The Chemistry of Plants

The Chemistry of Plants

Introduction to organic chemistry and its compounds as related to plants. This book is an introduction to organic chemistry and its compounds as related to plants.

Author: Margareta Séquin

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 9781849733342

Category: Science

Page: 215

View: 959

Introduction to organic chemistry and its compounds as related to plants.
Categories: Science

The Chemistry of Plants and Insects

The Chemistry of Plants and Insects

This book benefits from Margareta Séquin's vast experience leading field trips and seminars to botanical gardens and nature reserves, and teaching chemistry to beginners.

Author: Margareta Séquin

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 9781782624486

Category: Science

Page: 186

View: 333

This book explains the natural chemical compounds that determine the fascinating interactions between plants and insects providing a gentle and absorbing introduction to organic chemistry.
Categories: Science

Chemistry of Plant Hormones

Chemistry of Plant Hormones

The chemistry of the five principal plant hormone groups is discussed in detail in this volume.

Author: Nobutaka Takahashi

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0849354706

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 258

The chemistry of the five principal plant hormone groups is discussed in detail in this volume. Contributing authors review history and occurrence of each hormone group, methods of isolation and detection, biosynthesis and metabolism, and structural determination. Through these analyses, the authors clarify the role of endogenous plant growth regulators in the life cycle of higher plants. The text is supplemented with over 350 figures and structures of various plant hormones.
Categories: Science

Medicinal Plants

Medicinal Plants

The selection of plants studied in this treatise is based on its significance, and its representation of members of different taxonomic families as well as of different classes (and subclasses) of compounds.

Author: M Daniel

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439842799

Category: Science

Page: 266

View: 258

The selection of plants studied in this treatise is based on its significance, and its representation of members of different taxonomic families as well as of different classes (and subclasses) of compounds. All the available data on the chemical compounds and the pharmacological studies on these plants/compounds have been incorporated. The plants
Categories: Science

Chemistry of Plant Natural Products

Chemistry of Plant Natural Products

Aimed at advanced undergraduate and graduate students and researchers working with natural products, Professors Sunil and Bani Talapatra provide a highly accessible compilation describing all aspects of plant natural products.

Author: Sunil Kumar Talapatra

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783642454103

Category: Science

Page: 1180

View: 893

Aimed at advanced undergraduate and graduate students and researchers working with natural products, Professors Sunil and Bani Talapatra provide a highly accessible compilation describing all aspects of plant natural products. Beginning with a general introduction to set the context, the authors then go on to carefully detail nomenclature, occurrence, isolation, detection, structure elucidation (by both degradation and spectroscopic techniques) stereochemistry, conformation, synthesis, biosynthesis, biological activity and commercial applications of the most important natural products of plant origin. Each chapter also includes detailed references (with titles) and a list of recommended books for additional study making this outstanding treatise a useful resource for teachers of chemistry and researchers working in universities, research institutes and industry.
Categories: Science

Re Engineering the Chemical Processing Plant

Re Engineering the Chemical Processing Plant

This volume updates professionals on emerging PI equipment and methodologies to promote technological advances and operational efficacy in chemical, biochemical, and engineering environments and presents clear examples illustrating the ...

Author: Andrzej Stankiewicz

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203913299

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 368

View: 919

The first guide to compile current research and frontline developments in the science of process intensification (PI), Re-Engineering the Chemical Processing Plant illustrates the design, integration, and application of PI principles and structures for the development and optimization of chemical and industrial plants. This volume updates professionals on emerging PI equipment and methodologies to promote technological advances and operational efficacy in chemical, biochemical, and engineering environments and presents clear examples illustrating the implementation and application of specific process-intensifying equipment and methods in various commercial arenas.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Plant derived Bioactives

Plant derived Bioactives

This book is divided into 2 volumes and offers detailed information on plant-derived bioactive compounds, including recent research findings.

