The Directionality of Conversion in English

The Directionality of Conversion in English

Isabel Balteiro describes the three main problems that the word-formation process know as conversion presents, namely those related to its definition, its delimitation, and its directionality.

Author: Isabel Balteiro

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 3039112414

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 276

View: 116

Isabel Balteiro describes the three main problems that the word-formation process know as conversion presents, namely those related to its definition, its delimitation, and its directionality. The latter constitutes, however, the main focus of the study.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Directionality of Conversion in English

The Directionality of Conversion in English

Isabel Balteiro describes the three main problems that the word-formation process know as conversion presents, namely those related to its definition, its delimitation, and its directionality.

Author: Isabel Balteiro

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 3039112414

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 276

View: 584

Isabel Balteiro describes the three main problems that the word-formation process know as conversion presents, namely those related to its definition, its delimitation, and its directionality. The latter constitutes, however, the main focus of the study.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Word Formation in English

Word Formation in English

Conversion raises three major theoretical problems that we will discuss in the
following sections: the problem of directionality, the problem of zero-morphs, and
the problem of the morphology–syntax boundary. 5.1.1 The Directionality of ...

Author: Ingo Plag

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107172098

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 258

View: 365

The book enables students with little prior knowledge of linguistics to engage in their own analyses of complex words.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Conversion A directional process

Conversion  A directional process

Seminar paper from the year 2012 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 2,5, University of Rostock (Anglistik), course: The Grammar of English Words, language: English, abstract: In this work the author ...

Author: Katharina Pangritz

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 9783346096364

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 14

View: 517

Seminar paper from the year 2012 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 2,5, University of Rostock (Anglistik), course: The Grammar of English Words, language: English, abstract: In this work the author will give a short extract of important theories dedicated to the phenomenon of conversion. The author will present the theory of Marchand, who believes in conversion as a process of zero-derivation. In addition to that the theory of metonymical extension by Rene Dirven will be introduced. As a contrast the theories of linguists such as Hockett and Koziol will be analysed, which see conversion as a state and not as a process. They apply to conversion as multifunctionality. The author will emphasize conversion as a process and consequently will illustrate a directionality of conversion. On the basis of the words "mountain" and "saw" of the OED the source word and target word will be detected. In order to prove the directionality of conversion their individual semantics by the semantic criteria of Marchand will be analysed. At first sight conversion as a linguistic subject seems to be unproblematic and simple. On the surface it can be defined as a phenomenon of linguistics in which certain words are created by changing the lexical category of another word with no obvious change of its external form. In this way conversion creates verbs from nouns, nouns from verbs, and even verbs from adjectives. However, conversion is not as simple as it seems. It is a linguistic phenomenon, which occurs above all in the English Language. There is a high extent of words in English texts, which belong to several word classes. Even though the phenomenon of conversion has such a high presence within the English language, linguists worldwide have not yet found an agreement about its definition. Several different and contradictory definitions exist within the literature of linguistics. There are various opinions of linguists, in which field Conversion should be included.
Categories: Literary Collections

A Theory of Conversion in English

A Theory of Conversion in English

On directionality of conversions VN N - V 8 . 1 In his paper A Set of Criteria for the
establishing of derivational relationship between words unmarked by derivational
morphemes ( 1969 ) , Marchand proposes criteria for establishing derivational ...

Author: Pavol Štekauer

Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated

ISBN: STANFORD:36105020342544

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 155

View: 954

The book provides a comprehensive theory of conversion in English based on the onomasiological method of word-formation research, and on a theory of linguistic signs. The manuscript presents extensive arguments for rejecting the zero-morpheme theory. Its focus is on an original model of conversion that underlies the analysis of phonological aspects of conversion, a theory of the predictability of meanings of new coinages, the semiotic nature of conversion-related proper names, primary-secondary relations, and a number of other issues of conversion in the English language.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

A Contribution to the Study of Conversion in English

A Contribution to the Study of Conversion in English

In the case of multifunctionality, as the direction cannot be determined on the
base of morphological or semantic complexity, according to Voorhoeve,
multifunctional sets or rather, 'derivational strings' should be assumed. Thus,
each item in ...

Author: Isabel Balteiro

Publisher: Waxmann Verlag

ISBN: 9783830967187

Category:

Page:

View: 275

Categories:

Morphologie

Morphologie

conversion from the realm of morphopho- nology. Some typical examples of this
line of research are the following. Although Chomsky & Halle (1968) do not
explicitly discuss conversion or zero-derivation, their elaborate analysis of
English ...

