Pre Industrial Cities and Technology

Pre Industrial Cities and Technology

CULLEN, C. (1990) 'The science/technology interface in seventeenth-century China', Bulletin of the School of Oriental ... ELVIN, M. and SKINNER, W.G. (eds) (1974) The Chinese City between Two Worlds, Stanford, Stanford University Press.

Author: Colin Chant

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134636198

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 355

This, the first book in the series, explores cities from the earliest earth built settlements to the dawn of the industrial age exploring ancient, Medieval, early modern and renaissance cities. Among the cities examined are Uruk, Babylon, Thebes, Athens, Rome, Constantinople, Baghdad, Siena, Florence, Antwerp, London, Paris, Amsterdam, Mexico City, Timbuktu, Great Zimbabwe, Hangzhou, Beijing and Hankou Among the technologies discussed are: irrigation, water transport, urban public transport, aqueducts, building materials such as brick and Roman concrete, weaponry and fortifications, street lighting and public clocks.
Categories: Science

The Chinese City

The Chinese City

The City in Late Imperial China. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, pp. 101–154. Murphey, Rhoads. 1977. “The Treaty Ports and China's Modernization,” in Skinner, G. William (ed.) The Chinese City between Two Worlds.

Author: Weiping Wu

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429829543

Category: Architecture

Page: 382

View: 136

Drawing on years of research experience and keen observations of the triumphs and problems in China’s cities, the authors provide a foundational understanding of China’s urbanization and cities that is grounded in history and geography and challenges readers to consider Chinese urbanization through multiple disciplinary and thematic lenses. This book is anchored in the spatial sciences, including geography, urban studies, urban planning, and environmental studies. It offers a comprehensive survey of the evolving urban landscape, covering such topics as history and patterns of urbanization, spatial and regional context, models of urban form, economic and social-spatial transformation, urbanism and cultural dynamics, housing and land development, environmental and infrastructure issues, poverty and inequality, and challenges of urban governance. The book highlights both parallels and substantive differences between China and comparable cities and countries elsewhere, given that some urban conditions around the world converge and point to shared catalysts (e.g. internal migration) and globally linked processes (e.g. climate change). It explores the consequences of the demographic, economic, social, and environmental transitions on cities and urban dwellers. Illustrated case studies in each chapter ground the discussion and introduce readers to the diversity of cities and urban life in China. Most chapters also can be used as stand-alone course materials, with suggested references for further reading. Intended for a wide audience in higher education and beyond, this book will be useful to readers interested in Chinese Studies, East Asian Studies, Urban Studies, Urban Geography, or Urban Planning.
Categories: Architecture

Trade and Society

Trade and Society

The Chinese City between Two Worlds. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1974. Feuchtwang, Stephan. “City Temples in Taipei under Three Regimes”, in The Chinese City between Two Worlds, ed. Mark Elvin and G. William Skinner.

Author: Ng Chin-keong

Publisher: NUS Press

ISBN: 9789971697730

Category: History

Page: 344

View: 599

The book examines the social and economic changes in south Fukien (Fujian) on the southeast coast of China during late imperial times. Faced with land shortages and overpopulation, the rural population of south Fukien turned to the sea in search of fresh opportunities to secure a livelihood. With the tacit support of local officials and the scholar gentry, the merchants played the pivotal role in long-distance trade, and the commercial networks they established spanned the entire China coast, making the port city of Amoy (Xiamen) a major centre for maritime trade. In the work, the author discusses four interrelated spheres of activity, namely, the traditional rural sector, the port cities, the coastal trade and the overseas trade links. He argues that the creative use of clan organizations was key to the growth of the Amoy network along the coast as well as overseas.
Categories: History

Native Place City and Nation

Native Place  City  and Nation

Papers on China 17 (December 1963):131-59. "The Revolution of 1911 in Shanghai." Papers on Far Eastern History (Canberra) 29 (March I984):119-61. -, and G. William Skinner, eds. The Chinese City between Two Worlds.