Author: Mallappa Kumara Swamy

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789811523618

Category: Science

Page: 589

View: 396

Plants produce a vast number of bioactive compounds with different chemical scaffolds, which modulate a diverse range of molecular targets and are used as drugs for treating numerous diseases. Most present-day medicines are derived either from plant compounds or their derivatives, and plant compounds continue to offer limitless reserves for the discovery of new medicines. While different classes of plant compounds, like phenolics, flavonoids, saponins and alkaloids, and their potential pharmacological applications are currently being explored, their curative mechanisms are yet to be understood in detail. This book is divided into 2 volumes and offers detailed information on plant-derived bioactive compounds, including recent research findings. Volume 1, “Plant-derived Bioactives: Chemistry and Mode of Action” discusses the chemistry of highly valued plant bioactive compounds and their mode of actions at the molecular level. Volume 2, “Plant-derived Bioactives: Production, Properties and Therapeutic Applications” explores the sources, biosynthesis, production, biological properties and therapeutic applications of plant bioactives. Given their scope, these books are valuable resources for members of the scientific community wishing to further explore various medicinal plants and the therapeutic applications of their bioactive compounds. They appeal to scholars, teachers and scientists involved in plant product research, and facilitate the development of new drugs.
Categories: Science

Plant Contamination

Plant Contamination

This book describes the physiological and anatomical principles and the chemical and physical factors that determine uptake, translocation, accumulation, loss, and metabolism of anthropogenic chemicals in plants.

Author: Craig Mc Farlane

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1566700787

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 272

This book describes the physiological and anatomical principles and the chemical and physical factors that determine uptake, translocation, accumulation, loss, and metabolism of anthropogenic chemicals in plants. Expert authors in the fields of biology, chemistry, ecology, environmental physics, and biochemistry provide recently developed methods and models for estimation of the behavior of environmental chemicals in the soil-plant-air system-information that is essential in the hazard assessment of new and existing chemicals.
Categories: Science

Medicinal Plants

Medicinal Plants

Chapters in this book explore the interrelationship within traditional Chinese medicinal plant groups and between Chinese species and species outside of China.

Author: Hao Da

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

ISBN: 9780081001035

Category: Science

Page: 694

View: 209

Medicinal Plants: Chemistry, Biology and Omics reviews the phytochemistry, chemotaxonomy, molecular biology, and phylogeny of selected medicinal plant tribes and genera, and their relevance to drug efficacy. Medicinal plants provide a myriad of pharmaceutically active components, which have been commonly used in traditional Chinese medicine and worldwide for thousands of years. Increasing interest in plant-based medicinal resources has led to additional discoveries of many novel compounds, in various angiosperm and gymnosperm species, and investigations on their chemotaxonomy, molecular phylogeny and pharmacology. Chapters in this book explore the interrelationship within traditional Chinese medicinal plant groups and between Chinese species and species outside of China. Chapters also discuss the incongruence between chemotaxonomy and molecular phylogeny, concluding with chapters on systems biology and “-omics technologies (genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, and metabolomics), and how they will play an increasingly important role in future pharmaceutical research. Reviews best practice and essential developments in medicinal plant chemistry and biology Discusses the principles and applications of various techniques used to discover medicinal compounds Explores the analysis and classification of novel plant-based medicinal compounds Includes case studies on pharmaphylogeny Compares and integrates traditional knowledge and current perception of worldwide medicinal plants
Categories: Science

Chemical plant Taxonomy

Chemical plant Taxonomy

In this context, chemistry may have more to contribute than any morphological
analysis, not only because of the relative evanescence of most plant tissues in
geological deposits, but because the biochemistry of evolutionary processes can
be ...

