What if monstrous creatures once roamed the earth in the very places where their legends first arose? This is the arresting and original thesis that Adrienne Mayor explores in The First Fossil Hunters.
Author: Adrienne Mayor
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Griffins, Cyclopes, Monsters, and Giants--these fabulous creatures of classical mythology continue to live in the modern imagination through the vivid accounts that have come down to us from the ancient Greeks and Romans. But what if these beings were more than merely fictions? What if monstrous creatures once roamed the earth in the very places where their legends first arose? This is the arresting and original thesis that Adrienne Mayor explores in The First Fossil Hunters. Through careful research and meticulous documentation, she convincingly shows that many of the giants and monsters of myth did have a basis in fact--in the enormous bones of long-extinct species that were once abundant in the lands of the Greeks and Romans. As Mayor shows, the Greeks and Romans were well aware that a different breed of creatures once inhabited their lands. They frequently encountered the fossilized bones of these primeval beings, and they developed sophisticated concepts to explain the fossil evidence, concepts that were expressed in mythological stories. The legend of the gold-guarding griffin, for example, sprang from tales first told by Scythian gold-miners, who, passing through the Gobi Desert at the foot of the Altai Mountains, encountered the skeletons of Protoceratops and other dinosaurs that littered the ground. Like their modern counterparts, the ancient fossil hunters collected and measured impressive petrified remains and displayed them in temples and museums; they attempted to reconstruct the appearance of these prehistoric creatures and to explain their extinction. Long thought to be fantasy, the remarkably detailed and perceptive Greek and Roman accounts of giant bone finds were actually based on solid paleontological facts. By reading these neglected narratives for the first time in the light of modern scientific discoveries, Adrienne Mayor illuminates a lost world of ancient paleontology.
Fossil Legends of the First Americans represents a major step forward in our understanding of how humans made sense of fossils before evolutionary theory developed.
Author: Adrienne Mayor
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Category: Social Science
The burnt-red badlands of Montana's Hell Creek are a vast graveyard of the Cretaceous dinosaurs that lived 68 million years ago. Those hills were, much later, also home to the Sioux, the Crows, and the Blackfeet, the first people to encounter the dinosaur fossils exposed by the elements. What did Native Americans make of these stone skeletons, and how did they explain the teeth and claws of gargantuan animals no one had seen alive? Did they speculate about their deaths? Did they collect fossils? Beginning in the East, with its Ice Age monsters, and ending in the West, where dinosaurs lived and died, this richly illustrated and elegantly written book examines the discoveries of enormous bones and uses of fossils for medicine, hunting magic, and spells. Well before Columbus, Native Americans observed the mysterious petrified remains of extinct creatures and sought to understand their transformation to stone. In perceptive creation stories, they visualized the remains of extinct mammoths, dinosaurs, pterosaurs, and marine creatures as Monster Bears, Giant Lizards, Thunder Birds, and Water Monsters. Their insights, some so sophisticated that they anticipate modern scientific theories, were passed down in oral histories over many centuries. Drawing on historical sources, archaeology, traditional accounts, and extensive personal interviews, Adrienne Mayor takes us from Aztec and Inca fossil tales to the traditions of the Iroquois, Navajos, Apaches, Cheyennes, and Pawnees. Fossil Legends of the First Americans represents a major step forward in our understanding of how humans made sense of fossils before evolutionary theory developed.
(2011), The First Fossil Hunters: Dinosaurs, Mammoths, and Myth in Greek and Roman Times (2nd revised edition of The First Fossil Hunters: Paleontology in Greek and Roman Times (2000)), Princeton, Princeton University Press.
Author: Gordon Lindsay Campbell
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
The Oxford Handbook of Animals in Classical Thought and Life is the first comprehensive guide to animals in the ancient world, encompassing all aspects of the topic by featuring authoritative chapters on 33 topics by leading scholars in their fields. Both the realities and the more theoretical aspects of the treatment of animals in ancient times are covered in chapters which explore the domestication of animals, animal husbandry, animals as pets, Aesop'sFables, and animals in classical art and comedy, all of which closely examine the nature of human-animal interaction.
