The Evolutionary Biology of Flies

The Evolutionary Biology of Flies

This volume, with contributions from top scientists and scholars in the field, brings together diverse aspects of research and will be essential reading for entomologists and fly researchers.

Author: David K. Yeates

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231501705

Category: Science

Page: 440

View: 955

Flies (Dipteria) have had an important role in deepening scientists'understanding of modern biology and evolution. The study of flies has figured prominently in major advances in the fields of molecular evolution, physiology, genetics, phylogenetics, and ecology over the last century. This volume, with contributions from top scientists and scholars in the field, brings together diverse aspects of research and will be essential reading for entomologists and fly researchers.
Categories: Science

Fruit Flies Tephritidae

Fruit Flies  Tephritidae

Fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) are among the most destructive agricultural pests in the world, eating their way through acres and acres of citrus and other fruits at an alarming rate and forcing food and agriculture agencies to spend ...

Author: Martin Aluja

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420074466

Category: Science

Page: 984

View: 955

Fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) are among the most destructive agricultural pests in the world, eating their way through acres and acres of citrus and other fruits at an alarming rate and forcing food and agriculture agencies to spend millions of dollars in control and management measures. But until now, the study of fruit flies has been traditionally biased towards applied aspects (e.g., management, monitoring, and mass rearing)-understandable, given the tremendous economic impact of this species. This work is the first that comprehensively addresses the study of the phylogeny and the evolution of fruit fly behavior. An international group of highly renowned scientists review the current state of knowledge and include considerable new findings on various aspects of fruit fly behavior, phylogeny and related subjects. In the past, the topics of phylogeny and evolution of behavior were barely addressed, and when so, often superficially. Fruit Flies (Tephritidae): Phylogeny and Evolution of Behavior is a definitive treatment, covering all behaviors in a broad range of tephritids. This volume is divided into eight sections:
Categories: Science

The Long Tomorrow

The Long Tomorrow

The book ranges from Rose's first experiments while a graduate student--counting a million fruit fly eggs, which took 3,000 hours over the course of a year--to some of his key scientific discoveries.

Author: Michael R. Rose

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198039867

Category: Science

Page: 192

View: 659

The conquest of aging is now within our grasp. It hasn't arrived yet, writes Michael R. Rose, but a scientific juggernaut has started rolling and is picking up speed. A long tomorrow is coming. In The Long Tomorrow, Rose offers us a delightfully written account of the modern science of aging, spiced with intriguing stories of his own career and leavened with the author's engaging sense of humor and rare ability to make contemporary research understandable to nonscientists. The book ranges from Rose's first experiments while a graduate student--counting a million fruit fly eggs, which took 3,000 hours over the course of a year--to some of his key scientific discoveries. We see how some of his earliest experiments helped demonstrate that "the force of natural selection" was key to understanding the aging process--a major breakthrough. Rose describes how he created the well-known Methuselah Flies, fruit flies that live far longer than average. Equally important, Rose surveys the entire field, offering colorful portraits of many leading scientists and shedding light on research findings from around the world. We learn that rodents given fifteen to forty percent fewer calories live about that much longer, and that volunteers in Biosphere II, who lived on reduced caloric intake for two years, all had improved vital signs. Perhaps most interesting, we discover that aging hits a plateau and stops. Popular accounts of Rose's work have appeared in The New Yorker, Time magazine, and Scientific American, but The Long Tomorrow is the first full account of this exciting new science written for the general reader. "Among his peers, Rose is considered a brilliantly innovative scientist, who has almost single-handedly brought the evolutionary theory of aging from an abstract notion to one of the most exciting topics in science."--Malcolm Gladwell, The New Yorker
Categories: Science

Advances in Insect Physiology

Advances in Insect Physiology

In: Yeates, D.K., Wiegmann, B. (Eds.), The Evolutionary Biology of Flies.
Colombia University Press, New York, pp. 14–44. Yee, W.L., 2008. Feeding
substrates and behaviors of western cherry fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae). Environ
. Entomol.

