The Cambridge World History of Lexicography

The Cambridge World History of Lexicography

A dictionary records a language and a cultural world.

Author: John Considine

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316631117

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 973

View: 422

A dictionary records a language and a cultural world. This global history of lexicography is the first survey of all the dictionaries which humans have made, from the ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia, Egypt, China, India, and the Greco-Roman world, to the contemporary speech communities of every inhabited continent. Their makers included poets and soldiers, saints and courtiers, a scribe in an ancient Egyptian 'house of life' and a Vietnamese queen. Their physical forms include Tamil palm-leaf manuscripts and the dictionary apps which are supporting endangered Australian languages. Through engaging and accessible studies, a diverse team of leading scholars provide fascinating insight into the dictionaries of hundreds of languages, into the imaginative worlds of those who used or observed them, and into a dazzling variety of the literate cultures of humankind.
Categories: Literary Criticism

The Whole World in a Book

The Whole World in a Book

as well as editor of 'Cunning passages, contrived corridors': Unexpected Essays
in the History of Lexicography; and ... He is editing the Cambridge World History
of Lexicography and writing a new history of British lexicography from 1500 to ...

Author: Sarah Ogilvie

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780190913199

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 358

View: 557

Nineteenth-century readers had an appetite for books so big they seemed to contain the whole world: immense novels, series of novels, encyclopaedias. Especially in Eurasia and North America, especially among the middle and upper classes, people had the space, time, and energy for very long books. More than other multi-volume nineteenth-century collections, the dictionaries, or their descendants of the same name, remain with us in the twenty-first century. Online or on paper, people still consult Oxford for British English, Webster for American, Grimm for German, Littr� for French, Dahl for Russian. Even in spaces whose literary languages already had long philological and lexicographic traditions-Chinese, Japanese, Arabic, Persian, Greek, Latin-the burgeoning imperialisms and nationalisms of the nineteenth century generated new dictionaries. The Whole World in a Book explores a period in which globalization, industrialization, and social mobility were changing language in unimaginable ways. Newly automated technologies and systems of communication expanded the international reach of dictionaries, while rising literacy rates, book consumption, and advertising led to their unprecedented popularization. Dictionaries in the nineteenth century became more than dictionaries: they were battlefields between prestige languages and lower-status dialects; national icons celebrating the language and literature of the nation-state; and sites of innovative authorship where middle and lower classes, volunteers, women, colonial subjects, the deaf, and missionaries joined the ranks of educated white men in defining how people communicated and understood the world around them. In this volume, eighteen of the world's leading scholars investigate these lexicographers asking how the world within which they lived supported their projects? What did language itself mean for them? What goals did they try to accomplish in their dictionaries?
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Cambridge Companion to English Dictionaries

The Cambridge Companion to English Dictionaries

He has edited or co-edited seven other books on the subject, most recently the
Cambridge World History of Lexicography (Cambridge University Press, 2019).
He has contributed to the Oxford English Dictionary for the last thirty years,
formerly ...

Author: Sarah Ogilvie

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108568456

Category: Literary Criticism

Page:

View: 332

How did a single genre of text have the power to standardise the English language across time and region, rival the Bible in notions of authority, and challenge our understanding of objectivity, prescription, and description? Since the first monolingual dictionary appeared in 1604, the genre has sparked evolution, innovation, devotion, plagiarism, and controversy. This comprehensive volume presents an overview of essential issues pertaining to dictionary style and content and a fresh narrative of the development of English dictionaries throughout the centuries. Essays on the regional and global nature of English lexicography (dictionary making) explore its power in standardising varieties of English and defining nations seeking independence from the British Empire: from Canada to the Caribbean. Leading scholars and lexicographers historically contextualise an array of dictionaries and pose urgent theoretical and methodological questions relating to their role as tools of standardisation, prestige, power, education, literacy, and national identity.
Categories: Literary Criticism

The Cambridge World History of Slavery Volume 1 The Ancient Mediterranean World

The Cambridge World History of Slavery  Volume 1  The Ancient Mediterranean World

Also, although they were often liable to harsh treatment, they were recognised as
a community with their own traditions and religious affiliations.6 Thus, a late
Greek lexicographer felt it best to refer to them as occupying a position 'between
free ...

