The classical decision problem

Author: Egon Boerger,Erich Grädel,Yuri Gurevich

Publisher: Springer Verlag

ISBN: 9783540570738

Category: Computers

Page: 492

View: 8133

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This is the most comprehensive treatment available in book form of the classical decision problem of mathematical logic and of the role of the classical decision problem in modern computer science. A revealing analysis of the natural order of decidable and undecidable cases is given. The complete classification of the solvable and unsolvable standard cases of the classical decision problem will be of particular interest to the reader. The classification comes complete with the complexity analysis of the solvable cases, with the comprehensive treatment of the reduction method, and with the model-theoretical analysis of solvable cases. Many cases are treated here for the first time, and a great number of simple proofs and exercises have been included. The results and methods of the book are extensively used in logic, computer science and artificial intelligence.
Release

The Classical Decision Problem

Author: Egon Börger,Erich Grädel,Yuri Gurevich

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540423249

Category: Mathematics

Page: 482

View: 6852

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This book offers a comprehensive treatment of the classical decision problem of mathematical logic and of the role of the classical decision problem in modern computer science. The text presents a revealing analysis of the natural order of decidable and undecidable cases and includes a number of simple proofs and exercises.
Release

Frontiers of Combining Systems

5th International Workshop, FroCoS 2005, Vienna, Austria, September 19-21, 2005, Proceedings

Author: Bernhard Gramlich

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540290513

Category: Computers

Page: 320

View: 9363

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 5th International Workshop on Frontiers of Combining Systems, FroCoS 2005, held in Vienna, Austria, in September 2005. The 19 revised full papers presented including 2 system descriptions were carefully reviewed and selected from 28 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on combinations of logics, theories, and decision procedures; constraint solving and programming; combination issues in rewriting and programming as well as in logical frameworks and theorem proving systems.
Release

Mathematics, Computer Science and Logic - A Never Ending Story

The Bruno Buchberger Festschrift

Author: Peter Paule

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3319009664

Category: Computers

Page: 113

View: 657

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This book presents four mathematical essays which explore the foundations of mathematics and related topics ranging from philosophy and logic to modern computer mathematics. While connected to the historical evolution of these concepts, the essays place strong emphasis on developments still to come. The book originated in a 2002 symposium celebrating the work of Bruno Buchberger, Professor of Computer Mathematics at Johannes Kepler University, Linz, Austria, on the occasion of his 60th birthday. Among many other accomplishments, Professor Buchberger in 1985 was the founding editor of the Journal of Symbolic Computation; the founder of the Research Institute for Symbolic Computation (RISC) and its chairman from 1987-2000; the founder in 1990 of the Softwarepark Hagenberg, Austria, and since then its director. More than a decade in the making, Mathematics, Computer Science and Logic - A Never Ending Story includes essays by leading authorities, on such topics as mathematical foundations from the perspective of computer verification; a symbolic-computational philosophy and methodology for mathematics; the role of logic and algebra in software engineering; and new directions in the foundations of mathematics. These inspiring essays invite general, mathematically interested readers to share state-of-the-art ideas which advance the never ending story of mathematics, computer science and logic. Mathematics, Computer Science and Logic - A Never Ending Story is edited by Professor Peter Paule, Bruno Buchberger’s successor as director of the Research Institute for Symbolic Computation.
Release

Dependence Logic

Theory and Applications

Author: Samson Abramsky,Juha Kontinen,Jouko Väänänen,Heribert Vollmer

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3319318039

Category: Mathematics

Page: 276

View: 1419

DOWNLOAD NOW »

In this volume, different aspects of logics for dependence and independence are discussed, including both the logical and computational aspects of dependence logic, and also applications in a number of areas, such as statistics, social choice theory, databases, and computer security. The contributing authors represent leading experts in this relatively new field, each of whom was invited to write a chapter based on talks given at seminars held at the Schloss Dagstuhl Leibniz Center for Informatics in Wadern, Germany (in February 2013 and June 2015) and an Academy Colloquium at the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (March 2014). Altogether, these chapters provide the most up-to-date look at this developing and highly interdisciplinary field and will be of interest to a broad group of logicians, mathematicians, statisticians, philosophers, and scientists. Topics covered include a comprehensive survey of many propositional, modal, and first-order variants of dependence logic; new results concerning expressive power of several variants of dependence logic with different sets of logical connectives and generalized dependence atoms; connections between inclusion logic and the least-fixed point logic; an overview of dependencies in databases by addressing the relationships between implication problems for fragments of statistical conditional independencies, embedded multivalued dependencies, and propositional logic; various Markovian models used to characterize dependencies and causality among variables in multivariate systems; applications of dependence logic in social choice theory; and an introduction to the theory of secret sharing, pointing out connections to dependence and independence logic.
Release

Aspects of Brownian Motion

Author: Roger Mansuy,Marc Yor

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540499664

Category: Mathematics

Page: 200

View: 4293

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Stochastic calculus and excursion theory are very efficient tools for obtaining either exact or asymptotic results about Brownian motion and related processes. This book focuses on special classes of Brownian functionals, including Gaussian subspaces of the Gaussian space of Brownian motion; Brownian quadratic funtionals; Brownian local times; Exponential functionals of Brownian motion with drift; Time spent by Brownian motion below a multiple of its one-sided supremum.
Release

Modal Logic for Open Minds

Author: Johan van Benthem

Publisher: Stanford Univ Center for the Study

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 381

View: 1099

DOWNLOAD NOW »

In this work, the author provides an introduction to the field of modal logic, outlining its major ideas and emploring the numerous ways in which various academic fields have adopted it.
Release

Ordinary differential equations

Author: Vladimir Igorevich Arnolʹd

Publisher: Springer Verlag

ISBN: 9783540345633

Category: Mathematics

Page: 334

View: 6887

DOWNLOAD NOW »

There are dozens of books on ODEs, but none with the elegantgeometric insight of Arnol'd's book. Arnol'd puts a clear emphasis on the qualitative andgeometric properties of ODEs and their solutions, ratherthan on theroutine presentation of algorithms for solvingspecial classes of equations.Of course, the reader learnshow to solve equations, but with much more understandingof the systems, the solutions and the techniques. Vector fields and one-parameter groups of transformationscome right from the startand Arnol'd uses this "language"throughout the book. This fundamental difference from thestandard presentation allows him to explain some of the realmathematics of ODEs in a very understandable way and withouthidingthe substance. The text is also rich with examples and connections withmechanics. Where possible, Arnol'd proceeds by physicalreasoning, using it as a convenient shorthand for muchlonger formal mathematical reasoning. This technique helpsthe student get a feel for the subject. Following Arnol'd's guiding geometric and qualitativeprinciples, there are 272 figures in the book, but not asingle complicated formula. Also, the text is peppered withhistoricalremarks, which put the material in context,showing how the ideas have developped since Newton andLeibniz. This book is an excellent text for a course whose goal is amathematical treatment of differential equations and therelated physical systems.
Release