The Economics of Open Access

The Economics of Open Access

Addressing the recent debate on how the future of academic publishing might look in a purely digital environment, this book analyzes the experiences of researchers with, as well as attitudes towards, ‘Open Access’ (OA) publishing.

Author: Thomas Eger

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781785365768

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 168

View: 634

Addressing the recent debate on how the future of academic publishing might look in a purely digital environment, this book analyzes the experiences of researchers with, as well as attitudes towards, ‘Open Access’ (OA) publishing. Drawing on a unique, in-depth survey with more than 10,000 respondents from 25 countries, Thomas Eger and Marc Scheufen discuss their findings in the light of recent policy attempts which have been trying to foster OA, revealing considerable shortcomings and lack of knowledge on fundamental features of the academic publishing market.
Categories: Business & Economics

Internet Access and the Consumer

Internet Access and the Consumer

To the contrary , I think it likely that more than one broadband access platform will
prove technologically and economically successful within the next decade .
Second , the advocates for open access rules have offered no economic theory to
 ...

Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:B5182899

Category: Consumers

Page: 171

View: 824

Categories: Consumers

Copyright Versus Open Access

Copyright Versus Open Access

This book addresses the recent debate about copyright law and its impact on the distribution of scientific knowledge from an economic perspective.

Author: Marc Scheufen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319127392

Category: Law

Page: 191

View: 171

This book addresses the recent debate about copyright law and its impact on the distribution of scientific knowledge from an economic perspective. The focus is on the question whether a copyright regime or an open access regime is better suited to the norms and organizational structure in a purely global science community. The book undertakes a thorough economic analysis of the academic journal market and showcases consequences of a regime change. It also takes account of the Digital Divide debate, reflecting issues in developing countries. Finally, a comprehensive analysis of legal action in the light of international Intellectual Property (IP) agreements offers prospects on the future of academic publishing.
Categories: Law

Economics of Environmental Conservation

Economics of Environmental Conservation

6.2. OPEN-ACCESS: ECONOMIC. FAILURES. AND. THEIR. CONSEQUENCES.
Assume for simplicity that the value of a natural resource depends only on the ...
In such a case, open-access to the natural resource results in market failure.

Author: Clement Allan Tisdell

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1845428269

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 167

Tisdell has produced one of the best books in print about the economics of environmental conservation. This volume updates the 1991 edition by discussing more current issues, theories, developments, and analytic frameworks. Tisdell masterfully weaves into many chapters insights from ecological economics a somewhat new area of economics that cannot be ignored in informed discussions of environmental conservation. . . Tisdell writes clearly and documents each chapter extremely well. He presents a quite balanced view on policy issues, discussing pros and cons of different policies. . . Overall, an extraordinary book. Essential. Academic collections, upper-division undergraduate and up. D.D. Miller, Choice I like it alot and would certainly recommend it to students as an excellent entry point into environmental economics. It is certainly comprehensive, covering international through to local environmental issues, developed and developing country experiences across both green and brown topics. The book is written in a highly accessible style and embodies a rigorous theoretical base on which is developed a host of practical examples of application. This reflects Tisdell s wide ranging experience as one of the senior statesmen of environmental economics. Jeff Bennett, The Australian National University A second edition of this book is to be warmly welcomed. The insights it offers into the sustainable use of ecological resources, especially in developing countries, are important for those coming to the study of environmental, resource or ecological economics for the first time. While the treatment of new topics such as globalization and the Environmental Kuznets Curve adds value to the original text, the inclusion of much material from the first edition helps remind us that there is a rich and long-standing literature on this topic. Charles Perrings, University of York, UK In the second edition of Economics of Environmental Conservation Clem Tisdell applies wisdom, experience and carefully developed economic theory to dozens of conservation issues. The result is a wide ranging book that skillfully employs ecological economics to analyse conservation issues drawn often from Australia and Asia and relevant in many countries. The policy options proposed to the diverse conservation issues reflect a philosophy developed during more than thirty years research. The book is a rich source of insight and inspiration for anyone analysing environmental conservation issues. Ross Cullen, Lincoln University, New Zealand Few economists have the breadth of experience and depth of analytical capability to comment with insight on the vast array of issues that now comprise the environmental agenda. Clem Tisdell is one of that small band. Here is a welcome expansion of his already successful Economics of Environmental Conservation. Highly recommended. David Pearce, University College London, UK This fully updated and comprehensively revised edition of a classic text concentrates on the economics of conserving the living environment. It begins by covering the ethical foundations and basic economic paradigms essential for understanding and assessing ecological economics. General strategies for global environmental conservation, policies for government intervention, developing countries, preserving wildlife and biodiversity, open-access to and common property in natural resources, conservation of natural areas, forestry, agriculture and the environment, tourism, sustainable development and demographic change are also all covered. This second edition deals with contemporary environmental policy issues that can be expected to be of lasting concern and importance each chapter benefiting from either the addition of substantial sections of new material, valuable explanations or updates and revisions in light of developments in theory or world events and conditions. Updated techniques of economic analysis are also introduced, explained simply, and a
Categories: Business & Economics