Author: Keith Bradley

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521840668

Category: History

Page: 632

View: 391

"Most societies in the past have had slaves, and almost all peoples have at some time in their pasts been both slaves as well as owners of slaves. Recent decades have seen a significant increase in our understanding of the historical role played by slavery and wide interest across a range of academic disciplines in the evolution of the institution. Exciting and innovative research methodologies have been developed, and numerous fruitful debates generated. Further, the study of slavery has come to providestrong connections between academic research and the wider public interest at a time when such links have in general been weak. The CambridgeWorld History of Slavery responds to these trends by providing for the first time, in four volumes, a comprehensive global history of this widespread phenomenon from the ancient world to the present day. Volume I surveys the history of slavery in the ancient Mediterranean world. Although chapters are devoted to the ancient Near East and the Jews, its principal concern is with the societies of ancient Greece and Rome. These are often considered as the first examples in world history of genuine slave societies because of the widespread prevalence of chattel slavery, which is argued to have been a cultural manifestation of the ubiquitous violence in societies typified by incessant warfare"--Provided by publisher.
Categories: History

Small Dictionaries and Curiosity

Small Dictionaries and Curiosity

This book tells the story of the first European wordlists of minority and unofficial languages and dialects, from the end of the Middle Ages to the early nineteenth century.

Author: John Considine

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198785019

Category:

Page: 320

View: 775

Small Dictionaries and Curiosity tells a story which has not been told before, that of the first European wordlists of minority and unofficial languages and dialects, from the end of the Middle Ages to the early nineteenth century. These wordlists were collected by people who were curious about the unrecorded or little-known languages they heard around them. Between them, they document more than 40 language varieties, from a Basque-Icelandic pidgin of the North Atlantic to the Kalmyk language of the lower Volga. The book gives an account of about 90 of these dictionaries and wordlists, some of them single-page jottings and some of them full-sized printed books, paying attention to their content and their physical form alike. It explores the kinds of curiosity and imagination by which their makers were moved: the lover of all languages hearing new voices in an inn; the speaker of a dying language recording his linguistic memories; the patriot deploying his lexicographical findings in the service of an emerging nation. It offers an encounter with the diverse voices of the entirety of post-medieval Europe, turning away from the people of the courts and universities whose language was documented in big dictionaries to listen to people who did not speak the languages of power: the people of remote places and dying communities; the illiterate poor, settled or homeless; migrants from the edges of Europe and beyond.
Categories:

Words of the World

Words of the World

Demonstrates that the Oxford English Dictionary is an international product in both its content and its making.

Author: Sarah Ogilvie

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107021839

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 241

View: 393

Most people think of the Oxford English Dictionary (OED) as a distinctly British product. Begun in England 150 years ago, it took more than 60 years to complete and, when it was finally finished in 1928, the British prime minister heralded it as a 'national treasure'. It maintained this image throughout the twentieth century, and in 2006 the English public voted it an 'Icon of England', alongside Marmite, Buckingham Palace and the bowler hat. However, this book shows that the dictionary is not as 'British' as we all thought. The linguist and lexicographer, Sarah Ogilvie, combines her insider knowledge and experience with impeccable research to show that the OED is in fact an international product in both its content and its making. She examines the policies and practices of the various editors, applies qualitative and quantitative analysis, and finds new OED archival materials in the form of letters, reports and proofs. She demonstrates that the OED, in its use of readers from all over the world and its coverage of World English, is in fact a global text.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Hand book of Chronology and History

Hand book of Chronology and History

The World's Progress, a Dictionary of Dates: with Tabular Views of General
History, and a Historical Chart George ... Buxtorf , John , ( son of the preceding )
lexicographer Eng . Byng , honorable John , admiral Eng . Byron , honorable ...
Calvert , Leonard , first governor of Maryland ( See Baltim Fr . Cambaceres , John
J . R . , distinguished revolutionist Eng . Cambridge , duke of , sixth son of George
III .

