Effects of Resistance Training Endurance Training and Whole body Vibration on Lean Body Mass Muscle Strength and Physical Performance in Older People a Systematic Review and Network Meta analysis

Effects of Resistance Training  Endurance Training and Whole body Vibration on Lean Body Mass  Muscle Strength and Physical Performance in Older People  a Systematic Review and Network Meta analysis

Design A systematic review and network meta-analysis. Subjects Adults aged 60 and over. Methods Evidence from randomised controlled trials of resistance training, endurance training and whole-body vibration were combined.

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ISBN: OCLC:1053717754

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Abstract Background A variety of different types of exercise are promoted to improve muscle strength and physical performance in older people. Objective We aimed to determine the relative effects of resistance training, endurance training and whole-body vibration on lean body mass, muscle strength and physical performance in older people. Design A systematic review and network meta-analysis. Subjects Adults aged 60 and over. Methods Evidence from randomised controlled trials of resistance training, endurance training and whole-body vibration were combined. The effects of exercise interventions on lean body mass, muscle strength and physical performance were evaluated by conducting a network meta-analysis to compare multiple interventions and usual care. Risk of bias of included studies was assessed using the Cochrane Collaboration’s tool. A meta-regression was performed to assess potential effect modifiers. Results Data were obtained from 30 trials involving 1,405 participants (age range: 60–92 years). No significant differences were found between the effects of exercise or usual care on lean body mass. Resistance training (minimum 6 weeks duration) achieved greater muscle strength improvement than did usual care (12.8 kg; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 8.5–17.0 kg). Resistance training and whole-body vibration were associated with greater physical performance improvement compared with usual care (2.6 times greater [95% CI: 1.3–3.9] and 2.1 times greater [95% CI: 0.5–3.7], respectively). Conclusions Resistance training is the most effect intervention to improve muscle strength and physical performance in older people. Our findings also suggest that whole-body vibration is beneficial for physical performance. However, none of the three exercise interventions examined had a significant effect on lean body mass.
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The Shock and Vibration Digest

The Shock and Vibration Digest

Journal of Sound and Vibration ( United Kingdom ) 215 ( 4 ) : 723-741 , August
27 , 1998 . KEYWORDS : human spine , vehicles , vibration effects , whole body
response KEYWORDS : human spine , seats , vibration effects , whole body ...

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ISBN: STANFORD:36105022069384

Category: Shock (Mechanics)

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Categories: Shock (Mechanics)

Helmeted Head and Neck Dynamics Under Whole body Vibration

Helmeted Head and Neck Dynamics Under Whole body Vibration

Many papers have been published on the effects of whole - body vibration on
humans ( see for example the extensive references cited by Vihko et al . , 1970 ;
and more recently those cited by Dupuis , 1986 ) . These reports typically fall into
 ...

Author: Barclay Phelps Butler

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015025176135

Category: Aerospace engineering

Page: 139

View: 564

The military aviator's helment functions as both protective gear and as an equipment mounting platform for devices that enhance aviator performance. These devices includ night vision goggles, head-up display, sighting systems, and other gear such as multiple visors and chemical protective masks. This additional equipment alters the helment mass and center of mass, which in turn, increases the load on the muscles of the neck. This study investigated sagittally symmetric changes in head support mass (M) and center of mass (CM) for effects on head and neck posture, acceleration, and neck myoelectric responses under whole-body vibration.
Categories: Aerospace engineering

Development and Testing of a Computer assisted Remote Control System for the Compact Loader trammer

Development and Testing of a Computer assisted Remote Control System for the Compact Loader trammer

The key question originally addressed by the U.S. Bureau of Mines was , " Is the
amount of whole - body vibration ( WBV ) to ... Although physiological effects of
WBV on the human body have been measured numerous times , the long - term ...

Author: T. M. Ruff

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105110717936

Category: Mine haulage

Page: 10

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Categories: Mine haulage

Human Factors in Mining

Human Factors in Mining

It is generally agreed that frequencies between 4 and 8 Hz are most likely to
cause damage to the back and spine because of resonance of these body parts .
Effects of Vibration on Humans WHOLE - BODY VIBRATION The effects of
vibration ...