Author: Bryna Goodman

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520915453

Category: History

Page: 367

View: 292

This book explores the role of native place associations in the development of modern Chinese urban society and the role of native-place identity in the development of urban nationalism. From the late nineteenth to the early twentieth century, sojourners from other provinces dominated the population of Shanghai and other expanding commercial Chinese cities. These immigrants formed native place associations beginning in the imperial period and persisting into the mid-twentieth century. Goodman examines the modernization of these associations and argues that under weak urban government, native place sentiment and organization flourished and had a profound effect on city life, social order and urban and national identity.
Categories: History

Cities of Jiangnan in Late Imperial China

Cities of Jiangnan in Late Imperial China

List of abbreviations: HCBK: Chu Hua, Hucheng beikao [Draft history of "Hu" city (Shanghai)] (late 18th century); ... in Mark Elvin and Skinner, eds., The Chinese City Between Two Worlds (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1974), pp.

Author: Linda Cooke Johnson

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0791414248

Category: Social Science

Page: 310

View: 767

This book examines cities of the Jiangnan region of south-central China between the twelfth and nineteenth centuries, an area considered to be the model of a successfully developing regional economy. The six studies focus on the urban centers of Suzhou, Hangzhou, Yangzhou, and Shanghai. Emphasizing the regional focus, the authors explore the interconnections and sequential relationships between these major cities and analyze common themes such as the development of handicraft industry, transport and commerce, class structure, ethnic diversity and internal immigration, and the social and political pressures generated by developments in manufacturing, taxes, and government politics. The book provides a valuable resource on commercial development and internal economic and social development in pre-modern China, particularly on specific regional development and the historical role of traditional Chinese cities.
Categories: Social Science

The Dianshizhai Pictorial

The Dianshizhai Pictorial

In The Chinese City between Two Worlds, edited by Mark Elvin and G. William Skinner, 239–62. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1974. Elvin, Mark, and Skinner, G. William, eds. The Chinese City between Two Worlds.

Author: Ye Xiaoqing

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780892641628

Category: History

Page: 249

View: 320

A fascinating record of the new urban popular culture that emerged in Shanghai's foreign settlements at the end of the nineteenth century
Categories: History

Berliner China hefte

Berliner China hefte

Murphey , Rhoads , The Treaty Ports and China's Modernization , in : Mark , Elvin / Skinner , William G. ( Hg . ) , The Chinese City Between Two Worlds , Standford 1974 , S. 17-71 . Osiander , Anja / Döring , Ole , Zur Modernisierung ...

Author:

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN:

Category:

Page:

View: 245

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Culture and Customs of Taiwan

Culture and Customs of Taiwan

The Chinese City between Two Worlds . Stanford , CA : Stanford University Press , 1974 . Fairbank , John King . The United States and China . 4th ed . Cambridge , MA : Harvard University Press , 1983 . Far Eastern Economic Review .

Author: Gary Marvin Davison

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 0313302987

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 529

Discusses the traditions, culture, religion, media, literature, and arts of Taiwan.
Categories: Social Science

New Narratives of Urban Space in Republican Chinese Cities

New Narratives of Urban Space in Republican Chinese Cities

but overwhelmingly focused on Shanghai.3 this is understandable, as that city was not only the prime motor of economic ... William Skinner, eds., The Chinese City between Two Worlds (Stanford, Ca: Stanford University press, 1974).

Author:

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004249912

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 172

New Narratives of Urban Space in Republican Chinese Cities offers nine empirical studies to examine the social, legal and governance dimensions of the great urban transformation in Republican China pertaining to the cultural realm of the urban space.
Categories: Social Science

China s Urban Future and the Quest for Stability

China s Urban Future and the Quest for Stability

Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. Davis, Mike. 2006. Planet of Slums. New York: Verso. Elvin, Mark. 1974a. “The Administration of Shanghai, 1905–1914.” In The Chinese City Between Two Worlds, ...

