Author: Senior Research Fellow Mark DuriePublish On: 1996-05-16
Durie and Ross have drawn together previously unpublished papers by linguists engaged in historical reconstruction, on the subject of regularity and irregularity in the comparative method. A number of language families are represented.
Author: Senior Research Fellow Mark Durie
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Historical reconstruction of languages relies on the comparative method, which itself depends on the notion of the regularity of change. The regularity of sound change is the famous Neogrammarian Hypothesis: "sound change takes place according to laws that admit no exception." The comparative method, however, is not restricted to the consideration of sound change, and neither is the assumption of regularity. Syntactic, morphological, and semantic change are all amenable in varying degrees, to comparative reconstruction, and each type of change is constrained in ways that enable the researcher to distinguish between regular and more irregular changes.This volume draws together studies by scholars engaged in historical reconstruction, all focussing on the subject of regularity and irregularity in the comparative method. A wide range of languages are represented, including Chinese, Germanic, and Austronesian.
Paul H. Harvey, Mark D. Pagel. I The Comparative Method in Evolutionary Biology Oxford Series in Ecology.
Author: Paul H. Harvey
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
The first volume in the Oxford Series in Ecology and Evolution, this important new book explains how and when to use the comparative method and shows how this approach complements other approaches to problem-solving in evolution such as optimality theory, population genetic models, and experimentation. The authors provide thorough discussion of techniques and also worked examples. Their work will be of interest to all students of evolution.
The main purpose of this volume is to discuss the past, present and future impact of phylogenetic comparative methods on the field of animal behavior.
Author: Emília P. Martins
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
Category: Literary Criticism
In the last ten years, the "comparative method" has been revolutionized by modern statistical ways of incorporating phylogenies into the design and analysis of comparative studies. The results of this revolution are particularly important in the study of animal behavior, which has relied on interspecific comparisons to infer universal trends and evolutionary patterns. The chapters of this edited volume consider the impact of modern phylogenetic comparative methods on the study of animal behavior and discuss the main issues that need to be considered in design and analysis of a comparative study, considers possible differences between the evolution of behavior and the evolution of morphology, and reviews how phylogenetic comparative studies have been used in certain areas of behavioral research.
An excellent review of comparative methods. Eckstein, H. (1975) 'Case-study and Theory in Political Science', in F.I. Greenstein and N.S. Polsby (eds) ...
Author: Todd Landman
Building on the strengths of the first edition, this accessible and user-friendly textbook explores the strategies of comparative research in political science. It begins by examining different methods, then highlights some of the big issues in comparative politics using a wealth of topical examples before discussing the new challenges in the area. Thoroughly revised throughout with the addition of extensive new material, this edition is also supplemented by the availability online of the author's datasets. The book is designed to make a complex subject easier and more accessible for students, and contains: * briefing boxes explaining key concepts and ideas * suggestions for further reading at the end of each chapter * a glossary of terms.
Author: László Zsolt GaramszegiPublish On: 2014-07-29
In fact, the essence of all comparative methods lies in the varying degrees ... and then, we give a brief review of approaches that are most commonly used ...
Author: László Zsolt Garamszegi
Phylogenetic comparative approaches are powerful analytical tools for making evolutionary inferences from interspecific data and phylogenies. The phylogenetic toolkit available to evolutionary biologists is currently growing at an incredible speed, but most methodological papers are published in the specialized statistical literature and many are incomprehensible for the user community. This textbook provides an overview of several newly developed phylogenetic comparative methods that allow to investigate a broad array of questions on how phenotypic characters evolve along the branches of phylogeny and how such mechanisms shape complex animal communities and interspecific interactions. The individual chapters were written by the leading experts in the field and using a language that is accessible for practicing evolutionary biologists. The authors carefully explain the philosophy behind different methodologies and provide pointers – mostly using a dynamically developing online interface – on how these methods can be implemented in practice. These “conceptual” and “practical” materials are essential for expanding the qualification of both students and scientists, but also offer a valuable resource for educators. Another value of the book are the accompanying online resources (available at: http://www.mpcm-evolution.com), where the authors post and permanently update practical materials to help embed methods into practice.
A. Etzioni and F. L Dubow, eds., Comparative Perspectives: Theories and Methods (Boston: Little, Brown and Company); J. M. Armer and A. D. Grimshaw, eds., ...
