The Cultural Defense of Nations

A Liberal Theory of Majority Rights

Author: Liav Orgad

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019966868X

Category: Law

Page: 280

View: 3369

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Cultural Defense of Nations addresses one of the greatest challenges facing liberalism today: Is it legally and morally defensible for a liberal state to restrict immigration in order to preserve the cultural rights of majority groups? Political liberalism and international human rights law have largely been silent on this issue. Yet, changing patterns of contemporary immigration have given rise to a new set of divisive questions. In this book, Liav Orgad proposesa liberal approach to cultural defense of nations and discusses its justifications, limitations, and dimensions. The findings reveal a troubling trend in liberal states, which, ironically, in order toprotect liberalism, violate the very same values. Orgad criticizes this state of affairs and formulates liberal standards for protecting essential elements of majority groups' culture. The book offers the most comprehensive analysis to date of one of the most pressing issues of our time-immigrants, majority groups, and national identity.
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Carl Schmitt's State and Constitutional Theory

A Critical Analysis

Author: Benjamin Schupmann

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192509314

Category: Law

Page: 232

View: 8727

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Can a constitutional democracy commit suicide? Can an illiberal antidemocratic party legitimately obtain power through democratic elections and amend liberalism and democracy out of the constitution entirely? In Weimar Germany, these theoretical questions were both practically and existentially relevant. By 1932, the Nazi and Communist parties combined held a majority of seats in parliament. Neither accepted the legitimacy of liberal democracy. Their only reason for participating democratically was to amend the constitution out of existence. This book analyses Carl Schmitt's state and constitutional theory and shows how it was conceived in response to the Weimar crisis. Right-wing and left-wing political extremists recognized that a path to legal revolution lay in the Weimar constitution's combination of democratic procedures, total neutrality toward political goals, and positive law. Schmitt's writings sought to address the unique problems posed by mass democracy. Schmitt's thought anticipated 'constrained' or 'militant' democracy, a type of constitution that guards against subversive expressions of popular sovereignty and whose mechanisms include the entrenchment of basic constitutional commitments and party bans. Schmitt's state and constitutional theory remains important: the problems he identified continue to exist within liberal democratic states. Schmitt offers democrats today a novel way to understand the legitimacy of liberal democracy and the limits of constitutional change.
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The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World

Author: John L. Esposito

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Religion

Page: 1924

View: 1649

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This unique reference is the first comprehensive encyclopedia dedicated to the institutions, religion, politics, and culture in Muslim societies throughout the world. Placing particular emphasis on the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World contains over 750 articles in four volumes. The focus throughout is on the Islamic dimension of the Muslim experience in recent history, and background articles ground the information in its historical context and ensure continuity. Entries address political and social action as well as formal texts, and emphasis is placed on the practice and theory of Islam in Muslim societies around the globe. Unlike more limited explorations of Islam, this work looks at Muslim societies in the Arab heartland as well as in South and Southeast Asia, and even in Europe and the Americas. Thus it is an invaluable resource offering extensive comparative and systematic analyses of Islamic beliefs, institutions, movements, practices, and peoples on an international scale. Topical categories covered include history and geography; schools of thought; religious beliefs; theology and philosophy; mysticism; religious practice, devotionalism, and ritual; religious law; politics; economics; culture and society; and biographies. Alphabetically arranged articles range from brief 500-word essays to major interpretive and synthetic treatments of topics such as the Islamic state, pilgrimage, law, marriage, and foreign relations. Related entries cover such topics as social and political movements, women, Muslim minorities, human rights, Islam in the West, and interreligious affairs. Truly multidisciplinary, this work reflects the breadth and depth of contemporary scholarship in Islamic studies, combining the tools of the humanities and social sciences to examine the interrelationship of religion, politics, and culture in Muslim societies and to explain the changing realities of Muslim life. Designed for easy use by both scholars and students, the work has an index and an extensive system of cross-references that provide easy access to the network of related articles throughout the encyclopedia. Entries are written by Muslim and non-Muslim scholars from around the world. Unique in its focus on the modern Islamic world, this encyclopedia is an invaluable reference for anyone concerned with Islam: scholars and students of many disciplines, government and media analysts who increasingly require an understanding of the Muslim world, and interested lay readers who are becoming more and more familiar with Islamic politics and culture.
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The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World: Faqi-Leba

Author: John L. Esposito

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195096132

Category: Islam

Page: 476

View: 8864

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This unique reference is a comprehensive encyclopedia dedicated to the institutions, religion, politics, and culture in Muslim societies throughout the world. Placing particular emphasis on the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World contains over 750 articles in four volumes on Muslims in the Arab heartland as well as South and Southeast Asia, Europe, and the Americas. An invaluable resource, the Encyclopedia offers extensive comparative and systematic analyses of Islamic beliefs, institutions, movements, practices, and peoples on an international scale. The alphabetically arranged articles range from brief 500-word essays to major interpretive and synthetic treatment of topics such as the Islamic state, pilgrimage, law, marriage, and foreign relations. Related entries cover areas of general interest such as social and political movements, women, Muslim minorities, human rights, Islam in the West, and interreligious affairs. And prominent figures that had a lasting impact on Islam are explored including Muhammad, Aga Khan, Malcolm X, Muhammad Iqbal, 'Ali Shari 'ati, Ayatollah Khomeini, and Hasan al-Turabi. Truly multidisciplinary, this work reflects the breadth and depth of contemporary scholarship in Islamic studies. Combining the tools of the humanities and social sciences to examine the interrelationship of religion, politics, and culture in Muslim societies, it explains the changing realities of Muslim life. Its unique focus makes The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World an invaluable reference for scholars and students of many disciplines, government and media analysts, and anyone interested in increasingtheir understanding of Islamic politics and culture.
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American Government

Author: Walter E. Volkomer,Carolyn D. Smith

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780130288615

Category: United States

Page: 411

View: 3925

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An introduction to the American government which looks at the framework of government, political parties, elections, public opinion, interest groups and voting patterns, the institutions of government, and civil rights and liberties.
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