Author: Rebecca Clothey

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 9780773559905

Category: Political Science

Page: 196

View: 427

In recent decades, China has used urbanization as an economic development tool to reconstruct the country's traditional institutions, culture, and society. The downside of these many changes is that they have presented the country's government with a massive challenge: how can it maintain basic stability? China's Urban Future and the Quest for Stability examines the complexities of Chinese cities. Together, the essays in this book explore how the relatively recent onset of urbanization has altered the country, and how that experience is similar to and distinct from developments in other times and places. Each chapter analyzes one facet of China's transformation, focusing on three main themes: urbanization and the rapid growth of Chinese cities; mobility, in both the abstract and the literal sense; and marginalization, evidenced by growing residential segregation in cities and diminishing access to education, health care, and jobs. Underlying these themes is the issue of governance – the systems by which a state attempts to maintain control and achieve its ends, often in ways that differ significantly from what one might expect. An up-to-date, concise, and multidisciplinary collection, China's Urban Future and the Quest for Stability discusses the social, economic, and political forces at work in the urbanization of a modern superpower.
Categories: Political Science

Transforming Chinese Cities

Transforming Chinese Cities

Gaubatz, P. (1999) 'China's urban transformation: Patterns and process of morphological change in Beijing, ... One Country, Two Societies: Rural–Urban Inequality in Contemporary China. ... The Chinese City between Two Worlds.

Author: Mark Y. Wang

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317817765

Category: Social Science

Page: 274

View: 623

The urbanisation of China over the last three decades has been a hugely significant development, both for China’s reform process and for the world more generally. This book presents recent research findings on China’s continuing urban transformation. Subjects covered include the decline of the rural-urban divide, the spatial restructuring of Chinese urban centres and urban infrastructure, migrant workers, new housing and new communities, and "green" responses to urban environmental problems. The book is particularly valuable in that it includes much new work by scholars based inside China.
Categories: Social Science

The Oxford Handbook of Cities in World History

The Oxford Handbook of Cities in World History

Lees and Lees, Cities, 48–54 et passim; Clark, European Cities, ch. 13. R. Murphey, 'The Treaty Port and China's Modernization', in M. Elvin and G. W. Skinner, eds., The Chinese City between Two Worlds (Palo Alto: Stanford University ...

Author: Peter Clark

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191637704

Category: History

Page: 912

View: 684

In 2008 for the first time the majority of the planet's inhabitants lived in cities and towns. Becoming globally urban has been one of mankind's greatest collective achievements over time, and raises many questions. How did global city systems evolve and interact in the past? How have historic urban patterns impacted on those of the contemporary world? And what were the key drivers in the roller-coaster of urban change over the millennia - market forces such as trade and industry, rulers and governments, competition and collaboration between cities, or the urban environment and demographic forces? This pioneering comparative work by leading scholars drawn from a range of disciplines offers the first detailed comparative study of urban development from ancient times to the present day. The Oxford Handbook of Cities in World History explores not only the main trends in the growth of cities and towns across the world - in Asia and the Middle East, Europe, Africa, and the Americas - and the different types of cities from great metropolitan centres to suburbs, colonial cities, and market towns, but also many of the essential themes in the making and remaking of the urban world: the role of power, economic development, migration, social inequality, environmental challenge and the urban response, religion and representation, cinema, and urban creativity. Split into three parts covering Ancient cities, the medieval and early-modern period, and the modern and contemporary era, it begins with an introduction by the editor identifying the importance and challenges of research on cities in world history, as well as the crucial outlines of urban development since the earliest cities in ancient Mesopotamia to the present.
Categories: History

China s Contested Capital

China s Contested Capital

“The Administration of Shanghai, 1905–1914.” In M. Elvin and G. W. Skinner, eds., The Chinese City between Two Worlds (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press), 239–262. Elvin, Mark, and G. William Skinner, eds. 1974. The Chinese City ...

