The Emerging Politics of Antarctica

Author: Anne-Marie Brady

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 041553139X

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 8348

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This book examines the post-Cold War challenges facing Antarctic governance. It seeks to understand the interests of new players in Antarctic affairs such as China, India, Korea and Malaysia, and how other key players such as Russia and the USA or claimant states such as New Zealand or France are coping in the new global order. Antarctica is the world's fifth largest continent and its territories are claimed by seven different states. Since 1961 Antarctica has been managed under the Antarctic Treaty System (ATS), a regime which, according to its critics, by the terms of its membership effectively excludes most of the nations of the world. This book examines the post-Cold War challenges facing Antarctic governance, and is organized thematically into three sections: Part 1 considers the role of Antarctic politics in the current post-Cold War, post-colonial era and the impact this new political environment is having on the ATS. Part 2 looks at the competing foreign policy objectives of a representative range of countries with Antarctic activities. Part 3 examines issues that have the potential to destabilise the order of the Antarctic Treaty System, such as unrestricted tourism and new advances in science and technology. The Emerging Politics of Antarctica will be of interest to students and scholars of international politics, polar studies and foreign policy studies.
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Cold Science

Environmental Knowledge in the North American Arctic during the Cold War

Author: Stephen Bocking,Daniel Heidt

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351698745

Category: History

Page: 308

View: 7256

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Science during the Cold War has become a matter of lively interest within the historical research community, attracting the attention of scholars concerned with the history of science, the Cold War, and environmental history. The Arctic—recognized as a frontier of confrontation between the superpowers, and consequently central to the Cold War—has also attracted much attention. This edited collection speaks to this dual interest by providing innovative and authoritative analyses of the history of Arctic science during the Cold War.
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Regional Integration and Democratic Conditionality

How Democracy Clauses Help Democratic Consolidation and Deepening

Author: Gaspare M. Genna,Taeko Hiroi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317605012

Category: Political Science

Page: 186

View: 4941

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How effective are democracy clauses of regional integration organizations (RIOs) in promoting democratization and democratic consolidation among member-states? RIOs are increasingly adopting "democracy only" clauses in their treaties, requiring democracy and political stability as a condition of membership. Stable democracy is a collective good for RIO members; without political stability, uncertainty regarding economic exchange increases, undermining the promise of integration. The presence of powerful countries may be necessary for the RIOs to legalize democratic conditionality. In this book, the authors argue that once established democracy clauses exert an independent influence in promoting and defending democratic norms and institutions within the member-states by increasing the transparency and credibility of democratic commitment and sanctions for violation. The findings based on the analysis of 40 RIOs around the world and in-depth analysis of the European Union, the Common Market of the South, and the Economic Community of West African States indicate that RIO democracy clauses help prevent democratic backsliding and coups and stimulate democratization and consolidation. With its global scope, originality, and theoretical rigor, this is the first book to catalogue democracy clauses adopted by RIOs worldwide with a thorough analysis of their effectiveness.
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Exercising Human Rights

Gender, Agency and Practice

Author: Robin Redhead

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135054789

Category: Political Science

Page: 186

View: 1506

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Exercising Human Rights investigates why human rights are not universally empowering and why this damages people attempting to exercise rights. It takes a new approach in looking at humans as the subject of human rights rather than the object and exposes the gendered and ethnocentric aspects of violence and human subjectivity in the context of human rights. Using an innovative visual methodology, Redhead shines a new critical light on human rights campaigns in practice. She examines two cases in-depth. First, she shows how Amnesty International depicts women negatively in their 2004 ‘Stop Violence against Women Campaign’, revealing the political implications of how images deny women their agency because violence is gendered. She also analyses the Oka conflict between indigenous people and the Canadian state. She explains how the Canadian state defined the Mohawk people in such a way as to deny their human subjectivity. By looking at how the Mohawk used visual media to communicate their plight beyond state boundaries, she delves into the disjuncture between state sovereignty and human rights. This book is useful for anyone with an interest in human rights campaigns and in the study of political images.
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Boundaries of Cooperation

Cyprus, de Facto Partition, and the Delimitation of Transboundary Resource Management