But there is the other possibility of interpretation of these ancient texts, the
mythological one, and its own problematical ... Fossil Legends of the First
Americans and The First Fossil Hunters: Paleontology in Greek and Roman Times, are not ...
Author: Joseph P. Farrell
Publisher: Feral House
Consider the possibility that the history of the human race is not as simple as what has been taught in classroom textbooks. Consider the possibility that the evolutionary scientific explanation for mankind has ignored critical facts that are buried deep within the fossils and mankind's DNA. Consider the possibility that the religious stories that have often been the core basis for mankind's understanding of where it belongs in the history of creation may actually reveal a planet occupied with tyrannical giants and an elite highly intelligent race bent on genetic mutation. As horrifying as such possibilities are, Genes, Giants, Monsters, and Men sets forth a plausible theory revealing a hidden history of mankind and a possible reason that it has remained veiled for hundreds of thousands of years. With his well-documented style and breathtaking conclusions, Dr. Joseph P. Farrell pulls back the veil and takes the reader on an odyssey behind the mysterious history and myths of the human race. Joseph P. Farrell is a recognized scholar whose credentials include a PhD in philosophy from the University of Oxford. His literary contribution is a veritable resumé unto itself covering such fields as Nazi Germany, sacred literature, physics, finances, the Giza pyramids, and music theory. A renowned researcher with an eye to assimilate a tremendous amount of background material, Farrell is able to condense the best scholastic research in publication and draw insightful new conclusions on complex and controversial subjects.
The First Fossil Hunters: Paleontology in Greek and Roman Times. Princeton.
Mazarakis Ainian, A. 1997. From Rulers' Dwellings to Temples: Architecture,
Religion and Society in Early Iron Age Greece (1100–700 B.C.). Jonsered.
Author: Tyler Jo Smith
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
A comprehensive, authoritative account of the development Greek Art through the 1st millennium BC. An invaluable resource for scholars dealing with the art, material culture and history of the post-classical world Includes voices from such diverse fields as art history, classical studies, and archaeology and offers a diversity of views to the topic Features an innovative group of chapters dealing with the reception of Greek art from the Middle Ages to the present Includes chapters on Chronology and Topography, as well as Workshops and Technology Includes four major sections: Forms, Times and Places; Contacts and Colonies; Images and Meanings; Greek Art: Ancient to Antique
Author: Jennifer K. Berenson MacleanPublish On: 2005-01-01
On ancient fossils' influence on beliefs, see Adrienne Mayor, The First Fossil Hunters: Paleontology in Greek and Roman Times (Princeton: Princeton
University Press, 2000). 2 I would like to thank Ellen Aitken and Jennifer Maclean
for inviting ...
Author: Jennifer K. Berenson Maclean
This multidimensional collection of essays explores the interrelation of religion, cultural identity, politics, literature, myth, and memory during the Roman Empire by focusing on the cultural dynamics embedded in and surrounding Philostratus s Heroikos, an early third-century C.E. dialogue about Homer and the heroes of the Trojan War. The essays focus on ritual and literary dimensions of hero cult; cultural and community identity reflected in the Heroikos and in early Christianity; and the cultural, literary, and political turn toward heroes in the negotiation of difference, particularly with those outside the Roman Empire. Contributors to this volume include classicists, archaeologists, ancient historians, and scholars of early Christianity: Ellen Bradshaw Aitken, Susan E. Alcock, Hans Dieter Betz, Alain Blomart, Walter Burkert, Casey Dué, Simone Follet, Sidney H. Griffith, Jackson P. Hershbell, Christopher Jones, Jennifer K. Berenson Maclean, Francesca Mestre, Gregory Nagy, Corinne Ondine Pache, Jeffrey Rusten, M. Rahim Shayegan, James C. Skedros, and Tim Whitmarsh.Paperback edition is available from the Society of Biblical Literature (www.sbl-site.org).
