The Equations of Life

The Equations of Life

But in this groundbreaking book, Professor Charles Cockell reveals how nature is far more understandable and predictable than we would think.

Author: Charles Cockell

Publisher: Atlantic Books

ISBN: 9781786493057

Category: Science

Page:

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One of Britain's foremost astrobiologists offers an accessible and game-changing account of life on Earth. __________________ Why is all life based on carbon rather than silicon? And beyond Earth, would life - if it exists - look like our own? __________________ The puzzles of life astound and confuse us like no other mystery. But in this groundbreaking book, Professor Charles Cockell reveals how nature is far more understandable and predictable than we would think. Breathing new life into Darwin's theory of natural selection, The Equations of Life puts forward an elegant account of why evolution has taken the paths it has. In a captivating journey into the forces that shape living things on Earth, Cockell explains that the fundamental laws of physics constrain nature at every turn. Fusing the latest in scientific research with fascinating accounts of the creatures that surround us, this is a compelling argument about what life can - and can't - be.
Categories: Science

The Equations of Life

The Equations of Life

Maybe it has wheels! Or maybe it doesn't. In The Equations of Life, biologist Charles S. Cockell makes the forceful argument that the laws of physics narrowly constrain how life can evolve, making evolution's outcomes predictable.

Author: Charles S. Cockell

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 9781541644595

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 715

A groundbreaking argument for why alien life will evolve to be much like life here on Earth We are all familiar with the popular idea of strange alien life wildly different from life on earth inhabiting other planets. Maybe it's made of silicon! Maybe it has wheels! Or maybe it doesn't. In The Equations of Life, biologist Charles S. Cockell makes the forceful argument that the laws of physics narrowly constrain how life can evolve, making evolution's outcomes predictable. If we were to find on a distant planet something very much like a lady bug eating something like an aphid, we shouldn't be surprised. The forms of life are guided by a limited set of rules, and as a result, there is a narrow set of solutions to the challenges of existence. A remarkable scientific contribution breathing new life into Darwin's theory of evolution, The Equations of Life makes a radical argument about what life can--and can't--be.
Categories: Science

How Molecular Forces and Rotating Planets Create Life

How Molecular Forces and Rotating Planets Create Life

Perspectives from Philosophy and Science Life from an RNA World: The Ancestor Within Yarus M 2010 Atkins P 2011 Press, ... Boca Raton, FL 2018 The Equations of Life: How Physics Shapes Evolution Handbook of Astrobiology 2019 Though ...

Author: Jan Spitzer

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262362597

Category: Science

Page: 248

View: 526

A reconceptualization of origins research that exploits a modern understanding of non-covalent molecular forces that stabilize living prokaryotic cells. Scientific research into the origins of life remains exploratory and speculative. Science has no definitive answer to the biggest questions--"What is life?" and "How did life begin on earth?" In this book, Jan Spitzer reconceptualizes origins research by exploiting a modern understanding of non-covalent molecular forces and covalent bond formation--a physicochemical approach propounded originally by Linus Pauling and Max Delbrück. Spitzer develops the Pauling-Delbrück premise as a physicochemical jigsaw puzzle that identifies key stages in life's emergence, from the formation of first oceans, tidal sediments, and proto-biofilms to progenotes, proto-cells and the first cellular organisms.
Categories: Science

Convergent Evolution on Earth

Convergent Evolution on Earth

Lessons for the Search for Extraterrestrial Life George R. McGhee, Jr. ... “Parallel Evolution of Segmentation by Co-option of Ancestral Gene Regulatory Networks. ... The Equations of Life: How Physics Shapes Evolution.

Author: George R. McGhee, Jr.

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262354189

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 894

An analysis of patterns of convergent evolution on Earth that suggests where we might look for similar convergent forms on other planets. Why does a sea lily look like a palm tree? And why is a sea lily called a “lily” when it is a marine animal and not a plant? Many marine animals bear a noticeable similarity in form to land-dwelling plants. And yet these marine animal forms evolved in the oceans first; land plants independently and convergently evolved similar forms much later in geologic time. In this book, George McGhee analyzes patterns of convergent evolution on Earth and argues that these patterns offer lessons for the search for life elsewhere in the universe. Our Earth is a water world; 71 percent of the earth's surface is covered by water. The fossil record shows that multicellular life on dry land is a new phenomenon; for the vast majority of the earth's history—3,500 million years of its 4,560 million years of existence—complex life existed only in the oceans. Explaining that convergent biological evolution occurs because of limited evolutionary pathways, McGhee examines examples of convergent evolution in forms of feeding, immobility and mobility, defense, and organ systems. McGhee suggests that the patterns of convergent evolution that we see in our own water world indicate the potential for similar convergent forms in other water worlds. We should search for extraterrestrial life on water worlds, and for technological life on water worlds with continental landmasses.
Categories: Science

Morality A Natural History

Morality  A Natural History

C. S. Cockell, The Equations of Life: How Physics Shapes Evolution (New York: Basic Books, 2018). 684. S. C. Morris, Life's Solution (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003), 283. 685. R. Dawkins, The Ancestor's Tale (Boston: ...

