For in Britain, perhaps more than in any other part of Europe, tales of ancient
Olympia, and of the Olympic Games in particular, ... Indeed the first ever recorded
use of the word Olympian in the English language–according to the Oxford English ...
Author: Martin Polley
Publisher: English Heritage
History records that the Olympic Games originated in ancient Greece nearly three thousand years ago, died out around 393 AD, and were triumphantly reborn in 1896, in the Greek capital of Athens. Rather less well known is how, during the intervening centuries, an assortment of British writers, romantics, sportsmen and visionaries helped nurture that revival. Indeed, as sports historian Dr Martin Polley argues in this, the 12th book in the acclaimed Played in Britain series, our nation's fascination with all things Olympian has played a pivotal role in shaping the Games as we know them today, culminating in London becoming in 2012 the first city ever to stage a third modern Olympiad. Consider, for example, that the first published use of the word 'Olympian' in the English language dates from around 1590. Its author? William Shakespeare. And that the first games of the post-classical era to adopt the formal title 'Olympick' took place in the Cotswolds village of Chipping Campden in 1612. It was an English traveller, Richard Chandler, who rediscovered the lost site of Olympia in 1766, and a Shropshire doctor, William Penny Brookes, who, in 1850, founded the Much Wenlock Olympian Games, an annual community festival that inspired Pierre de Coubertin to revive the Games at an international level. Other Olympic festivals surfaced in London (to celebrate Queen Victoria's accession), in Liverpool, and in the north-east town of Morpeth, while the words 'Olympic' and 'Olympian' became steadily more ingrained in the popular imagination throughout the Victorian era. Britain's Olympic heritage gained added momentum in the 20th century. At White City in 1908, London built the world's first modern, purpose-built Olympic stadium, while in 1948 London stepped in to save the Games by offering Wembley Stadium. Also in the late 1940s, at Stoke Mandeville hospital in Buckinghamshire, the modern Paralympics were born when sporting contests were organised for injured servicemen. Thus the 2012 Games represent the culmination of over four hundred years of British enthusiasm and ingenuity; an attachment that has left in its wake a trail of fascinating stories, characters, sites, buildings and artefacts. Leading the reader on a marathon journey, The British Olympics charts them all, making this a vital and entertaining source for anyone with an interest in the Games, in sport, and in the wider narrative of Britain's social and cultural heritage.
Author: Great Britain: Parliament: House of Lords: Select Committee on Olympic and Paralympic LegacyPublish On: 2013-11-18
As a founder member of the British Olympic Association , the English Football
Association ( FA ) organised the first ... men's and women's teams at the Olympic Games for the first time in 52 years — and a women's side for the first time ever .
Author: Great Britain: Parliament: House of Lords: Select Committee on Olympic and Paralympic Legacy
Publisher: The Stationery Office
Category: Business & Economics
Since the Games, the same political impetus and agreed deadlines no longer exist and many aspects of legacy are in danger of faltering, whilst some have fallen by the wayside. There is confusion on the timeframes and targets involved in delivery and a lack of clear ownership of legacy as a whole. The committee recommends that a minister be given overall responsibility for the Olympic legacy, enabling greater co-ordination across Whitehall departments. It also believes the Mayor of London should be given control over further development of east London and the Olympic Park in Stratford. There is also a warning over the geographic disparity in the economic benefits stemming from the Games. While London and the south-east of England benefited with nearly 15,000 additional jobs, just seven were created in the North East. London 2012 may have promised to "inspire a generation" but the committee says it found "little evidence [of a] step change" in sports participation levels across the UK. UK Sport, the body that invests approximately £100m in high-performance athletes and teams each year and decides funding levels for Olympic and Paralympic sports, is also criticised. The committee believes not enough is being done by UK Sport to help both team and emerging sports. The 'no compromise' approach of UK Sport has delivered medals for Team GB and has clearly improved top-end importance. This approach, however, has an inherent bias against team sports, and fails to help emerging sports, some of which, such as handball and volleyball, generated real enthusiasm at London 2012.
The organizing committee wanted to use both English and Japanese
designations for each delegation in order to make it easier for Japanese people
to understand them. ... The 1 1th Olympic Winter Games in Sapporo opened on
February 3 and closed on February 13, 1972. ... Francisco Fernandez-Ochoa
won the slalom for Spain's first-ever Winter Olympics gold medal, and Marie-
Therese Nadig ...
Author: John E. Findling
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
Category: Social Science
Looks at the historical context in which the modern Olympic Games have taken place, covering the highlights of each competition along with information on site selection, economic impact, and political controversies.