Author: G. E. Booij

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110111284

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 972

View: 459

Morphology is the study of linguistic forms, more precisely, of the inflected forms and stems of words. Consequently it is that part of grammar whose rules refer to units of at most word level. At the same time, it is also a part of the lexicon to the extent that complex stems are not formed regularly. The handbook informs the reader equally on fundamental concepts and theoretical approaches of the discipline and on morphological structures of diverse languages. Presupposing the current state of the art in morphology its goal is to represent this in a comprehensive fashion at a general level and to illustrate it with a sufficient number of examples. Priority is given to thorough explanation of established concepts and insights, complemented, if necessary, by an unbiased report on alternate problem solutions. Demonstration of contemporary trends and innovative approaches is more back-grounded.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts

Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts

This paper will make an empirical inquiry into morphological conversion in
English , especially the V - forming type , and ... it will be shown that it can deal
with the directionality of conversion , its word - basedness , its various lexical
properties ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015079723287

Category: Language and languages

Page:

View: 667

Categories: Language and languages

Conversion in English

Conversion in English

In the book, previous interpretations treating conversion as zero-derivation derivation by a zero affix or as syntactically motivated recategorization, or as usage-based coinage (relisting) are questioned, for they apparently mistake the ...

Author: Sándor Martsa

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781443864183

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 314

View: 205

Drawing on the conceptual metaphor and metonymy theory outlined in works by George Lakoff, René Dirven, Günter Radden and Zoltán Kövecses, Conversion in English: A Cognitive Semantic Approach proposes that the process of conversion in contemporary English is basically a semantic process underlain by a series of conceptual metonymic and metaphoric mappings. In the book, previous interpretations treating conversion as zero-derivation derivation by a zero affix or as syntactically motivated recategorization, or as usage-based coinage (relisting) are questioned, for they apparently mistake the effect of conversion, the obligatory change of word class, for its cause, the conceptual reanalysis of extralinguistic reality. The book also demonstrates that viewing conversion as the result of conceptual mappings makes it possible to view this process as an instantiation of intercategorial polysemy. It also helps to settle the long-standing debate concerning the issues of directionality and productivity of conversion.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Approaches to Hungarian Papers from the D sseldorf conference

Approaches to Hungarian  Papers from the D  sseldorf conference

Conversion is more common in English than in Hungarian ( the major kinds of
conversion in English being N → V , V N , ADJ → N ... 3 The directionality of
conversion Conversion is normally seen as a directional process : one member
of the ...

Author: István Kenesei

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105122147882

Category: Hungarian language

Page:

View: 570

Categories: Hungarian language

Approaches to Conversion Zero Derivation

Approaches to Conversion   Zero Derivation

This thematic publication contains papers presented by invited speakers at a symposium of Conversion / Zero-Derivation held in conjunction with the 10th International Morphology Conference in Szentendre, Hungary, in May 2002, and papers ...

Author: Laurie Bauer

Publisher: Waxmann Verlag

ISBN: 9783830964568

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 176

View: 603

This thematic publication contains papers presented by invited speakers at a symposium of Conversion / Zero-Derivation held in conjunction with the 10th International Morphology Conference in Szentendre, Hungary, in May 2002, and papers from scholars who could not attend that symposium but indicated their interest in contributing to this volume. Conversion became an issue again in the nineties, probably as a result of the widespread renewed interest in morphology that is in full swing today. The papers contained in this book approach conversion from various perspectives and with different purposes in mind. They cover topics such as what it means to change category, how one can discover the directionality of conversion and the very vexed question of whether an analysis in terms of conversion is or is not to be preferred over one in terms of zero-derivation. All of these questions were canvassed at the symposium, but so were others: questions of typology, conversion in languages other than English, and the question of how far the meaning of conversion is predictable. The participants in the symposium were interested to find that with so many people discussing conversion there was remarkably little overlap in the areas addressed.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

2010

2010

Author: De Gruyter

Publisher: de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110230259

Category: Reference

Page: 2612

View: 886

The IBR, published again since 1971 as an interdisciplinary, international bibliography of reviews, offers book reviews of literature dealing primarily with the humanities and social sciences published in 6,000 mainly European scholarly journals. This unique bibliography contains over 1.3 millions book reviews. 60,000 entries are added every year with details on the work reviewed and the review.
Categories: Reference

Word and Words of English

Word and Words of English

We shall present a comprehensive classification of both major and minor
categories of conversion in English but before we do that a remark should be
made on directionality of conversion which has to do with assigning priority to
one word ...

Author: Jelisaveta Milojević

Publisher:

ISBN: PSU:000045269677

Category: English language

Page: 236

View: 875

Categories: English language

Morphological Conversion

Morphological Conversion

However , in discussing the generative proposals with respect to the analysis of
conversion , we also see that generally , contrary to the intention of the authors ,
only arguments which bear on the directionality of conversion are put forward ,
and only few authors have truly tried to show ... One of the conclusions of this
chapter will be that with respect to English there is currently no coherent theory
which ...

Author: Jan Don

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105114664654

Category: Dutch language

Page: 232

View: 158

Categories: Dutch language

The Oxford Handbook of the History of English

The Oxford Handbook of the History of English

Grammaticalization clines are usually understood to be directional, and
synchronic layering is a product of that ... we do not consider these examples to
be instances of degrammaticalization, but rather of conversion, a word-formation
process.

