The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes

The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes

Volcanoes are unquestionably one of the most spectacular and awe-inspiring features of the physical world. Our paradoxical fascination with them stems from their majestic beauty and powerful, sometimes deadly, destructiveness.

Author: Haraldur Sigurdsson

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780123859396

Category: Science

Page: 1456

View: 441

Volcanoes are unquestionably one of the most spectacular and awe-inspiring features of the physical world. Our paradoxical fascination with them stems from their majestic beauty and powerful, sometimes deadly, destructiveness. Notwithstanding the tremendous advances in volcanology since ancient times, some of the mystery surrounding volcanic eruptions remains today. The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes summarizes our present knowledge of volcanoes; it provides a comprehensive source of information on the causes of volcanic eruptions and both the destructive and beneficial effects. The early chapters focus on the science of volcanism (melting of source rocks, ascent of magma, eruption processes, extraterrestrial volcanism, etc.). Later chapters discuss human interface with volcanoes, including the history of volcanology, geothermal energy resources, interaction with the oceans and atmosphere, health aspects of volcanism, mitigation of volcanic disasters, post-eruption ecology, and the impact of eruptions on organismal biodiversity. Provides the only comprehensive reference work to cover all aspects of volcanology Written by nearly 100 world experts in volcanology Explores an integrated transition from the physical process of eruptions through hazards and risk, to the social face of volcanism, with an emphasis on how volcanoes have influenced and shaped society Presents hundreds of color photographs, maps, charts and illustrations making this an aesthetically appealing reference Glossary of 3,000 key terms with definitions of all key vocabulary items in the field is included
Categories: Science

Encyclopedia of Earthquakes and Volcanoes

Encyclopedia of Earthquakes and Volcanoes

Encyclopedia of Earthquakes and Volcanoes, Third Edition provides a single source on historical earthquakes and volcanic eruptions for the student and layperson alike doing research on this subject.

Author: Alexander E. Gates

Publisher: Infobase Publishing

ISBN: 9780816072705

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 365

View: 944

Presents alphabetically arranged entries on issues related to volcanoes and earthquakes, including causes of volcanic eruptions and earthquakes, notable occurrences throughout history and the study of these natural phenomena.
Categories: Juvenile Nonfiction

Volcanoes 100 Illustrated Fun Facts

Volcanoes  100 Illustrated Fun Facts

The author Katy Gleit wrote this book for her own two grandchildren Dani and Deia: In " Volcanoes: 100 Illustrated Fun Facts " your children are given a well-selected knowledge along with entertaining information about the volcanoes.

Author: Katy Gleit

Publisher: Osmora Incorporated

ISBN: 9782765905936

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 25

View: 806

This picture book is a great teaching tool for your little one and for you. It is like illustrated encyclopedia of volcanoes for every kid. The pictures are clear and the colors are nice. If you are ready to challenge your mind and prove to everyone that you are the king of volcanoes knowledge, then pick up this book and prepare for the ultimate trivia experience. Test your fact knowledge as you look at some of the most captivating facts about volcanoes. Do you know that? Japan has 10% of the world’s active volcanoes. Iceland is made up almost entirely of volcanic rocks like those found on the ocean floor. It gradually built up above sea level through intense and prolonged eruptions. In August 1986, a cloud mixture of carbon dioxide and water rose from Lake Nyos, a crater lake in Cameroon (western Africa). The heavy gas cloud flowed downhill and gathered in the valleys, asphyxiating 1,700 people and 3,500 livestock living in the villages below. An acid lake in the crater of Kawah-Idjen in Indonesia absorbs gases rising from the volcano, creating a lake so toxic it can burn through human flesh in minutes Magma is Latin for “dregs of ointment,” which derives from the Proto Indo-European mag meaning “kneading.” The term “magma” in its geological sense as molten rock was first used in 1865. The earliest known picture of a volcano is the nearly 8,000-year-old wall painting of an eruption of Hasan Dag volcano in Turkey. The houses of a town, Çatalhöyük, can be seen at the mountain’s base. In Japan, “baths” in warm volcanic sand are believed to cure many illnesses. The largest volcano found in the solar system is Olympus Mons on Mars, though it is now extinct. Venus may have at one time produced more volcanoes than any other planet in our solar system, though they are all now extinct. While no other planet besides Earth shows active volcanoes, Io, one of Jupiter’s moons, shows volcanoes that are erupting. The most lava ever recorded from a single eruption was the 1783 Laki eruption in Iceland. Though there was no single big explosion, this eruption killed one fourth of Iceland’s population by producing poisonous gases and clouds of ash that resulted in widespread crop failure and starvation. As you read this book over and over to your child it won't be long before they are the ones pointing to the picture and telling you what it is. The author Katy Gleit wrote this book for her own two grandchildren Dani and Deia: In " Volcanoes: 100 Illustrated Fun Facts " your children are given a well-selected knowledge along with entertaining information about the volcanoes. In addition, a set of wonderful pictures show exactly what a volcanoes looks like.
Categories: Juvenile Nonfiction

Ring of Fire An Encyclopedia of the Pacific Rim s Earthquakes Tsunamis and Volcanoes

Ring of Fire  An Encyclopedia of the Pacific Rim s Earthquakes  Tsunamis  and Volcanoes

At the same time, the work examines how the people and cultures of the Pacific Rim view this active part of the earth, how they live with the threat of disaster, and how they have been affected by major events that have occurred.

