Evolving Households

The Imprint of Technology on Life

Author: Jeremy Greenwood

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262039230

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 336

View: 9075

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The transformative effect of technological change on households and culture, seen from a macroeconomic perspective through simple economic models. In Evolving Households, Jeremy Greenwood argues that technological progress has had as significant an effect on households as it had on industry. Taking a macroeconomic perspective, Greenwood develops simple economic models to study such phenomena as the rise in married female labor force participation, changes in fertility rates, the decline in marriage, and increased longevity. These trends represent a dramatic transformation in everyday life, and they were made possible by advancements in technology. Greenwood also addresses how technological progress can cause social change. Greenwood shows, for example, how electricity and labor-saving appliances freed women from full-time household drudgery and enabled them to enter the labor market. He explains that fertility dropped when higher wages increased the opportunity cost of having children; he attributes the post–World War II baby boom to a combination of labor-saving household technology and advances in obstetrics and pediatrics. Marriage rates declined when single households became more economically feasible; people could be more discriminating in their choice of a mate. Technological progress also affects social and cultural norms. Innovation in contraception ushered in a sexual revolution. Labor-saving technological progress at home, together with mechanization in industry that led to an increase in the value of brain relative to brawn for jobs, fostered the advancement of women's rights in the workplace. Finally, Greenwood attributes increased longevity to advances in medical technology and rising living standards, and he examines healthcare spending, the development of new drugs, and the growing portion of life now spent in retirement.
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Brooks/Cole Empowerment Series: Understanding Generalist Practice

Author: Karen K. Kirst-Ashman,Grafton H. Hull

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1285748026

Category: Social Science

Page: 696

View: 9108

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Organized around the authors' coherent and cohesive Generalist Intervention Model, this introductory guide to generalist social work practice gives students the knowledge and skills they need to work with individuals and families, as well as the foundation to work with groups, communities, and organizations. Updated to reflect current topics and practice, the book focuses on micro levels of social work practice while also discussing the interrelationship between the micro, mezzo, and macro levels. Part of the BROOKS/COLE EMPOWERMENT SERIES, UNDERSTANDING GENERALIST PRACTICE, 7th Edition, clearly identifies content related to the latest Council on Social Work Education (CSWE) Educational Policy and Accreditation Standards (EPAS) with icons throughout the text. New learning objectives, which are correlated to chapter headings and summaries, guide students' reading and reinforce their understanding. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
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Brooks/Cole Empowerment Series: Social Welfare Policy and Social Programs

Author: Elizabeth Segal

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0840029128

Category: Education

Page: 416

View: 1917

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Segal’s SOCIAL WELFARE POLICY AND SOCIAL PROGRAMS, Third Edition enables students to identify, describe, and analyze social welfare policies, but goes beyond this by drawing readers into an examination of the values and beliefs that drive our social welfare system. Segal demonstrates how the myriad values of diverse groups in America have influenced current policies, and helps students recognize that analysis takes place through the lens of these often opposing values. The dual themes of critical thinking and critical evaluation provide the framework of the book, and Segal’s unique attention to international perspectives on values around social welfare policies and social programs heightens students’ awareness of the global implications of social work around the world. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
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