Author: Russell Jurenka

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128186602

Category:

Page: 310

View: 598

Advances in Insect Physiology, Volume 57, provides readers with the latest interdisciplinary reviews on the topic. It is an essential reference source for invertebrate physiologists, neurobiologists, entomologists, zoologists and insect chemists, with this new release focusing on the Ecology and evolution of social insect cognition, Fly foregut and transmission of microbes, and Hormonal regulation of insect feeding behaviors, among other topics. Provides the authority and expertise of leading contributors from an international board of authors Presents the latest release in the Advances in Insect Physiology series Contains important, comprehensive and in-depth reviews on insect physiology
Categories:

The Evolutionary Biology of Species

The Evolutionary Biology of Species

... Flexamia leaf-hoppers, ranges 87 flies, Diptera 196 flowering plants:
angiosperms 196 Corycine orchids, South Africa 100–2 diversification 196
environmental energy 194 minimum island size for speciation 93 molecular
evolution rates 193, ...

Author: Timothy G. Barraclough

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198749745

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 341

'Species' are central to understanding the origin and dynamics of biological diversity; explaining why lineages split into multiple distinct species is one of the main goals of evolutionary biology. However the existence of species is often taken for granted, and precisely what is meant by species and whether they really exist as a pattern of nature has rarely been modelled or critically tested. This novel book presents a synthetic overview of the evolutionary biology of species, describing what species are, how they form, the consequences of species boundaries and diversity for evolution, and patterns of species accumulation over time. The central thesis is that species represent more than just a unit of taxonomy; they are a model of how diversity is structured as well as how groups of related organisms evolve. The author adopts an intentionally broad approach, stepping back from the details to consider what species constitute, both theoretically and empirically, and how we detect them, drawing on a wealth of examples from microbes to multicellular organisms.
Categories: Science

The Evolution of Insect Flight

The Evolution of Insect Flight

This is the first book on this subject since J.W.S. Pringle's classic Insect flight was published in 1957.

Author: Andrei K.. Brodsky

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: MINN:31951D01059255B

Category: Insects

Page: 229

View: 829

This is the first book on this subject since J.W.S. Pringle's classic Insect flight was published in 1957. Much has been written since on applied and ecological aspects of flight, but consideration of the question of the origin of wings and flight has been largely confined to armchair speculation in a scattered literature. To make matters worse, much of the recent empirical work has only appeared in Russian. Brodsky is a leading Russian authority on insect flight, a pioneer in the use of empirical aerodynamic techniques to unravel the mechanisms which underlie insect flight and hence its origins. By uniting fossil, structural, and phylogenetic information with his empirical studies, he draws a coherent, well-substantiated picture of the evolution of insect flight. The text is illustrated by numerous fine line drawings.
Categories: Insects

American Entomologist

American Entomologist

Biology : Visualizing Life . ... He is currently a postdoctoral research fellow in the
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at the University of Colorado . ...
One candidate is Nasonia vitripennis , a pteromalid parasitoid of filth fly pupae .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCLA:L0099053761

Category: Electronic journals

Page:

View: 307

Categories: Electronic journals

Methuselah Flies

Methuselah Flies

As such, the carefully presented detail of this book will be of value to research devoted to the understanding and control of aging.Methuselah Flies:• is a tightly edited distillation of twenty years of work by many scientists• contains ...

Author: Michael R Rose

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814483353

Category: Science

Page: 496

View: 322

Methuselah Flies presents a trailblazing project on the biology of aging. It describes research on the first organisms to have their lifespan increased, and their aging slowed, by hereditary manipulation. These organisms are fruit flies from the species Drosophila melanogaster, the great workhorse of genetics. Michael Rose and his colleagues have been able to double the lifespan of these insects, and improved their health in numerous respects as well. The study of these flies with postponed aging is one of the best means we have of understanding, and ultimately achieving, the postponement of aging in humans. As such, the carefully presented detail of this book will be of value to research devoted to the understanding and control of aging. Methuselah Flies: • is a tightly edited distillation of twenty years of work by many scientists • contains the original publications regarding the longer-lived fruit flies • offers commentaries on each of the topics covered — new, short essays that put the individual research papers in a wider context • gives full access to the original data • captures the scientific significance of postponed aging for a wide academic audience Contents: Creation and Long-term Evolution of Methuselah FliesStress, Resistance, Physiology, and AgingReproduction, Nutrition, and AgingGenetics and Molecular Biology of Methuselah FliesReverse Evolution of Methuselah FliesAging, Development, and Crowding Readership: Biologists and doctors interested in the study of aging. Keywords:Aging;Evolution;Drosophila;Postponed Senescence;Fruit Flies
Categories: Science

The evolution of long proboscis horse flies Diptera Tabanidae in the genus Philoliche Wiedemann

The evolution of long proboscis horse flies  Diptera  Tabanidae  in the genus Philoliche  Wiedemann

However , despite their interesting evolutionary biology and the fact that
Philoliche flies are the only known effective pollinators of some species of plants (
Goldblatt and Manning 1999 ; Johnson 2000 ; Johnson and Morita 2006 ) , the
biology ...