Author: Bethany D. Rinard Hinga Ph.D.

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781610692977

Category: Nature

Page: 403

View: 793

The author examines natural disasters around the Pacific Rim throughout history together with scientific data context to produce enlightening—and highly readable—entries. • Features approximately 100 alphabetically arranged entries with insights into specific disasters, technology, key geographic features of the area, significant people, cultural beliefs, and more • Includes a general introduction and overview of the geography and tectonic activity in the Pacific Rim countries • Offers both historical and scientific information • Explains complex natural phenomena and scientific concepts using nontechnical language and clear illustrations • Provides relevant cross-references to related topics as well as to articles, books, and websites that offer further information
Categories: Nature

Volcano Tectonic Processes

Volcano Tectonic Processes

In: Sigurdsson H, Houghton B, McNutt S, Rymer H, Stix J (eds) The encyclopedia of volcanoes, 2nd edn. Elsevier Academic Press, pp 113–141 Stix J (eds) The encyclopedia of volcanoes, 2nd edn. Elsevier Academic Press, pp 239–255 Simkin T, ...

Author: Valerio Acocella

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030659684

Category: Science

Page: 552

View: 514

Volcanoes have terrified and, at the same time, fascinated civilizations for thousands of years. Many aspects of volcanoes, most notably the eruptive processes and the compositional variations of magma, have been widely investigated for several decades and today constitute the core of any volcanology textbook. Nevertheless, in the last two decades, boosted by the availability of volcano monitoring data, there has been an increasing interest in the pre-eruptive processes related to the shallow accumulation and to the transfer of magma approaching the surface, as well as in the resulting structure of volcanoes. These are innovative and essential aspects of modern volcanology and, as driving volcanic unrest, their understanding also improves hazard assessment and eruption forecasting. So far, the significant progress made in unravelling these volcano-tectonic processes has not been supported by a comprehensive overview. This monograph aims at filling this gap, describing the pre-eruptive processes related to the structure, deformation and tectonics of volcanoes, at the local and regional scale, in any tectonic setting. The monograph is organized into three sections (“Fundamentals”, “Magma migration towards the surface” and “The regional perspective”), consisting of thirteen chapters that are lavishly illustrated. The reader is accompanied in a journey within the volcano factory, discovering the processes associated with the shallow accumulation of magma and its transfer towards the surface, how these control the structure of volcanoes and their activity and, ultimately, improve our ability to estimate hazard and forecast eruption. The potential readership includes any academic, researcher and upper undergraduate student interested in volcanology, magma intrusions, structural geology, tectonics, geodesy, as well as geology and geophysics in general.
Categories: Science

Complexity in Tsunamis Volcanoes and their Hazards

Complexity in Tsunamis  Volcanoes  and their Hazards

This volume of the Encyclopedia of Complexity and Systems Science, Second Edition is an authoritative single source for understanding and applying the basic tenets of complexity and systems theory, as well as the tools and measures for ...

Author: Robert I. Tilling

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1071617044

Category: Nature

Page: 743

View: 668

This volume of the Encyclopedia of Complexity and Systems Science, Second Edition is an authoritative single source for understanding and applying the basic tenets of complexity and systems theory, as well as the tools and measures for analyzing complex systems, to the prediction, monitoring, and evaluation of earthquakes, tsunamis, and volcanoes. Early warning, damage, and the immediate response of human populations to these extreme environmental events are also covered from the point of view of complexity and nonlinear systems. In authoritative, state-of-the art articles, world experts in each field apply such complexity tools and concepts as fractals, cellular automata, solitons game theory, network theory, and statistical physics to an understanding of these complex geophysical phenomena.
Categories: Nature

Looseleaf for Exploring the Bible

Looseleaf for Exploring the Bible

Designed for the introductory Biblical studies course, this text surveys both the Old and New Testaments. This book takes a clear and honest presentation of the passages in the Bible from the legacy of Genesis to the book of Revelation.

