The Climate of Israel

Observation, Research and Application

Author: Yair Goldreich

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461506972

Category: Science

Page: 270

View: 7672

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This book describes and analyses various aspects of Israeli climate. This work also elucidates how both man and nature adjust to various climates. The first part (Chapters 1-9) deals with the meteorological and climatological network stations, the history of climate research in Israel, analysis of the local climate by season, and a discussion of the climate variables their spatial and temporal distribution. The second part (Chapters 10-14) of this work is devoted to a survey of applied climatology. This part presents information on weather forecasting, rainfall enhancement, air quality monitoring, and various climatological aspects of planning. There is no sharp division between theoretical and applied climatology topics. Moreover, though various sections seem exclusively theoretical, they also include important applications for various real life situations (such as rainfall intensities (Section 5. 3), frost, frost damage (Section 6. 2. 4), degree-days (Section 6. 2. 5) and heat stress (Section 6. 2. 6). Professionals and university students of geography and earth science, meteorology and climatology, even high school students majoring in geography will be able to use this book as a basic reference work. Researchers in atmospheric science can also use this work as an important source of reference. Students of agriculture will also gain theoretical and practical insights. Even architects and engineers will gain another perspective in their fields.
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Israel

An Introduction

Author: Barry Rubin

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300162308

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 1200

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This comprehensive book provides a well-rounded introduction to Israel—a definitive account of the nation's past, its often controversial present, and much more. Written by a leading historian of the Middle East, Israel is organized around six major themes: land and people, history, society, politics, economics, and culture. The only available volume to offer such a complete account, this book is written for general readers and students who may have little background knowledge of this nation or its rich culture. Based on research by scholars with extensive firsthand knowledge of Israel, this book offers accessible, clearly explained material, enhanced with a generous selection of images, maps, charts, tables, graphs, and sidebars. This book provides readers with a solid foundation of knowledge about Israel and provides useful reference lists by topic for those inspired to read further.
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Circulation Weather types as a tool in atmospheric, climate and environmental research

Author: Alexandre M. Ramos,David Barriopedro,Emanuel Dutra

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 2889196410

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 5616

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Classifications of circulation weather systems have a long history in meteorology and climatology. Starting with manual classifications over specific regions of the globe, these tools (generally called “catalogs of synoptic types”) were restricted mainly to weather forecasting and historical climate variability studies. In the last decades, the advance of computing resources and the availability of datasets have fostered the development of fast and objective methods that process large amount of data. In recent years numerous methods of circulation type classification have been designed, showing their usefulness on a wide range of applications in scientific domains related to weather, climate, and environment. This Research Topic highlights methodological advances in circulation weather types and also their applications to different research areas. The articles included in this research topic show that circulation weather types can be used not only in Europe, where they have been always more frequent, but also applied to other regions of the world.
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The Natural History of the Bible

An Environmental Exploration of the Hebrew Scriptures

Author: Daniel J. Hillel

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231508336

Category: Religion

Page: 376

View: 5130

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Traversing river valleys, steppes, deserts, rain-fed forests, farmlands, and seacoasts, the early Israelites experienced all the contrasting ecological domains of the ancient Near East. As they grew from a nomadic clan to become a nation-state in Canaan, they interacted with indigenous societies of the region, absorbed selective elements of their cultures, and integrated them into a radically new culture of their own. Daniel Hillel reveals the interplay between the culture of the Israelites and the environments within which it evolved. More than just affecting their material existence, the region's ecology influenced their views of creation and the creator, their conception of humanity's role on Earth, their own distinctive identity and destiny, and their ethics. In The Natural History of the Bible, Hillel shows how the eclectic experiences of the Israelites shaped their perception of the overarching unity governing nature's varied manifestations. Where other societies idolized disparate and capricious forces of nature, the Israelites discerned essential harmony and higher moral purpose. Inspired by visionary prophets, they looked to a singular, omnipresent, omnipotent force of nature mandating justice and compassion in human affairs. Monotheism was promoted as state policy and centralized in the Temple of Jerusalem. After it was destroyed and the people were exiled, a collection of scrolls distilling the nation's memories and spiritual quest served as the focus of faith in its stead. A prominent environmental scientist who surveyed Israel's land and water resources and has worked on agricultural development projects throughout the region, Daniel Hillel is a uniquely qualified expert on the natural history of the lands of the Bible. Combining his scientific work with a passionate, life-long study of the Bible, Hillel offers new perspectives on biblical views of the environment and the origin of ethical monotheism as an outgrowth of the Israelites' internalized experiences.
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Climate Research

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Climatology

Page: N.A

View: 7213

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Interactions of climate with organisms, ecosystems, and human societies.
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Climate Change, Irrigation, and Israeli Agriculture

Will Warming be Harmful?

Author: Aliza Fleischer,Ivgenia Lichtman,Robert O. Mendelsohn

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Climate Models

Page: 22

View: 6779

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The authors use a Ricardian model to test the relationship between annual net revenues and climate across Israeli farms. They find that it is important to include the amount of irrigation water available to each farm in order to measure the response of farms to climate. With irrigation water omitted, the model predicts that climate change is strictly beneficial. But with water included, the model predicts that only modest climate changes are beneficial, while drastic climate change in the long run will be harmful. Using the Atmospheric Oceanic Global Circulation Models scenarios, the authors show that farm net revenue is expected to increase by 16 percent in 2020, while in 2100 farm net revenue is expected to drop by 60-390 percent varying between the different scenarios. Although Israel has a relatively warm climate, a mild increase in temperature is beneficial due to the ability to supply international markets with farm products early in the season. The findings lead to the conclusion that securing water rights to the farmers and international trade agreements can be important policy measures to help farmers adapt to climate change.
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Remote Sensing of the Terrestrial Water Cycle

Author: Venkataraman Lakshmi

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118872266

Category: Science

Page: 576

View: 7041

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Remote Sensing of the Terrestrial Water Cycle isan outcome of the AGU Chapman Conference held in February2012. This is a comprehensive volume that examines the use ofavailable remote sensing satellite data as well as data fromfuture missions that can be used to expand our knowledge inquantifying the spatial and temporal variations in the terrestrialwater cycle. Volume highlights include: - An in-depth discussion of the global watercycle - Approaches to various problems in climate, weather,hydrology, and agriculture - Applications of satellite remote sensing in measuringprecipitation, surface water, snow, soilmoisture, groundwater, modeling, and dataassimilation - A description of the use of satellite data for accuratelyestimating and monitoring the components of the hydrologicalcycle - Discussion of the measurement of multiple geophysical variablesand properties over different landscapes on a temporal and aregional scale Remote Sensing of the Terrestrial Water Cycle is a valuableresource for students and research professionals in thehydrology, ecology, atmospheric sciences, geography, andgeological sciences communities.
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Oxidoreductases: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1464922616

Category: Medical

Page: 320

View: 7841

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Oxidoreductases: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Oxidoreductases. The editors have built Oxidoreductases: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Oxidoreductases in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Oxidoreductases: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
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