The Economics of Symbolic Exchange

The Economics of Symbolic Exchange

The key purpose of this work is to introduce into practice some new management tools which are essential for the success of any economic changes in the field of culture, including recommendatory services operating as a social institution of ...

Author: Alexander Dolgin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540798828

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 503

View: 935

Alexander Dolgin’s Economics of Symbolic Exchange is in reality not one but three books, and although these semantic layers are interlinked, the reader will need to choose between the different vectors and modalities. One clearly evident dimension is research. Certain authors introduce quite new intellectual approaches into scienti?c debate. This requires a special frame of mind and a searching curiosity about social reality. Carl Gustav Jung identi?ed a p- nomenon which he called systematic blindness: when a science reaches a stage of maturity and equilibrium, it categorically refuses, from a sense of self-preservation, to note certain facts and phenomena which it ?nds inconvenient. In Alexander D- gin’s book whole complexes of such “non-canonical” material are to be found. Here are just a few examples: ?le exchange networks, through which digital works of art are spread through the Internet; bargain sales of fashionable clothing; the paradox of equal pricing of cultural goods of varying quality; and a discussion of whether - tronage or business has the more productive in?uence on creativity. Obviously, not all the issues Volginraises are totally new, but brought togetherand examinedwithin an elegant logical framework of informational economics, they pose a challenge to scienti?c thinking. Such challenges are by no means immediately or, in some cases, ever acclaimed bythescienti?cestablishment. J. K. Galbraith,forexample,agreatAmericaneco- mist, whose works are read throughout the world, who introduced a whole range of crucially important concepts, the director of John F.
Categories: Business & Economics

Honour the Treaty

Honour the Treaty

Author: Martin O'Connor

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:28822623

Category: Land tenure

Page: 48

View: 300

Categories: Land tenure

Natural Death in Baudrillard

Natural Death in Baudrillard

In the following paragraphs, the essay will suggest a reading of Baudrillard’s contrasting notion of ‘natural death’ that he claims to be ‘everyone’s right and duty’.

Author: Johannes Lenhard

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 9783656184478

Category: Social Science

Page: 7

View: 443

Essay from the year 2012 in the subject Sociology - Classics and Theoretical Directions, grade: 2:1, London School of Economics, language: English, abstract: According to Baudrillard, the contemporary ‘value system’ is based on binary oppositions. The most vital of those are good and evil, man and machine and crucially important life and death. In our society, death is increasingly separated from life in stark contrast to what is still to be found in the ‘primitive cultures’. Without being able to explain the alternative system – symbolic exchange – in its complexity, it is important to note its contrasting idea of “a circular form, a circuit, reversibility” (Baudrillard, 2003: 16ff). In a symbolic system associated but not limited to ‘primitives’, death is not negativity, not endpoint but rather charged with symbolic meaning as part of a constant exchange procedure, always part of life. For us, death is ‘abnormal’ and we are constantly striving to extinguish it, make it ‘extraterritorial’ (Baudrillard, 1993: 126, 182) (e.g. in hospitals, out-of-town cemeteries, palliative clinics). In the following paragraphs, the essay will suggest a reading of Baudrillard’s contrasting notion of ‘natural death’ that he claims to be ‘everyone’s right and duty’. In the first part, we give a close reading of Baudrillard’s notion of natural death - without a primarily critical reflection. What will be suggested is that progress creates both the possibility for a natural, i.e. designed, death and its imperative. The critical reflection of part two will try to qualify Baudrillard’s statements with a general critique of his ironic style and advance arguments with regards to content: How is it possible to close of individuality? Is it really a right for ‘everyone’? Before this critical account can be appreciated, however, the notion of ‘natural death’ shall be explained in the following.
Categories: Social Science

Symbolic Exchange and Death

Symbolic Exchange and Death

Capital no longer looks to nature, God or morality, but strictly to political economy and its critique for its alibis, and lives through its own ...

