The Destruction of the European Jews

The Destruction of the European Jews

Examines the history of persecution against European Jews, discusses the definition of a Jew according to the German regime, and describes the processes through which Jews were eliminated during the Holocaust years."

Author: Raul Hilberg

Publisher: Google Print Common Library

ISBN: 0300095872

Category: Germany

Page: 1388

View: 890

Examines the history of persecution against European Jews, discusses the definition of a Jew according to the German regime, and describes the processes through which Jews were eliminated during the Holocaust years."
Categories: Germany

Judging Privileged Jews

Judging  Privileged  Jews

The following analysis of The Destruction of the European Jews was first
published in Adam Brown, “'Privileged' Jews, Holocaust Representation and the '
Limits' of Judgement: The Case of Raul Hilberg,” in Europe's Expansions and ...

Author: Adam Brown

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9780857459923

Category: History

Page: 234

View: 683

The Nazis’ persecution of the Jews during the Holocaust included the creation of prisoner hierarchies that forced victims to cooperate with their persecutors. Many in the camps and ghettos came to hold so-called “privileged” positions, and their behavior has often been judged as self-serving and harmful to fellow inmates. Such controversial figures constitute an intrinsically important, frequently misunderstood, and often taboo aspect of the Holocaust. Drawing on Primo Levi’s concept of the “grey zone,” this study analyzes the passing of moral judgment on “privileged” Jews as represented by writers, such as Raul Hilberg, and in films, including Claude Lanzmann’s Shoah and Steven Spielberg’s Schindler’s List. Negotiating the problems and potentialities of “representing the unrepresentable,” this book engages with issues that are fundamental to present-day attempts to understand the Holocaust and deeply relevant to reflections on human nature.
Categories: History

Jewish Emancipation

Jewish Emancipation

See Livia Rothkirchen, “Hungary: An Asylum for the Refugees of Europe,” Yad
Vashem Studies 7 (1968): 127–42. 81. Braham, The Politics of Genocide, 194–
95; Hilberg, The Destruction of the European Jews, 512–14. 82. Mendelsohn,
The ...

Author: David Sorkin

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691164946

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 311

Sorkin seeks to reorient Jewish history by offering the first comprehensive account in any language of the process by which Jews became citizens with civil and political rights in the modern world.
Categories: History

The Catholic Church and the Holocaust 1930 1965

The Catholic Church and the Holocaust  1930 1965

Morley, Vatican Diplomacy and the Jews during the Holocaust, 84; on the
Sicherheitsdienst, see Conway, “The Churches, the Slovak State and the Jews
1939– 1945,” 102. 24. Hilberg, The Destruction of the European Jews, 2, 725. 25.

Author: Michael Phayer

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253214713

Category: Religion

Page: 301

View: 140

Phayer explores the actions of the Catholic Church and the actions of individual Catholics during the crucial period from the emergence of Hitler until the Church's official rejection of antisemitism in 1965. 20 photos.
Categories: Religion

Nazi Germany And The Jews The Years Of Persecution

Nazi Germany And The Jews  The Years Of Persecution

Barkai, From Boycott to Annihilation, p. 114. 81. Walk, Das Sonderrecht, p. 223.
82. Ibid., p. 229. I am using the simplified translation of the law as presented in
Hilberg, The Destruction of the European Jews, p. 82. 83. Walk, Das Sonderrecht,

Author: Saul Friedlander

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 9781780227566

Category: History

Page: 448

View: 365

A magisterial history of the Jews in Nazi Germany and the regime's policies towards them in the years prior to World War II and the Holocaust. Written by arguably the world's leading scholar on the subject. Himself a survivor, Friedlander has been a leading figure in Holocaust studies for decades and this book represents a definitive summing up of his research and that of hundreds of other historians. NAZI GERMANY AND THE JEWS: THE YEARS OF PERSECUTION is perhaps the richest examination of the subject yet written, and, crucially, one that never loses sight of the experiences of individuals in its discussion of Nazi politics and the terrible statistics and technological and administrative sophistication of the Final Solution.
Categories: History

Escape Through the Balkans

Escape Through the Balkans

Hilberg , The Destruction of the European Jews , 2 : 742 . 18 . Hilberg , The
Destruction of the European Jews , 2 : 754 - 55 . 19 . Alexandar Matkovski , A
History of the Jews in Macedonia ( Skopje : Macedonian Review Editions , 1982 )
, 129 .

