The Decline and Renaissance of Universities

The Decline and Renaissance of Universities

Moving from the Big Brother University to the Slow University Renzo Rosso. Renzo Rosso The and Decline Renaissance of Universities Moving from the Big Brother University to the Slow University The Decline and Renaissance of Universities ...

Author: Renzo Rosso

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783030203856

Category: Science

Page: 115

View: 890

Instead of following the Magna Charta Universitatum, the declaration of the principles of knowledge signed in 1988 in Bologna, the academic approach pursued in Europe and the other continents over the past 30 years has strictly employed a utilitarian model of higher education. This jeopardizes academic freedom, shared governance and tenure, the three pillars of the long-established model of universities. Scientific conformism and fragmentation, educational bias and authoritarianism are the major drawbacks, together with a poor readiness to meet the emerging challenges in the labor market and technology. In this book, Renzo Rosso presents a new model for countering these developments, e.g. by establishing novel democratic rules for university governance. The Slow University paradigm positions culture and education as essential tools for the long-term survival of humankind.
Categories: Science

The Universities of the Italian Renaissance

The Universities of the Italian Renaissance

This is the first book in any language to offer a comprehensive study of this most influential institution.

Author: Paul F. Grendler

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 0801880556

Category: Education

Page: 592

View: 992

Winner of the Howard R. Marraro Prize for Italian History from the American Historical AssociationSelected by Choice Magazine as an Outstanding Academic Title for 2003 Italian Renaissance universities were Europe's intellectual leaders in humanistic studies, law, medicine, philosophy, and science. Employing some of the foremost scholars of the time—including Pietro Pomponazzi, Andreas Vesalius, and Galileo Galilei—the Italian Renaissance university was the prototype of today's research university. This is the first book in any language to offer a comprehensive study of this most influential institution. In this magisterial study, noted scholar Paul F. Grendler offers a detailed and authoritative account of the universities of Renaissance Italy. Beginning with brief narratives of the origins and development of each university, Grendler explores such topics as the number of professors and their distribution by discipline, student enrollment (some estimates are the first attempted), famous faculty members, budget and salaries, and relations with civil authority. He discusses the timetable of lectures, student living, foreign students, the road to the doctorate, and the impact of the Counter Reformation. He shows in detail how humanism changed research and teaching, producing the medical Renaissance of anatomy and medical botany, new approaches to Aristotle, and mathematical innovation. Universities responded by creating new professorships and suppressing older ones. The book concludes with the decline of Italian universities, as internal abuses and external threats—including increased student violence and competition from religious schools—ended Italy's educational leadership in the seventeenth century.
Categories: Education

Renaissance Education Between Religion and Politics

Renaissance Education Between Religion and Politics

THE DECLINE OF UNIVERSITIES European universities enjoyed one of the greatest and most productive periods in their history during the Renaissance and Reformation . They produced an enormous amount of innovative research .

Author: Paul F. Grendler

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 0860789896

Category: History

Page: 328

View: 517

This third volume of articles by Paul F. Grendler explores the connections between education, religion, and politics. It combines detailed research, such as on Erasmus's doctorate and the new schools of the Jesuits and Piarists, with broad overviews of European and especially Italian education. Two of the studies appear here for the first time in English.
Categories: History

The Universities of the Italian Renaissance

The Universities of the Italian Renaissance

As I finished a book on preuniversity education in Renaissance Italy, the idea attracted me more and more, because of the intrinsic ... Part III offers reasons for the decline of Italian universities in the seventeenth century.

Author: Paul F. Grendler

Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press+ORM

ISBN: 9781421404233

Category: Education

Page: 618

View: 160

A “magisterial [and] elegantly written” study of Renaissance Italy’s remarkable accomplishments in higher education and academic research (Choice). Winner of the Howard R. Marraro Prize for Italian History from the American Historical Association Selected by Choice Magazine as an Outstanding Academic Title of the Year Italian Renaissance universities were Europe's intellectual leaders in humanistic studies, law, medicine, philosophy, and science. Employing some of the foremost scholars of the time—including Pietro Pomponazzi, Andreas Vesalius, and Galileo Galilei—the Italian Renaissance university was the prototype of today's research university. This is the first book in any language to offer a comprehensive study of this most influential institution. Noted scholar Paul F. Grendler offers a detailed and authoritative account of the universities of Renaissance Italy. Beginning with brief narratives of the origins and development of each university, Grendler explores such topics as the number of professors and their distribution by discipline; student enrollment (some estimates are the first attempted); famous faculty members; budgets and salaries; and relations with civil authority. He discusses the timetable of lectures, student living, foreign students, the road to the doctorate, and the impact of the Counter Reformation. He shows in detail how humanism changed research and teaching, producing the medical Renaissance of anatomy and medical botany, new approaches to Aristotle, and mathematical innovation. Universities responded by creating new professorships and suppressing older ones. The book concludes with the decline of Italian universities, as internal abuses and external threats—including increased student violence and competition from religious schools—ended Italy’s educational leadership in the seventeenth century.
Categories: Education