Author: Shelah Irene Morita

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:X75205

Category:

Page: 396

View: 622

Categories:

Fruit Flies

Fruit Flies

This book is the edited, camera-ready proceedings of a recent international symposium on fruit flies of economic importance. It covers current knowledge of fruit fly physiology, genetics, morphology and behavior.

Author: Martin Aluja

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781475722789

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 492

View: 272

Fruit flies are enormously important economic pests, as California has learned over the past few years (remember the Mediterranean Fruit Fly?). The problem is expected to get worse, and issues of both basic research and control measures are very important for this pest. This book is the edited, camera-ready proceedings of a recent international symposium on fruit flies of economic importance. It covers current knowledge of fruit fly physiology, genetics, morphology and behavior. It discusses action programs for controlling and using fruit flies in agronomy, as well as the problem of fruit flies in the fruit growing industry.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Evolutionary Biology of Parasites

Evolutionary Biology of Parasites

In demonstrating the importance of parasitic interactions for determining population patterns and geographical distributions, Dr. Price generates further discussion and suggests new areas for research.

Author: Peter W. Price

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 069108257X

Category: Science

Page: 237

View: 120

In spite of the fact that parasites represent more than half of all living species of plants and animals, their role in the evolution of life on earth has been substantially underestimated. Here, for the first time within an evolutionary and ecological framework, Peter Price integrates the biological attributes that characterize parasites ranging from such diverse groups as viruses, bacteria, protozoa, and fungi, to helminths, mites, insects, and parasitic flowering plants. Synthesizing systematics, ecology, behavioral biology, genetics, and biogeography, the author outlines the success of parasitism as a mode of life, the common features of the wide range of organisms that adopt such a way of life, the reasons for parasites' extraordinary potential for continued adaptive radiation, and their role in molding community structure by means of their impact on the evolution of host species. In demonstrating the importance of parasitic interactions for determining population patterns and geographical distributions, Dr. Price generates further discussion and suggests new areas for research.
Categories: Science

Of Flies Mice and Men

Of Flies  Mice  and Men

Collects seven essays in which 1965 Nobel Laureate in genetics reviews critical findings in biology and reveals his views on art and science, beauty and truth, good and evil, and mankind's quest for knowledge

Author: François Jacob

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674631110

Category: Science

Page: 158

View: 544

Collects seven essays in which 1965 Nobel Laureate in genetics reviews critical findings in biology and reveals his views on art and science, beauty and truth, good and evil, and mankind's quest for knowledge
Categories: Science

Urban Evolutionary Biology

Urban Evolutionary Biology

Figure 7.2 Reduced availability of mates and pollinators, such as the syrphid fly
Episyrphus balteatus, in urban populations favours the evolution of traits
associated with reproductive assurance in Commelina communis. (Photo source:
Koki R.

Author: Marta Szulkin

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198836841

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 327

Urban Evolutionary Biology fills an important knowledge gap on wild organismal evolution in the urban environment, whilst offering a novel exploration of the fast-growing new field of evolutionary research. The growing rate of urbanization and the maturation of urban study systems worldwide means interest in the urban environment as an agent of evolutionary change is rapidly increasing. We are presently witnessing the emergence of a new field of research in evolutionary biology. Despite its rapid global expansion, the urban environment has until now been a largely neglected study site among evolutionary biologists. With its conspicuously altered ecological dynamics, it stands in stark contrast to the natural environments traditionally used as cornerstones for evolutionary ecology research. Urbanization can offer a great range of new opportunities to test for rapid evolutionary processes as a consequence of human activity, both because of replicate contexts for hypothesis testing, but also because cities are characterized by an array of easily quantifiable environmental axes of variation and thus testable agents of selection. Thanks to a wide possible breadth of inference (in terms of taxa) that may be studied, and a great variety of analytical methods, urban evolution has the potential to stand at a fascinating multi-disciplinary crossroad, enriching the field of evolutionary biology with emergent yet incredibly potent new research themes where the urban habitat is key. Urban Evolutionary Biology is an advanced textbook suitable for graduate level students as well as professional researchers studying the genetics, evolutionary biology, and ecology of urban environments. It is also highly relevant to urban ecologists and urban wildlife practitioners.
Categories: Science

The Evolutionary Biology of Colonizing Species

The Evolutionary Biology of Colonizing Species

9.4 Migration and dispersal Until recently, most studies of migration in Drosophila
have involved the release of large numbers of flies and then noting their positions
when recaptured at baits (Dobzhansky and Wright, 1943; Wallace, 1966a, ...

