The Dynamics of Science and Technology

The Dynamics of Science and Technology

The question that comes to mind is whether the phenomenon itself is new or if advances in the disciplines involved account for this novel interest, or, in fact, if both are intercon nected.

Author: W. Krohn

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400998285

Category: Science

Page: 294

View: 755

The interrelations of science and technology as an object of study seem to have drawn the attention of a number of disciplines: the history of both science and technology, sociology, economics and economic history, and even the philosophy of science. The question that comes to mind is whether the phenomenon itself is new or if advances in the disciplines involved account for this novel interest, or, in fact, if both are intercon nected. When the editors set out to plan this volume, their more or less explicit conviction was that the relationship of science and technology did reveal a new configuration and that the disciplines concerned with 1tS analysis failed at least in part to deal with the change because of conceptual and methodological preconceptions. To say this does not imply a verdict on the insufficiency of one and the superiority of any other one disciplinary approach. Rather, the situation is much more complex. In economics, for example, the interest in the relationship between science and technology is deeply influenced by the theoretical problem of accounting for the factors of economic growth. The primary concern is with technology and the problem is whether the market induces technological advances or whether they induce new demands that explain the subsequent diffusion of new technologies. Science is generally considered to be an exogenous factor not directly subject to market forces and, therefore, appears to be of no interest.
Categories: Science

Dynamics of Science Based Innovation

Dynamics of Science Based Innovation

This volume intends to give an insight into progress in the field of studies on modern science and technology. Researchers from Sweden, Japan and Germany began a "three country comparative study" in 1984.

Author: Hariolf Grupp

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642864694

Category: Science

Page: 371

View: 834

This volume intends to give an insight into progress in the field of studies on modern science and technology. Researchers from Sweden, Japan and Germany began a "three country comparative study" in 1984. One of the primary aims of this study group was to better take account of the increasing importance of Japan in both analytical work and technology policy. To this end, researchers from the Research Policy Institute (RPI) at the University of Lund, the Graduate School of Policy Science at Saitama University in Urawa, and the Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research in Karlsruhe met almost every year with policy makers from the three countries, in order to see how well the scientific debate is reflected in the interests of practitioneers in the related policies. The cooperation with the Swedish Board for Technical Development (STU)!, the Japanese Ministry of Education, Science and Culture (Monbusho), and the German Federal Ministry for Research and Technology (BMFT) brought about numerous "grey" papers, publications and two volumes of seminar proceedings. The first book2 deals with the problems of measuring technological change and summarizes tentative research plans from our first meetings. I concluded then, in November 1986, that "quantitative results are to be checked in a qualitative discursive process with the involved people. ( . . . ) The interaction of various indicators raises the pressure of argument and credibility. Case studies in dynamic fields of technology ideally supplement quantitative approaches.
Categories: Science

The New Production of Knowledge

The New Production of Knowledge

They claim that these changes mark a distinct shift into a new mode of knowledge production which is replacing or reforming established institutions, disciplines, practices and policies.

Author: Michael Gibbons

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0803977948

Category: Social Science

Page: 179

View: 726

In this provocative and broad-ranging work, the authors argue that the ways in which knowledge - scientific, social and cultural - is produced are undergoing fundamental changes at the end of the twentieth century. They claim that these changes mark a distinct shift into a new mode of knowledge production which is replacing or reforming established institutions, disciplines, practices and policies. Identifying features of the new mode of knowledge production - reflexivity, transdisciplinarity, heterogeneity - the authors show how these features connect with the changing role of knowledge in social relations. While the knowledge produced by research and development in science and technology is accorded central concern, the
Categories: Social Science

The Dynamics of Science and Technology

The Dynamics of Science and Technology

The question that comes to mind is whether the phenomenon itself is new or if advances in the disciplines involved account for this novel interest, or, in fact, if both are intercon nected.

Author: W. Krohn

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9027708819

Category: Science

Page: 294

View: 958

The interrelations of science and technology as an object of study seem to have drawn the attention of a number of disciplines: the history of both science and technology, sociology, economics and economic history, and even the philosophy of science. The question that comes to mind is whether the phenomenon itself is new or if advances in the disciplines involved account for this novel interest, or, in fact, if both are intercon nected. When the editors set out to plan this volume, their more or less explicit conviction was that the relationship of science and technology did reveal a new configuration and that the disciplines concerned with 1tS analysis failed at least in part to deal with the change because of conceptual and methodological preconceptions. To say this does not imply a verdict on the insufficiency of one and the superiority of any other one disciplinary approach. Rather, the situation is much more complex. In economics, for example, the interest in the relationship between science and technology is deeply influenced by the theoretical problem of accounting for the factors of economic growth. The primary concern is with technology and the problem is whether the market induces technological advances or whether they induce new demands that explain the subsequent diffusion of new technologies. Science is generally considered to be an exogenous factor not directly subject to market forces and, therefore, appears to be of no interest.
Categories: Science

Emerging Dynamics Science Energy Society and Values

Emerging Dynamics  Science  Energy  Society and Values

The book advocates for a science willing to accommodate both human values and scientific facts.

