Biology: The Unity and Diversity of Life

Author: Cecie Starr,Ralph Taggart,Christine Evers,Lisa Starr

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495557927

Category: Science

Page: 1040

View: 1712

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By using an issues-oriented approach, the new edition of this respected text grabs student interest with real-life issues that hit home. This text includes new coverage and pedagogy that encourages students to think critically about hot-button issues and includes outstanding new features that take students beyond memorization and encourage them to ask questions in new ways as they learn to interpret data. Show students how biology matters Biology’s connections to real life are reflected in every chapter of this new edition, beginning with opening Impacts, Issues essays a brief case study on a biology-related issue or research finding and is revisited throughout the chapter, reminding students of the real-world significance of basic concepts. Additional, online exercises promote critical thinking about issues students will face as consumers, parents, and citizens. Link concepts from chapter to chapter Links to Earlier Concepts appear near the Key Concepts, to help students remember what they’ve learned in earlier chapters and apply it to the new material to come. At the beginning of each section, students are reminded of the earlier link that is most appropriate for their current. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
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A History of the Life Sciences, Revised and Expanded

Author: Lois N. Magner

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0824743601

Category: Science

Page: 520

View: 2630

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A clear and concise survey of the major themes and theories embedded in the history of life science, this book covers the development and significance of scientific methodologies, the relationship between science and society, and the diverse ideologies and current paradigms affecting the evolution and progression of biological studies. The author discusses cell theory, embryology, physiology, microbiology, evolution, genetics, and molecular biology; the Human Genome Project; and genomics and proteomics. Covering the philosophies of ancient civilizations to modern advances in genomics and molecular biology, the book is a unique and comprehensive resource.
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Method, Model and Matter

Author: M. Bunge

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401025193

Category: Science

Page: 204

View: 9698

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This collection of essays deals with three clusters of problems in the philo sophy of science: scientific method, conceptual models, and ontological underpinnings. The disjointedness of topics is more apparent than real, since the whole book is concerned with the scientific knowledge of fact. Now, the aim of factual knowledge is the conceptual grasping of being, and this understanding is provided by theories of whatever there may be. If the theories are testable and specific, such as a theory of a particular chemical reaction, then they are often called 'theoretical models' and clas sed as scientific. If the theories are extremely general, like a theory of syn thesis and dissociation without any reference to a particular kind of stuff, then they may be called 'metaphysical' - as well as 'scientific' if they are consonant with science. Between these two extremes there is a whole gamut of kinds of factual theories. Thus the entire spectrum should be dominated by the scientific method, quite irrespective of the subject matter. This is the leitmotiv of the present book. The introductory chapter, on method in the philosophy of science, tackles the question 'Why don't scientists listen to their philosophers?'.
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Biology

Author: Eldra Solomon,Linda Berg,Diana W. Martin

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1133170323

Category: Science

Page: 1408

View: 6051

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Solomon/Berg/Martin, BIOLOGY -- often described as the best majors text for LEARNING biology -- is also a complete teaching program. The superbly integrated, inquiry-based learning system guides students through every chapter. Key concepts appear clearly at the beginning of each chapter and learning objectives start each section. Students then review the key points at the end of each section before moving on to the next one. At the end of the chapter, a specially focused Summary provides further reinforcement of the learning objectives. The ninth edition offers expanded integration of the text's three guiding themes of biology (evolution, information transfer, and energy for life) and innovative online and multimedia resources for students and instructors Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
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Life Configurations

Author: Gert Melville,Carlos Ruta

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110338734

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 435

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Life Configurations focuses on the analysis and reflection on the various forms in which human beings imagine, design, conjecture, and plan their ‍“becoming”, that is to say their lives. Case studies written by an interdisciplinary circle of well-known academics explore how the capacity of designing life, the concept of free will, and the methods to calculate the future have been changed and adopted in different societies and in different ages.
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Introduction to Marine Biology

