The Fascist Party and Popular Opinion in Mussolini's Italy

Author: Paul Corner

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198730691

Category: History

Page: 302

View: 7172

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Contradicts the current orthodoxy that there was a generalised popular consensus for the fascist regime and for Mussolini's rule, at least until the disasters of the Second World War. Demonstrates that there was widespread and mounting hostility to the regime among large sections of the population, even in the 1930s.
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Mussolini and Italian Fascism

Author: Hamish Macdonald

Publisher: Nelson Thornes

ISBN: 9780748733866

Category: Education

Page: 64

View: 4247

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'The Pathfinder History' series is designed to help students make the transition from GCSE to A level. Each book provides the student with a structured route through the A level process and develops the skills needed for examination success.
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Italy and Its Monarchy

Author: Denis Mack Smith

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300051322

Category: History

Page: 402

View: 7886

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This book presents a study of the Italian monarchy and its impact on Italy's history, from Unification in 1861 to the foundation of the Italian republic after World War II.
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Mass Dictatorship and Modernity

Author: M. Kim,M. Schoenhals

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137304332

Category: Political Science

Page: 291

View: 6057

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Mass Dictatorship and Modernity is the second volume in the 'Mass Dictatorship' series. A transnational, academic research venture, it interrogates mass dictatorship in a broad historical context, focusing on the emergence of modernity through interactions of center and periphery, empire and colony, and democracy and dictatorship on a global scale.
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Mussolini

Author: Richard J. B. Bosworth

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1849660247

Category: History

Page: 608

View: 5551

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In 1945, disguised in German greatcoat and helmet, Mussolini attempted to escape from the advancing Allied armies. Unfortunately for him, the convoy of which he was part was stopped by partisans and his features, made so familiar by Fascist propaganda, gave him away. Within 24 hours he was executed by his captors, joining those he sent early to their graves as an outcome of his tyranny, at least one million people. He was one of the tyrant-killers who so scarred interwar Europe, but we cannot properly understand him or his regime by any simple equation with Hitler or Stalin. Like them, his life began modestly in the provinces; unlike them, he maintained a traditonal male family life, including both wife and mistresses, and sought in his way to be an intellectual. He was cruel (though not the cruellist); his racism existed, but never without the consistency and vigor that would have made him a good recruit for the SS. He sought an empire; but, in the most part, his was of the old-fashioned, costly, nineteenth century variety, not a racial or ideological imperium. And, self-evidently Italian society was not German or Russian: the particular patterns of that society shaped his dictatorship. Bosworth's Mussolini allows us to come closer than ever before to an appreciation of the life and actions of the man and of the political world and society within which he operated. With extraordinary skill and vividness, drawing on a huge range of sources, this biography paints a picture of brutality and failure, yet one tempered with an understanding of Mussolini as a human being, not so different from many of his contemporaries.
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The Pope and Mussolini

The Secret History of Pius XI and the Rise of Fascism in Europe

Author: David I. Kertzer

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 0679645535

Category: Religion

Page: 592

View: 7432

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PULITZER PRIZE WINNER • NAMED ONE OF THE BEST BOOKS OF THE YEAR BY SAN FRANCISCO CHRONICLE From National Book Award finalist David I. Kertzer comes the gripping story of Pope Pius XI’s secret relations with Italian dictator Benito Mussolini. This groundbreaking work, based on seven years of research in the Vatican and Fascist archives, including reports from Mussolini’s spies inside the highest levels of the Church, will forever change our understanding of the Vatican’s role in the rise of Fascism in Europe. The Pope and Mussolini tells the story of two men who came to power in 1922, and together changed the course of twentieth-century history. In most respects, they could not have been more different. One was scholarly and devout, the other thuggish and profane. Yet Pius XI and “Il Duce” had many things in common. They shared a distrust of democracy and a visceral hatred of Communism. Both were prone to sudden fits of temper and were fiercely protective of the prerogatives of their office. (“We have many interests to protect,” the Pope declared, soon after Mussolini seized control of the government in 1922.) Each relied on the other to consolidate his power and achieve his political goals. In a challenge to the conventional history of this period, in which a heroic Church does battle with the Fascist regime, Kertzer shows how Pius XI played a crucial role in making Mussolini’s dictatorship possible and keeping him in power. In exchange for Vatican support, Mussolini restored many of the privileges the Church had lost and gave in to the pope’s demands that the police enforce Catholic morality. Yet in the last years of his life—as the Italian dictator grew ever closer to Hitler—the pontiff’s faith in this treacherous bargain started to waver. With his health failing, he began to lash out at the Duce and threatened to denounce Mussolini’s anti-Semitic racial laws before it was too late. Horrified by the threat to the Church-Fascist alliance, the Vatican’s inner circle, including the future Pope Pius XII, struggled to restrain the headstrong pope from destroying a partnership that had served both the Church and the dictator for many years. The Pope and Mussolini brims with memorable portraits of the men who helped enable the reign of Fascism in Italy: Father Pietro Tacchi Venturi, Pius’s personal emissary to the dictator, a wily anti-Semite known as Mussolini’s Rasputin; Victor Emmanuel III, the king of Italy, an object of widespread derision who lacked the stature—literally and figuratively—to stand up to the domineering Duce; and Cardinal Secretary of State Eugenio Pacelli, whose political skills and ambition made him Mussolini’s most powerful ally inside the Vatican, and positioned him to succeed the pontiff as the controversial Pius XII, whose actions during World War II would be subject for debate for decades to come. With the recent opening of the Vatican archives covering Pius XI’s papacy, the full story of the Pope’s complex relationship with his Fascist partner can finally be told. Vivid, dramatic, with surprises at every turn, The Pope and Mussolini is history writ large and with the lightning hand of truth.
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Jews in Italy Under Fascist and Nazi Rule, 1922-1945