Author: Loucas G. Christophorou

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319907130

Category: Science

Page: 219

View: 223

Emerging Dynamics: Science, Energy, Society and Values focuses on the impact of science, science-based technology and scientific values on present-day humanity and its future. The book advocates for a science willing to accommodate both human values and scientific facts. The four main subjects focused on throughout the text are: The overwhelming impact of modern science and science-based technology on virtually every aspect of human life Human values and their significance for science and society The need for mutual accommodation between scientific values and the traditional values of society The fundamental role of energy for civilization and society. The book cuts across scientific disciplines and looks at modern civilization through the knowledge provided by the physical, chemical, biomedical and other branches of natural science. The book is unique in its holistic approach, combining knowledge acquired by deduction, reduction-induction, and experimental scientific methods with knowledge acquired through history, philosophy, the arts, faith and cultural traditions. Modern civilization’s most distinct characteristics are due to science, science-based technology and energy. The role of energy in the sustainability of civilization and the impact of biomedical science on man are especially emphasized throughout this timely book, making a case for a hopeful future based on both science and values. A science guided in its applications by human values and a value system cognizant of the facts of science and willing to accommodate them
Categories: Science

The Dynamics of European Science and Technology Policies

The Dynamics of European Science and Technology Policies

Drawing on the latest research, this book investigates the processes underlying the evolution of science and technology policies in the European Union and its member states.

Author: Simon Dresner

Publisher: Ashgate Pub Limited

ISBN: UOM:39015053515501

Category: Political Science

Page: 213

View: 363

Drawing on the latest research, this book investigates the processes underlying the evolution of science and technology policies in the European Union and its member states. The contributors explore the development of European Union policy since the 1980s, its influence on the policies of individual countries, the experiences of European Union collaborative research projects and the economic assumptions behind innovation policy.
Categories: Political Science

The Evolutionary Dynamics of Discursive Knowledge

The Evolutionary Dynamics of Discursive Knowledge

This open access book addresses three themes which have been central to Leydesdorff's research: (1) the dynamics of science, technology, and innovation; (2) the scientometric operationalization of these concept; and (3) the elaboration in ...

Author: Loet Leydesdorff

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030599515

Category: Social Science

Page: 247

View: 731

This open access book addresses three themes which have been central to Leydesdorff's research: (1) the dynamics of science, technology, and innovation; (2) the scientometric operationalization of these concept; and (3) the elaboration in terms of a Triple Helix of university-industry-government relations. In this study, I discuss the relations among these themes. Using Luhmann's social-systems theory for modelling meaning processing and Shannon's theory for information processing, I show that synergy can add new options to an innovation system as redundancy. The capacity to develop new options is more important for innovation than past performance. Entertaining a model of possible future states makes a knowledge-based system increasingly anticipatory. The trade-off between the incursion of future states on the historical developments can be measured using the Triple-Helix synergy indicator. This is shown, for example, for the Italian national and regional systems of innovation.
Categories: Social Science

The Dawn of Fluid Dynamics

The Dawn of Fluid Dynamics

This is the first publication to describe the evolution of fluid dynamics as a major field in modern science and engineering.

Author: Michael Eckert

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9783527610747

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 389

This is the first publication to describe the evolution of fluid dynamics as a major field in modern science and engineering. It contains a description of the interaction between applied research and application, taking as its example the history of fluid mechanics in the 20th century. The focus lies on the work of Ludwig Prandtl, founder of the aerodynamic research center (AVA) in Göttingen, whose ideas and publications have influenced modern aerodynamics and fluid mechanics in many fields. While suitable for others, this book is intended for natural scientists and engineers as well as historians of science and technology.
Categories: Science

Measurement and Statistics on Science and Technology

Measurement and Statistics on Science and Technology

This book provides the first comprehensive account of the attempts to measure science and technology activities in Western countries and the successes and shortcomings of statistical systems.

Author: Benoît Godin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134326587

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 300

How do we objectively measure scientific activities? What proportion of economic activities should a society devote to research and development? How can public-sector and private-sector research best be directed to achieve social goals? Governments and researchers from industrial countries have been measuring science and technology for more than eighty years. This book provides the first comprehensive account of the attempts to measure science and technology activities in Western countries and the successes and shortcomings of statistical systems. Godin guides readers through the historical moments that led to the development of statistics on science and technology and also examines the socio-political dynamics behind social measurement. This enlightening account will be of interest to students and academics investigating science measurement as well as policy makers working in this burgeoning field.
Categories: History

The Dynamics of European Science and Technology Policies

The Dynamics of European Science and Technology Policies

"This title was first published in 2001. This text attempts to explain what the underlying processes of the evolution of research policies of the European union and its member states.

Author: Simon Dresner

Publisher:

ISBN: 1315196808

Category: Electronic books

Page:

View: 323

"This title was first published in 2001. This text attempts to explain what the underlying processes of the evolution of research policies of the European union and its member states. It does this from both a materialist approach and an idealist approach. On one side, the development of Community research policy since its origins is described as a series of responses to the shifting uncertainties the policy has been faced with and the need to legitimize its continuation in the face of those uncertainties. While the other side describes the development as an emphasis on the role of ideas as more than just an expression of "actors'" interests."--Provided by publisher.
Categories: Electronic books