The Contrastive Hierarchy in Phonology

The Contrastive Hierarchy in Phonology

'Contrast' - the opposition between distinctive sounds in a language - is one of the most central concepts in linguistics. This book presents an original account of the logic and history of contrast in phonology.

Author: B. Elan Dresher

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521889735

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 280

View: 804

'Contrast' - the opposition between distinctive sounds in a language - is one of the most central concepts in linguistics. This book presents an original account of the logic and history of contrast in phonology. It provides empirical evidence from diverse phonological domains that only contrastive features are computed by the phonological component of grammar. It argues that the contrastive specifications of phonemes are governed by language-particular feature hierarchies. This approach assigns a key role to abstract cognitive structures, challenging contemporary approaches that favour phonetic explanations of phonological phenomena. Tracing the evolution of the hypothesis that contrastive features play a special role in phonology, it shows how this insight has been obscured by misunderstandings of the role of the contrastive feature hierarchy. Questioning the widely held notion that contrast should be based on minimal pairs, Elan Dresher argues that the contrastive hierarchy is indispensable to illuminating accounts of phonological patterning.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Contrast in Phonology

Contrast in Phonology

This book takes contrast, an issue that has been central to phonological theory since Saussure, as its central theme, making explicit its importance to phonological theory, perception, and acquisition.

Author: Peter Avery

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110208603

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 357

View: 719

This book takes contrast, an issue that has been central to phonological theory since Saussure, as its central theme, making explicit its importance to phonological theory, perception, and acquisition. The volume brings together a number of different contemporary approaches to the theory of contrast, including chapters set within more abstract representation-based theories, as well as chapters that focus on functional phonetic theories and perceptual constraints. This book will be of interest to phonologists, phoneticians, psycholinguists, researchers in first and second language acquisition, and cognitive scientists interested in current thinking on this exciting topic.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Phonological Typology

Phonological Typology

The contrastive hierarchy in phonology. Cambridge: ... The motivation for
contrastive feature hierarchies in phonology. Linguistic Variation 15. 1–40.
Dresher, B. Elan. 2016. Contrast in phonology 1867–1967: History and
development. Annual ...

Author: Larry M. Hyman

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110451931

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 442

View: 423

Despite earlier work by Trubetzkoy, Jakobson and Greenberg, phonological typology is often underrepresented in typology textbooks. At the same time, most phonologists do not see a difference between phonological typology and cross-linguistic (formal) phonology. The purpose of this book is to bring together leading scholars to address the issue of phonological typology, both in terms of the unity and the diversity of phonological systems.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Substance free Framework for Phonology

Substance free Framework for Phonology

It also shows that the differences in contrastive hierarchies, despite their
important role, cannot be the only source of variation in phonological patterning
across languages (cf. Hall 2007; Mackenzie 2013). In particular, the computation
may ...

Author: Pavel Iosad

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 9781474407380

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 288

View: 179

What is the relationship between phonetics and phonology? Are phonological features innate and universal, and do they have fixed phonetic correlates? These questions have received renewed prominence in theoretical debates, and this book explores them from a modular, substance-free perspective. This in-depth analysis of Breton serves not only to introduce important data from this endangered language into the theoretical landscape but also to demonstrate the viability of a modular phonological framework. The book introduces a minimalist system of phonological representations built up on a language-specific basis, and integrates it with a fully-fledged computational framework, showcasing the numerous empirical and conceptual advantages of a substance-free view of phonology. Presenting the first comprehensive analysis of the sound patterns of a Breton variety treated in a substance-free phonological framework, this book will enhance the understanding of Celtic phonology and offers a valuable reference for postgraduate students, academics and researchers working in phonological theory and Celtic studies.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Oxford Handbook of Historical Phonology

The Oxford Handbook of Historical Phonology

We can see that the contrastive hierarchy for Early Old English (below in (9))
does have a low front vowel, /æ/, marked for both Tongue Thrust and Tongue
Root but there is still no strict contrast of Tongue Thrust under Tongue Root in the
 ...

Author: Patrick Honeybone

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199232819

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 792

View: 194

This critical overview examines every aspect of the field including its history, key current research questions and methods, theoretical perspectives, and sociolinguistic factors. The authors represent leading proponents of every theoretical perspective. The book is a valuable resource for phonologists and a stimulating guide for their students.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Asymmetry in Grammar

Asymmetry in Grammar

One has to do with the different possibilities accorded to phonological heads as
opposed to dependents (Dresher & van der Hulst 1998). ... Then I will briefly look
at the history of the notion of the contrastive hierarchy in phonological theory.