Author: Stephen Harris

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education

ISBN: 1259414531

Category: Religion

Page:

View: 640

Designed for the introductory Biblical studies course, this text surveys both the Old and New Testaments. This book takes a clear and honest presentation of the passages in the Bible from the legacy of Genesis to the book of Revelation. Narratives include Jesus’s life and teachings and the promises of heaven and a new earth as they are outlined in the book of Revelation.
Categories: Religion

Fundamentals of Physical Volcanology

Fundamentals of Physical Volcanology

In Encyclopedia of Volcanoes(Ed. H. Sigurdsson), pp. 421–30. Academic Press, San Diego, CA. Druitt, T.H. & Sparks, R.S.J. (1984) On the formation of calderas during ignimbrite eruptions. Nature 310, 679 –81.

Author: Liz Parfitt

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444307566

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 293

Fundamentals of Physical Volcanology is a comprehensive overview ofthe processes that control when and how volcanoes erupt.Understanding these processes involves bringing together ideas froma number of disciplines, including branches of geology, such aspetrology and geochemistry; and aspects of physics, such as fluiddynamics and thermodynamics. This book explains in accessible terms how different areas ofscience have been combined to reach our current level of knowledgeof volcanic systems. It includes an introduction to eruption types,an outline of the development of physical volcanology, acomprehensive overview of subsurface processes, eruptionmechanisms, the nature of volcanic eruptions and their products,and a review of how volcanoes affect the environment. Fundamentals of Physical Volcanology is essential reading forundergraduate students in earth science.
Categories: Science

Loose Leaf for Exploring the Bible with Connect Access Card

Loose Leaf for Exploring the Bible with Connect Access Card

Designed for the introductory Biblical studies course, this text surveys both the Old and New Testaments. This book takes a clear and honest presentation of the passages in the Bible from the legacy of Genesis to the book of Revelation.

Author: Stephen Harris

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education

ISBN: 1259665356

Category: Religion

Page:

View: 171

Designed for the introductory Biblical studies course, this text surveys both the Old and New Testaments. This book takes a clear and honest presentation of the passages in the Bible from the legacy of Genesis to the book of Revelation. Narratives include Jesus’s life and teachings and the promises of heaven and a new earth as they are outlined in the book of Revelation. McGraw-Hill Connect® is a subscription-based learning service accessible online through your personal computer or tablet. Choose this option if your instructor will require Connect to be used in the course. Your subscription to Connect includes the following: • SmartBook® - an adaptive digital version of the course textbook that personalizes your reading experience based on how well you are learning the content. • Access to your instructor’s homework assignments, quizzes, syllabus, notes, reminders, and other important files for the course. • Progress dashboards that quickly show how you are performing on your assignments and tips for improvement. • The option to purchase (for a small fee) a print version of the book. This binder-ready, loose-leaf version includes free shipping. Complete system requirements to use Connect can be found here: http://www.mheducation.com/highered/platforms/connect/training-support-students.html
Categories: Religion

Volcanic Unrest

Volcanic Unrest

In: Sigurdsson H (ed) The encyclopedia of volcanoes, 2nd edn. Academic Press, Amsterdam, pp 897–910 De la Cruz-Reyna S, Tilling RI (2008) Scientific and public responses to the ongoing volcanic crisis at Popocatépetl Volcano, ...

Author: Joachim Gottsmann

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319584126

Category: Nature

Page: 313

View: 234

This open access book summarizes the findings of the VUELCO project, a multi-disciplinary and cross-boundary research funded by the European Commission's 7th framework program. It comprises four broad topics: 1. The global significance of volcanic unrest 2. Geophysical and geochemical fingerprints of unrest and precursory activity 3. Magma dynamics leading to unrest phenomena 4. Bridging the gap between science and decision-making Volcanic unrest is a complex multi-hazard phenomenon. The fact that unrest may, or may not lead to an imminent eruption contributes significant uncertainty to short-term volcanic hazard and risk assessment. Although it is reasonable to assume that all eruptions are associated with precursory activity of some sort, the understanding of the causative links between subsurface processes, resulting unrest signals and imminent eruption is incomplete. When a volcano evolves from dormancy into a phase of unrest, important scientific, political and social questions need to be addressed. This book is aimed at graduate students, researchers of volcanic phenomena, professionals in volcanic hazard and risk assessment, observatory personnel, as well as emergency managers who wish to learn about the complex nature of volcanic unrest and how to utilize new findings to deal with unrest phenomena at scientific and emergency managing levels. This book is open access under a CC BY license.
Categories: Nature

The Encyclopedia of All Nations

The Encyclopedia of All Nations

Esirope contains but few burning volcanoes . On the coast of Sicily , we see Ælna rising like a colossus to a height of 10,870 English feet . On the opposite coast of Ita.y we have Vesuvius , which does not attain more than the third of ...