Author: Mark S. Sanders

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015078465369

Category: Human engineering

Page: 153

View: 706

Categories: Human engineering

Aviation Space and Environmental Medicine

Aviation Space and Environmental Medicine

Mechanism of the effects of vibration frequency , level and duration on
continuous manual control performance . Ergonomics 1979 ; 22 ( 7 ) : 855 – 89 .
16 . Martin BJ , Gauthier GM , Roll JP , Hugon M , Harlay F . Effects of whole body
vibration ...

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ISBN: NWU:35558002348205

Category: Aviation medicine

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View: 636

Categories: Aviation medicine

Encyclopaedia of Occupational Health and Safety Hazards

Encyclopaedia of Occupational Health and Safety  Hazards

There are no clear data showing whether the effects of whole - body vibration on
the spine depend on gender . The general acceptance of degenerative disorders
of the spine as an occupational disease is debated . Specific diagnostic ...

Author: Jeanne Mager Stellman

Publisher: International Labour Organization

ISBN: 922109815X

Category: Electronic books

Page: 864

View: 379

Categories: Electronic books

Whole Body Vibrations

Whole Body Vibrations

The text considers physical, mechanical and biomechanical aspects and it is illustrated by key application domains such as sports and medicine.

Author: Redha Taiar

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351013611

Category: Medical

Page: 252

View: 797

Whole Body Vibrations: Physical and Biological Effects on the Human Body allows an understanding about the qualities and disadvantages of vibration exposure on the human body with a biomechanical and medical perspective. It offers a comprehensive range of principles, methods, techniques and tools to provide the reader with a clear knowledge of the impact of vibration on human tissues and physiological processes. The text considers physical, mechanical and biomechanical aspects and it is illustrated by key application domains such as sports and medicine. Consisting of 11 chapters in total, the first three chapters provide useful tools for measuring, generating, simulating and processing vibration signals. The following seven chapters are applications in different fields of expertise, from performance to health, with localized or global effects. Since unfortunately there are undesirable effects from the exposure to mechanical vibrations, a final chapter is dedicated to this issue. Engineers, researchers and students from biomedical engineering and health sciences, as well as industrial professionals can profit from this compendium of knowledge about mechanical vibration applied to the human body. Provides biomechanical and medical perspectives to understanding the qualities and disadvantages of vibration exposure on the human body Offers a range of principles, methods, techniques, and tools to evaluate the impact of vibration on human tissues and physiological processes Explores mechanical vibration techniques used to improve human performance Discusses the strong association between health and human well-being Explores physical, mechanical, and biomechanical aspects of vibration exposure in domains such as sports and medicine
Categories: Medical

Aviation Medicine

Aviation Medicine

(1940) Investigation into the Effect of Vibration on the Human Body. Library ... (
1961) Respiratory Effects of Whole-body Vibration. ... Measurements of threshold
and equal sensation contours of whole-body for vertical and horizontal vibrations.

Author: John Ernsting

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: UOM:39015013231702

Category: Medical

Page: 738

View: 250

Categories: Medical

Aeromedical Aspects of Vibration and Noise

Aeromedical Aspects of Vibration and Noise

( 79 ) Buckhout , R Effect of whole body vibration on human performance .
Human Factors , 6 , 157 - 163 . 1964 . ( 80 ) Shoenberger , RW Effects of vibration
on complex psychomotor performance , Aerospace Med , 38 , 1264 - 1269 . 1967
.