Author: Joshua D. Zimmerman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521841016

Category: History

Page: 374

View: 7659

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The Jews of Italy under Fascist and Nazi Rule, 1922-1945 brings to light the Italian-Jewish experience from the start of Mussolini's Prime Ministership through the end of the Second World War. Essays collected in this volume each illustrate a different aspect of Italian Jewry under fascist and Nazi rule. Areas of inquiry include the role of the Catholic Church with special reference to Pope Pius XII, Mussolini's attitude and anti-Jewish policies leading to the onset of the 1938 Italian racial laws, and the Italian popular reactions to ...
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Eyewitness Travel Family Guide to Italy: The South & the Islands

Author: DK Publishing

Publisher: Dorling Kindersley Ltd

ISBN: 0241007119

Category: Travel

Page: 100

View: 5872

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DK Eyewitness Family Guide Southern Italy and the Islands epub, from the groundbreaking family travel series, is written by parents and guarantees the entire family will enjoy their trip. With child-friendly sleeping and eating options, detailed maps of main sightseeing areas, travel info, budget guidance, age range suitability and activities for each sight, Family Guide Southern Italy and the Islands epub is the ultimate guide to stress-free family travel. In Family Guide Southern Italy and the Islands epub: - Detailed information on getting there, getting around, where to stay and eat and a brief history of Italy - 'Hubs', built around major sights, from Pompeii to Capri map the perfect day out, with suggestions for what to see, when to go and how to get there - Dedicated 'Kids Corners' feature cartoons, quizzes, puzzles, games and riddles to inform, bamboozle and entertain young travellers - 'Letting off steam' suggestions and eating options around all 'hubs' enable the entire family to recharge their batteries - Maps outlining the nearest parks, playgrounds and public toilets - Language section lists essential words and phrases - 'Take shelter' suggests indoor activities for rainy days - Plus, DK's illustrations and reconstructions of the city, to give real cultural insight Regions in Family Guide Southern Italy and the Islands epub: - Herculaneum and Campania -Herculaneum -Naples -Pompeii -Ischia -Capri - Puglia and the South -Gran Sasso and Campo Imperatore -Trani -Ostuni -Lecce -Matera - Sicily -Agrigento: Valley of the Temples -Palermo -Mount Etna -Catania -Siracusa -Noto - Sardinia -Alghero -Cagliari Now available in ePub format.
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Eyewitness Travel Family Guide Italy: The South & the Islands

Author: N.A

Publisher: Dorling Kindersley Ltd

ISBN: 1409379329

Category: Travel

Page: N.A

View: 7043

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DK Eyewitness Family Guide Southern Italy and the Islands epub, from the groundbreaking family travel series, is written by parents and guarantees the entire family will enjoy their trip. With child-friendly sleeping and eating options, detailed maps of main sightseeing areas, travel info, budget guidance, age range suitability and activities for each sight, Family Guide Southern Italy and the Islands epub is the ultimate guide to stress-free family travel. In Family Guide Southern Italy and the Islands epub: - Detailed information on getting there, getting around, where to stay and eat and a brief history of Italy - 'Hubs', built around major sights, from Pompeii to Capri map the perfect day out, with suggestions for what to see, when to go and how to get there - Dedicated 'Kids Corners' feature cartoons, quizzes, puzzles, games and riddles to inform, bamboozle and entertain young travellers - 'Letting off steam' suggestions and eating options around all 'hubs' enable the entire family to recharge their batteries - Maps outlining the nearest parks, playgrounds and public toilets - Language section lists essential words and phrases - 'Take shelter' suggests indoor activities for rainy days - Plus, DK's illustrations and reconstructions of the city, to give real cultural insight Regions in Family Guide Southern Italy and the Islands epub: - Herculaneum and Campania -Herculaneum -Naples -Pompeii -Ischia -Capri - Puglia and the South -Gran Sasso and Campo Imperatore -Trani -Ostuni -Lecce -Matera - Sicily -Agrigento: Valley of the Temples -Palermo -Mount Etna -Catania -Siracusa -Noto - Sardinia -Alghero -Cagliari
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Mussolini's Early Diplomacy

Author: Alan Cassels

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400872340

Category: Political Science

Page: 446

View: 2926

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In October 1922 Mussolini became the constitutional head of the Italian government; by late 1926 he had imposed a Fascist dictatorship on Italy. Professor Cassels, who argues that Mussolini's policies in the 1930s, the era of the Rome- Berlin axis, were foreshadowed by those of the 1920s, traces the stages by which Mussolini took control of Italy's foreign relations. Within the period 1922-1927, Mussolini, biased against democratic states, moved away from Italy's wartime alliance with Britain and France to a policy in favor of authoritarian force. France became the "moral rival"; and the Anglo-Italian entente, calculated to insure British good will, soon cooled as Mussolini sought to realize an Italian empire in the Mediterranean basin. Italy's career diplomats, who at first had tried to restrain Mussolini's adventurism, by 1927 were totally in the background. Mussolini emerges, therefore, as a more radical and far less conventional Italian statesman than he is usually depicted in other historical studies. Originally published in 1970. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.
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