Author: T Swain

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780323146241

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 554

View: 357

Chemical Plant Taxonomy focuses on the classification of plants based on their chemical composition. Composed of contributions of authors, the text first considers the methods of plant taxonomy. Folk taxonomy; Linnaean and post-Linnaean taxonomy; Darwin and ""Evolutionary Taxonomy""; and the development of taxonomic practice are considered. The book continues with discussions on the theoretical and practical aspects of the ""species"" concepts and an outline of the history of chemical taxonomy. The selection also looks at the qualities of chemotaxonomy, the usefulness of chemistry in plant taxonomy, biosynthetic pathways, and the factors affecting the production of secondary plant products. The text discusses the distribution of alkanes. The isolation and characterization of alkanes; taxonomic applications of alkanes; biogenesis of alkanes; and fossil alkanes are discussed. The selection highlights the chemical taxonomy of acetylenic compounds, the distribution of fatty acids in plant lipids, distribution of aliphatic polyols, cyclitols, plant glycosides, and alkaloids. The text is a good source of information for readers wanting to study the taxonomy of chemical plants.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Chemistry in the Garden

Chemistry in the Garden

The aim of this book is to describe some aspects of the chemistry and chemical ecology which are found in the garden.

Author: James Ralph Hanson

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 9780854048977

Category: Science

Page: 147

View: 662

This book will make fascinating reading for the chemist with an interest in gardening as well as the gardener with a general interest in the scientific processes involved in the garden.
Categories: Science

Understanding Medicinal Plants

Understanding Medicinal Plants

Chemical. Behavior. and. Its. Application. to. Medicinal. Molecules. In this chapter
, we apply what we have learned about structure and polarity in order to
understand how medicinally active molecules can be isolated from plants. Then,
we ...

Author: Bryan Hanson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136614866

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 336

View: 976

Learn how medicinal plants work from the chemical level upward Understanding Medicinal Plants: Their Chemistry and Therapeutic Action is designed to teach the chemical concepts necessary to understand the actions of medicinal plants to people who are intimidated by chemistry. This beautifully illustrated, accessibly written guide explores the molecules of medicinal plants and the pharmacology behind their actions on the human body. The book will be valuable to non-science majors, biology majors, interested scientists of different disciplines, and practitioners and students of herbalism and complementary medicine. Understanding Medicinal Plants covers the essentials, including: understanding the symbolism of chemical structure bonding—and predicting useful properties important plant compounds isolation and purification of plant molecules drug delivery and action in the human body the chemistry of antioxidants identification of plant molecules Interest in alternative medicine and herbal products has never been higher than it is now. Understanding Medicinal Plants aims for the middle ground between technical manuals for highly trained individuals and books for the general public that may oversimplify the material. This introductory work provides you with a wealth of suggested reading materials, tables, figures, and illustrations. Three case studies illustrate specific plant drugs and their molecular constituents. This resource also provides an extensive glossary for easy reference. In Understanding Medicinal Plants, you will find a lexicon of medicinally important chemical families found in plants to help you identify and understand the role of constituents such as: alkaloids flavonoids coumarins glycosides amino acids lignans tannins and many more Understanding Medicinal Plants enriches your knowledge of the science behind herbalism and increases your savvy as a consumer of herbal products. This sourcebook will help you better understand the debates about the regulation of medicinal plants and related health care policy debates. With this book, you will be able to interpret media hype about medicinal plants with greater confidence.
Categories: Health & Fitness

Selected Topics in the Chemistry of Natural Products

Selected Topics in the Chemistry of Natural Products

In this book the approach taken will be that of the free market philosophy of libertarianism, the perspective that allows the maximum of freedom, consistent with the responsibility of all to respect the equal rights of all others.

Author: Raphael Ikan

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789812790781

Category: Science

Page: 604

View: 669

Labor is the most important of the three traditional factors of production (land, labor and capital), accounting for some 75 per cent of the GDP. It is therefore important to focus on issues of labor economics. In this book the approach taken will be that of the free market philosophy of libertarianism, the perspective that allows the maximum of freedom, consistent with the responsibility of all to respect the equal rights of all others. The position of this book on unions is unique outside of the libertarian movement, and this is indicative of its analysis of several other issues, such as minimum wages. For scholars on the left, it is almost true that unions can do no wrong (for Marxists, they do not do enough, but that is another story). Their role is to raise wages for the workingman, and this task is almost unstintingly applauded. Conservatives, on the other hand, oppose unions root and branch (except for their support of foreign wars, which is also another story). To this end they support a welter of regulations, designed to reduce their power: limitations of check offs, forced secret ballots, etc. For libertarians, the analysis depends, intimately, on whether or not these are voluntary organizations. If they are, there is no more justification for imposing secret ballots on them than to do so for the chess or garden club. If they are not, they should not be weakened by restrictions, but, rather, banned, and their leaders imprisoned.
Categories: Science

