American Science Fiction and the Cold War

American Science Fiction and the Cold War

Engelhardt, Tom (1995) The End of Victory Culture: Cold War America and the Disillusioning ofa Generation, New York: Basic Books. Engh, M. J. (1989) A Wind from Bukhara, London: Grafton. Etchison, Dennis (ed.) ...

Author: David Seed

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135953829

Category: Art

Page: 225

View: 694

First Published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Categories: Art

The Cold War in Science Fiction Soviet and American Science Fiction Films in the 1950s

The Cold War in Science Fiction  Soviet and American Science Fiction Films in the 1950s

Monsters, Mushroom Clouds, and the Cold War: American Science Fiction and the Roots of Postmodernism, 1946-1964. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 2001. Booker, Keith. Science Fiction and the Cold War. A Companion to Science Fiction.

Author: Natalia Voinova

Publisher: Anchor Academic Publishing (aap_verlag)

ISBN: 9783954895588

Category: Computers

Page: 42

View: 996

This study will compare the USSR and the United States according to their cinematic use of science fiction in the late 1950s and 1960s in order to coincide with the period of de-Stalinisation and thaw in the USSR, and late McCarthyism in the United States. The genre provides an opportunity to express the two powers' scientific stand-off through fiction, and serves as a vehicle for the dissemination of ideas and propaganda. Post-1956 marks the time when the period of de-Stalinisation officially began and science fiction saw a carefully crafted rebirth for it served as a tool that could reflect the socialist ideal and quasi-religious faith in science that was promoted by the party. Science fiction uniquely demands for an imaginative view of the future, and therefore, corresponds with the Marxist- Leninist future-oriented ideology. For this period, the themes for American science fiction are hyperbolised monsters and invasion, and reflect the fear of the otherness of the Soviet Union, and its threat on domestic ideals. These themes are reflected in movies as 'Angry Red Planet', and 'Them!'. On the other hand, Soviet science fiction movies focus on the heroic Soviet man who frequently receives calls for help from outer space, and overcomes great trials to save those not living in utopia. This storyline is represented in 'Towards a Dream', and 'The Sky is calling'. The author gives special attention to the Soviet movie 'The Sky is calling' and the subsequent redubbed American version 'Battle beyond the Sun'. Further, she addresses alterations or plot, and subtle propaganda messages in the Soviet movies 'Planet of Storms', and the Hollywood remake 'Journey to the Prehistoric Planet'.
Categories: Computers

American Science in an Age of Anxiety

American Science in an Age of Anxiety

Scientists, Anticommunism, and the Cold War Jessica Wang. Kuznick, Peter J. Beyond the Laboratory: Scientists as Political Activists in 1930s America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987. LaFeber, Walter. America, Russia, and the ...

Author: Jessica Wang

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 9780807867105

Category: History

Page: 392

View: 372

No professional group in the United States benefited more from World War II than the scientific community. After the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, scientists enjoyed unprecedented public visibility and political influence as a new elite whose expertise now seemed critical to America's future. But as the United States grew committed to Cold War conflict with the Soviet Union and the ideology of anticommunism came to dominate American politics, scientists faced an increasingly vigorous regimen of security and loyalty clearances as well as the threat of intrusive investigations by the notorious House Committee on Un-American Activities and other government bodies. This book is the first major study of American scientists' encounters with Cold War anticommunism in the decade after World War II. By examining cases of individual scientists subjected to loyalty and security investigations, the organizational response of the scientific community to political attacks, and the relationships between Cold War ideology and postwar science policy, Jessica Wang demonstrates the stifling effects of anticommunist ideology on the politics of science. She exposes the deep divisions over the Cold War within the scientific community and provides a complex story of hard choices, a community in crisis, and roads not taken.
Categories: History

Science and Technology in the Global Cold War

Science and Technology in the Global Cold War

See Stuart W. Leslie, The Cold War and American Science: The Military-Industrial-Academic Complex at MIT and Stanford (Columbia University Press, 1993), especially 20–25; Michael Aaron Dennis, “'Our first line of defense': Two ...

Author: Naomi Oreskes

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262326117

Category: Science

Page: 472

View: 247

Investigations of how the global Cold War shaped national scientific and technological practices in fields from biomedicine to rocket science. The Cold War period saw a dramatic expansion of state-funded science and technology research. Government and military patronage shaped Cold War technoscientific practices, imposing methods that were project oriented, team based, and subject to national-security restrictions. These changes affected not just the arms race and the space race but also research in agriculture, biomedicine, computer science, ecology, meteorology, and other fields. This volume examines science and technology in the context of the Cold War, considering whether the new institutions and institutional arrangements that emerged globally constrained technoscientific inquiry or offered greater opportunities for it. The contributors find that whatever the particular science, and whatever the political system in which that science was operating, the knowledge that was produced bore some relation to the goals of the nation-state. These goals varied from nation to nation; weapons research was emphasized in the United States and the Soviet Union, for example, but in France and China scientific independence and self-reliance dominated. The contributors also consider to what extent the changes to science and technology practices in this era were produced by the specific politics, anxieties, and aspirations of the Cold War. Contributors Elena Aronova, Erik M. Conway, Angela N. H. Creager, David Kaiser, John Krige, Naomi Oreskes, George Reisch, Sigrid Schmalzer, Sonja D. Schmid, Matthew Shindell, Asif A. Siddiqi, Zuoyue Wang, Benjamin Wilson
Categories: Science