Author: Charles D. Musgrove

Publisher: University of Hawaii Press

ISBN: 9780824837952

Category: History

Page: 250

View: 957

When the Chinese Nationalist Party nominally reunified the country in 1928, Chiang Kai-shek and other party leaders insisted that Nanjing was better suited than Beijing to serve as its capital. For the next decade, until the Japanese invasion in 1937, Nanjing was the “model capital” of Nationalist China, the center of not just a new regime, but also a new modern outlook in a China destined to reclaim its place at the forefront of nations. Interesting parallels between China’s recent rise under the Post-Mao Chinese Communist Party and the Nationalist era have brought increasing scholarly attention to the Nanjing Decade (1927–1937); however, study of Nanjing itself has been neglected. Charles Musgrove brings the city back into the discussion of China’s modern development, focusing on how it was transformed from a factional capital with only regional influence into a symbol of nationhood—a city where newly forming ideals of citizenship were celebrated and contested on its streets and at its monuments. China’s Contested Capital investigates the development of the model capital from multiple perspectives. It explores the ideological underpinnings of the project by looking at the divisive debates surrounding the new capital’s establishment as well as the ideological discourse of Sun Yat-Sen used to legitimize it. In terms of the actual building of the city, it provides an analysis of both the scientific methodology adopted to plan it and the aesthetic experiments employed to construct it. Finally, it examines the political and social life of the city, looking at not only the reinvented traditions that gave official spaces a sacred air but also the ways that people actually used streets and monuments, including the Sun Yat-Sen Mausoleum, to pursue their own interests, often in defiance of Nationalist repression. Contrary to the conventional story of incompetence and failure, Musgrove shows that there was more to Nationalist Party nation-building than simply “paper plans” that never came to fruition. He argues rather that the model capital essentially legitimized a new form of state power embodied in new symbolic systems that the Communist Party was able to tap into after defeating the Nationalists in 1949. At the same time, the book makes the case that, although it was unintended by party planners who promoted single-party rule, Nanjing’s legitimacy was also a product of protests and contestation, which the party-state only partially succeeded in channeling for its own ends. China’s Contested Capital is an important contribution to the literature on twentieth-century Chinese urban history and the social and political history of one of China’s key cities during the Republican period.
Categories: History

Taoist Ritual and Popular Cults of Southeast China

Taoist Ritual and Popular Cults of Southeast China

Elvin, Mark, and G. W. Skinner, eds. 1974. The Chinese City between Two Worlds, Stanford: Stanford University Press. Embree, Bernhard L. M. ed., 1973, rpt. 1984. A Dictionary of Southern Min (Taiwanese-English Dictionary).

Author: Kenneth Dean

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400863402

Category: Religion

Page: 306

View: 884

Most commentators imagine contemporary China to be monolithic, atheistic, and materialist, and wholly divorced from its earlier customs, but Kenneth Dean combines evidence from historical texts and extensive fieldwork to reveal an entirely different picture. Since 1979, when the Chinese government relaxed some of its most stringent controls on religion, villagers in the isolated areas of Southeast China have maintained an "underground" effort to restore traditional rituals and local cults. Originally published in 1993. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.
Categories: Religion

Chinese City and Urbanism

Chinese City and Urbanism

Lu Xiwen bian (1963), Main Events of 5,000 Years of Chinese History, Hong Kong: Guang Hua Bookstore, p. ... Murphey, Rhoads (1974), “The Treaty Ports and China's Modernization,” in The Chinese City Between Two Worlds, Mark Elvin and G.

Author:

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814293723

Category: Political Science

Page: 332

View: 471

The purpose of this volume is to treat the progress of history, civilization and urban development of China together in order to demonstrate the unique qualities of Chinese civilization. The author uses historical dynasties as the vertical dimension, starting from the pre-urban origin of round-moat village settlements of the Yangzhou Period, until the most recent transitional city under the present "socialist market system." There are a total of 13 chapters, covering a time-span of roughly 6,000 years. The book also discusses the theoretical context of the uniqueness of Chinese urban evolution and compares it with experiences in the West. It comprehensively treats major events, economic developments, territorial changes, and developments in technology, art and culture, military as well as administrative systems in the dynasties as urban change dynamics. The material therefore succinctly covers 6,000 years of Chinese cultural history. Besides using a large amount of Chinese literature including materials on recent archeological finds the volume explores substantial Western literature on relevant issues with the purpose of putting the Chinese experience in a global context. The author has included in the volume over 100 maps and line drawings selected from his collection accumulated over 30 years as a university lecturer and researcher of urban geography and the Chinese city. They provide vivid and readily apprehensible illustrations for illuminating key points on the structure of the Chinese city and the geopolitical situation of China in major historical periods. They also add exquisite detail through graphic techniques to the textual treatment of the subject matters, and are in themselves visually appealing, adding unique dimension to the volume. The volume targets a wide spectrum of readers, and will appeal to anyone interested in the culture and civilization, cities, urban planning and economic, philosophical, political and historical developments of Chi
Categories: Political Science