Chemistry Biochemistry and Ayurveda of Indian Medicinal Plants

Chemistry   Biochemistry and Ayurveda of Indian Medicinal Plants

This book aims to discuss and practices all the issues pertaining to medicinal plants research, documentation, utilization. conservation activities, standardization, quality control, tissue culture, biotechnology, biochemistry, ...

Author: Prof. I.P. Tripathi

Publisher: International E Publication

ISBN: 9788183520041

Category: Medical

Page: 256

View: 622

This book aims to discuss and practices all the issues pertaining to medicinal plants research, documentation, utilization. conservation activities, standardization, quality control, tissue culture, biotechnology, biochemistry, phytochemistry and chemical characterization taking place in various Universities, Institutions, Colleges and their impact on medicinal plants.
Categories: Medical

The Constituents of Medicinal Plants

The Constituents of Medicinal Plants

Pengelly's user friendly text will encourage educators in medical science to consider using this material in the complementary medicine/nutraceuticals areas May I congratulate Andrew Pengelly for writing this text as it is going to be very ...

Author: Andrew Pengelly

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000247930

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 184

View: 332

Pengelly's user friendly text will encourage educators in medical science to consider using this material in the complementary medicine/nutraceuticals areas May I congratulate Andrew Pengelly for writing this text as it is going to be very popular with undergraduate students as well as more experienced readers.' D. Green, London Metropolitan University, UK This unique book explains in simple terms the commonly occurring chemical constituents of medicinal plants. The major classes of plant constituents such as phenols, terpenes and polysaccharides, are described both in terms of their chemical structures and their pharmacological activities. Identifying specific chemical compounds provides insights into traditional and clinical use of these herbs, as well as potential for adverse reactions. Features include: * Over 100 diagrams of chemical structures * References to original research studies and clinical trials * References to plants commonly used throughout Europe, North America and Australasia. Written by an experienced herbal practitioner, The Constituents of Medicinal Plants seriously challenges any suggestion that herbal medicine remains untested and unproven, including as it does hundreds of references to original research studies and trials. Designed as an undergraduate text, the first edition of this book became an essential desktop reference for health practitioners, lecturers, researchers, producers and anyone with an interest in how medicinal herbs work. This edition has been extensively revised to incorporate up-to-date research and additional sections, including an expanded introduction to plant molecular structures, and is destined to become a classic in the literature of herbal medicine.
Categories: Body, Mind & Spirit

Chemistry of Plant Phosphorus Compounds

Chemistry of Plant Phosphorus Compounds

... a long-cherished dream—a comprehensive book on the chemistry of
phosphorus compounds in plants—during periods of inactivity between editorial
assignments. Alas, theHandbookceased publication in 1998 and the Gmelin
Institute itself ...

Author: Arlen Frank

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780124072237

Category: Science

Page: 688

View: 367

Provides a high level reference source for scientists engaged in any aspect of plant research − chemistry, biochemistry or physiology − with primary focus on the chemistry of phosphorus-containing compounds that occur naturally in the plant kingdom, and specifically in the higher plants (Plantae). The book is comprehensive with respect to nomenclature, physical properties, and distribution worldwide. There are many tables of actual data on phosphorus compounds occurring in whole plants and parts of plants. The tables provide detailed data that is needed by the food industry, agriculture, etc as many of the phosphorus compounds are common to both plants and animals. Two appendices cover other aspects including changes in phosphorus-containing compounds during germination and their accumulation during growth and senescence. The final sections of the book comprise separate indexes of plants, compounds and authors. Comprehensive examination of phosphorus compounds found in plants Extensive tables listing types of compounds and their occurrence in plants including: Nomenclature; Occurrence; Physical Properties; Synthesis; Hydrolysis; Phosphorylation; Extraction; Separation and Analysis Easy to use indexes of plants, compounds and authors
Categories: Science