... of Ancient Greek Athletics , Aristotle University of Thessaloniki , 1996 ( in Greek
with short English summary ] D.G. Kyle ... ( first published as Greek Medicine ,
Thames & Hudson , London 1973 ) S. Retsas , ' Medicine and the Olympic Games ...
Author: Judith Swaddling
Publisher: University of Texas Press
Category: Sports & Recreation
For over one thousand years between 776 B.C. and A.D. 395, princes, statesmen, and famous athletes gathered every four years at Olympia in western Greece to compete for the olive crowns of the ancient Olympic Games. Judith Swaddling traces the mythological and religious origins of the games and describes the events, religious ceremony, and celebrations that were an essential part of the Olympic festival. The book also features a large, detailed model of the site of ancient Olympia, where, alongside religious and civic buildings, there grew an elaborate sports complex with a stadium for 40,000 spectators, indoor and outdoor training facilities, hot and cold baths, a swimming pool, and a race course. For this revised edition, three new chapters have been added, covering the diet and medical treatment of athletes; sponsorship, patronage, and propaganda; and revivals of the games. Superbly illustrated with vases, sculpture, and other works of ancient art, and with new views of the site, the new edition of this indispensable account of Ancient Olympia and the games now includes color reproduction for over half the illustrations, as well as many additional pictures.
Haddon, Celia, The First Ever English Olimpick Games (London: Hodder &
Stoughton, 2004). Halliwell, James Orchard, The Popular Rhymes and Nursery
Tales of England (London: John Russell Smith, 1849). Hampson, R.T., Medii Aevi
Author: Stephen Roud
Publisher: Penguin Global
Category: Social Science
The English Year is a lavishly illustrated day-by-day guide to all the customs and festivals of England, from the national celebrations to herald the New Year down to small local traditions such as the Minehead Hobby Horse or Duck Racing in Oxfordshire. As he explores the history and development of these fascinating traditions, eminent folklorist Steve Roud paints vivid pictures of ancient local customs such as cheese-rolling in Randwick and Punkie Night in Somerset, and contemplates why some festivals such as Guy Fawkes' Night and Whitsun have lost much of their previous importance while others, such as Valentine's Day and Hallowe'en, have blossomed astonishingly in recent years.
Lee Lai-Shan competed in the women's sailboard (mistral) and won the first-ever Olympic gold medal for Hong Kong. It was the first time that Hong Kong's colonial
flag was raised to the accompaniment of the British national anthem at the medal
ceremony. ... Two years later, Lee represented Hong Kong, China at the 1998
Bangkok Asian Games and won a gold medal in sailing.35 Taiwan sent 74 ...
Author: Fan Hong
Category: Sports & Recreation
The Politicisation of Sport in Modern China: Communist and Champions is the first book in English which examines in chronological order key issues in sport in the People's Republic of China from 1949 to 2012 in the context of Chinese history, politics and society. It explores the complexity of Chinese sport including the sovietisation of Chinese sports policy and practice; the emergence of the ‘two Chinas’ issue; the Cold War, the Cultural Revolution, sports diplomacy and sports militarism; China’s turbulent journey of participation in the Asian Games and in the Olympics; the politics and policy of doping and anti-doping in Chinese sport; and China’s sport in the post-Beijing Olympics era. By analysing the relationships between sport, diplomacy, politics and social transformation in China, the book examines how sport has played an important role in China’s rise in the 20th and 21st centuries, and how China embraced the Olympic Movement and also influenced the world through the Olympic Games. Featuring major events, original documents and interviews with a wide breadth of insiders - from sports policy makers, Olympic medallists and ordinary Chinese - this book, for the first time, provides a comprehensive guide to the history of sport in the People's Republic of China. It is a fascinating book for academic researchers, general readers and students. This book was published as a special issue of the International Journal of the History of Sport.
London 2012 was the English capital city's third time playing host to the Summer Olympics. ... British judges who aided London's medal haul – and also by the first
-ever march past ofathletes behind their national flags (de Coubertin, 2000: 418 ...