Author: Irene Grunbaum

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 0803270828

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 191

View: 862

Describes the author's flight from Belgrade to Brazil
Categories: Biography & Autobiography



25 Charisma, Bureaucracy, and the “Final Solution” Raul Hilberg's The
Destruction of the European Jews Hilberg began the research for this classic
study soon after World War II and the perpetration of the mass murder of Europe's

Author: Irving M. Zeitlin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780745661483

Category: Religion

Page: 286

View: 685

This book is a comprehensive account of how the Jews became a diaspora people. The term 'diaspora' was first applied exclusively to the early history of the Jews as they began settling in scattered colonies outside of Israel-Judea during the time of the Babylonian exile; it has come to express the characteristic uniqueness of the Jewish historical experience. Zeitlin retraces the history of the Jewish diaspora from the ancient world to the present, beginning with expulsion from their ancestral homeland and concluding with the Holocaust and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. In mapping this process, Zeitlin argues that the Jews' religious self-understanding was crucial in enabling them to cope with the serious and recurring challenges they have had to face throughout their history. He analyses the varied reactions the Jews encountered from their so-called 'host peoples', paying special attention to the attitudes of famous thinkers such as Luther, Hegel, Nietzsche, Wagner, Montesquieu, Voltaire, Rousseau, the Left Hegelians, Marx and others, who didn't shy away from making explicit their opinions of the Jews. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of Jewish studies, diaspora studies, history and religion, as well as to general readers keen to learn more about the history of the Jewish experience.
Categories: Religion

The Nazi Holocaust Part 5 Public Opinion and Relations to the Jews in Nazi Europe

The Nazi Holocaust  Part 5  Public Opinion and Relations to the Jews in Nazi Europe

The German People and the Destruction of the European Jews LAWRENCE D .
STOKES IN CE 1945 and the worldwide revelation of the horrible brutalities
culminating in mass murder perpetrated against Europe's Jews and other groups
in ...

Author: Michael Robert Marrus

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110970449

Category: History

Page: 448

View: 290

Diese Reihe bietet erstmals eine Basissammlung von Faksimiles englischsprachiger historischer Artikel zu allen Aspekten der Vernichtung der europäischen Juden. Die große Anzahl von annähernd 300 Aufsätzen aus 84 Zeitschriften und Sammlungen ermöglicht den Lesern, sich einen Überblick über diesen Themenkomplex zu verschaffen. Die Reihe beginnt mit einem Rückblick auf die Wurzeln des Antisemitismus und einer Darstellung der verschiedenen wissenschaftlichen Methoden zur Erforschung des Holocaust. Die Reihe endet mit der Dokumentation der Befreiung der Konzentrationslager und mit Aufsätzen zu den Kriegsverbrecherprozessen. Der Erscheinungszeitraum umfasst die Jahre 1950 bis 1987, zu den Verfassern gehören beispielsweise Jakob Katz, Saul Friedländer, Eberhard Jäckel, Bruno Bettelheim und Herbert A. Strauss.
Categories: History

The Path to Genocide

The Path to Genocide

6 Bureaucracy and Mass Murder: The German Administrator's Comprehension of
the Final Solution1 In his incomparable work, The Destruction of the European
Jews, Raul Hilberg argues that the Final Solution was an administrative process

Author: Christopher R. Browning

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521558786

Category: History

Page: 191

View: 895

An authoritative and compelling account of the evolution of Nazi Jewish policy between 1939 and 1942.
Categories: History

Soldiers of Destruction

Soldiers of Destruction

... years have transpired between the publication of the original and the second
editions of Soldiers of Destruction. ... and who became conspicuous activists in
the destruction of the European Jews, played an even greater role in the SS ...

Author: Charles Sydnor

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691008531

Category: History

Page: 375

View: 379

Surveys the emergence of the Nazi SS and its Death's Head Division, noting the impact of this elite and powerful army upon military history
Categories: History

Gray Zones

Gray Zones

Chapter 2 – 55 “ALLEVIATION” AND “COMPLIANCE The Survival Strategies of
the Jewish Leadership in the ... That book was Raul Hilberg's The Destruction of
the European Jews, in this case the 1967 Quadrangle paperback printing of the ...

Author: Jonathan Petropoulos

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1845453026

Category: History

Page: 417

View: 471

Accomplished Holocaust scholars--among them Raul Hilberg, Gerhard L. Weinberg, Christopher Browning, Peter Hayes, and Lynn Rapaport--bring a necessary interdisciplinary focus to bear on timely and often controversial topics in cutting-edge Holocaust studies that range from historical analysis to popular culture.
Categories: History



Those who watched Claude Lanzmann's film Shoah ( 1985 ) will recall the
imposing figure of Raul Hilberg , the only scholar who features in this
reconstruction of ...