International Intellectual Property in an Integrated World Economy

International Intellectual Property in an Integrated World Economy

(iii) Open Access to Scientific Publications Open-access ideology has also
spread to the field of scientific publications where it has been seen as a strategy
for counteracting the increasing commodification of scientific publications and the
 ...

Author: Frederick M. Abbott

Publisher: Aspen Publishers

ISBN: 9781454895831

Category: Law

Page: 1056

View: 873

International Intellectual Property in an Integrated World Economy, Fourth Edition by Frederick M. Abbott, Thomas Cottier, and Francis Gurry, provides a comprehensive treatment of the international intellectual property system across the spectrum of intellectual property rights and interests. It introduces the institutional architecture at the multilateral, regional/plurilateral, bilateral and national levels. For each form of IP, it addresses the technical legal rules and illustrative jurisprudence, as well as economic and social welfare implications. Each of the authors has played a role in the development and implementation of the international rules, and they bring their experience to bear in introducing students to the field. New to the Fourth Edition: The latest developments in bilateral and regional agreements regulating intellectual property, including NAFTA 2.0 (USMCA), CPTPP, and CETA Important new judicial decisions, including the U.S. Supreme Court decision adopting international exhaustion of patents and CJEU decisions addressing trademarks, geographical indications, and copyright Developments in IP and human rights; IP and competition law; and IP and health The WTO panel report in the Australia-Tobacco case Professors and students will benefit from: An approach to the international IP system that situates the rules within the broader context of international law and the public policy objectives that governments, industry, and interest groups are seeking to achieve Case law from international dispute settlement bodies, as well as from national and regional courts Discussion of patent, trademark, geographical indication, copyright, design, trade secret, and data protection; as well as plant variety protection, protection of genetic resources and traditional knowledge, and the role of open source An explanation of the new European Union Unitary Patent system Exploration of the increasingly important role of emerging market IP systems Materials to help students understand the disputes between the United States and China involving IP, investment, and transfer of technology Inclusion of important jurisprudential developments
Categories: Law

International Trade and Open Access Renewable Resources

International Trade and Open Access Renewable Resources

The Small Open Economy Case James A. Brander, M. Scott Taylor.
REFERENCES Bee , Ooi Jin ( 1987 ) “ Depletion of the Forest Resources in the
Phillipines ” Field Report Series No . 18 , Institute of Southeast Asian Studies
Chichilnisky , G ...

Author: James A. Brander

Publisher: Department of Economics, University of British Columbia

ISBN: UCSD:31822021433891

Category: International trade

Page: 37

View: 455

This paper develops a two-sector general equilibrium model of an economy with an open access renewable resource. We characterize the autarkic steady state, showing that autarky prices (and 'comparative advantage') are determined by the ratio of intrinsic resource growth to labor. Under free trade, steady state trade and production patterns for a small open economy are determined by whether the resource good's world price exceeds its autarky price. Strikingly, if the small country exports the resource good while remaining diversified, then steady-state utility is lower than in autarky, and increases in the world price of exports are welfare-reducing.
Categories: International trade

Transforming Scholarly Publishing Through Open Access

Transforming Scholarly Publishing Through Open Access

Open. Access. Journal. Economic. Issues. Abad, María Francisca. "Financial
Aspects of Open Access Journals." Contributions to Science 5, no. 1 (2009): 107–
114. http://publicacions.iec.cat/repository/pdf/00000087%5C00000003.p df Bird,
 ...