Humanism in Crisis

Humanism in Crisis

This doctoral dissertation reviews the development of methods for deriving human insulin, largely from porcine insulin.

Author: Philippe Desan

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015021844603

Category: Reference

Page: 323

View: 199

This doctoral dissertation reviews the development of methods for deriving human insulin, largely from porcine insulin. Discussed are methods such as enzymatic peptide synthesis; transpeptidation using trypsin with both porcine insulin and synthetic precursors; and the combined use of enzymatic semisynthesis with recombinant DNA techniques. Major sections include the following: materials and methods, transpeptidation, conversion of single-chain precursors, and kinetic studies. No index. No one is exactly sure what happened in France between Montaigne and Descartes (1580-1630) that made humanism vanish from the scene, but 14 scholars offer various interpretations in essays first presented at a conference in Loches, France, September 1988. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
Categories: Reference

Reformations

Reformations

Princeton University Press, 1984. ... James M. Weiss, Humanist Biography in Renaissance Italy and Reformation Germany: Friendship and Rhetoric. ... Philippe Desan, ed., Humanism in Crisis: The Decline ofthe French Renaissance.

Author: Carlos M. N. Eire

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300111927

Category: Civilization, Western

Page: 893

View: 101

TWENTY-THREE. The Age of Devils -- TWENTY-FOUR. The Age of Reasonable Doubt -- TWENTY-FIVE. The Age of Outcomes -- TWENTY-SIX. The Spirit of the Age -- EPILOGUE. Assessing the Reformations -- Notes -- Bibliography -- Illustration Credits -- Index -- A -- B -- C -- D -- E -- F -- G -- H -- I -- J -- K -- L -- M -- N -- O -- P -- Q -- R -- S -- T -- U -- V -- W -- X -- Z
Categories: Civilization, Western

A Companion to the Spanish Renaissance

A Companion to the Spanish Renaissance

Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990. Kagan, Richard L. “Prescott's Paradigm: American Historical Scholarship and the Decline of Spain.”AmericanHistoricalReview 101.2 (1996): 423–446. Kagan,RichardL.

Author:

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004360372

Category: Art

Page: 700

View: 909

A renewed case for the inclusion of Spain within broader European Renaissance movements. This interdisciplinary volume offers a snapshot of the best new work being done in this area.
Categories: Art

Montaigne and the Ethics of Skepticism

Montaigne and the Ethics of Skepticism

La civilization de la Renaissance. Paris: Arthaud, 1984. Desan, Philippe. L'Imaginaire économique de la Renaissance. Fasano: Schena, 2002. ———, ed. Humanism in Crisis: the Decline of the French Renaissance. Ann Arbor: University of ...

Author: Zahi Anbra Zalloua

Publisher: Rookwood Press

ISBN: 9781886365568

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 191

View: 531

As one of the 16th century's most brilliant writers, Montaigne formed his ethical self and his eventual theories of physical and spiritual skepticism. Zalloua explores this enlightened thinker's mind. (Literary Criticism)
Categories: Literary Collections

The Italian Renaissance

The Italian Renaissance

Davis, J. C., The Decline of the Venetian Nobility as a Ruling Class. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1962. Davis, N. Z., Trickster Travels: A Sixteenth-Century Muslim between Worlds. London: Faber, 2006.