The first fossil hunters: paleontology in Greek and Roman times. Princeton
University Press, Princeton, NJ. Mayr, E. 1961. Cause and effect in biology.
Science 134:1501–6. Mayr, E. 1982. The growth of biological thought: diversity,
Author: Armand Marie Leroi
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
In the Eastern Aegean lies an island of forested hills and olive groves, with streams, marshes and a lagoon that nearly cuts the land in two. It was here, over two thousand years ago, that Aristotle came to work. Aristotle was the greatest philosopher of all time. Author of the Poetics, Politics and Metaphysics, his work looms over the history of Western thought. But he was also a biologist – the first. Aristotle explored the mysteries of the natural world. With the help of fishermen, hunters and farmers, he catalogued the animals in his world, dissected them, observed their behaviours and recorded how they lived, fed, and bred. In his great zoological treatise, Historia animalium, he described the mating habits of herons, the sexual incontinence of girls, the stomachs of snails, the sensitivity of sponges, the flippers of seals, the sounds of cicadas, the destructiveness of starfish, the dumbness of the deaf, the flatulence of elephants and the structure of the human heart. And then, in another dozen books, he explained it all. In The Lagoon, acclaimed biologist Armand Marie Leroi recovers Aristotle's science. He goes to Lesbos to see the creatures that Aristotle saw, where he saw them, and explores the Philosopher's deep ideas and inspired guesses – as well as the things that he got wildly wrong. Leroi shows how Aristotle's science is deeply intertwined with his philosophical system and how modern science even now bears the imprint of its inventor.
The First Fossil Hunters: Paleontology in Greek and Roman Times. Princeton
University Press, Princeton, NJ. 361 pp. Mayr, E. 1942. Systematics and the
Origin of Species. Columbia University Press, New York. 334 pp. Mayr, E. 1963.
Author: David B. Weishampel
Publisher: JHU Press
At the end of the time of the dinosaurs, Transylvania was an island in what was to become southeastern Europe. The island's limited resources affected the size and life histories of its animals, resulting in a local dwarfism. For example, sauropods found on the island measured only six meters long, while their cousins elsewhere grew up to five times larger. Here, David B. Weishampel and Coralia-Maria Jianu present unique evolutionary interpretations of this phenomenon. The authors bring together the latest information on the fauna, flora, geology, and paleogeography of the region, casting these ancient reptiles in their phylogenetic, paleoecological, and evolutionary contexts. What the authors find is that Transylvanian dinosaurs experienced a range of unpredictable successes as they evolved. Woven throughout the detailed history and science of these diminutive dinosaurs is the fascinating story of the man who first discovered them, the mysterious twentieth-century paleontologist Franz Baron Nopcsa, whose name is synonymous with Transylvanian dinosaurs. Hailed by some as the father of paleobiology, it was Nopcsa alone who understood the importance of the dinosaur discoveries in Transylvania; their story cannot be told without recounting his. Transylvanian Dinosaurs strikes an engaging balance between biography and scientific treatise and is sure to capture the imagination of professional paleontologists and amateur dinophiles alike.
"--Paul Cartledge, author of Alexander the Great "Adrienne Mayor's The Poison King is an intriguing and highly readable new biography of one of the most controversial figures of antiquity, Mithradates--ruthless Hellenistic king, genocidaire ...
Author: Adrienne Mayor
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Category: Biography & Autobiography
A new account of one of Rome's most relentless but least understood foes. Claiming Alexander the Great and Darius of Persia as ancestors, Mithradates inherited a wealthy Black Sea kingdom at age fourteen after his mother poisoned his father. He fled into exile and returned in triumph to become a ruler of superb intelligence and fierce ambition. Hailed as a savior by his followers and feared as a second Hannibal by his enemies, he envisioned a grand Eastern empire to rival Rome. After massacring eighty thousand Roman citizens in 88 BC, he seized Greece and modern-day Turkey. Fighting some of the most spectacular battles in ancient history, he dragged Rome into a long round of wars and threatened to invade Italy itself. His uncanny ability to elude capture and surge back after devastating losses unnerved the Romans, while his mastery of poisons allowed him to foil assassination attempts and eliminate rivals.--From publisher description.