Multi Plant Safety and Security Management in the Chemical and Process Industries

Multi Plant Safety and Security Management in the Chemical and Process Industries

This practical text serves as a guide to elaborating and determining the principles, assumptions, strengths, limitations and areas of application for multiple-plant chemical safety and security management.

Author: Genserik L. L. Reniers

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527630368

Category: Science

Page: 290

View: 220

This practical text serves as a guide to elaborating and determining the principles, assumptions, strengths, limitations and areas of application for multiple-plant chemical safety and security management. It offers guidelines, procedures, frameworks and technology for actually setting up a safety and security culture in a cluster of chemical companies, thus allowing forward planning. The presentation is conceptually rather than mathematically oriented so as to maximize its utilization within the chemical industry.
Categories: Science

Chemical Dictionary of Economic Plants

Chemical Dictionary of Economic Plants

This book is a compilation that lists the many essential and invaluable plant substances man has found invaluable throughout his life.

Author: Jeffrey B. Harborne

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471492264

Category: Science

Page: 236

View: 560

Throughout history man has utilised the bounty of plants using them as a source for food, feed, beverages, drugs and medicine, flavours, perfumes, dyes, gums, resins, fibres, timbers and numerous other applications. Modern biotechnology is centralised and devoted to the further exploitation of plant products and an example is capsicum, one of the ingredients in chilli's, that induces endorphin release in the body (a reason why many people love spicy foods) that is now added to painkillers. This book is a compilation that lists the many essential and invaluable plant substances man has found invaluable throughout his life. Where necessary the chemical structures of the plant products are included and starting with the product rather than the plant name it provides easy access to information on an extensive range of plant products - of use in many industries. A full bibliography of the books consulted during the compilation is included as well as two indexes (the plant species and common name) and a listing of the entry names of products and their synonyms. Each entry includes: Name of Plant Product Synonyms Chemical Classification Occurrence Description and Composition Comments (where applicable) Where necessary the chemical structures of the plant products are also included.
Categories: Science

Plants Secondary Metabolites and Pigments

Plants Secondary Metabolites and Pigments

Therefore, I hope this book will be useful to under-graduate as well as post-graduate students in Science Faculty, in Agriculture, Food Science and Technology, Food Engineering, Biotechnology, Biochemistry, Horticulture, Home Science and ...

Author: U. D. Chavan

Publisher: Daya Publishing House

ISBN: 9351309185

Category: Science

Page: 558

View: 800

Secondary products are generally small molecules when compared to the size of macro molecules such as proteins and nucleic acids. Nowadays secondary metabolites are getting very important place in human diet because they are acting as a nutraceutical and having several medicinal properties. Secondary metabolic products from plants are classified in many different ways - by their function, by the species from which it is derived; or by chemical composition. Secondary metabolites have economic value in modern industry. They are natural sources to chemical compounds important in the pharmaceutical industry, precursors to important vitamins and raw material to many industrial products. Pigments are chemical compounds which reflect only certain wavelengths of visible light. This makes them appear "colourful." They interact with light to absorb only certain wavelengths; pigments are useful to plants and other autotrophs organisms which make their own food using photosynthesis. In this book 20 chapters are giving information on plants secondary metabolites and 12 chapters on plant pigments. Plants secondary metabolites and pigments history, biosynthesis, structures and their benefits to the human being by various forms are discussed in details. Therefore, I hope this book will be useful to under-graduate as well as post-graduate students in Science Faculty, in Agriculture, Food Science and Technology, Food Engineering, Biotechnology, Biochemistry, Horticulture, Home Science and Industrial Sectors.
Categories: Science