The Evolution of Deficit Thinking

Educational Thought and Practice

Author: Richard R. Valencia

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780750706650

Category: Education

Page: 270

View: 1444

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Deficit thinking refers to the notion that students, particularly low income minority students, fail in school because they and their families experience deficiencies that obstruct the leaning process (e.g. limited intelligence, lack of motivation, inadequate home socialization). Tracing the evolution of deficit thinking, the authors debunk the pseudo-science and offer more plausible explanations of why students fail.
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Chicano School Failure and Success

Past, Present, and Future

Author: Richard R. Valencia

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415257749

Category: Education

Page: 383

View: 4865

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During the early 1990s - when this book's first edition was published - the Chicano population in the USA numbered nearly 13 million (two thirds of its total Latino population). Indications were that school problems and conditions - which were already poor for these people - were worsening. A decade down the line, how has the situation changed? From various perspectives, the second edition of this respected work examines the school failure and success of Chicano students. For many years two theories have prevailed: one being that institutional forces and structures that promote and maintain inequality are the root cause of these poor schooling conditions and outcomes; the other being a set of insidious assumptions steeped in racism. In recent years, however, scholarship has followed more constructive streams of thought. Two features characterise his new edition. Each contributor provides a comprehensive and state-of-the-art chapter, updated with a contemporary commentary on Chicano students. They also address the question of whether the educational status of the Chicano population will grow commensurately with its population.
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Dismantling Contemporary Deficit Thinking

Educational Thought and Practice

Author: Richard R. Valencia

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136988092

Category: Education

Page: 248

View: 8058

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This important new book provides comprehensive critiques and anti-deficit thinking alternatives to the oppressive theory of deficit thinking in education.
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Chicano Students and the Courts

The Mexican American Legal Struggle for Educational Equality

Author: Richard R. Valencia

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9780814788257

Category: Law

Page: 508

View: 6044

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In 1925 Adolfo ‘Babe’ Romo, a Mexican American rancher in Tempe, Arizona, filed suit against his school district on behalf of his four young children, who were forced to attend a markedly low-quality segregated school, and won. But Romo v. Laird was just the beginning. Some sources rank Mexican Americans as one of the most poorly educated ethnic groups in the United States. Chicano Students and the Courts is a comprehensive look at this community’s long-standing legal struggle for better schools and educational equality. Through the lens of critical race theory, Valencia details why and how Mexican American parents and their children have been forced to resort to legal action. Chicano Students and the Courts engages the many areas that have spurred Mexican Americans to legal battle, including school segregation, financing, special education, bilingual education, school closures, undocumented students, higher education financing, and high-stakes testing, ultimately situating these legal efforts in the broader scope of the Mexican American community’s overall struggle for the right to an equal education. Extensively researched, and written by an author with firsthand experience in the courtroom as an expert witness in Mexican American education cases, this volume is the first to provide an in-depth understanding of the intersection of litigation and education vis-à-vis Mexican Americans.
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Handbook of U.S. Latino Psychology

Developmental and Community-Based Perspectives

Author: Francisco A. Villarruel,Gustavo Carlo,Josefina M. Grau,Margarita Azmitia,Natasha J. Cabrera,T. Jaime Chahin

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452237050

Category: Psychology

Page: 480

View: 6262

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Congratulations to Aida Hurtado and Karina Cervantez- winners of the 2009 Women of Color Psychologies Award! This award, given by the Association of Women in Psychology Association, is voted on by AWP members for contributions of new knowledge and importance to the advancement of the psychology of women of color. Offering broad coverage of all U.S. Latino groups, this volume synthesizes cutting-edge research and methodological advances and provides culturally sophisticated information that can be used by researchers, policy makers, and practitioners. The editors and contributing authors summarize theories and conceptual models that can further our understanding of the development and adaptation of U.S. Latino populations. In addition, they focus on the importance of cultural sensitivity and competence in research and intervention approaches and how to achieve it. Key Features • Highlights the normative development and strengths of U.S. Latino populations • Elaborates on the heterogeneity of Latinos in that it does not assume that all Latino populations, and the contexts of their development, are identical. • Emphasizes on cultural sensitivity and competence at all levels • Focuses on the importance of cultural identity amongst Latinos and its contribution to healthy developmental outcomes.
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Anti-Italianism

Essays on a Prejudice

Author: W. Connell,F. Gardaphé

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230115322

Category: Social Science

Page: 210

View: 1118

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There has been an odd reluctance on the part of historians of the Italian American experience to confront the discrimination faced by Italians and Americans of Italian ancestry. This volume is a bold attempt by an esteemed group of scholars and writers to discuss the question openly by charting the historical and cultural boundaries of stereotypes, prejudice, and assimilation. Contributors offer a continuous series of cultural encounters and experiences in television, literature, and film that deserve the attention of anyone interested in the larger themes of American history.
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The Latina/o Pathway to the Ph.D.