Author: Preker Alexander S
Publisher: World Scientific
Category: Business & Economics
The recent expansion of health insurance coverage in the USA under the Affordable Health Care Act, and current threats to reverse the benefits of this reform, have once again focused the world's attention on the difficult challenges faced by other countries trying to provide better access to healthcare to their population at an affordable cost. This textbook provides a comparative review of financing universal access to healthcare in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries. The first two chapters of the book provide a framework for financing universal access to healthcare. The remaining eight chapters present case studies of eight OECD countries that have successfully introduced reforms to finance universal access to healthcare for their population through landmark legislative reforms. A concluding chapter focuses on the lessons learned from the OECD and recommendations from policymakers and others who are planning similar reforms. The book is designed as a learning tool for students and as a user guide for policymakers. Contents: Introduction Principles and Practice The UK Canada Australia New Zealand Denmark Norway Sweden Finland Summary of Lessons Learned Readership: Graduate and research-level students and instructors of healthcare financing, healthcare policymakers, and healthcare professionals and investors. Keywords: Universal;Health Financing;Health Insurance;Health Reform;Financial Protection;Political Process;HealthcareReview: "The International Hospital Federation (IHF) is committed to advancing the UHC agenda throughout the world, giving billions of people better access to critical hospital care and basic health services when needed, no matter their income or geographic location in the world. Since its establishment in 1929, the IHF recognizes the essential role of hospitals and health care organizations in providing health care, supporting health services and offering education to health care providers as a critical partner in during the drive for UHC throughout the world. This volume is a tribute to the renewed effort in achieving 'Health for All'." Eric de Roodenbeke Executive Director International Hospital Federation Geneva 2018 "This year, as we commemorate the 40th Anniversary of the Alma-Ata Declaration of 'Health for All' in Almaty, Kazakhstan, 1978 and the 70th Anniversary of the UK National Health Service, 1948, we also celebrate the great achievement over the past decades in bringing access to affordable and quality health care for billions of people across the world since the 1950s. Looking forward, at the recent Universal Health Coverage Forum 2017 in Tokyo Japan, the international development community — including both bi-laterals and multi-laterals — committed to the 'Tokyo Declaration on Universal Health Coverage: All Together to Accelerate Progress towards UHC'. This text book makes a valuable contribution by reviewing the political, policy and implementation challenges that countries face in achieving this agenda. The approach used to analyze the eight case studies presented in the volume is a seminal work in comparative health policy." James Christopher Lovelace International Health and Development Advisor Former Director, Health Nutrition and Population, World Bank Former Assistant Deputy Minister of Health, Government of BC, Canada Former Director General of Health, Government of New Zealand Key Features: The main distinguishing feature of this book is to compare OECD countries that have successful experiences in addressing the policy challenges and p
Author: Alexander W. WisemanPublish On: 2013-09-06
Comparative Education Review, 16(3), 424–436. ... Comparative method in education. ... Reflections on comparative methodology in education, 1964–1966.
Author: Alexander W. Wiseman
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
This inaugural volume is a forum for stakeholders and scholars to examine current trends and identify future directions in comparative and international education, using several essays as a context for discussion and analysis.
basic elements of comparative-historical methods. Chapter 2 offers a historical overview of the methodological tradition and reviews major scholars and ...
Author: Matthew Lange
Category: Social Science
This bright, engaging title provides a thorough and integrated review of comparative-historical methods. It sets out an intellectual history of comparative-historical analysis and presents the main methodological techniques employed by researchers, including: - comparative-historical analysis, - case-based methods, - comparative methods - data, case selection and theory. Matthew Lange has written a fresh, easy to follow introduction which showcases classic analyses, offers clear methodological examples and describes major methodological debates. It is a comprehensive, grounded book which understands the learning and research needs of students and researchers.
Brenner, N. (2001) World city theory, globalization and the comparative-historical method. Urban Affairs Review 37(1), 124–147. Commission of the European ...
Author: Elisabete A. Silva
Category: Political Science
The Routledge Handbook of Planning Research Methods is an expansive look at the traditions, methods, and challenges of research design and research projects in contemporary urban planning. Through case studies, an international group of researchers, planning practitioners, and planning academics and educators, all recognized authorities in the field, provide accounts of designing and implementing research projects from different approaches and venues. This book shows how to apply quantitative and qualitative methods to projects, and how to take your research from the classroom to the real world. The book is structured into sections focusing on Beginning planning research Research design and development Rediscovering qualitative methods New advances in quantitative methods Turning research into action With chapters written by leading scholars in spatial planning, The Routledge Handbook of Planning Research Methods is the most authoritative and comprehensive handbook on the topic, providing both established and ground breaking coverage of spatial planning research methods. The book is an invaluable resource for undergraduate and graduate level students, young professionals and practitioners in urban, regional, and spatial planning.