The Moral University

The Moral University

7. jennifer Washburn, University, Inc.: The Corporate Corruption of American High Education (New York: Basic Books, 2005), 42. 8. 9. Washburn, University, Inc., 43. Stuart W. Leslie, The Cold War and American Science: The ...

Author: Maurice R. Berube

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 9781442204843

Category: Education

Page: 96

View: 912

The Moral University examines the ways that universities act morally toward students, faculty, their communities and the nation. It considers the effectiveness of moral reasoning courses in the curriculum and the growth of leadership courses. The book deals with the myriad ways in which universities act positively toward their communities. It also examines the involvement of universities in national projects. Moreover, the Berubes examine how students and faculty are treated, especially in terms of gender bias. The book concludes on a positive note with a model moral university.
Categories: Education

Cold War Social Science

Cold War Social Science

Daniel J. Kevles, “Cold War and Hot Physics: Science, Security, and the American State, 1945–56,” Historical Studies in the Physical and Biological Sciences 20 (1990): 239–64; Stuart W. Leslie, The Cold War and American Science: The ...

Author: Mark Solovey

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030702465

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 144

This book explores how the social sciences became entangled with the global Cold War. While duly recognizing the realities of nation states, national power, and national aspirations, the studies gathered here open up new lines of transnational investigation. Considering developments in a wide array of fields – anthropology, development studies, economics, education, political science, psychology, science studies, and sociology – that involved the movement of people, projects, funding, and ideas across diverse national contexts, this volume pushes scholars to rethink certain fundamental points about how we should understand – and thus how we should study – Cold War social science itself.
Categories: Science

Experts Social Scientists and Techniques of Prognosis in Cold War America

Experts  Social Scientists  and Techniques of Prognosis in Cold War America

Von Neumann, Morgenstern, and the Creation of Game Theory: From Chess to Social Science, 1900–1960. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press. Leslie, Stuart W. 1993. The Cold War and American Science: The ...

Author: Christian Dayé

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030327811

Category: Social Science

Page: 246

View: 541

This book describes how Cold War researchers used expert opinions to construct foreknowledge of geopolitical relevance. Focusing on the RAND Corporation, an American think tank with close relations to the armed forces, Dayé analyses the development of two techniques of prognosis, the Delphi technique and Political Gaming. Based on archival research and interviews, the chapters explore the history of this series of experiments to understand how contemporary social scientists conceived of one of the core categories of the Cold War, the expert, and uncover the systematic use of expert opinions to craft prognoses. This consideration of the expert’s role in Cold War society and what that can tell us about the role of the expert today will be of interest to students and scholars across the history of science, the sociology of knowledge, future studies, the history of the Cold War, social science methodology, and social policy.
Categories: Social Science

Scientists at War

Scientists at War

The Ethics of Cold War Weapons Research Sarah Bridger. see Kelly Moore, Disrupting Science: Social Movements, American Scientists, and the Politics of the Military, 1945–1975 (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2008), 170–175.

Author: Sarah Bridger

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674426108

Category: History

Page: 362

View: 364

Sarah Bridger examines the ethical debates that tested the U.S. scientific community during the Cold War, and scientists’ contributions to military technologies and strategic policymaking, from the dawning atomic age through the Strategic Defense Initiative (Star Wars) in the 1980s, which sparked cross-generational opposition among scientists.
Categories: History

A Companion to the History of American Science

A Companion to the History of American Science

Cold War Geophysics World War II and the ensuing Cold War brought a dramatic increase in funding for geophysical research in America and a corresponding growth in the geophysics communities. This support created what Ronald E. Doel ...

Author: Georgina M. Montgomery

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119072225

Category: Science

Page: 712

View: 272

A Companion to the History of American Science offers a collection of essays that give an authoritative overview of the most recent scholarship on the history of American science. Covers topics including astronomy, agriculture, chemistry, eugenics, Big Science, military technology, and more Features contributions by the most accomplished scholars in the field of science history Covers pivotal events in U.S. history that shaped the development of science and science policy such as WWII, the Cold War, and the Women’s Rights movement
Categories: Science