Author: Terttu Nevalainen

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199996384

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 984

View: 387

The availability of large electronic corpora has caused major shifts in linguistic research, including the ability to analyze much more data than ever before, and to perform micro-analyses of linguistic structures across languages. This has historical linguists to rethink many standard assumptions about language history, and methods and approaches that are relevant to the study of it. The field is now interested in, and attracts, specialists whose fields range from statistical modeling to acoustic phonetics. These changes have even transformed linguists' perceptions of the very processes of language change, particularly in English, the most studied language in historical linguistics due to the size of available data and its status as a global language. The Oxford Handbook of the History of English takes stock of recent advances in the study of the history of English, broadening and deepening the understanding of the field. It seeks to suggest ways to rethink the relationship of English's past with its present, and make transparent the variety of conditions and processes that have been instrumental in shaping that history. Setting a new standard of cross-theoretical collaboration, it covers the field in an innovative way, providing diachronic accounts of major influences such as language contact, and typological processes that have shaped English and its varieties, as well as highlighting recent and ongoing developments of Englishes--celebrating the vitality of language change over the centuries and the many contexts and processes through which language change occurs.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

A Parameter Setting Model of L2 Acquisition

A Parameter Setting Model of L2 Acquisition

Frequently, results of error analyses show that children convert backward
anaphora to forward anaphora StructureS. ... not simply a preference for forward
pronouns but rather a reflex of parametric properties--specifically the head-
direction——of the grammar being acquired (cf. ... significant differences have
been found between the acquisition of these two types of anaphora in English (
Tavakolian, 1977; ...

Author: S. Flynn

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400937475

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 260

View: 912

Recent developments in linguistic theory have led to an important reorientation of research in related fields of linguistic inquiry as well as in linguistics itself. The developments I have in mind, viewed from the point of view of government-binding theory, have to do with the character ization of Universal Grammar (UG) as a set of subtheories, each with its set of central principles (perhaps just one principle central to each subtheory) and parameters (perhaps just one for each principle) according to which a principle can vary between an unmarked ('-') and a marked ('+') para metric value (Chomsky, 1985; 1986). For example, let us assume that there is an X-bar theory in explanation of those features of phrase structure irreducible to other subtheo ries of UG. Within X-bar theory variation among languages is then allowed only with respect to the position the head of a phrase occupies in rela t ion to its complemen ts such that the phrases of a language will be either right- or left-headed. Thus languages will vary between being right-headed in this respect (as in Japanese phrase structure) and being left-headed (as in English phrase structure). Everything else about the phrase structure of particular languages will be fixed within X-bar theory itself or else it will fallout from other subtheories of UG: Case theory; 0-theory, etc. (Chomsky, 1985:161-62; Chomsky, 1986:2-4; and references cited there). Hatters are the same in other modules of grammar.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics

Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics

Author:

Publisher: Elsevier Science

ISBN: 0080442994

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 9000

View: 201

The first edition of ELL (1993, Ron Asher, Editor) was hailed as "the field's standard reference work for a generation". Now the all-new second edition matches ELL's comprehensiveness and high quality, expanded for a new generation, while being the first encyclopedia to really exploit the multimedia potential of linguistics. * The most authoritative, up-to-date, comprehensive, and international reference source in its field * An entirely new work, with new editors, new authors, new topics and newly commissioned articles with a handful of classic articles * The first Encyclopedia to exploit the multimedia potential of linguistics through the online edition * Ground-breaking and International in scope and approach * Alphabetically arranged with extensive cross-referencing * Available in print and online, priced separately. The online version will include updates as subjects develop ELL2 includes: * c. 7,500,000 words * c. 11,000 pages * c. 3,000 articles * c. 1,500 figures: 130 halftones and 150 colour * Supplementary audio, video and text files online * c. 3,500 glossary definitions * c. 39,000 references * Extensive list of commonly used abbreviations * List of languages of the world (including information on no. of speakers, language family, etc.) * Approximately 700 biographical entries (now includes contemporary linguists) * 200 language maps in print and online Also available online via ScienceDirect - featuring extensive browsing, searching, and internal cross-referencing between articles in the work, plus dynamic linking to journal articles and abstract databases, making navigation flexible and easy. For more information, pricing options and availability visit www.info.sciencedirect.com. The first Encyclopedia to exploit the multimedia potential of linguistics Ground-breaking in scope - wider than any predecessor An invaluable resource for researchers, academics, students and professionals in the fields of: linguistics, anthropology, education, psychology, language acquisition, language pathology, cognitive science, sociology, the law, the media, medicine & computer science. The most authoritative, up-to-date, comprehensive, and international reference source in its field
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Journal of Linguistics

Journal of Linguistics

conversion from loss of word - class - specific marks , whereas the same study
from a strictly synchronic perspective does not ( Marchand 1963 ) . ... marks (
ETYMOLOGICALLY EXCLUDED PAIRS , for example , love y - lovey as related
to Old English lufux - lufiany , 60 ) . ... of pairs are separated into different groups
on the grounds of the direction of conversion ; the pairs rendered formally
identical by ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:31951P00748609W

Category: Electronic journals

Page:

View: 276

Categories: Electronic journals

Linguistics

Linguistics

Jan ' s scheuren van het papier ' John ' s tearing of the paper ' As in English ,
prenominal possessors with agentive ... We will show in the next section that this
is not compatible with the arguments for directionality of conversion that can be ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSC:32106015842146

Category: Linguistics

Page:

View: 572

Categories: Linguistics