The Cathedral & the Bazaar

Musings on Linux and Open Source by an Accidental Revolutionary

Author: Eric Raymond

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 0596001088

Category: Computers

Page: 241

View: 4615

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Argues that the development of Linux by thousands of programmers, in a coordinated effort without centralized management signals unprecedented power shifts in the computer industry.
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The Cathedral & the Bazaar

Musings on Linux and Open Source by an Accidental Revolutionary

Author: Eric Raymond

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 0596001088

Category: Computers

Page: 241

View: 2340

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Argues that the development of Linux by thousands of programmers, in a coordinated effort without centralized management signals unprecedented power shifts in the computer industry.
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The cathedral and the bazaar

musings on Linux and Open Source by an accidental revolutionary

Author: Eric S. Raymond

Publisher: O'Reilly Media

ISBN: 9780596001087

Category: Computers

Page: 241

View: 351

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Argues that the development of Linux by thousands of programmers, in a coordinated effort without centralized management signals unprecedented power shifts in the computer industry.
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Free Revealing

How Firms Can Profit From Being Open

Author: Oliver Alexy

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3834980684

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 214

View: 7196

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Using the example of corporate OSS engagement, Oliver Alexy shows how free revealing can be carried out both effectively and efficiently by companies. He evaluates potential advantages and disadvantages and looks at related organizational processes to understand how this practice diffuses within the corporation and how firms can use it successfully.
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The Software License Unveiled

How Legislation by License Controls Software Access

Author: Douglas E. Phillips

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199711976

Category: Law

Page: 232

View: 4408

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Millions of computer users regularly bind themselves to software license terms with the click of a mouse, usually without reading anything but the word "agree." Licenses for software as diverse as Microsoft Windows and Linux, and terms of use for websites such as Facebook, are all subject not only to intellectual property and commercial law, but also to the private law of the license, which comes in many forms, each with its advocates. Microsoft, for example, maintains that its proprietary model gives users the rights they need while creating the incentives that have made the United States the global software leader, while Richard Stallman - creator of the GNU General Public License and author of a number of free software programs - asserts that proprietary licensing enables software companies to "hoard" software they should be sharing. In The Software License Unveiled, Douglas Phillips looks at both of these extremes and questions how these proliferating but largely unread license terms affect access to software, one of the economy's most valuable resources. While highlighting the obvious divergences, he makes the more illuminating case that most current models - spanning the spectrum from proprietary to free - have one key feature in common: to an increasing extent, each license model extends, modifies, or displaces public law that would otherwise apply. Unlike books that advocate one form of licensing or another, this one reframes the debate to propose that going forward a key challenge for lawyers, scholars, policymakers, and the public is to consider whether "legislation by license" should be the means for controlling software access.
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Who Owns Culture?

Appropriation and Authenticity in American Law

Author: Susan Scafidi

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 9780813536064

Category: Law

Page: 203

View: 3092

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It is not uncommon for white suburban youths to perform rap music, for New York fashion designers to ransack the world's closets for inspiration, or for Euro-American authors to adopt the voice of a geisha or shaman. But who really owns these art forms? Is it the community in which they were originally generated, or the culture that has absorbed them? While claims of authenticity or quality may prompt some consumers to seek cultural products at their source, the communities of origin are generally unable to exclude copyists through legal action. Like other works of unincorporated group authorship, cultural products lack protection under our system of intellectual property law. But is this legal vacuum an injustice, the lifeblood of American culture, a historical oversight, a result of administrative incapacity, or all of the above? Who Owns Culture? offers the first comprehensive analysis of cultural authorship and appropriation within American law. From indigenous art to Linux, Susan Scafidi takes the reader on a tour of the no-man's-land between law and culture, pausing to ask: What prompts us to offer legal protection to works of literature, but not folklore? What does it mean for a creation to belong to a community, especially a diffuse or fractured one? And is our national culture the product of Yankee ingenuity or cultural kleptomania? Providing new insights to communal authorship, cultural appropriation, intellectual property law, and the formation of American culture, this innovative and accessible guide greatly enriches future legal understanding of cultural production.
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Critical Digital Studies

A Reader, Second Edition

Author: Arthur Kroker,Marilouise Kroker

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442666714

Category: Social Science

Page: 624

View: 9408

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Since its initial publication, Critical Digital Studies has proven an indispensable guide to understanding digitally mediated culture. Bringing together the leading scholars in this growing field, internationally renowned scholars Arthur and Marilouise Kroker present an innovative and interdisciplinary survey of the relationship between humanity and technology. The reader offers a study of our digital future, a means of understanding the world with new analytic tools and means of communication that are defining the twenty-first century. The second edition includes new essays on the impact of social networking technologies and new media. A new section – “New Digital Media” – presents important, new articles on topics including hacktivism in the age of digital power and the relationship between gaming and capitalism. The extraordinary range and depth of the first edition has been maintained in this new edition. Critical Digital Studies will continue to provide the leading edge to readers wanting to understand the complex intersection of digital culture and human knowledge.
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Access to Knowledge

A Guide for Everyone

Author: Jeremy Malcolm

Publisher: Consumers International

ISBN: 0956611745

Category: Information society

Page: 144

View: 3222

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"Access to Knowledge (A2K) is the umbrella term for a movement that aims to create more equitable public access to the products of human culture and learning. The ultimate objective of the movement is to create a world in which educational and cultural works are accessible to all, and in which consumers and creators alike participate in a vibrant ecosystem of innovation and creativity ... the issues involved in the A2K movement can be daunting. These issues, including copyright and patent law reform, open content licensing, and communication rights, often involve legal and technological concepts that even specialists find difficult "--Back cover
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Towards Recognition of Minority Groups

Legal and Communication Strategies

Author: Professor Marek Zirk-Sadowski,Professor Bartosz Wojciechowski,Asst Prof Karolina M Cern

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472444906

Category: Law

Page: 294

View: 6030

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This book analyses debates concerning the nature, justification and legal protection of human rights with reference to the issues surrounding social milieu as a source of any legitimized law. With contributions from a global network of scientists across several continents, the work examines the understanding of the normative framework, expressed in terms of human rights that guarantee autonomous action in public and private and goes beyond the legal analysis to discuss communication strategies in human rights.
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Trillions

Thriving in the Emerging Information Ecology

Author: Peter Lucas,Joe Ballay,Mickey McManus

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118240065

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 272

View: 7350

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We are facing a future of unbounded complexity. Whether that complexity is harnessed to build a world that is safe, pleasant, humane and profitable, or whether it causes us to careen off a cliff into an abyss of mind-numbing junk is an open question. The challenges and opportunities--technical, business, and human--that this technological sea change will bring are without precedent. Entire industries will be born and others will be laid to ruin as our society navigates this journey. There are already many more computing devices in the world than there are people. In a few more years, their number will climb into the trillions. We put microprocessors into nearly every significant thing that we manufacture, and the cost of routine computing and storage is rapidly becoming negligible. We have literally permeated our world with computation. But more significant than mere numbers is the fact we are quickly figuring out how to make those processors communicate with each other, and with us. We are about to be faced, not with a trillion isolated devices, but with a trillion-node network: a network whose scale and complexity will dwarf that of today’s Internet. And, unlike the Internet, this will be a network not of computation that we use, but of computation that we live in. Written by the leaders of one of America’s leading pervasive computing design firms, this book gives a no-holds-barred insiders’ account of both the promise and the risks of the age of Trillions. It is also a cautionary tale of the head-in-the-sand attitude with which many of today’s thought-leaders are at present approaching these issues. Trillions is a field guide to the future--designed to help businesses and their customers prepare to prosper, in the information.
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