Author: J. C. Guignard

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSD:31822013122775

Category: Aerospace Medicine

Page: 275

View: 478

Vibration and noise are treated separately in Parts One and Two of this volume; while Part Three deals with the special aeromedical problem of auditory perception in aircrew and ground support personnel and its conservation. Part Four is a glossary of relevant terms. This division of the subject matter recognises that in practice vibration and noise are conveniently studied, measured and controlled as separate entities. It should, however, be borne in mind that these conditions rarely affect man singly. They are commonly present at the same time; and vibration and noise may often be associated with different kinds of environmental agent, such as heat, to make up a combined environmental stress. The human response to such combinations of stressful agents is still a largely neglected field of research.
Categories: Aerospace Medicine

Aging Clinical and Experimental Research

Aging Clinical and Experimental Research

However , no benefit of whole - body vibration exercise , in addition to the effect
of alendronate on lumbar BMD and bone turnover , was observed . Torvinen et al
. ( 26 ) also showed that whole - body vibration exercise in young healthy adults ...

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ISBN: PSU:000055117296

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Aerospace Medicine

Aerospace Medicine

DENNIS , J. P .: The effect of whole - body vibration on a visual performance task
. Ergonomics , 8 : 193-205 , 1965 . 12. GOLDMAN , D. E. , and H. E. VON GIERKE
: The effects of shock and vibration on man . Bethesda , MD : Naval Medical ...

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ISBN: UCSC:32106015797233

Category: Aviation medicine

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View: 728

Categories: Aviation medicine

AGARDograph

AGARDograph

( 79 ) Buckhout , R . Effect of whole body vibration on human performance .
Human Factors , 6 , 157 - 163 . 1964 . ( 80 ) Shoenberger , RW Effects of vibration
on complex psychomotor performance . Aerospace Med , 38 , 1264 - 1269 . 1967
.

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ISBN: UOM:39015040308523

Category: Aerodynamics

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View: 194

Categories: Aerodynamics

Perceptual and Motor Skills

Perceptual and Motor Skills

( AMRL Technical Report 62-121 ) MIWA , T. Evaluation methods for vibration
effect : Part 1. Measurements of threshold and equal sensation contours of whole
body for vertical and horizontal vibrations . Industrial Health ( Japan ) , 1967 , 5 ...

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ISBN: UCAL:B4383210

Category: Motor ability

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View: 982

Categories: Motor ability

Kurume Medical Journal

Kurume Medical Journal

In conclusion , acute exposure to WBV may suppress the activity of gastric
smooth muscle and contraction . ... Seidel H , and Heide R. Long - term effects of
whole - body vibration : a critical survey of the literature . Int Arch Occup Environ
Health ...

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ISBN: NWU:35558004841330

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Kempe s Engineers Year book

Kempe s Engineers Year book

VIBRATION . The effects of vibration on the human body are conveniently divided
into the effects of whole - body vibration and the effects of hand - arm vibration .
The human body can be considered as a complex mechanical system with many
 ...

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ISBN: UOM:39015047800902

Category: Engineering

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Categories: Engineering

Introduction to Industrial Hygiene Engineering and Control 552

Introduction to Industrial Hygiene Engineering and Control  552

Although not much is known about the effects of vibration on the human body,
there is some literature available, mainly in European countries. There are really
two types of vibration effects on the human body, whole-body vibration, and ...

Author: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Division of Training & Manpower Development

Publisher:

ISBN: UCR:31210024951749

Category: Industrial hygiene

Page:

View: 666

Categories: Industrial hygiene

Industrial Hygiene Engineering Control 552 Student manual Section 8

Industrial Hygiene Engineering   Control  552  Student manual   Section 8

Although not much is known about the effects of vibration on the human body ,
there is some literature available , mainly in European countries . There are really
two types of vibration effects on the human body , whole - body vibration , and ...

Author: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Division of Training & Manpower Development

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015007302105

Category: Industrial hygiene

Page:

View: 848

Categories: Industrial hygiene

Advances in Industrial Ergonomics and Safety

Advances in Industrial Ergonomics and Safety

Stuttgart : Hippokrates - Verlag Brendstrup , T . and Biering - Sørensen , F . , 1987
, Effect of fork - lift truck driving on low - back trouble . Scandinavian Journal of
work . ... Dupuis , H . and Zerlett , G . , 1986 , The effects of whole - body vibration
.

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ISBN: UOM:39015026533169

Category: Human engineering

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View: 627

Categories: Human engineering