Author: Charles Wesley Bailey

Publisher: Charles W Bailey Jr

ISBN: 9781453780817

Category: Reference

Page: 176

View: 306

Can scholarly journal articles and other scholarly works be made freely available on the Internet? The open access movement says "yes," and it is having a significant impact on scholarly publishing. There are two major open access strategies: (1) open access journals publish articles (typically peer-reviewed articles) that are free of charge and may be able to be reused under an open license (e.g., a Creative Commons license), and (2) self-archiving of digital e-prints (typically prepublication versions of articles) by authors in digital repositories, where they can be accessed free of charge and sometimes reused. Transforming Scholarly Publishing through Open Access: A Bibliography, which has over 1,100 references, provides in-depth coverage of published journal articles, books, and other works about the open access movement. Many references have links to freely available copies of included works.
Categories: Reference

Introduction to Environmental Economics

Introduction to Environmental Economics

Open access commons exist when people cannot be excluded from accessing a
resource, but each person's use rivals another's use (see the classic papers by
Gordon, 1954; Hardin, 1968). If a person's use reduces the total available, ...

Author: Nick Hanley

Publisher:

ISBN: 9780198737230

Category:

Page: 408

View: 820

Clearly written, global in approach, and theoretically broad-minded, this text is an ideal introduction to environmental economics.Assuming no prior knowledge of economics, the international author team introduces fundamental economic concepts as they relate to our environment. They then use the fundamental concepts to explore and assess current and potential policy responses to some of the major environmental issues of ourtime. Examples are drawn from all over the world and include such vital issues as climate change, natural resource use, waste management, water pollution, and loss of biodiversity.
Categories:

Open Access Renewable Resources

Open Access Renewable Resources

Gordon , H . Scott ( 1954 ) The Economic Theory of a Common Property
Resource : the Fishery . Journal of Political Economy 62 , 124 - 42 . Grossman ,
Gene M . and Elhanan Helpman ( 1991 ) Innovation and Growth in the Global
Economy ...

Author: James A. Brander

Publisher: Department of Economics, University of British Columbia

ISBN: UCSD:31822023704059

Category: Commercial policy

Page: 31

View: 341

This paper develops a two-good, two-country model with national open access renewable resources. We derive an appropriate analog of `factor proportions' for the renewable resource case and link it to trade patterns and to the likelihood of diversified production. The resource importer gains from trade. However, a diversified resource exporting country necessarily suffers a decline in steady state utility resulting from trade, and may lose along the entire transition path. Thus the basic `gains from trade' presumption is substantially undermined by open access resources. Tariffs imposed by the resource importing country always benefit the resource exporter, and may be pareto-improving.
Categories: Commercial policy

House of Commons Business Innovation and Skills Committee Open Access HC 99 I

House of Commons   Business  Innovation and Skills Committee  Open Access   HC 99 I

You have also environment where we reach an entirely open - access said it may
well be that we come in two or three years ' world , the gold model may well be
the cheapest way time to a different view about the economics of openof funding
 ...

Author: Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: Business, Innovation and Skills Committee

Publisher: The Stationery Office

ISBN: 0215061829

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 180

View: 334

The Government's commitment to increasing access to published research findings and its desire to achieve full open access are welcomed in this report from the Business, Innovation and Skills Committee. However, whilst Gold open access - where authors publish their articles in an open access journal that provides free immediate open access to all of its articles on the publisher's website - is a desirable ultimate goal, focusing on it during the transition to a fully open access world is a mistake. The Government and Research Council UK should reconsider their preference for Gold open access during the five year transition period, and give due regard to the evidence of the vital role that Green open access and repositories have to play as the UK moves towards full open access. (Authors opting for Green open access publish in any subscription journal, and then make their peer-reviewed final draft freely accessible online by self-archiving or depositing the article in a repository (either institutional or disciplinary) upon acceptance for publication.) Other recommendations include: promotion of standardisation and compliance across subject and institutional repositories; mitigation against the impact on universities of paying Article Processing Charges out of their own reserves; introduce a reduced VAT rate for e-journals; non-disclosure clauses should not be used in publishing contracts that include the use of public funds; BIS must review its consultation processes to ensure that lessons are learned from the lack of involvement of businesses, particularly SMEs, in the formation of open access policy
Categories: Business & Economics

The Economics of Town and Country Planning

The Economics of Town and Country Planning

environmental resources at an international level , the problems associated with
open access are dominant . It is this market failure which has generated heated
discussion and argument in the 1960s and 1970s on such problems as radio ...

Author: Kenneth George Willis

Publisher: London ; New York : Granada

ISBN: UOM:39015002616004

Category: City planning

Page: 281

View: 760

Categories: City planning

Open Access and the Humanities

Open Access and the Humanities

In light of the discussion in the previous chapter it is clear that open access is a
phenomenon embroiled in the fields of economics and value. However, systems
of economics and value in scholarly communication/publishing are determined ...