Author: Peter Burke

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691162409

Category: Art

Page: 326

View: 445

In this brilliant and widely acclaimed work, Peter Burke presents a social and cultural history of the Italian Renaissance. He discusses the social and political institutions that existed in Italy during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, and he analyses the ways of thinking and seeing that characterized this period of extraordinary artistic creativity. Developing a distinctive sociological approach, Peter Burke is concerned not only with the finished works of Michelangelo, Raphael, Leonardo da Vinci, and others, but also with the social background, patterns of recruitment, and means of subsistence of this 'cultural elite.' He thus makes a major contribution to our understanding of the Italian Renaissance, and to our comprehension of the complex relations between culture and society. Burke has thoroughly revised and updated the text for this new edition, including a new introduction, and the book is richly illustrated throughout. It will have a wide appeal among historians, sociologists, and anyone interested in one of the most creative periods of European history.
Categories: Art

Contesting the Renaissance

Contesting the Renaissance

In this book, William Caferro asks if the Renaissance was really a period of progress, reason, the emergence of the individual, and the beginning of modernity.

Author: William Caferro

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444391321

Category: History

Page: 264

View: 810

In this book, William Caferro asks if the Renaissance was really a period of progress, reason, the emergence of the individual, and the beginning of modernity. An influential investigation into the nature of the European Renaissance Summarizes scholarly debates about the nature of the Renaissance Engages with specific controversies concerning gender identity, economics, the emergence of the modern state, and reason and faith Takes a balanced approach to the many different problems and perspectives that characterize Renaissance studies
Categories: History

The Oxford Handbook of the History of Medicine

The Oxford Handbook of the History of Medicine

Karl Sudhoff, Paracelsus: Ein deutsches Lebensbild aus den Tagen der Renaissance (Leipzig: Bibliographisches Institut, 1936); Charles D. O'Malley, Andreas Vesalius of Brussels: 1514– 1564 (Berkeley: University of California Press, ...

Author: Mark Jackson

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199546497

Category: History

Page: 672

View: 364

In three sections, the Oxford Handbook of the History of Medicine celebrates the richness and variety of medical history around the world. It explore medical developments and trends in writing history according to period, place, and theme.
Categories: History

Religion and the Decline of Magic

Religion and the Decline of Magic

5 Frank Klaassen, The Transformations of Magic: Illicit Learned Magic in the Later Middle Ages and Renaissance (University Park, Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2012). 6 James L. Halverson, ed., ...

Author: Simon Young

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351352802

Category: History

Page: 100

View: 817

Keith Thomas's classic study of all forms of popular belief has been influential for so long now that it is difficult to remember how revolutionary it seemed when it first appeared. By publishing Religion and the Decline of Magic, Thomas became the first serious scholar to attempt to synthesize the full range of popular thought about the occult and the supernatural, studying its influence across Europe over several centuries. At root, his book can be seen as a superb exercise in problem-solving: one that actually established "magic" as a historical problem worthy of investigation. Thomas asked productive questions, not least challenging the prevailing assumption that folk belief was unworthy of serious scholarly attention, and his work usefully reframed the existing debate in much broader terms, allowing for more extensive exploration of correlations, not only between different sorts of popular belief, but also between popular belief and state religion. It was this that allowed Thomas to reach his famous conclusion that the advent of Protestantism – which drove out much of the "superstition" that characterised the Catholicism of the period – created a vacuum filled by other forms of belief; for example, Catholic priests had once blessed their crops, but Protestants refused to do so. That left farmers looking for other ways of ensuring a good harvest. It was this, Thomas argues, that explains the survival of what we now think of as "magic" at a time such beliefs might have been expected to decline – at least until science arose to offer alternative paradigms.
Categories: History

The Decline of Liberalism as an Ideology

The Decline of Liberalism as an Ideology

This is a fascinating work and thoroughly recommended for anyone interested in political history. Many of the earliest books, particularly those dating back to the 1900s and before, are now extremely scarce.

Author: John Hallowell

Publisher: Read Books Ltd

ISBN: 9781447485940

Category: Philosophy

Page: 172

View: 586

This early work on liberalism is both expensive and hard to find in its first edition. It contains a commentary and analysis of the politics and history of ideological liberalism. This is a fascinating work and thoroughly recommended for anyone interested in political history. Many of the earliest books, particularly those dating back to the 1900s and before, are now extremely scarce. We are republishing these classic works in affordable, high quality, modern editions, using the original text and artwork.
Categories: Philosophy

Shakespeare Reproduced

Shakespeare Reproduced

Jones, Eldred (1965) Othello 's Countrymen: The African in English Renaissance Drama, Oxford, Oxford University Press. Jordan, Winthrop (1968) White Over Black, Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina Press.