Author: Vassil Girginov
Category: Sports & Recreation
The Handbook of the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games is the first authoritative and comprehensive account of the world’s greatest sporting and cultural event. It tells the complete story of the 2012 Games from inception, through the successful bidding process and the planning and preparation phase, to delivery, the post-Games period and legacy. Written by a world-class team of international Olympic scholars, the book offers critical analysis of the social, cultural, political, historical, economic and sporting context of the Games. From the political, commercial and structural complexities of organising an event on such a scale, to the sporting action that holds the attention of the world, this book illuminates the key aspects of the 2012 Games, helping us to better understand the vital role that sport and culture play in contemporary global society. The book is divided into two volumes: Volume Two - Celebrating the Games, examines the period of competition and immediately afterwards, covering key topics such as: London welcomes the world - hospitality and the look of the games Experiencing the games -spectators, tourists, volunteers, shoppers, viewers Media and communications Running the games Creating Olympic celebrities Protesting the games Commerce, retail and consumption Documenting London 2012 in films and books The legacy of the 2012 Games for London, the UK and the Olympic Movement Richly illustrated with the personal accounts of key stakeholders, from sports administrators and politicians to athletes and spectators, and including essential data and evocative visual material, this book is essential reading for anybody with a personal or professional interest in the Olympic and Paralympic Games, global culture or the development of sport.
Author: Matthew P. LlewellynPublish On: 2014-06-11
The 1905 establishment of the British Olympic Association (BOA) signalled the first real awakening of British interest in the ... successfully raised an 'official'
Great Britain team to compete at the 1906 Intercalated Games held in Athens,
Author: Matthew P. Llewellyn
On 6 July 2005, the International Olympic Committee awarded the 2012 summer Olympic Games to the city of London, opening a new chapter in Great Britain’s rich Olympic history. Despite the prospect of hosting the summer Games for the third time since Pierre de Coubertin’s 1894 revival of the Olympic movement, the historical roots of British Olympism have received limited scholarly attention. With the conclusion of the 2008 Beijing Olympics and the passing of the baton to London, Rule Britannia remedies that oversight. This book uncovers Britain’s early Olympic involvement, revealing how the British public, media, and leading governmental officials were strongly opposed to international Olympic competition. It explores how the British Olympic Association focused on three main factors in the midst of widespread national opposition: it embraced early Olympian spectacles as a platform for maintaining a sporting union with Ireland, it fostered a greater sense of imperial identity with Britain’s white dominions, and it undertook an ambitious policy of athletic specialization designed to reverse the nation’s waning fortunes in international sport. This book was previously published as a special issue of International Journal of the History of Sport.
... snub ever cooked up at the Olympics. First the farce. Of all the journeys
undertaken by athletes to get to the Games, ... entered the Games, as cyclists,
and amazingly, other members of the British community had tried to have them
The Tokyo Olympics were followed shortly, bythe StokeMandeville Games which
tookplace between the 8 and the 12 of November 1964. A reporton the Games
was forwardedfrom the British embassy in Tokyo; apparently the first time such a
Author: Aaron Beacom
Category: Political Science
This book explores the relationship between diplomatic discourse and the Olympic Movement, charting its continuity and change from an historical perspective. Using the recent body of literature on diplomacy it explores the evolution of diplomatic discourse around a number of themes, in particular the increasing range of stakeholders engaged in the Olympic bid, disability advocacy and the mainstreaming of the Paralympic Games and the evolution of the Olympic boycott. The work addresses the increasing engagement of a number of non-state actors, in particular the IOC and the IPC, as indicative of the diffusion of contemporary diplomacy. At the same time it identifies the state as continuing in the role of primary actor, setting the terms of reference for diplomatic activity beyond the pursuit of its own policy interests. Its historical investigation, based around a UK case study, provides insights into the characteristics of diplomatic discourse relating to the Games, and creates the basis for mapping the future trajectory of diplomacy as it relates to the Olympic Movement.
The values connected with Olympic Games were( a ) physical fitness , education
of youth and friendship ( b ) health , contests ... time , young age and friendship
Passage - 1 Passage - 11 ( Questions 51–55 ) In 776 BC the First Olympic Games ...
23 September 2000 At the Sydney Olympic Games, British rower Steven
Redgrave wins his fifth gold medal, this time in the coxless pair event. ... 22 July
2012 Cyclist Bradley Wiggins becomes the first ever British winner of the Tour de
Author: Emma Marriott
Publisher: Michael O'Mara Books
I Should Know That: Great Britain covers a range of key topics on our fair land, including essential British history (Magna Carta, the Great Reform Act etc.), the current political and legal system (when can a magistrate decide whether a person is guilty or innocent?), migration to Britain, women's rights (when did married women gain the right to retain ownership of money and property?), geography (what's the distance between John O' Groats and Land's End?), and culture (who wrote 'Rule, Britannia!' etc...). The subjects and questions are inspired by the UK citizenship test and the book also includes the hilarious, though unfortunate, gaffes frequently made by our politicians. A book for anyone who wishes that they were more informed citizens.
