The Division of Labor in Society

Author: Emile Durkheim,W. D. Halls

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 0684836386

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 352

View: 3212


In this momentous challenge to the economic theories of Adam Smith and Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim presents a visionary reconception of the social structures for production and allocation that are the cornerstones of capitalism. He asks how individuality can be retained within the capitalist system. He argues that class conflict is not inherent in a capitalistic society as Marx contended, but that the unfettered growth of state power would lead to the extinction of individuality. He suggests that only in a free society that promotes voluntary bonds between its members can individuality prosper.

Sociological Theory and the Environment

Classical Foundations, Contemporary Insights

Author: Riley E. Dunlap,Frederick H. Buttel,Peter Dickens,August Gijswijt

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742501867

Category: Social Science

Page: 357

View: 1919


This comprehensive survey and assessment of sociological theories of the relations between societies and their 'natural' biophysical environment touches on and addresses virtually all of the major perspectives, focal points, and debates in environmental sociology today. At the same time, the book aims to go beyond an inventory of environmental sociological theory by stressing how new ground can be broken in the articulation of environmental sociology with major classical and contemporary sociological theories.

Capitalism and Modern Social Theory

An Analysis of the Writings of Marx, Durkheim and Max Weber

Author: Anthony Giddens

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107268044

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 4938


Giddens's analysis of the writings of Marx, Durkheim and Weber has become the classic text for any student seeking to understand the three thinkers who established the basic framework of contemporary sociology. The first three sections of the book, based on close textual examination of the original sources, contain separate treatments of each writer. The author demonstrates the internal coherence of their respective contributions to social theory. The concluding section discusses the principal ways in which Marx can be compared with the other two authors, and discusses misconceptions of some conventional views on the subject.

Social Theory Re-Wired

New Connections to Classical and Contemporary Perspectives

Author: Wesley Longhofer,Daniel Winchester

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317687191

Category: Social Science

Page: 542

View: 5575


This social theory text combines the structure of a print reader with the ability to tailor the course via an extensive interactive website. Readings from important classical and contemporary theorists are placed in conversation with one another through core themes—the puzzle of social order, the dark side of modernity, identity, etc. The website includes videos, interactive commentaries, summaries of key concepts, exams and quizzes, annotated selections from key readings, classroom activities, and more. See the website at New to the second edition: Expanded web content. Teacher/student feedback employed to clarify difficult concepts. Reframed contemporary section now offers readings by Robert Merton, Bruno Latour, David Harvey, Zygmut Bauman, and Anthony Giddens.

Classical Sociological Theory

Author: Craig Calhoun,Joseph Gerteis,James Moody,Steven Pfaff,Indermohan Virk

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470655674

Category: Social Science

Page: 557

View: 9151


Complements Contemporary sociological theory.

A Critical Account of Durkheim's Concept of Organic Solidarity

Author: Johannes Lenhard

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 365607111X

Category: Sociology

Page: 28

View: 3912


Essay from the year 2011 in the subject Sociology - Classics and Theoretical Directions, grade: Distinction, London School of Economics, language: English, comment: For Durkheim, the decline of mechanical solidarity in modern societies is deeply worrying. Provide a critical assessment of Durkheim's account of organic solidarity in a "contractual" society., abstract: Durkheim followed one central question during his writings, namely the search for the "bonds which unite men one with another" (Durkheim, 1888: 257). Especially Durkheim's early works are concerned in this respect with the forms of 'solidarite' that are specific for pre-industrial or lower societies in contrast to the ongoing industrialised or organised kind of community. In the 'Division of Labour', Durkheim arrives at a rather pessimistic account of modern, industrial society: although under 'normal circumstances' the division of labour leads to a harmonious society bound together by solidarity, our current form of industrial organisation is in an "appaling crisis" (ibd.: 339) composed of "organs that still clash discordantly together" (ibd.: 340). It is this account Durkheim gives of solidarity in the modern society that can be criticised substantially. The following essay will therefore consist of an analysis of his line of thought that leads him from early societies bound together by what he calls 'mechanical solidarity' based on similarities, to the notion of 'organic solidarity' in the 'contractual society'. Especially his optimistic, evolutionary account of the development of solidarity, his use of empirical data and finally his idealised notion of society are possible points of doubt as will be shown. The concluding remarks will lift Durkheim's analysis from the early 20th Century to a contemporary account trying to extend it with Foucault's 'penal society'."

Economy and Society

An Outline of Interpretive Sociology

Author: Max Weber

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520035003

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1470

View: 4055


Max Weber's Economy and Society is the greatest sociological treatise written in this century. Published posthumously in Germany in the early 1920's, it has become a constitutive part of the modern sociological imagination. Economy and Society was the first strictly empirical comparison of social structures and normative orders in world-historical depth, containing the famous chapters on social action, religion, law, bureaucracy, charisma, the city, and the political community with its dimensions of class, status and power. Economy and Status is Weber's only major treatise for an educated general public. It was meant to be a broad introduction, but in its own way it is the most demanding textbook yet written by a sociologist. The precision of its definitions, the complexity of its typologies and the wealth of its historical content make the work a continuos challenge at several levels of comprehension: for the advanced undergraduate who gropes for his sense of society, for the graduate student who must develop his own analytical skills, and for the scholar who must match wits with Weber. When the long-awaited first complete English edition of Economy and Society was published in 1968, Arthur Stinchcombe wrote in the American Journal of Sociology: "My answer to the question of whether people should still start their sociological intellectual biographies with Economy and Society is yes." Reinhard Bendix noted in the American Sociological Review that the "publication of a compete English edition of Weber's most systematic work [represents] the culmination of a cultural transmission to the American setting...It will be a study-guide and compendium for years to come for all those interested in historical sociology and comparative study." In a lengthy introduction, Guenther Roth traces the intellectual prehistory of Economy and Society, the gradual emergence of its dominant themes and the nature of its internal logic. Mr. Roth is a Professor of Sociology at Columbia University. Mr. Wittich heads an economic research group at the United Nations.

Capitalism and Classical Social Theory, Second Edition

Author: John Bratton,David Denham

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 144260655X

Category: Social Science

Page: 432

View: 9756


Most texts on classical social theory offer exhaustive coverage of every possible theorist, making it difficult to use the book in one semester. Capitalism and Classical Social Theory, Second Edition represents a departure from this approach by offering solid coverage of the classical triumvirate (Marx, Durkheim, and Weber), but also extending the canon strategically to include Simmel, four early female theorists, and the writings of Du Bois. The result is a manageable, but thorough, examination of the key classical theorists. The second edition has been updated throughout and includes two new chapters: one on Weber and rationalization, and one on Du Bois and his writings on race. A new concluding chapter links classical theory to current developments in capitalism during an age of austerity.

A Communitarian Defense of Liberalism

Emile Durkheim and Contemporary Social Theory

Author: Mark S. Cladis

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804723656

Category: Philosophy

Page: 339

View: 9916


In this provocative and timely reading of Emile Durkheim the author isolates the merits and liabilities of both liberal and communitarian theories and demonstrates that we need not be in the position of having to choose between them.

Key Ideas in Sociology

Author: Peter Kivisto

Publisher: Pine Forge Press

ISBN: 0761988238

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 2585


Key Ideas in Sociology is the only compact and portable book for undergraduate readers that links issues regarding post-modern society to the ideas and individuals that gave rise to sociological thinking in the late 19th century. This is the ideal text for idea and history oriented introductory sociology courses.