Author: George Karleskint,Richard Turner,James Small

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1111784515

Category: Science

Page: 592

View: 9615

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INTRODUCTION TO MARINE BIOLOGY third edition distinguishes itself at the introductory text level by offering comprehensive treatment and thorough integration of Ecology in the study of marine biology. Chapter two, Fundamentals of Ecology, presents human impact on the marine environment and this theme is integrated throughout the text allowing for dynamic class discussions of marine life and environmental change. Written expressly for non-science students, INTRODUCTION TO MARINE BIOLOGY third edition is crafted to spark curiosity about the marine world as well as provide an understanding of the process of science which is presented in Chapter one and revisited in unique boxed readings through out the text. Additionally, the pedagogy was developed expressly for these students to help draw them into and better understand the content. The new, open look and feel of INTRODUCTION TO MARINE BIOLOGY third edition and the enhanced art program convey the beauty and awe of life in the ocean. Twenty spectacular photos now open each chapter, piquing the motivation and attention of students and over 150 photos and pieces of art are new or redesigned. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
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The Diversity Machine

The Drive to Change the White Male Workplace

Author: Frederick R. Lynch

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 135148351X

Category: Social Science

Page: 416

View: 4256

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"Diversity" has become the turn-of-the-century buzzword. Republican and Democratic leaders ritually chant "diversity is our strength" and corporate CEOs talk about the need to create a "workforce that looks like America." Most corporate mission statements now contain a clause on "valuing differences" and millions of employees have completed-or soon will undergo-some sort of "diversity training." Where did all this come from -and why? Who created diversity programs? How do they differ? How effective are these policies? Can they do more harm than good in organizations and in the wider society?During the past decade, sociologist Frederick R. Lynch studied the rise of a social policy movement that has successfully moved multiculturalism from universities and foundations into the courts, mass media, and the American workplace. The new diversity policies are future-oriented and market-driven, eclipsing "old" affirmative action debates about overcoming past discrimination against blacks.Based on more than six years of field research and hundreds of interviews, Lynch tracks the development and impact of different forms of diversity policies at dozens of consultant gatherings, in the business and professional literature and through in-depth case studies such as the Los Angeles Sheriff's Department and the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. He profiles the major consultants who have powered the diversity machine, analyzes the benefits and drawbacks of various approaches to workplace diversity and provides numerous "you-are-there" samples of workshops, seminars, and conferences.The book is written for the general reader interested in public-policy issues, social scientists, and others interested in the origins and consequences of workplace diversity policies.
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Artificial Intelligence with Uncertainty

Author: Deyi Li,Yi Du

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781584889991

Category: Computers

Page: 376

View: 500

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The information deluge currently assaulting us in the 21st century is having a profound impact on our lifestyles and how we work. We must constantly separate trustworthy and required information from the massive amount of data we encounter each day. Through mathematical theories, models, and experimental computations, Artificial Intelligence with Uncertainty explores the uncertainties of knowledge and intelligence that occur during the cognitive processes of human beings. The authors focus on the importance of natural language-the carrier of knowledge and intelligence-for artificial intelligence (AI) study. This book develops a framework that shows how uncertainty in AI expands and generalizes traditional AI. It describes the cloud model, its uncertainties of randomness and fuzziness, and the correlation between them. The book also centers on other physical methods for data mining, such as the data field and knowledge discovery state space. In addition, it presents an inverted pendulum example to discuss reasoning and control with uncertain knowledge as well as provides a cognitive physics model to visualize human thinking with hierarchy. With in-depth discussions on the fundamentals, methodologies, and uncertainties in AI, this book explains and simulates human thinking, leading to a better understanding of cognitive processes.
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Descartes and the First Cartesians

Author: Roger Ariew

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199563519

Category: Philosophy

Page: 236

View: 7311

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Descartes and the First Cartesians adopts the perspective that we should not approach René Descartes as a solitary thinker, but as a philosopher who constructs a dialogue with his contemporaries, so as to engage them and elements of his society into his philosophical enterprise. Roger Ariew argues that an important aspect of this engagement concerns the endeavor to establish Cartesian philosophy in the Schools, that is, to replace Aristotle as theauthority there. Descartes wrote the Principles of Philosophy as something of a rival to Scholastic textbooks, initially conceiving the project as a comparison of his philosophy and that of the Scholastics. Still,what Descartes produced was inadequate for the task. The topics of Scholastic textbooks mirrored the structure of the collegiate curriculum, divided as they typically were into logic, ethics, physics, and metaphysics. But Descartes produced at best only what could be called a general metaphysics and a partial physics. Ariew's original account establishes the significance of his philosophical enterprise in relation to the textbooks of the first Cartesians and in contrast with late Scholastictextbooks.
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