Author: Roger V. Moseley

Publisher: FriesenPress

ISBN: 9781525537301

Category: Social Science

Page: 478

View: 868

What is morality and what is the source of our moral ideas? Philosophers have explored these questions for centuries, suggesting that both emotion and reason play roles but failing to explain how and why Homo sapiens developed these ideas. Author Roger Moseley argues that evolutionary forces that optimize human welfare provide the missing explanation. Morality: A Natural History presents a multi-disciplinary analysis of the topic and reveals a common thread among the seemingly diverse fields of religion, neuroscience, experimental psychology and game theory, child development, evolution and animal behavior, and anthropology and sociology. When humans first appeared, a simple self-interested survival morality sufficed. As societies became more complex, however, rules of behavior became necessary to limit conflict and promote cooperation. The brain evolved, producing language that allowed the articulation of moral ideas which were codified and enforced by religion and social forces. No species lasts forever, and it is at our peril today that we neglect those evolved moral values of cooperation, altruism, truthfulness, and empathy. Rooted in scientific evidence and interspersed with personal anecdotes and humorous observations, Moseley provides a unique perspective on the natural history of morality – how it appeared, evolved, and continues to evolve today. Morality: A Natural History is essential reading for academics and laypersons alike who seek to understand the origin and essence of human morality.
Categories: Social Science

The Genesis Quest

The Genesis Quest

The Geniuses and Eccentrics on a Journey to Uncover the Origin of Life on Earth Michael Marshall ... 1994. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsbm.1994.0040 17 Cockell, C. The Equations of Life: How physics shapes evolution. 2018. Basic Books.

Author: Michael Marshall

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226818047

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 571

From the primordial soup to meteorite impact zones, the Manhattan Project to the latest research, this book is the first full history of the scientists who strive to explain the genesis of life. How did life begin? Why are we here? These are some of the most profound questions we can ask. For almost a century, a small band of eccentric scientists has struggled to answer these questions and explain one of the greatest mysteries of all: how and why life began on Earth. There are many different proposals, and each idea has attracted passionate believers who promote it with an almost religious fervor, as well as detractors who reject it with equal passion. But the quest to unravel life’s genesis is not just a story of big ideas. It is also a compelling human story, rich in personalities, conflicts, and surprising twists and turns. Along the way, the journey takes in some of the greatest discoveries in modern biology, from evolution and cells to DNA and life’s family tree. It is also a search whose end may finally be in sight. In The Genesis Quest, Michael Marshall shows how the quest to understand life’s beginning is also a journey to discover the true nature of life, and by extension our place in the universe.
Categories: History

The Handy Science Answer Book

The Handy Science Answer Book

The Equations of Life: How Physics Shapes Evolution. New York: Basic Books, 2018. Costa, James T. Darwin's Backyard: How Small Experiments Led to a Big Theory. New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 2017. Coyne, Jerry A. Why Evolution Is True.

Author: James Bobick

Publisher: Visible Ink Press

ISBN: 9781578597024

Category: Science

Page:

View: 274

Informative, easy-to-use guide to everyday science questions, concepts and fundamentals celebrates its twenty-fifth year and over one million copies sold! Science is everywhere, and it affects everything! DNA and CRISPR. Artificial sweeteners. Sea level changes caused by melting glaciers. Gravitational waves. Bees in a colony. The human body. Microplastics. The largest active volcano. Designer dog breeds. Molecules. The length of the Grand Canyon. Viruses and retroviruses. The weight of a cloud. Forces, motion, energy, and inertia. It can often seem complex and complicated, but it need not be so difficult to understand. The thoroughly updated and completely revised fifth edition of The Handy Science Answer Book makes science and its impact on the world fun and easy to understand. Clear, concise, and straightforward, this informative primer covers hundreds of intriguing topics, from the basics of math, physics, and chemistry to the discoveries being made about the human body, stars, outer space, rivers, mountains, and our entire planet. It covers plants, animals, computers, planes, trains, and cars. This friendly resource answers more than 1,600 of the most frequently asked, most interesting, and most unusual science questions, including ... When was a symbol for the concept of zero first used? How large is a google? Why do golf balls have dimples? What is a chemical bond? What is a light-year? What was the grand finale of the Cassini mission? How many exoplanets have been discovered? Where is the deepest cave in the United States? How long is the Grand Canyon? What is the difference between weather and climate? What causes a red tide? What is cell cloning and how is it used in scientific research? How did humans evolve? Do pine trees keep their needles forever? What is the most abundant group of organisms? How do insects survive the winter in cold climates? Which animals drink seawater? Why do geese fly in formation? What is FrogWatch? Why do cats’ eyes shine in the dark? Which industries release the most toxic chemicals? What causes most wildfires in the United States? Which woman received the Nobel Prize in two different fields (two different years)? What is the difference between science and technology? For anyone wanting to know how the universe, Earth, plants, animals, and human beings work and fit into our world, this informative book also includes a helpful bibliography, and an extensive index, adding to its usefulness. It will help anyone’s science questions!
Categories: Science

Extraterrestrial Languages

Extraterrestrial Languages

The Equations of Life: How Physics Shapes Evolution. London: Atlantic Books. Coe, K., C. Palmer, and C. Pomianek. 2013. ET phone Darwin: What can an evolutionary understanding of animal communication and art contribute to our ...