Author: Jean Baudrillard

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781473998407

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 280

View: 914

Jean Baudrillard is one of the most celebrated and most controversial of contemporary social theorists. This major work occupies a central place in the rethinking of the humanities and social sciences around the idea of postmodernism. It leads the reader on an exhilarating tour encompassing the end of Marxism, the enchantment of fashion, symbolism about sex and the body, and the relations between economic exchange and death. Most significantly, the book represents Baudrillard's fullest elaboration of the concept of the three orders of the simulacra, defining the historical passage from production to reproduction to simulation. A classic in its field, Symbolic Exchange and Death is a key source for the redefinition of contemporary social thought. Baudrillard's critical gaze appraises social theories as diverse as cybernetics, ethnography, psychoanalysis, feminism, Marxism, communications theory and semiotics. This English translation begins with a new introductory essay.
Categories: Business & Economics

Manifesto of the New Economy

Manifesto of the New Economy

The book describes the main directions for the development of the digital society.

Author: Alexander Dolgin

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783642212772

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 145

View: 816

The book describes the main directions for the development of the digital society. The author angles its book to those who are interested to know what would replace search engines, and how social networks would evolve; what profit can be made of different forms of informational collaboration (crowdsourcing, collaborative filtering). And, the main thing, how it will influence the structure of the society and human pursuit for happiness. The author does not confine himself to a theory, he sets and solves practical questions: How talent, success and “stardom” are interconnected, how to make money in social networks, what is the business model for the development of entertainment and media, how to measure cultural values, and what is the subjective time of the individual and how to make it qualitative? There have been no answers to these questions before. Internet and social networks have provided tools and data that Alexander Dolgin was the first to use in economics.
Categories: Business & Economics

Baudrillard and Theology

Baudrillard and Theology

A look at Baudrillard's thought from a theological perspective.

Author: James Walters

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9780567559722

Category: Philosophy

Page: 192

View: 964

A look at Baudrillard's thought from a theological perspective.
Categories: Philosophy

The Social Life of Money

The Social Life of Money

Finally, and for this reason, there is a profound ambivalence in symbolic exchange, insofar as meanings are never fixed but ever capable of being rendered ...

Author: Nigel Dodd

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691141428

Category: Social Science

Page: 456

View: 894

Questions about the nature of money have gained a new urgency in the aftermath of the global financial crisis. Even as many people have less of it, there are more forms and systems of money, from local currencies and social lending to mobile money and Bitcoin. Yet our understanding of what money is—and what it might be—hasn't kept pace. In The Social Life of Money, Nigel Dodd, one of today’s leading sociologists of money, reformulates the theory of the subject for a postcrisis world in which new kinds of money are proliferating. What counts as legitimate action by central banks that issue currency and set policy? What underpins the right of nongovernmental actors to create new currencies? And how might new forms of money surpass or subvert government-sanctioned currencies? To answer such questions, The Social Life of Money takes a fresh and wide-ranging look at modern theories of money. One of the book’s central concerns is how money can be wrested from the domination and mismanagement of banks and governments and restored to its fundamental position as the "claim upon society" described by Georg Simmel. But rather than advancing yet another critique of the state-based monetary system, The Social Life of Money draws out the utopian aspects of money and the ways in which its transformation could in turn transform society, politics, and economics. The book also identifies the contributions of thinkers who have not previously been thought of as monetary theorists—including Nietzsche, Benjamin, Bataille, Deleuze and Guattari, Baudrillard, Derrida, and Hardt and Negri. The result provides new ways of thinking about money that seek not only to understand it but to change it.
Categories: Social Science

Religion Economics and Culture in Conflict and Conversation

Religion  Economics  and Culture in Conflict and Conversation

15 The symbolic order is characterized by symbolic exchange, which is a second building block of Chauvet's thought, rather than the market exchange ...

