The Dictionary of Physical Geography

Author: David S. G. Thomas,Andrew S. Goudie

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118687434

Category: Science

Page: 624

View: 4928

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The third edition of this comprehensive encyclopedic dictionary covers the whole field of physical geography and provides an essential reference for all students and lecturers in this field.
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The Encyclopaedic Dictionary of Environmental Change

Author: John A. Matthews,Edwin Michael Bridges

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780340809761

Category: Science

Page: 690

View: 7593

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The Encyclopaedic Dictionary of Environmental Change covers changes affecting the Earth over geological, intermediate and short timescales, including pre-Quaternary, Quaternary, Holocene, historical and current environmental changes. Recent climatic change is a major focus but other topics covered in detail relate to natural and human-induced changes to the lithosphere, hydrosphere, cryosphere and biosphere. Concepts, theories and issues relating to environmental change are included, as are the diverse sources of evidence of environmental change, the local, regional and global effects of environmental change from the poles to the tropics, and the approaches and techniques used for reconstructing, dating, monitoring, modelling and predicting change. This involves an interdisciplinary approach extending from the natural environmental sciences into relevant areas of the physical, earth, biological, archaeological and social sciences. The dictionary emphasises the science of environmental change but its social implications are not neglected. Entries range in level from short review articles of around 1,000 words which provide an up-to-date introduction to major topics, to concise one or two sentence definitions of terms likely to be encountered in this field.
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Elsevier's Dictionary of Geography

in English, Russian, French, Spanish and German

Author: Vladimir Kotlyakov,Anna Komarova

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080488783

Category: Science

Page: 1072

View: 4071

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Geography is a system of highly developed sciences about the environment. Geographical science embracing the study of the Earth's physical phenomena, people and their economic activities has always been in need of an extensive terminology. Geographical terms are related to the terms of natural sciences (physics, chemistry, biology, geology, etc.) and humanities (history, economics, sociology, etc.) since geography is based on these fundamental subjects. Geography includes a number of disciplines and subdivisions which appeared along with the development of the science In spite of being very different geographical disciplines have some common tools of investigation which is maps, comparative method of exploration, remote sensing, geoinformation systems. Today very well developed terminologies of all the specialist fields of geography and related subjects exist in the main world languages. However, they are not always well-correlated. Nowadays geographical terminology requires unification and international correlation more than ever before. Hence the idea of compiling a multilingual polydisciplinary dictionary. The Dictionary consists of the basic table of terms arranged according to the order of the English alphabet with each term numbered. Each entry consists of the term in English and its equivalents in Russian, French, German, Spanish. Short definitions of terms are given in English and in Russian. The terms are supplied with the necessary grammar labels, such as gender of nouns, plural number, etc. The Dictionary combines two functions: that of a defining dictionary and that of a bilingual dictionary. These two functions are basically contradictory because usually the defining dictionary is aimed at giving one meaning of the word which is the main and essential one, while the bilingual dictionary tries to give different equivalents of a given word in the other language in order to supply the user with maximum possible translations, differing in the shades of meanings, thus giving him the possibility to choose the appropriate word. But in our Dictionary we intentionally decided to combine the two functions – defining and multilingual, because a short definition of the term and equivalents in other languages help to achieve our main aim which consists in showing the basic geographical terminology and harmonizing it in several languages. Having this into consideration we deliberately mixed two types of dictionaries in one. Organized alphabetically via English Provides short definition of geographical terms in English and Russian Includes multilingual translation of terms from English to Russian, French, German, Spanish
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Encyclopedia of Environmental Change

Three Volume Set

Author: John A Matthews

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446264882

Category: Nature

Page: 1496

View: 5312

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Accessibly written by a team of international authors, the Encyclopedia of Environmental Change provides a gateway to the complex facts, concepts, techniques, methodology and philosophy of environmental change. This three-volume set illustrates and examines topics within this dynamic and rapidly changing interdisciplinary field. The encyclopedia includes all of the following aspects of environmental change: Diverse evidence of environmental change, including climate change and changes on land and in the oceans Underlying natural and anthropogenic causes and mechanisms Wide-ranging local, regional and global impacts from the polar regions to the tropics Responses of geo-ecosystems and human-environmental systems in the face of past, present and future environmental change Approaches, methodologies and techniques used for reconstructing, dating, monitoring, modelling, projecting and predicting change Social, economic and political dimensions of environmental issues, environmental conservation and management and environmental policy Over 4,000 entries explore the following key themes and more: Conservation Demographic change Environmental management Environmental policy Environmental security Food security Glaciation Green Revolution Human impact on environment Industrialization Landuse change Military impacts on environment Mining and mining impacts Nuclear energy Pollution Renewable resources Solar energy Sustainability Tourism Trade Water resources Water security Wildlife conservation The comprehensive coverage of terminology includes layers of entries ranging from one-line definitions to short essays, making this an invaluable companion for any student of physical geography, environmental geography or environmental sciences.
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Encyclopedia of Geography Terms, Themes, and Concepts

Author: Reuel R. Hanks

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1598842951

Category: Science

Page: 405

View: 445

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This text provides an essential reference handbook for students of geography and related social sciences. • Contains more than 30 illustrations, comprising images, maps, charts and graphs • Features sidebars that highlight and explain specific topics or provide biographical sketches of key figures in the history of geographic thought • Detailed entries cover the most essential concepts of geography as an academic discipline
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Laws and Models

Science, Engineering, and Technology

Author: Carl W. Hall

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420050547

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 560

View: 8900

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The "laws" that govern our physical universe come in many guises-as principles, theorems, canons, equations, axioms, models, and so forth. They may be empirical, statistical, or theoretical, their names may reflect the person who first expressed them, the person who publicized them, or they might simply describe a phenomenon. However they may be named, the discovery and application of physical laws have formed the backbone of the sciences for 3,000 years. They exist by thousands. Laws and Models: Science, Engineering, and Technology-the fruit of almost 40 years of collection and research-compiles more than 1,200 of the laws and models most frequently encountered and used by engineers and technologists. The result is a collection as fascinating as it is useful. Each entry consists of a statement of the law or model, its date of origin, a one-line biography of the people involved in its formulation, sources of information about the law, and cross-references. Illustrated and highly readable, this book offers a unique presentation of the vast and rich collection of laws that rule our universe. Everyone with an interest in the inner workings of nature-from engineers to students, from teachers to journalists-will find Laws and Models to be not only a handy reference, but an engaging volume to read and browse.
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Environmental Crises

Geographical Case Studies in Post-Socialist Eurasia

Author: Tatvana Sailko

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317879864

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 6139

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Provides students with an in-depth historic and contemporary understanding of the causes, magnitude and implications of the different types of environmental crises in the countries of the former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe.
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