Author: Peter R. Hocknell

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 466

View: 7094

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As a developing international norm, the process of managing transboundary resources represents a significant opportunity for the development of peaceful cooperation through equitable and sustainable means-and yet, paradoxically, this management process has the power also to create new tensions and reinforce pre-existing divisions amongst interested parties. This book explores the manifestations of this contradiction in the de facto partitioned state of Cyprus. How has transboundary resource management operated across Cyprus's de facto boundary? Why have problem-solving mechanisms, formed to deal with some transboundary resources, failed to achieve success in connection with others? Has it been possible to de-link resource conflict issues from the protracted political conflict, so that the former could be resolved without reference to the latter? This book provides the most comprehensive demonstration yet that post-partition Cyprus has exhibited a number of islands of cooperation over transboundary resource management and that, under certain politico-geographical conditions, the Cyprus conflict has not been unchanging and intractable. Of equal importance, however, it identifies an increasingly diverse and complex form of 'transboundary relations' that have coexisted with, and have been directly related to, a central cleavage over the political economy of recognition. 'Cooperation' has become, both for the Greek Cypriot and the Turkish Cypriot communities, a matter of judging its importance in terms of potential gains/losses. It is demonstrated that, as with a majority of partitioned states, transboundary resource management in Cyprus is patently concerned with configurations of power, transboundary resource needs, the role of interests and ideas, and the functions of the partition boundary itself. Set within this framework, transboundary resources in Cyprus appear increasingly prevalent in the island's affairs and represent a potentially critical focus both for future cooperation and conflict. While this book does not blindly offer a prescription for the resolution of this dilemma, it seeks to enhance what has been a surprisingly circumscribed understanding not only of cooperation within and across the boundaries of Cyprus, but also of the limits to that cooperation.
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Anthropology and Nature

Author: Kirsten Hastrup

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134463286

Category: Social Science

Page: 270

View: 4708

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On the basis of empirical studies, this book explores nature as an integral part of the social worlds conventionally studied by anthropologists. The book may be read as a form of scholarly "edgework," resisting institutional divisions and conceptual routines in the interest of exploring new modalities of anthropological knowledge making. The present interest in the natural world is partly a response to large-scale natural disasters and global climate change, and to a keen sense that nature matters matters to society at many levels, ranging from the microbiological and genetic framing of reproduction, over co-species development, to macro-ecological changes of weather and climate. Given that the human footprint is now conspicuous across the entire globe, in the oceans as well as in the atmosphere, it is difficult to claim that nature is what is given and permanent, while people and societies are ephemeral and simply derivative features. This implies that society matters to nature, and some natural scientists look towards the social sciences for an understanding of how people think and how societies work. The book thus opens up a space for new forms of reflection on how natures and societies are generated.
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Introduction to International and Global Studies, Second Edition

Author: Shawn C. Smallman,Kimberley Brown

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469621665

Category: Political Science

Page: 408

View: 4614

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This innovative introduction to international and global studies, updated and revised in a new edition, offers instructors in the social sciences and humanities a core textbook for teaching undergraduates in this rapidly growing field. Encompassing the latest scholarship in what is a markedly interdisciplinary endeavor, Shawn Smallman and Kimberley Brown introduce key concepts, themes, and issues and then examine each in lively chapters on essential topics that include the history of globalization; economic, political, and cultural globalization; security, energy, and development; health; agriculture and food; and the environment. Within these topics, the authors explore such timely and pressing subjects as commodity chains, labor (including present-day slavery), human rights, multinational corporations, and the connections among them. New to this edition: * The latest research on debates over privacy rights and surveillance since Edward Snowden's disclosures * Updates on significant political and economic developments throughout the world, including a new case study of European Union, Icelandic, and Greek responses to the 2008 fiscal crisis * The newest information about the rise of fracking, the Fukushima nuclear disaster, the decline of the Peak Oil movement, and climate change, including the latter's effects on the Arctic and Antarctica * A dedicated website with authors' blog and a teaching tab with syllabi, class activities, and well-designed, classroom-tested resources * An updated teacher's manual available online, including sample examination questions, additional resources for each chapter, and special assistance for teaching ESL students * Updated career advice for international studies majors
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