Author: Laurie M. Cassidy

Publisher: Orbis Books

ISBN: 9781570759130

Category: Religion

Page: 280

View: 757

Here, theologians explore religion, economics, and culture in our increasingly globalized world. The book covers conflicts inherent in conversation, embodied conflicts and conversations, and expanding boundaries of conversation.
Categories: Religion

Deep Socialism

Deep Socialism

A society in which essential truth can be the marketing slogan of a shampoo and real feeling is identified with real chocolate is a society in deep ethical crisis, substituting hollow symbolic brand values for deep human values. already ...

Author: Peter Wilberg

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781904519027

Category: Socialism

Page: 89

View: 453

A society in which essential truth can be the marketing slogan of a shampoo and real feeling is identified with real chocolate is a society in deep ethical crisis, substituting hollow symbolic brand values for deep human values. already sold its soul - and wants nothing more than to trade yours for its commodities. up by a culture of marketing in which all deep human values themselves have been turned into commodities. critique, not only of the capitalist market economy but of the cynical and ethically corrupting culture of capitalist consumer marketing. showing how the modern corporation, far from valuing people, actually devalues the real individual qualities of its employees - whilst at the same time relying on them as a source of surplus value and profit.
Categories: Socialism

Exchange and Deception A Feminist Perspective

Exchange and Deception  A Feminist Perspective

This book aims at expanding and correcting "malestream" economic concepts of the exchange economy and its role in society by focusing on deception from a feminist economic perspective.

Author: Caroline Gerschlager

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402071604

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 169

View: 996

This book aims at expanding and correcting "malestream" economic concepts of the exchange economy and its role in society by focusing on deception from a feminist economic perspective. The main motivation for writing the book was the realization that the prototypical economic model of exchange is notable for the total absence of deception. In standard economic models individuals are regarded as 'uncheatable'. Hence deception, even if individuals have an interest in it, cannot succeed. By contrast, the authors of this volume examine deception as the key to understanding the functioning of exchange by focusing on settings in which deception is successful in exchange. The authors draw on Adam Smith's Theory of Moral Sentiments as a starting point for a discussion on feminist views and perspectives on exchange and deception. This is supplemented by examinations of economic thought and traditional economic modelling within a feminist economic framework and by empirical insights into the situation of women.
Categories: Business & Economics

Theory for Art History

Theory for Art History

Symbolic power is deployed to maintain class distinctions and the appearance of ... Thus, money may have economic exchange value, but it also has symbolic ...

Author: Jae Emerling

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135871451

Category: Art

Page: 264

View: 177

Theory for Art History provides clear and concise introductions to thirty key figures of contemporary theory: four essential predecessors – Freud, Marx, Nietzsche, and Saussure – and twenty-six major moderns from Adorno to Spivak. This book includes key concepts, biography, survey of work, bibliography of primary texts, and a bibliography of secondary criticism. Adapted from Theory for Religious Studies, by William E. Deal and Timothy K. Beal.
Categories: Art

Expanding the Economic Concept of Exchange

Expanding the Economic Concept of Exchange

Authors represented in this volume take a different approach examining deception as a constituent quality of exchange.

Author: Caroline Gerschlager

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461509059

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 263

View: 704

Exchange is a pervasive concept in everyday life, affecting phenomena as diverse as interpersonal relationships and market transactions. In addition, economists have used the concept in a highly specific and clearly delineated way. Against this background, Expanding the Economic Concept of Exchange sets out to expand the concept of exchange by crossing the boundaries laid down by economists and by examining the function played by deceptions, self-deceptions and illusions. The main motivation for expanding the concept of exchange was the realization that in the prototypical economic model deception is not taken into account. Hence, economists traditionally regard deception as some sort of irrationality, as a flaw in an otherwise perfectly rational process. Authors represented in this volume take a different approach examining deception as a constituent quality of exchange. This is shown by the contributions drawing on recent developments in economic theory, by those with an anthropological orientation, as well as by a contribution referring specifically to Adam Smith. An interrogation into deception is long overdue in economics. This volume prepares the ground for and makes the first contributions to explicitly acknowledging deceptions, self-deceptions and illusions as fundamental dimensions allowing us as economists to further research and develop the concept of change. A particular and perhaps unexpected focus of this volume lies on anthropology, because economics can clearly benefit from integrating selected results on deception from outside its expanding domain. It is primarily targeted at economists interested in institutional aspects of exchanges and social theory. In addition, the topic will find interested readers from anthropology, cultural studies, science studies, philosophy.
Categories: Business & Economics