Author: Jean E Howard

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136566646

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 304

View: 251

First published in 1987. The essays in Shakespeare Reproduced offer a political critique of Shakespeare's writings and the uses to which those writings are put Some of the essays focus on Shakespeare in his own time and consider how his plays can be seen to reproduce or subvert the cultural orthodoxies and the power relations of the late Renaissance. Others examine the forces which have produced an overtly political criticism of Shakespeare and of his use in culture. Contributors include: Jean E Howard and Marion O'Connor, Walter Cohen, Don E Wayne, Thomas Cartelli, Peter Erickson, Karen Newman, Thomas Moisan, Michael D Bristol, Thomas Sorge, Jonathan Goldberg, Robert Weimann, Margaret Ferguson.
Categories: Literary Criticism

The Trials of Orpheus

The Trials of Orpheus

Guy- Bray, Stephen. Against Reproduction: Where Renaissance Texts Come From. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2009. — — —. Homoerotic Space: The Poetics of Loss in Renaissance Literature. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2002.

Author: Jenny C. Mann

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691219233

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 296

View: 969

A revealing look at how the Orpheus myth helped Renaissance writers and thinkers understand the force of eloquence In ancient Greek mythology, the lyrical songs of Orpheus charmed the gods, and compelled animals, rocks, and trees to obey his commands. This mythic power inspired Renaissance philosophers and poets as they attempted to discover the hidden powers of verbal eloquence. They wanted to know: How do words produce action? In The Trials of Orpheus, Jenny Mann examines the key role the Orpheus story played in helping early modern writers and thinkers understand the mechanisms of rhetorical force. Mann demonstrates that the forms and figures of ancient poetry indelibly shaped the principles of sixteenth- and seventeenth-century scientific knowledge. Mann explores how Ovid’s version of the Orpheus myth gave English poets and natural philosophers the lexicon with which to explain language’s ability to move individuals without physical contact. These writers and thinkers came to see eloquence as an aesthetic force capable of binding, drawing, softening, and scattering audiences. Bringing together a range of examples from drama, poetry, and philosophy by Bacon, Lodge, Marlowe, Montaigne, Shakespeare, and others, Mann demonstrates that the fascination with Orpheus produced some of the most canonical literature of the age. Delving into the impact of ancient Greek thought and poetry in the early modern era, The Trials of Orpheus sheds light on how the powers of rhetoric became a focus of English thought and literature.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Whole Person Education in East Asian Universities

Whole Person Education in East Asian Universities

Since early 1990s, young researchers began to study the cultural Renaissance movement employing perspectives from different disciplines such as history, sociology, and anthropology. Their studies accounted for a new phase in the ...

Author: Benedict S. B. Chan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000435900

Category: Social Science

Page: 306

View: 459

This book provides much new thinking on the phenomenon of whole-person education, a phenomenon which features strongly in East Asian universities, and which aims to develop students intellectually, spiritually, and ethically, to master critical thinking skills, to explore ethical challenges in the surrounding community, and to acquire a broad based foundation of knowledge in humanities, society, and nature. The book considers different approaches to whole person education, including Confucian, Buddhist, and Chinese perspectives, Western philosophy, and religion and interdisciplinary approaches. Overall, the book provides a comprehensive overview of whole person education, why it matters and how to implement it. Moreover, although the examples in the book are from East Asia, the discussion and the values involved are universal, important for the whole world.
Categories: Social Science

Medical Ethics in the Renaissance

Medical Ethics in the Renaissance

On the undermining of Galenic physiology , see Owsei Temkin , Galenism : Rise and Decline of a Medical Philosophy ( Ithaca , N.Y .: Cornell University Press , 1973 ) , p . 161. Charles B. Schmitt has demonstrated how important Aristotle ...

Author: Winfried Schleiner

Publisher: Georgetown University Press

ISBN: 0878406018

Category: Medical

Page: 230

View: 419

Annotation. "An excellent book, which has opened up a neglected area of Renaissance thought in a very stimulating way."--Isis.
Categories: Medical

The Legacies of Literacy

The Legacies of Literacy

56-58 ; on the economics of the decline , see Harry A. Miskimin , The Economy of Later Renaissance Europe ( Cambridge : Cambridge University Press , 1977 ) , chaps . 3 , 4. Grendler's work will make an important contribution here . 13.

Author: Harvey J. Graff

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253205980

Category: Education

Page: 493

View: 106

" --History of Education Quarterly"A stimulating challenge to traditional assumptions and scholarly commonplaces." --Journal of Communication
Categories: Education