The Evolutionary Biology of Flies

Author: David K. Yeates,Brian M. Wiegmann

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231501706

Category: Science

Page: 440

View: 3719

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Flies (Dipteria) have had an important role in deepening scientists'understanding of modern biology and evolution. The study of flies has figured prominently in major advances in the fields of molecular evolution, physiology, genetics, phylogenetics, and ecology over the last century. This volume, with contributions from top scientists and scholars in the field, brings together diverse aspects of research and will be essential reading for entomologists and fly researchers.
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Evolutionary Biology of Parasites

Author: Peter W. Price

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691082578

Category: Science

Page: 237

View: 3746

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In spite of the fact that parasites represent more than half of all living species of plants and animals, their role in the evolution of life on earth has been substantially underestimated. Here, for the first time within an evolutionary and ecological framework, Peter Price integrates the biological attributes that characterize parasites ranging from such diverse groups as viruses, bacteria, protozoa, and fungi, to helminths, mites, insects, and parasitic flowering plants. Synthesizing systematics, ecology, behavioral biology, genetics, and biogeography, the author outlines the success of parasitism as a mode of life, the common features of the wide range of organisms that adopt such a way of life, the reasons for parasites' extraordinary potential for continued adaptive radiation, and their role in molding community structure by means of their impact on the evolution of host species. In demonstrating the importance of parasitic interactions for determining population patterns and geographical distributions, Dr. Price generates further discussion and suggests new areas for research.
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The Evolutionary Biology of Colonizing Species

Author: Peter Angas Parsons

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521252478

Category: Science

Page: 262

View: 9159

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In The Evolutionary Biology of Colonizing Species, Professor Parsons uses the colonizing species as a case study in the dynamics of microevolution at work in living systems.
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Methuselah Flies

A Case Study in the Evolution of Aging

Author: Michael R Rose,Hardip B Passananti,Margarida Matos

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814483354

Category: Science

Page: 496

View: 9132

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Methuselah Flies presents a trailblazing project on the biology of aging. It describes research on the first organisms to have their lifespan increased, and their aging slowed, by hereditary manipulation. These organisms are fruit flies from the species Drosophila melanogaster, the great workhorse of genetics. Michael Rose and his colleagues have been able to double the lifespan of these insects, and improved their health in numerous respects as well. The study of these flies with postponed aging is one of the best means we have of understanding, and ultimately achieving, the postponement of aging in humans. As such, the carefully presented detail of this book will be of value to research devoted to the understanding and control of aging. Methuselah Flies: • is a tightly edited distillation of twenty years of work by many scientists • contains the original publications regarding the longer-lived fruit flies • offers commentaries on each of the topics covered — new, short essays that put the individual research papers in a wider context • gives full access to the original data • captures the scientific significance of postponed aging for a wide academic audience Contents: Creation and Long-term Evolution of Methuselah FliesStress, Resistance, Physiology, and AgingReproduction, Nutrition, and AgingGenetics and Molecular Biology of Methuselah FliesReverse Evolution of Methuselah FliesAging, Development, and Crowding Readership: Biologists and doctors interested in the study of aging. Keywords:Aging;Evolution;Drosophila;Postponed Senescence;Fruit Flies
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Biology of Snail-Killing Sciomyzidae Flies

Author: Lloyd Vernon Knutson,Jean-Claude Vala

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521867851

Category: Science

Page: 506

View: 995

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An analysis of all of the major biological aspects of the Sciomyzidae flies, including behaviour, ecology, life-cycles, morphology, and identification.
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Progress and Prospects in Evolutionary Biology

The Drosophila Model

Author: Jeffrey R. Powell

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195360325

Category: Science

Page: 512

View: 4251

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This book focuses on drosophila as an especially useful model organism for exploring questions of evolutionary biology in the full range of evolutionary studies: population genetics, ecology, ecological genetics, speciation, phylogenetics, genome evolution, molecular evolution, and development. The author presents an integrated view of evolutionary biology as elucidated in this single organism. Special effort is made to point out holes in our knowledge and areas particularly ripe for new investigation.
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Biology of Blood-Sucking Insects

Author: Mike Lehane

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401179530

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 288

View: 1160

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Blood-sucking insects are the vectors of many of the most debilitating parasites of man and his domesticated animals. In addition they are of considerable direct cost to the agricultural industry through losses in milk and meat yields, and through damage to hides and wool, etc. So, not surprisingly, many books of medical and veterinary entomology have been written. Most of these texts are organized taxonomically giving the details of the life-cycles, bionomics, relationship to disease and economic importance of each of the insect groups in turn. I have taken a different approach. This book is topic led and aims to discuss the biological themes which are common in the lives of blood-sucking insects. To do this I have concentrated on those aspects of the biology of these fascinating insects which have been clearly modified in some way to suit the blood-sucking habit. For example, I have discussed feeding and digestion in some detail because feeding on blood presents insects with special problems, but I have not discussed respiration because it is not affected in any particular way by haematophagy. Naturally there is a subjective element in the choice of topics for discussion and the weight given to each. I hope that I have not let my enthusiasm for particular subjects get the better of me on too many occasions and that the subject material achieves an overall balance.
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Evolutionary Biology

Author: Max K. Hecht,Bruce Wallace

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461310431

Category: Science

Page: 420

View: 7008

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Evolutionary Biology, of which this is the twenty-second volume, continues to offer its readers a wide range of original articles, reviews, and commentaries on evolution, in the broadest sense of that term. The topics of the reviews range from anthropology, molecular evolution, and paleobiology to principles of systematics. In recent volumes, a broad spectrum of articles have appeared on such subjects as asymmetric sexual isolation, biochemical systematics in plants, species selection, DNA hybridization and phylogenetics, modes of evolution in Pleistocene rodents, and development and evolution of the vertebrate limb. We have also attempted to provide a forum for con flicting ideas. Articles such as these, often too long for standard journals, are the material for Evolutionary Biology. The editors continue to solicit manuscripts on an international scale in an effort to see that everyone ofthe many facets of biological evolution is covered. Manuscripts should be sent to anyone of the following: Max K. Hecht, Department of Biology, Queens College of the City University of New York, Flushing, New York 11367; Bruce Wallace, Department of Biology, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacks burg, Virginia 24061; GhilleanT. Prance, New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York 10458. The Editors vii Contents 1. Phylogeny of Early Vertebrate Skeletal Induction and Ossification Patterns ....................................... 1 John G. Maisey Introduction: The Fossil Record.. .. .. ...... .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1 .
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