Author: Anna Maria Di Sciullo

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027296795

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 309

View: 382

Asymmetry in Grammar: Morphology, Phonology and Acquisition presents evidence that asymmetry, as a property of linguistic relations, is salient in grammar. The papers in morphology bring further evidence for the centrality of asymmetry in word-structure. It is shown that asymmetry is part of the internal structure of functional constructs such as determiners and complementizers, as it is the case for lexical constructs. Further evidence is presented for the asymmetry of prefixes in verb structure. A typology of formal objects based on the distinction between maximal and minimal categories is formulated. It is proposed that Formal Complexity drives the change from synthetic to analytic expressions. The papers in phonology point to the fact that asymmetry is part of that linguistic dimension in terms of processes that eliminates symmetric relations, in terms of head-dependency relations, in terms of relative scope of the distinctive features in any inventory, in terms of universal principles in combination with certain language specific choices. Moreover, the papers on acquisition bring to fore experimental data that point to the same direction. The asymmetry of grammatical relations provides the form of the initial state of language that enables the child to cope with the poverty of the stimulus. The collection includes papers in morphology by Anna Maria Di Sciullo, Angela Ralli, Réjean Canac-Marquis, Abdelkader Fassi Fehri, papers in phonology by Eric Raimy, Harry van der Hulst and Nancy Ritter, Glyne Piggott, Charles Reiss, Elan Dresher, and papers in acquisition from Maria Louisa Rivero and Magdalena Goledzinowska, and David Lebeaux.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Second Language Acquisition

Second Language Acquisition

PHONOLOGY A third area where SLA and linguistics share interest is phonology
. ... As discussed in Chapter 3 , in its simplest form , the Contrastive Analysis
Hypothesis did not make accurate predictions . It did not ... As an example ,
consider Stockwell and Bowen's ( 1983 ) proposed hierarchy of difficulty ( Table
6.3 ) .

Author: Susan M. Gass

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0805835288

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 488

View: 781

This book is a thorough revision of the highly successful text first published in 1994. The authors retain the multidisciplinary approach that presents research from linguistics, sociology, psychology, and education, in a format designed for use in an introductory course for undergraduate or graduate students. The research is updated throughout and there are new sections and chapters in this second edition as well. New chapters cover child language acquisition (first and second), Universal Grammar, and instructed language learning; new sections address issues, such as what data analysis doesn't show, replication of research findings, interlanguage transfer (multilingual acquisition and transfer), the aspect hypothesis, general nativism, connectionist approaches, and implicit/explicit knowledge. Major updates include nonlanguage influences and the lexicon. The workbook, Second Language Learning Data Analysis, Second Edition, makes an ideal accompaniment to the text.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Between Phonology and Phonetics

Between Phonology and Phonetics

The aim of this chapter is to introduce a particular view on how phonology and
phonetics interact in sound systems. ... 22 To see how particular phonetic spaces
correspond to 'contrastive hierarchies' in phonological representation see, e.g., ...

Author: Eugeniusz Cyran

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9781614515135

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 244

View: 901

For decades, the voicing system of Polish has been at the center of a heated theoretical debate concerning laryngeal phonology as it features a number of phenomena that constitute the core of this debate, such as Final Obstruent Devoicing, Regressive Voice Assimilation, and Progressive Voice Assimilation. As research into laryngeal phonology progresses on various fronts, it becomes more obvious that a large portion of the phenomena in question have phonetic or implementational conditioning, thus limiting the role of phonology even further. The model presented here is one in which phonology, phonetic interpretation, and phonetics find their respective homes. Paradoxically, by separating these three levels of description, we wish to integrate the disparate threads of modern research of sound patterns into one sound system.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Suprasegmental Phonology and Segmental Form

Suprasegmental Phonology and Segmental Form

In the sentence Set: Mary had to leave Mary had to leave Mary had to leave the
paradigmatic contrast is manifested via ... established phonological distinctions
vhich forms the structural basis of the type of phonological hierarchy developed
in ...

Author: Allan R. James

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783111358352

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 179

View: 963

Over the past few decades, the book series Linguistische Arbeiten [Linguistic Studies], comprising over 500 volumes, has made a significant contribution to the development of linguistic theory both in Germany and internationally. The series will continue to deliver new impulses for research and maintain the central insight of linguistics that progress can only be made in acquiring new knowledge about human languages both synchronically and diachronically by closely combining empirical and theoretical analyses. To this end, we invite submission of high-quality linguistic studies from all the central areas of general linguistics and the linguistics of individual languages which address topical questions, discuss new data and advance the development of linguistic theory.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

LACUS Forum

LACUS Forum

The particular order is crucial , because different orders can yield different
contrastive features . ... Markedness and the contrastive hierarchy in phonology .
http : / / www . chass . utoronto . ca / ~ contrast / ( accessed June 19 , 2007 ) .

Author: Linguistic Association of Canada and the United States

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015066323232

Category: Electronic journals

Page:

View: 412

Categories: Electronic journals

Sign Language Research

Sign Language Research

Handshape Assimilations in Hierarchical Phonological Representation David P.
Corina Phonology is the study of the abstract system underlying the selection and
use of minimally contrastive units in natural languages . Traditionally ...