Author: Peter Angas Parsons

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521252474

Category: Science

Page: 262

View: 950

In The Evolutionary Biology of Colonizing Species, Professor Parsons uses the colonizing species as a case study in the dynamics of microevolution at work in living systems.
Categories: Science

Biology of Snail Killing Sciomyzidae Flies

Biology of Snail Killing Sciomyzidae Flies

This is the first comprehensive analysis of Sciomyzid flies.

Author: Lloyd Vernon Knutson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521867856

Category: Science

Page: 506

View: 618

An analysis of all of the major biological aspects of the Sciomyzidae flies, including behaviour, ecology, life-cycles, morphology, and identification.
Categories: Science

The Chironomidae

The Chironomidae

It has been estimated that the number of species world-wide may be as high as 15000. This high species diversity has been attributed to the antiquity of the family, relatively low vagility leading to isolation, and evolutionary plasticity.

Author: P.D. Armitage

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 041245260X

Category: Science

Page: 572

View: 485

The dipteran family Chironomidae is the most widely distributed and frequently the most abundant group of insects in freshwater, with rep resentatives in both terrestrial and marine environments. A very wide range of gradients of temperature, pH, oxygen concentration, salinity, current velocity, depth, productivity, altitude and latitude have been exploited, by at least some chironomid species, and in grossly polluted environments chironomids may be the only insects present. The ability to exist in such a wide range of conditions has been achieved largely by behavioural and physiological adaptations with relatively slight morphological changes. It has been estimated that the number of species world-wide may be as high as 15000. This high species diversity has been attributed to the antiquity of the family, relatively low vagility leading to isolation, and evolutionary plasticity. In many aquatic ecosystems the number of chironomid species present may account for at least 50% of the total macroinvertebrate species recorded. This species richness, wide distribution and tolerance to adverse conditions has meant that the group is frequently recorded in ecological studies but taxonomic difficulties have in the past prevented non-specialist identification beyond family or subfamily level. Recent works, including genetic studies, have meant that the family is receiving much more attention globally.
Categories: Science

Behavioral Genetics of the Fly Drosophila Melanogaster

Behavioral Genetics of the Fly  Drosophila Melanogaster

A comprehensive portrayal of the behaviour genetics of the fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster) and the methods used in these studies.

Author: Josh Dubnau

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107009035

Category: Medical

Page: 291

View: 586

A comprehensive portrayal of the behaviour genetics of the fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster) and the methods used in these studies.
Categories: Medical

The Evolutionary Biology of Parasitism

The Evolutionary Biology of Parasitism

The invertebrate hosts of P . mexicanum appear to be two species of
phlebotomine Aies ( psychodidae ) , Lutzomyia vexator and L . stewarti . Both of
these flies live in the burrows of the California ground squirrel , Citellus beecheyi
, emerging ...

Author: A. E. Keymer

Publisher:

ISBN: WISC:89034609826

Category: Coevolution

Page: 115

View: 201

Categories: Coevolution

The Evolutionary Biology of Viruses

The Evolutionary Biology of Viruses

The situation is particularly interesting , because the virus is transmitted
transovarially and is not contagious from fly to fly . Therefore , the confounding
effects of environment on virus stability are minimized . Drosophila populations
are ...

Author: Morse

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

ISBN: UOM:39015033148373

Category: Science

Page: 353

View: 816

Addresses viral phylogeny: origins & relatedness/processes generating genetic diversity/natural selection/etc.
Categories: Science

Outlines of Evolutionary Biology

Outlines of Evolutionary Biology

In the first place the supposed bees are not bees at all , but drone - flies , which
superficially resemble bees , though easily recognizable as belonging to a totally
different order of insects by the fact that they possess only two wings instead of ...

Author: Arthur Dendy

Publisher:

ISBN: WISC:89089997027

Category: Biology

Page: 454

View: 785

Categories: Biology