State Chemistry

Author: Formerly Head of Chemical Physics Mark Ladd,Mark Ladd

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198729952

Category:

Page: 560

View: 7469

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This book provides the reader with an introductory study in Bonding, Structure and Solid State Chemistry, starting from first principles. It is based on lecture courses given over several years, but is not directed at any particular degree course. Thus, it will find a place in all three-year degree courses in chemistry and in those subjects for which chemistry forms a significant part. It will also prepare readers for more intensive study in the title topics.Pre-knowledge is assumed in mathematics and physical sciences at about A-level standard, and additional mathematical and other topics are presented where necessary as appendices, so as not to disturb theflow of the main text.
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Plasma Etching

Fundamentals and Applications

Author: M. Sugawara

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191590290

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 356

View: 9059

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The focus of this book is the remarkable advances in understanding of low pressure RF (radio frequency) glow discharges. A basic analytical theory and plasma physics are explained. Plasma diagnostics are also covered before the practicalities of etcher use are explored.
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Plasma Confinement

Author: R. D. Hazeltine,J. D. Meiss

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486432427

Category: Science

Page: 455

View: 8924

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Graduate-level text examines the essential physics underlying international research in magnetic confinement fusion with accounts of fundamental concepts behind methods of confining plasma at or near thermonuclear conditions. 1992 edition.
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Laser Plasma Physics

Forces and the Nonlinearity Principle

Author: Heinrich Hora

Publisher: SPIE Press

ISBN: 9780819435095

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 217

View: 6949

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This acts as a reference work for the field of high intensity and/or high plasma density laser-plasma interactions for years to come. It covers everything from single particles to dense fluids, from computational physics to the practical results in fusion. In addition, it contains treatments of the theory of electrodynamics, laser-driven hydrodynamics, the Lorentz force, complex refractive index and relativistic effects in plasmas. Although the swamp of plasma physics is mostly a classical place, the author indicates where quantum and classical calculations converge.
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