April 30th , 2007 The First Fossil Hunters : Paleontology in Greek and Roman Times B on his introduction to The First Fossil Hunters : Paleontology in Greek
and Roman Times ? , paleontologist Peter Dodson writes : As a child I greatly
Author: Reed A. Cartwright
A collection of fifty-three selected blog posts showcasing the quality and diversity of science writing on blogs in 2007. You can see the background story on how the book came about here and order the first (2006) volume here.
These were the bones of heroes , and of the giants and monsters they had
battled once upon a time . Adrienne ... After noting these parallels , Mayor asks
why the ancients The First Fossil Hunters : Paleontology in Greek and Roman Times .
Listeners and Listening in Late Medieval and Early Modern Europe (1300–1600),
organized at Princeton University by Rob ... 1992); Adrienne Mayor, TheFirst Fossil Hunters: Paleontology in Greek and Roman Times (Princeton, NJ:
Author: E. Upton
Category: Performing Arts
This book seeks to understand the music of the later Middle Ages in a fuller perspective, moving beyond the traditional focus on the creative work of composers in isolation to consider the participation of performers and listeners in music-making.
N E W I N P A P E R B A C K The First Fossil Hunters Paleontology in Greek and Roman Times Adrienne Mayor With a foreword by Peter Dodson THE FIRST FO3
.5L HUNTERS "A historical and Scientific o o detective story of first rank.
In her book , The First Fossil Hunters : Paleontology in Greek and Roman Times ,
published in May by Princeton University Press , Ms . Mayor draws on a close
study of classical texts to show that some of the more impressive and mysterious
MASSON ( O . ) Onomastica graeca selecta , 3 . ( Hautes études du monde gréco
- romain 28 ) . Geneva : Droz , 2000 . Pp . 356 , ill . 2600004351 . MAYOR ( A . )
The first fossil hunters . Paleontology in Greek and Roman times . Princeton UP ...
Author: Percy Gardner
Vols. 1-8, 1880-87, plates published separately and numbered I-LXXXIII.
Author: Michael Vannoy AdamsPublish On: 2010-12-15
She says that “ since the seventeenth century classical scholars , ancient
historians , art experts , historians of science ... the obviously imagiاور i A. Mayor ,
The First Fossil Hunters : Paleontology in Greek and Roman Times ( Princeton ,
Author: Michael Vannoy Adams
Publisher: Spring Publications
Ancient gods and goddesses, heroes and heroines, and fabulous creatures are alive and well within our unconscious. Sigmund Freud speaks of "endopsychic myths" and "psycho-mythology"; C.G. Jung, of the "mythopoeic imagination" and the "mythforming structural elements" of the psyche. James Hillman contends that "the essence of the psyche is myth." Michael Vannoy Adams provides persuasive examples of how myths appear in our dreams and fantasies and does so with erudition, wit, and eloquent clarity. Adam's authoritative study, now appearing in a second, expanded edition, has won high praise from fellow analysts. Ginette Paris called The Mythological Unconscious "a treasure trove of the imagination," and Beverly Zabriskie cited its "balance of charm and scholarship, humor and gravitas, which simultaneously amuses and enlightens."
The Greek Novel from Antiquity to the Byzantine Empire ( Joseph Geiger ) : XVII ,
247 . Jeremy McInerney , The ... Adrienne Mayor , The First Fossil Hunters , Paleontology in Greek and Roman Times ( Omri Lernau ) : XX , 257 . Philip
Evolution and the fossil record 1. Pojeta and D.A. Springer ; American Geological
Institute and Paleontological Society See entry no . 2438 1405 The first fossil hunters : paleontology in Greek and Roman times A. Mayor Princeton University
Author: Albert John Walford
Publisher: Library Assn Pub Limited
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
"This book is the first volume of a series that succeeds Walford's guide to reference material, published in eight editions between 1959 and 2000 by Library Association Publishing"--V. 1, t.p. verso.