From Hegel to Madonna

From Hegel to Madonna

Towards a General Economy of "Commodity Fetishism" Robert Miklitsch ... 2.6 . value - form use - value exchange - value sign - value Symbolic Exchange ...

Author: Robert Miklitsch

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0791435393

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 651

Moves from the discourses of dialectical negation to cultural-populist affirmation--that is, from Hegel to Madonna Studies--in order to envision a mode of critique that can persuasively describe and explain the cultural contradictions of late capitalism.
Categories: Social Science

Hyperreal Obscenities Baudrillard on Cybersex

Hyperreal Obscenities   Baudrillard on Cybersex

In the following, this essay will in the first paragraph deal predominantly with the definition of cybersex before the second and third part will introduce Baudrillard's ideas and critically apply them towards the question of the 'realness ...

Author: Johannes Lenhard

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 9783656071099

Category:

Page: 32

View: 678

Essay from the year 2011 in the subject Sociology - Gender Studies, grade: Distinction, London School of Economics, language: English, abstract: Baudrillard was not concerned as much about pornography and particularly not about cybersex, as he was about the more general concepts of 'hyperreality' and the 'obscene'. But nevertheless, it seems that his ideas might be relevant in today's 'mediated' forms of sexual pleasure. This paper therefore tries to apply his theory towards the notion of cybersex. Two questions seem of highest importance: Is cybersex 'real'? What is it that actually takes place in cybersex? The first question can be framed with Baudrillard's notion of 'hyperreality' and 'virtual', whereas the 'obscene' is most fruitful in describing the content of cybersex. In the following, this essay will in the first paragraph deal predominantly with the definition of cybersex before the second and third part will introduce Baudrillard's ideas and critically apply them towards the question of the 'realness of cybersex' as well as the 'content' of it. Before the conclusion will try to give the analysis a wider perspective, a section of general critique will follow the development of the argument and reflect on the applicability of Baudrillard towards cybersex. First, however, it is necessary to come to a common understanding of the notion of cybersex.
Categories:

Talking Prices

Talking Prices

How do dealers price contemporary art in a world where objective criteria seem absent? Talking Prices is the first book to examine this question from a sociological perspective.

Author: Olav Velthuis

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691134031

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 773

How do dealers price contemporary art in a world where objective criteria seem absent? Talking Prices is the first book to examine this question from a sociological perspective. On the basis of a wide range of qualitative and quantitative data, including interviews with art dealers in New York and Amsterdam, Olav Velthuis shows how contemporary art galleries juggle the contradictory logics of art and economics. In doing so, they rely on a highly ritualized business repertoire. For instance, a sharp distinction between a gallery's museumlike front space and its businesslike back space safeguards the separation of art from commerce. Velthuis shows that prices, far from being abstract numbers, convey rich meanings to trading partners that extend well beyond the works of art. A high price may indicate not only the quality of a work but also the identity of collectors who bought it before the artist's reputation was established. Such meanings are far from unequivocal. For some, a high price may be a symbol of status; for others, it is a symbol of fraud. Whereas sociological thought has long viewed prices as reducing qualities to quantities, this pathbreaking and engagingly written book reveals the rich world behind these numerical values. Art dealers distinguish different types of prices and attach moral significance to them. Thus the price mechanism constitutes a symbolic system akin to language.
Categories: Social Science

International Encyclopedia of Economic Sociology

International Encyclopedia of Economic Sociology

... 517, 639; moral economy, 466-67; reciprocity, 193; societal collapse, 672; symbolic exchange, 438 political economy: accounting, 3-4; collective action, ...