Author: Ceil Lucas

Publisher: Gallaudet University Press

ISBN: 0930323580

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 926

Indlæg fra konferencen "Theoretical Issues in sign language Research, II, 18.-21.5.1988, Gallaudet University.
Categories: Social Science

Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society

Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society

( 9 ) Nez Perce vowels : Contrastive hierarchy ( low ] > [ round ) > [ ATR ] [ + low ] [
- Tow ] [ + ATR ] [ - ATR ] [ - rd ] [ rd ] á ( + ATR ] ... The contrastive hierarchy is not
contingent on a particular theory of phonological operations or representations .

Author: Berkeley Linguistics Society

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015068974867

Category: Language and languages

Page:

View: 216

Categories: Language and languages

Issues in Japanese Phonology and Morphology

Issues in Japanese Phonology and Morphology

sC Clusters as Complex Segments: Evidence from the Contrastive Phonology of
English and Japanese Noriko Yamane ... of a combination of manner and/or
place of articulation, whose sequence may sometimes violate the sonority
hierarchy.

Author: Jeroen Weijer

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110885989

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 411

View: 161

The book contains a number of studies in Japanese phonology and morphology, all analyses by leading scholars in the field. It presents an overview of the work that has been done in Japan and other countries and offers new solutions to long-standing problems. In the phonology chapters, it focuses on segmental as well as suprasegmental issues, including voicing and tone, approaching these issues from a variety of perspectives, including Optimality Theory and Government Phonology. In the morphology chapters, attention is given to truncation patterns and the possibilities for compound formation.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts

Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts

4200 phonology 10 phonology | This paper employs Castilian Spanish data to
examine the ... characteristics of tones and their phonological activity can be
understood as a kind of underspecification that the Contrastive Hierarchy affords .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015079657428

Category: Language and languages

Page:

View: 870

Categories: Language and languages

On Tagmemes and Transforms

On Tagmemes and Transforms

These include the features by which a thing is what it is , an identity ; and the
features which contrast it with other units of the ... ( 1 ) The phonological hierarchy
would have either the phoneme or the contrastive features of the phoneme as its
 ...

Author: Walter Anthony Cook

Publisher:

ISBN: UVA:X001149916

Category: Grammar, Comparative and general

Page: 66

View: 315

Categories: Grammar, Comparative and general

Annual Workshop on Formal Approaches to Slavic Linguistics

Annual Workshop on Formal Approaches to Slavic Linguistics

On Contrast and Redundancy . Paper presented to the Canadian Linguistic
Association , University of Ottawa . Dresher , B . Elan . 2003 . The Contrastive
Hierarchy in phonology . Toronto Working Papers in Linguistics 20 : 47 - 62 .
Dresher , B ...

Author: Olga Arnaudova

Publisher: University of Michigan/Michigan Slavic

ISBN: IND:30000067347777

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 439

View: 967

Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Journal of Linguistics

Journal of Linguistics

2 : Morphology , phonology , acquisition , 239-257 . Amsterdam : John Benjamins
. Dresher , Elan . 2008. The logic of contrast . In Freidin et al . ( eds . ) , 359–380 .
Dresher , Elan . In press . The contrastive hierarchy in phonology . Cambridge ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: WISC:89104826623

Category: Language and languages

Page:

View: 224

Categories: Language and languages

Phonological Investigations

Phonological Investigations

The papers in this volume deal with subjects ranging from sound change and general phonological issues to analyses of specific problems in Polish and English, while some papers are of a crosslinguistic/contrastive nature.

Author: Jacek Fisiak

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027215475

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 507

View: 374

The papers in this volume deal with subjects ranging from sound change and general phonological issues to analyses of specific problems in Polish and English, while some papers are of a crosslinguistic/contrastive nature. No single phonological paradigm has been followed, and this diversity of theoretical approaches, from natural phonology to non-linear phonology, reflects recent developments in Europe and the U.S.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Proceedings of the UBC International Conference on Phonological Acquisition

Proceedings of the UBC International Conference on Phonological Acquisition

complex and representative of a later stage in acquisition than the hierarchy in (
la ) . ( 1 ) system hierarchies ( a ) ... Each of these segments can be represented
by the contrastive features of the corresponding hierarchies . The more complex ...

Author: University of British Columbia. International Conference

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105020503954

Category: Grammar, Comparative and general

Page: 292

View: 516

The UBC International Conference on Phonological Acquisition took place June 27-29, 1995 at the University of British Columbia. This proceedings is a significant addition to the literature on phonological acquisition, containing important data and analyses. The authors discuss a number of languages, focusing on the major period of phonological acquisition in production. The book is a valuable resource for anyone interested in developmental phonology, disordered phonology, and general theoretical topics in phonology.
Categories: Grammar, Comparative and general

Studies in African Linguistics

Studies in African Linguistics

The contrastive hierarchy in phonology . ” Ms. University of Toronto . Dresher , B.
Elan and Xi Zhang . 2002. “ Contrast and phonological patterning in Manchu
vowel systems . ” Ms. University of Toronto . Dugast , Idelette . 1971. Grammaire
du ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSC:32106017067122

Category: African languages

Page:

View: 304

Categories: African languages