The History of Water Polo evolution of the game in England , the early American -
style water polo differed greatly from the ... would be played according to “ English rules , ” the Olympic water polo tournament did not at first attract
Author: Tracie Egan
Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Discusses the history, rules, and positions of water polo.
The English are credited with the development of swimming as a competitive
sport. ... The first modern Olympic Games in 1896 incorporated only four
swimming events, three of them Frontcrawl (more ... The first-ever Olympic
swimming event was a 100m Freestyle race between three Greek sailors across
the Bay of Zea, ...
Author: Alan Lynn
Category: Sports & Recreation
Crowood Sports Guides provide sound, practical advice that will help make you a better sportsperson whether you are learning the basic skills, discovering more advanced techniques or reviewing the fundamentals of your sport. Featured in Swimming - Crowood Sports Guides are information boxes containing 'Key Points' and 'Top Tips'; sequence photographs and detailed diagrams in colour. There is a thorough analysis of the four strokes (Butterfly, Backstroke, Breaststroke and Freestyle), starts and turns, including the individual Medley, and valuable advice on techniques, coaching, drills, training, tapering, nutrition and competition psychology. There is also an introduction to rules and equipment. Aimed at swimmers of all levels of ability, young or old, novice or expert and coaches and trainers. Superbly illustrated with underwater and above-water colour photographs.
Author: International Olympic CommitteePublish On: 1991
International Olympic Committee Fernand Landry, Marc Landry, Magdeleine
Yerlès ... The Baron refers only indirectly and not by name to the first British
National Olympic Games in London : [ . ... Rühl gives an excellent account of the
long history of Brookes ' experience with the amateur question in his English games .
Lillehammer, Norway, 1994: The Olympic Winter Games were held two years
apart for the first time. • Nagano, Japan, 1998: Women took part in ice hockey for
the first time in Olympic history. • Salt Lake City, USA, 2002: China and ... In 1948,
it crossed the English Channel by boat. In 2008, it was carried by rowers in ...
RAIN MARS THE OPENING OF BIG GAMES IN LONDON King Edward Starts
Olympiad Before Crowd Which Fails to ... The English Amateur Athletic
Association championships held in the Shepherd's Bush arena on Saturday 4
July were ...
Author: Rebecca Jenkins
Publisher: Hachette UK
In the summer that saw the first successful flight of the Zeppelin, a 140 acre site of scrubland in West London was transformed into the White City, which housed the 1908 Franco-British Exhibition - and a state-of-the-art stadium built to house the first London Olympics. The Olympics were organised by volunteers in just 18 months and at a fraction of the cost of the modern Olympics and yet, just as today, the sport was overshadowed by doping scandals and caused international uproar. The ferocious competitiveness of a US team dominated by New York Irish Americans led to a succession of 'scandals' culminating in the historic marathon when Italian confectioner baker Dorando Pietri's heroic efforts at the limits of exhaustion so entranced on-lookers that track officials helped him across the finish line. Coinciding with the 100th Anniversary of the first London Olympics, this delightful social and sporting history - illustrated with over 70 contemporary images - provides a thought-provoking contrast to the forthcoming 2012 Olympic Games.
So , after forty years of Olympic history , by the time of the 1936 Berlin Games any
film - maker interested in shaping the ... first Olympic feature film was made by Dr
Arnold Panck ( of whom more later ) about the 1928 St Moritz Winter Games .
Author: British Film Institute
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Category: Performing Arts
This illustrated two-volume set is a compendium of more than 50 monographs published by the British Film Institute since 1992. Each entry focuses on a single great film of world cinema, presenting an essay by a prominent critic, novelist, academic, or filmmaker. You will read Camille Paglia on The Birds, Richard Schickel on Double Indemnity , Salman Rushdie on The Wizard of Oz , and many more. Such a spectrum of critics, covering an equally broad selection of films, emphasizes the diversity of ways in which people experience cinema. Film Classics showcases a breadth of styles and approaches to contemporary film criticism, offering informed and lively critiques of some of the most notable works in the history of film.
On July 1st 1898, under the Treaty of Peking, the New Territories were leased to
Great Britain for 99 years. ... Practice Exercise II SKIMMING AN ALMANAC
EXCERPT THE OLYMPIC GAMES The first Olympic Games at the city of Olympia