Author: Jens Beckert

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136777776

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 800

View: 995

The International Encyclopedia of Economic Sociology is the first encyclopedia in the field and a timely response to the surge of interest in economic sociology over the last 30 years. Economic Sociology deals with the multiple and complex relations between economy and society. In particular, it focuses on the impact of social, political and cultural factors on economic behaviour. The Encyclopedia gives comprehensive and accessible coverage of the wide range of areas and subjects covered by the field, including, amongst many others, such major topics as consumption, corruption, democracy and economy, ecology, embeddedness, gender and economy, globalization, industrial relations, law and economy, markets, organization theory, political economy, religion and economic life, social capital, the sociology of money, state and economy, trust, and work. The International Encyclopedia of Economic Sociology is the much-needed major reference work on one of the richest areas of development in the social sciences in recent years. It is an extremely valuable new resource for students and researchers in sociology, economics, political science, and business, organization and management studies. Entries are cross-referenced and carry compact bibliographies. There is a full index.
Categories: Business & Economics

Marketing Psychology

Marketing Psychology

First, exchange theory (e.g. Homans 1974) does not capture economic exchange ... on moral obligation and symbolic exchange, is excluded on these criteria.

Author: G. Foxall

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780230375178

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 203

View: 230

Marketing Psychology portrays the behaviour of consumers as influenced by its environmental consequences and extends this analysis to marketing management by proposing a novel understanding of the marketing firm. The book undertakes a behaviour analysis of consumer choice, based on a critical extension of radical behaviourism to the interpretation of human economic behaviour. This suggests that consumer behaviour is explained by locating it among the environmental contingencies that shape and maintain it. The result is a view of consumer choice and marketing response which transcends current understanding with profound managerial and policy implications.
Categories: Business & Economics

Real Money and Romanticism

Real Money and Romanticism

in what follows, we shall broaden our consideration of symbolic exchange to discuss how it is theorized by writers besides shell, and especially in the ...

Author: Matthew Rowlinson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521193795

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 249

View: 925

Shows how a new conception of money and intellectual property shaped Romantic conceptions of character, material culture, and labor.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Capitalism and Communication

Capitalism and Communication

A leading exponent of the political economy approach to mass communication poses an intellectual challenge to the currently dominant postmodernist and information-society theories.

Author: Nicholas Garnham

Publisher: Sage Publications (CA)

ISBN: UOM:39015018496169

Category: Capitalism

Page: 216

View: 769

A leading exponent of the political economy approach to mass communication poses an intellectual challenge to the currently dominant postmodernist and information-society theories. His essays investigate the role of the media and cultural institutions in contemporary capitalist societies.
Categories: Capitalism

Keiretsu Economy New Economy

Keiretsu Economy   New Economy

In Symbolic exchange and death J. Baudrillard expostulates the existence of an economic subject, of a homo oeconomicus; this fiction existed only in the ...

Author: R. Kensy

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780333985687

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 410

View: 368

This book combines a theoretical study of Japan's economic structures and multinational enterprises with a post-modern analysis of the contemporary multinational enterprise. The author considers the appropriateness of the post-modern approach for discussing economic activities, in particular the New Economy, and also Japanese society and culture. Kensy analyses Japan's economic structure, interpreting its methods, strategies and results in a post-modern context and presents a survey of socio-economic development in Japan since the beginning of westernization. He goes on to discuss Japanese models for the transformation of society in the future, with particular reference to the Keiretzu. Finding Japan to be a truly postmodern society, Kensy shows that Japan is prepared to be a leader in the New Economy. Kensy takes an innovative and stimulating approach that will be of interest to those seeking to better understand the development and future of the economic structures of Japan.
Categories: Business & Economics