Author: Daniel Oberhaus

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262355278

Category: Science

Page: 264

View: 916

If we send a message into space, will extraterrestrial beings receive it? Will they understand? The endlessly fascinating question of whether we are alone in the universe has always been accompanied by another, more complicated one: if there is extraterrestrial life, how would we communicate with it? In this book, Daniel Oberhaus leads readers on a quest for extraterrestrial communication. Exploring Earthlings' various attempts to reach out to non-Earthlings over the centuries, he poses some not entirely answerable questions: If we send a message into space, will extraterrestrial beings receive it? Will they understand? What languages will they (and we) speak? Is there not only a universal grammar (as Noam Chomsky has posited), but also a grammar of the universe? Oberhaus describes, among other things, a late-nineteenth-century idea to communicate with Martians via Morse code and mirrors; the emergence in the twentieth century of SETI (the search for extraterrestrial intelligence), CETI (communication with extraterrestrial intelligence), and finally METI (messaging extraterrestrial intelligence); the one-way space voyage of Ella, an artificial intelligence agent that can play cards, tell fortunes, and recite poetry; and the launching of a theremin concert for aliens. He considers media used in attempts at extraterrestrial communication, from microwave systems to plaques on spacecrafts to formal logic, and discusses attempts to formulate a language for our message, including the Astraglossa and two generations of Lincos (lingua cosmica). The chosen medium for interstellar communication reveals much about the technological sophistication of the civilization that sends it, Oberhaus observes, but even more interesting is the information embedded in the message itself. In Extraterrestrial Languages, he considers how philosophy, linguistics, mathematics, science, and art have informed the design or limited the effectiveness of our interstellar messaging.
Categories: Science

Quarks to Cosmos

Quarks to Cosmos

“Sears.” Wikipedia article. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sears . 3 4 Chapter 3 1 2 Cockell, Charles S. (2018) The Equations of Life: How Physics Shapes Evolution. 83. New York: Basic Books. McGowan, Kat (2013).

Author: J. Mailen Kootsey Ph.D.

Publisher: AuthorHouse

ISBN: 9781665529693

Category: Science

Page: 192

View: 712

Science in the West was born in the 16th century, and like all living things, science did not appear fully developed but has continued to grow and mature to the present day. This book targets a general audience, developing two themes: the unity of science and critical changes in methods that kept science advancing during the last century. Author Kootsey begins by constructing a novel and comprehensive organization of all scientific fields entitled “The Catalog of the Universe.”. This new structure contains a biological “tree of life,” adding all other known sciences. Nuclear physics and chemistry are at the bottom, materials science and geology parallel biology, cooperating groups of living forms are next, with the earth and the cosmos at the top. The “cooperating groups” level includes ecologies with communicating diverse forms of life and human group activities such as families, education, societies, businesses, governments, the arts, religion, etc. Every physical object in the universe appears in this Catalog and past and future things. (Hint: The structure of the universe at any time would be an entirely different kind of diagram!) The author then shows that the Catalog is a hierarchy of complexity and what that means for origins, research, and human creativity. There is one principle that accounts for the structure of the entire Catalog. Can you recognize it? Religion and the “sciences” appear in the same hierarchy so that we can be specific about their relationship. Based on the Catalog, author Kootsey explains why the change from solo researchers to multidisciplinary teams and the appearance of computers were so crucial to scientific advancement. In the final chapters, Kootsey reminds the reader that science is a human social activity with human flourishing as its goal.
Categories: Science

Plant Physics

Plant Physics

See Goldman equation constant stress hypothesis, 185–88 constraint, design and, 104 contact coiling, 56 continuity equation, 27 continuum hypothesis, 205 conventional strains. See Cauchy strain convergent evolution, 4, 7, 10, 19, 21, ...

Author: Karl J. Niklas

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226586342

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 691

From Galileo, who used the hollow stalks of grass to demonstrate the idea that peripherally located construction materials provide most of the resistance to bending forces, to Leonardo da Vinci, whose illustrations of the parachute are alleged to be based on his study of the dandelion’s pappus and the maple tree’s samara, many of our greatest physicists, mathematicians, and engineers have learned much from studying plants. A symbiotic relationship between botany and the fields of physics, mathematics, engineering, and chemistry continues today, as is revealed in Plant Physics. The result of a long-term collaboration between plant evolutionary biologist Karl J. Niklas and physicist Hanns-Christof Spatz, Plant Physics presents a detailed account of the principles of classical physics, evolutionary theory, and plant biology in order to explain the complex interrelationships among plant form, function, environment, and evolutionary history. Covering a wide range of topics—from the development and evolution of the basic plant body and the ecology of aquatic unicellular plants to mathematical treatments of light attenuation through tree canopies and the movement of water through plants’ roots, stems, and leaves—Plant Physics is destined to inspire students and professionals alike to traverse disciplinary membranes.
Categories: Science