Author: Hugh Murray

Publisher:

ISBN: UTEXAS:059172131232321

Category: Encyclopedias and dictionaries

Page:

View: 808

Categories: Encyclopedias and dictionaries

The Encyclopedia of Physics

The Encyclopedia of Physics

VOLCANOLOGY Volcanology is the science of volcanoes. Volcanologists, however, are generally geologists, geophysicists, or geochemists who specialize in studying volcanoes. With their roots in the Earth's mantle, volcanoes often explode ...

Author: Robert Besancon

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461569022

Category: Science

Page: 1378

View: 784

Categories: Science

Remote Sensing of Volcanic Processes and Risk

Remote Sensing of Volcanic Processes and Risk

In The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes, 2nd ed.; Academic Press: San Francisco, CA, USA, 2015; Volume 1, pp. 257–263. 55. Harris, J.L.; Rowland, S.K. Chapter 17—Lava Flows and Rheology. In The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes, 2nd ed.; ...

Author: Francesca Cigna

Publisher: MDPI

ISBN: 9783036501260

Category: Science

Page: 430

View: 986

Remote sensing data and methods are increasingly being implemented in assessments of volcanic processes and risk. This happens thanks to their capability to provide a spectrum of observation and measurement opportunities to accurately sense the dynamics, magnitude, frequency, and impacts of volcanic activity. This book includes research papers on the use of satellite, aerial, and ground-based remote sensing to detect thermal features and anomalies, investigate lava and pyroclastic flows, predict the flow path of lahars, measure gas emissions and plumes, and estimate ground deformation. The multi-disciplinary character of the approaches employed for volcano monitoring and the combination of a variety of sensor types, platforms, and methods that come out from the papers testify to the current scientific and technology trends toward multi-data and multi-sensor monitoring solutions. The added value of the papers lies in the demonstration of how remote sensing can improve our knowledge of volcanoes that pose a threat to local communities; back-analysis and critical revision of recent volcanic eruptions and unrest periods; and improvement of modeling and prediction methods. Therefore, the selected case studies also demonstrate the societal impact that this scientific discipline can potentially have on volcanic hazard and risk management.
Categories: Science

Looseleaf for The New Testament A Student s Introduction

Looseleaf for The New Testament  A Student s Introduction

This introductory text familiarizes readers with the contents and major themes of the New Testament and acquaints them with the goals and methods of important Biblical scholarship.

Author: Stephen Harris

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education

ISBN: 1259350134

Category: Religion

Page: 544

View: 728

The New Testament 8e is designed for undergraduates beginning their first systematic study of the Christian Greek Scriptures. This introductory text familiarizes readers with the contents and major themes of the New Testament and acquaints them with the goals and methods of important Biblical scholarship. Instructors and students can now access their course content through the Connect digital learning platform by purchasing either standalone Connect access or a bundle of print and Connect access. McGraw-Hill Connect® is a subscription-based learning service accessible online through your personal computer or tablet. Choose this option if your instructor will require Connect to be used in the course. Your subscription to Connect includes the following: • SmartBook® - an adaptive digital version of the course textbook that personalizes your reading experience based on how well you are learning the content. • Access to your instructor’s homework assignments, quizzes, syllabus, notes, reminders, and other important files for the course. • Progress dashboards that quickly show how you are performing on your assignments and tips for improvement. • The option to purchase (for a small fee) a print version of the book. This binder-ready, loose-leaf version includes free shipping. Complete system requirements to use Connect can be found here: http://www.mheducation.com/highered/platforms/connect/training-support-students.html
Categories: Religion

The Encyclopedia of Our Awesome Earth

The Encyclopedia of Our Awesome Earth

Provides information about geological and weather phenomena such as tornadoes, earthquakes, volcanoes, tidal waves, thunder clouds, blizzards, and weather prediction.

Author: Copper Beech Books

Publisher: Copper Beach Books

ISBN: 0761308318

Category: Science

Page: 112

View: 847

Provides information about geological and weather phenomena such as tornadoes, earthquakes, volcanoes, tidal waves, thunder clouds, blizzards, and weather prediction.
Categories: Science

Choice

Choice

Encyclopedia of Caves ELSEVIER DES Full color Edited by : David C. Culver , American University , Washington D.C. , U.S.A. ... Ring T. Cardé ISBN : 0121986519 , $ 99.95 Encyclopedia of Volcanoes Edited by Haraldur Sigurdsson , et al .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105122345395

Category: Academic libraries

Page:

View: 277

Categories: Academic libraries

Natural Hazards in Australasia

Natural Hazards in Australasia

2 Identify two similar potentially active volcanoes anywhere in the world that you think have different associated volcanic risk. ... (1999). The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes, 2nd edn, San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

Author: James Goff

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107682597

Category: Science

Page: 350

View: 697

A textbook designed for students taking a course in Natural Hazards with an Australasian focus and context. Full colour and richly supported by photographs, illustrations and maps.
Categories: Science