Abriendo Caminos

Author: Jeanett Castellanos,Alberta Marie Gloria,Mark (Mark Allen) Kamimura

Publisher: Stylus Pub Llc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Education

Page: 309

View: 6148

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The Latina/o population constitutes the largest racial and ethnic minority group in the U.S. and is disproportionately under-represented in college and in graduate programs. This is the first book specifically to engage with the absence of Latinas/os in doctoral studies. It proposes educational and administrative strategies to open up the pipeline, and institutional practices to ensure access, support, models and training for Latinas/os aspiring to the Ph.D. The under-education of Latina/o youth begins early. Given that by twelfth grade half will stop out or be pushed out of high school, and only seven percent will complete a college degree, it is not surprising so few enter graduate studies. When Latina/o students do enter higher education, few attend those colleges or universities that are gateways to graduate degrees. Regardless of the type of higher education institution they attend, Latinas/os often encounter social and academic isolation, unaffordable costs, and lack of support. This historic under-representation has created a vicious cycle of limited social and economic mobility. There is a paucity of the Latina/o faculty and leaders whom research shows are essential for changing campus climate and influencing institutions to adapt to the needs of a changing student body. As a result, Latina/o graduate students often have few role models, advocates or mentors, and limited support for their research agendas. By reviewing the pipeline from kindergarten through university, this book provides the needed data and insights to effect change for policy makers, administrators, faculty, and staff; and material for reflection for aspiring Latina/o Ph.D.s on the paths they have taken and the road ahead. The book then addresses the unique experiences and challenges faced by Latina/os in doctoral programs, and offers guidance for students and those responsible for them. Chapters cover issues of gender and generational differences, the role of culture in the graduate school, mentorship, pursuing research, and professional development opportunities for Latina/os. The book closes with the voices of by Latina/o students who are currently pursuing or recently completed their doctoral degree. These narratives describe their cultural and educational journeys, providing insight into their personal and professional experiences. These stories bring alive the graduate experience for anyone interested in successful recruitment, retention, and graduation of Latina/o doctoral students - an inspiration and guidance to those aspiring to the doctorate.
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Latino Education in the U.S.

Author: Lourdes Diaz Soto

Publisher: R & L Education

ISBN: N.A

Category: Education

Page: 605

View: 9892

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From a cutting-edge cultural commentator and documentary filmmaker, a bold and brilliant challenge to cherished notions of the Internet as the great democratizing force of our age. The Internet has been hailed as a place where all can be heard and everyone can participate equally. But how true is this claim? In a seminal dismantling of techno-utopian visions, The People's Platform argues that for all that we "tweet" and "like" and "share," the Internet in fact reflects and amplifies real-world inequities at least as much as it ameliorates them. Online, just as off-line, attention and influence largely accrue to those who already have plenty of both. What we have seen in the virtual world so far, Astra Taylor says, has been not a revolution but a rearrangement. Although Silicon Valley tycoons have eclipsed Hollywood moguls, a handful of giants like Amazon, Apple, Google and Facebook still dominate our lives. And the worst habits of the old media model--the pressure to be quick and sensational, to seek easy celebrity, to appeal to the broadest possible public--have proliferated online, where every click can be measured and where "aggregating" the work of others is the surest way to attract eyeballs and ad revenue. In a world where culture is "free," creative work has diminishing value, and advertising fuels the system, the new order looks suspiciously just like the old one. We can do better, Taylor insists. The online world does offer an unprecedented opportunity, but a democratic culture that supports diverse voices, work of lasting value, and equitable business practices will not appear as a consequence of technology alone. If we want the Internet to truly be a people's platform, we will have to make it so.
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