Author: Omer Bartov

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415150353

Category: History

Page: 300

View: 613

Presenting a critical study of the Holocaust with a summary of the state of the field, this book contains major reinterpretations by Holocaust authors along with key texts on testimony, memory and justice after the catastrophe.
Categories: History

The Crime of Destruction and the Law of Genocide

The Crime of Destruction and the Law of Genocide

The choice of these two states is far from random as both states indeed
experienced highly media-covered trials with respect to the destruction of the
European Jews. In spite of the widely recognized qualification of this destruction
as genocide ...

Author: Ms Caroline Fournet

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9781409493358

Category: Law

Page: 218

View: 509

This highly original work provides a thought-provoking and valuable resource for researchers and academics with an interest in genocide, criminology, international organizations, and law and society. In her book, Caroline Fournet examines the law relating to genocide and explores the apparent failure of society to provide an adequate response to incidences of mass atrocity. The work casts a legal perspective on this social phenomenon to show that genocide fails to be appropriately remembered due to inherent defects in the law of genocide itself. The book thus connects the social response to the legal theory and practice, and trials in particular. Fournet's study illustrates the shortcomings of the Genocide Convention as a means of preventing and punishing genocide as well as its consequent failure to ensure the memory of this heinous crime.
Categories: Law

How Was It Possible

How Was It Possible

Raul Hilberg From The Destruction of the European Jews Origins of the Killing
Centers The most secret operations of the destruction process were carried out in
six camps located in Poland in an area stretching from the incorporated areas to

Author: Peter Hayes

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 9780803274891

Category: History

Page: 904

View: 482

As the Holocaust passes out of living memory, future generations will no longer come face-to-face with Holocaust survivors. But the lessons of that terrible period in history are too important to let slip past. How Was It Possible?, edited and introduced by Peter Hayes, provides teachers and students with a comprehensive resource about the Nazi persecution of Jews. Deliberately resisting the reflexive urge to dismiss the topic as too horrible to be understood intellectually or emotionally, the anthology sets out to provide answers to questions that may otherwise defy comprehension. This anthology is organized around key issues of the Holocaust, from the historical context for antisemitism to the impediments to escaping Nazi Germany, and from the logistics of the death camps and the carrying out of genocide to the subsequent struggles of the displaced survivors in the aftermath. Prepared in cooperation with the Jewish Foundation for the Righteous, this anthology includes contributions from such luminaries as Jean Ancel, Saul Friedlander, Tony Judt, Alan Kraut, Primo Levi, Robert Proctor, Richard Rhodes, Timothy Snyder, and Susan Zuccotti. Taken together, the selections make the ineffable fathomable and demystify the barbarism underlying the tragedy, inviting readers to learn precisely how the Holocaust was, in fact, possible.
Categories: History

History of the Jewish Nation After the Destruction of Jerusalem Under Titus

History of the Jewish Nation After the Destruction of Jerusalem Under Titus

the dispersion , and the peculiar circumstances of their Jewish inhabitants , go far
to account for their inactivity . A rapid survey , not ... For convenience ' sake , we
may classify them as Asiatic , African , and European Jews . Of these the most ...

Author: Alfred Edersheim



Category: Jews

Page: 553

View: 803

Categories: Jews

Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity

Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity

While I was totally ignorant of the law, one element did strike me: as I was
studying the destruction of the European Jews, I rapidly became puzzled by the
fact that, although there was of course no question that this event constituted
genocide, ...

Author: Caroline Fournet

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781782250692

Category: Law

Page: 168

View: 198

This book explores the ambiguities of the French law of genocide by exposing the inexplicable dichotomy between a progressive theory and an overly conservative practice. Based on the observation that the crime of genocide has remained absent from French courtrooms to the benefit of crimes against humanity, this research dissects the reasons for this absence, reviewing and analysing the potential legal obstacles to the judicial use of the law of genocide before contemplating the definitional impact of this judicial reluctance and the consequent confusion between the two crimes. Whilst it uses the French law of genocide and related case law on crimes against humanity as its focal points, the book further adopts a more general standpoint, suggesting that the French misunderstandings of the crime of genocide might ultimately be symptomatic of a more widespread misconception of the crime of genocide as a crime perpetrated against 'a group'.
Categories: Law

European Pack for Visiting Auschwitz Birkenau Memorial and Museum

European Pack for Visiting Auschwitz Birkenau Memorial and Museum

Roma exhibition entitled “ The Destruction of the European Roma ” , opened in
2001 and presented in block 13 ; • European Jews exhibition entitled “ The
Martyrdom and Struggle of the Jews in Europe from 1933 to 1945 ” , opened in
1978 ...