Author: Martin Paul Eve

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107097896

Category: Reference

Page: 226

View: 500

Provides a full account of the changes in scholarly communication in the digital age. This title is also available as open access via Cambridge Books Online.
Categories: Reference

Economics of Fishery Management in the Pacific Islands Region

Economics of Fishery Management in the Pacific Islands Region

The markets paid them a personal rent exceeding their potential in other
employments . It was not surprising that skilled and established ' high - liners '
preferred openaccess fishing . The economic effect of open - access fishing was
illustrated ...

Author: Harry F. Campbell

Publisher: Hyperion Books

ISBN: UVA:35007000482665

Category: Electronic books

Page: 169

View: 753

Categories: Electronic books

Strategies for Preservation of and Open Access to Scientific Data in China

Strategies for Preservation of and Open Access to Scientific Data in China

Perspectives on the Future of the Library and on the Economics of Open
Access24 The big question facing the circulation of scientific information is : What
is going to become of the emerging open - access movement ? There are
growing ...

Author: Paul F. Uhlir

Publisher: National Academy Press

ISBN: UCSD:31822034644757

Category: Computers

Page: 131

View: 964

Preservation of and open access to digital scientific resources are essential to global research, yet the challenges in storing and maintaining access to these collections are substantial. China faces major hurdles in this regard. A workshop held in June 2004 in Beijing convened scientific information managers, digital archiving experts, national science policy and funding officials, and representatives of development organizations to explore the scientific and technical, legal and policy, institutional and economic, and management aspects of creating sustainable and accessible archives of digital health and environmental data in China.
Categories: Computers

The Open Access Curriculum

The Open Access Curriculum

Home Economics According to Trump and Miller [ 16 ] , home economics is an
area of education that has as its major concern “ the total well - being of the family
. ” They further explain that social conditions in many sections of the country have
 ...

Author: L. Craig Wilson

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105033436408

Category: Curriculum change

Page: 304

View: 834

Categories: Curriculum change

The Economics of Natural Resource Use

The Economics of Natural Resource Use

We can compare the private property equilibrium ( PPE ) with the open access
equilibrium ( OEA ) described in the previous section , maintaining all our
previous assumptions ( constant unit costs , P = 1 , and PPE is competitive ) . In
Figure 4 .

Author: John M. Hartwick

Publisher: Reading, Mass. ; Don Mills, Ont. : Addison-Wesley

ISBN: STANFORD:36105019330070

Category: Nature

Page: 432

View: 517

This text is a comprehensive examination of the economics of using natural reosurces in the modern economy. Presenting economic concepts essential to examining how resources can be sustained, extracted and harvested extensive use is made of diagrams and accompanying algebraic models.* NEW! This edition of the text features a new organization. The first section is an overview of techniques, the second focuses on static models of natural resource use, and the third examines dynamic models of natural resource use. * NEW! Revised and updated cases use real-world examples and show how they are linked to natural resource modeling. * NEW! Text pedagogy has been improved overall, including a much more extensive use of graphs. * Only current book solely on natural resources (without environmental econ) for all of North America. * The Second Edition stresses the economics of sustainability; continues thorough coverage of land and water use, fisheries, pollution policy, non-renewable resources, and forests. * Advanced chapters are included for use in honors/graduate courses: e.g., parts of Chapters 3, 9, 11, and 12.
Categories: Nature

Scholarly Communications Report

Scholarly Communications Report

Such repositories have mushroomed over the last two years in response to calls
on scholars and researchers worldwide to provide open access to their research
information through self - archiving . Economics of Open Access Dr Mark ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: IND:30000008598959

Category: Communication

Page:

View: 668

Categories: Communication

Lewis Clark Law Review

Lewis   Clark Law Review

This observation has some ramifications for how we should structure law reviews
, and how the open access movement fits into the new publication modality . And
since this Symposium issue is about open access to legal material , it ' s time to ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:$B396745

Category: Law

Page:

View: 695

Categories: Law

Access to Medical Knowledge

Access to Medical Knowledge

Still other attendees were trying to work out the economics of open - access
journals and , to some extent , the economics of archives , be they based on
disciplines or institutions . The librarians and the publishers had a strong
commitment to ...

Author: Frances Groen

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015066742589

Category: Computers

Page: 281

View: 658

Examines the fundamental values that have characterized the development of medical librarianship since its foundation. This work focuses on the development of medical librarianship in the English speaking world, in particular North America, and contains major issues in international cooperation including the provision of medical information.
Categories: Computers