Author: Alicja Białecka

Publisher: Council of Europe

ISBN: 928716794X

Category: Social Science

Page: 281

View: 896

Taking groups of students To The Auschwitz-Birkenau Memorial and Museum is a heavy responsibility, but it is a major contribution to citizenship if it fosters understanding of what Auschwitz stands for, particularly when the last survivors are at the end of their lives. it comes with certain risks, however. This pack is designed for teachers wishing to organise student visits to authentic places of remembrance, and For The guides, academics and others who work every day with young people at Auschwitz. There is nothing magical about visiting an authentic place of remembrance, and it calls for a carefully thought-out approach. To avoid the risk of inappropriate reactions or the failure to benefit from a large investment in travel and accommodation, considerable preparation and discussion is necessary before the visit and serious reflection afterwards. Teachers must prepare students for a form of learning they may never have met before. This pack offers insights into the complexities of human behaviour so that students can have a better understanding of what it means to be a citizen. How are they concerned by what happened at Auschwitz? is the unprecedented process of exclusion that was practised in the Holocaust still going on in Europe today? in what sense is it different from present-day racism and anti-Semitism? the young people who visit Auschwitz in the next few years will be witnesses of the last witnesses, links in the chain of memory. Their generation will be the last to hear the survivors speaking on the spot. The Council of Europe, The Polish Ministry of Education And The Auschwitz-Birkenau Memorial and Museum are jointly sponsoring this project aimed at preventing crimes against humanity through Holocaust remembrance teaching.
Categories: Social Science

Nazi Europe and the Final Solution

Nazi Europe and the Final Solution

... lose sight of the constant ongoing antisemitic violence to which the Jewish
population in Germany was exposed from the beginning of National Socialist rule
. ' 1 2 Raul Hilberg , The Destruction of the European Jews , New York , 1985 , pp

Author: David Bankier

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1845454103

Category: History

Page: 572

View: 703

In recent years scholars and researchers have turned their attention to the attitudes of ordinary men [and women] during the period of the persecution of the Jews in occupied Europe. This comprehensive work addresses the disturbing question of how people reacted when their neighbours were ostracized, humiliated, deported and later murdered. On the basis of new archival material the authors also discuss the attitudes and actions--or lack of actions--of those who had an official status, or were active in the underground. The studies present the varying and complex situations that pertained in Europe reaching from states allied to Nazi Germany, such as Slovakia and Romania, to countries like France with a relatively autonomous population; also included are countries like Ukraine and Lithuania, whose nationalist movements viewed the Third Reich as the major factor that would aid them in achieving independence.
Categories: History

Hitler s Empire

Hitler s Empire

Nazi Rule in Occupied Europe Mark Mazower. 55. ... N. Masur, En jude talarmed
Himmler (Stockholm, 1945); the text of Masur's report to the World Jewish
Congress is available online at ... Hilberg, The Destruction of the European Jews,

Author: Mark Mazower

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 9780141917504

Category: Political Science

Page: 768

View: 106

The powerful, disturbing history of Nazi Europe by Mark Mazower, one of Britain's leading historians and bestselling author of Dark Continent and Governing the World Hitler's Empire charts the landscape of the Nazi imperial imagination - from those economists who dreamed of turning Europe into a huge market for German business, to Hitler's own plans for new transcontinental motorways passing over the ethnically cleansed Russian steppe, and earnest internal SS discussions of political theory, dictatorship and the rule of law. Above all, this chilling account shows what happened as these ideas met reality. After their early battlefield triumphs, the bankruptcy of the Nazis' political vision for Europe became all too clear: their allies bailed out, their New Order collapsed in military failure, and they left behind a continent corrupted by collaboration, impoverished by looting and exploitation, and grieving the victims of war and genocide. About the author: Mark Mazower is Ira D.Wallach Professor of World Order Studies and Professor of History Professor of History at Columbia University. He is the author of Hitler's Greece: The Experience of Occupation, 1941-44, Dark Continent: Europe's Twentieth Century, The Balkans: A Short History (which won the Wolfson Prize for History), Salonica: City of Ghosts (which won both the Duff Cooper Prize and the Runciman Award) and Governing the World: The History of an Idea. He has also taught at Birkbeck College, University of London, Sussex University and Princeton. He lives in New York.
Categories: Political Science

Studies in Contemporary Jewry

Studies in Contemporary Jewry

In the aftermath of the Holocaust, it seemed only natural to ask why European
Jews allowed themselves to be led to death despite their innocence of
wrongdoing. As Hannah Arendt put it, never were there more innocent victims
than these, yet ...

Author: Peter Y. Medding

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195347781

Category: History

Page: 344

View: 151

This is the newest volume of the annual Studies In Contemporary Jewry series. It contains original essays on Jews and crime in fact, fantasy, and fiction; verbal and physical violence in Israeli politics; Jews as revolutionaires; armed resistance by Jews in Nazi Germany; ethical dilemmas within the Israeli Defense Forces; violence in Israeli society and social stress; and other topics. As with other volumes, it also contains review essays and book reviews.
Categories: History