Author: George Palmer Putnam

Publisher:

ISBN: COLUMBIA:50192171

Category: Chronology, Historical

Page: 716

View: 429

Categories: Chronology, Historical

A Changing World of Words

A Changing World of Words

From the contents: Maurizio GOTTI: The origin of 17th century canting terms. - Anne MCDERMOTT: Early dictionaries of English and historical corpora: in search of hard words.

Author: Javier E. Díaz Vera

Publisher: Rodopi

ISBN: 9042013303

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 610

View: 614

From the contents: Maurizio GOTTI: The origin of 17th century canting terms. - Anne MCDERMOTT: Early dictionaries of English and historical corpora: in search of hard words. - Paivi KOIVISTO-ALANKO: Prototypes in semantic change: a diachronic perspective on abstract nouns. - Manuela ROMANO POZO: A morphodynamic interpretation of synonymy and polysemy in Old English."
Categories: Literary Criticism

Studies in Lexicography

Studies in Lexicography

He is the author of Australian English , An Historical Study of the Vocabulary
1788 – 1898 ( 1966 ) and , with Joan ... PETER STREVENS is Director - General
of the Bell Educational Trust , a Fellow of Wolfson College , Cambridge , and ...

Author: R. W. Burchfield

Publisher: Clarendon Press

ISBN: UOM:39015012948447

Category: History

Page: 200

View: 649

This collection of essays, edited by the distinguished lexicographer Dr. Robert Burchfield, examines and evaluates some of the greatest dictionaries of our age, from Liddell and Scott's Greek-English Lexicon to the Oxford English Dictionary. Written by leading lexicographers from around the world, these essays focus on the large historical, period, and regional dictionaries, providing insights into a broad range of issues, including: the treatment of homonyms, polysemy, and dialects; the effectiveness of dictionaries designed for foreign students; and the way words of Romance origin are dealt with in English dictionaries.
Categories: History

Lexicographic Practice in Tamil

Lexicographic Practice in Tamil

Ramachandra Dikshitar , V . R . Studies in Tamil Literature and History . Rpt .
Chennai : Kalakam , 1983 . Reddick , A . The Making of Johnson ' s Dictionary ,
1746 - 1773 ( Cambridge Studies in Publishing and Printing History ) .
Cambridge ...

Author: V. Murugan

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015081824677

Category: Encyclopedias and dictionaries, Tamil

Page: 359

View: 316

Study on Tamil lexicography and dictionaries.
Categories: Encyclopedias and dictionaries, Tamil

From Glosses to Dictionaries

From Glosses to Dictionaries

This book presents—through a series of nine high quality essays by international scholars—the beginnings of the lexicographic tradition and the appearance of the first mono- and multilingual dictionaries in various language areas across ...

Author: Chiara Benati

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781527540835

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 223

View: 365

This book presents—through a series of nine high quality essays by international scholars—the beginnings of the lexicographic tradition and the appearance of the first mono- and multilingual dictionaries in various language areas across the world, paying particular attention to their dependence on glosses and glossaries. The contributions analyze, on the basis of significant case studies, how dictionaries first emerged in a wide spectrum of cultures, ranging from Greek Antiquity to 9th-century Japan, from Medieval Britain to 15th-century Poland. In this way, the book highlights both similarities and differences among these traditions, and allows a global and comparative approach to the history of lexicography in its earliest phases, a topic which, up until now, has usually been studied only within single languages and cultures.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Contributions to the Apocryphal Literature of the New Testament

Contributions to the Apocryphal Literature of the New Testament

Cambridge, and Rector of Luffingcote, Devon. ... Hebrew and Chaldee Lexicon to
the Old Testament, with an Introduction, giving a short History of Hebrew
Lexicography. ... Price One Shilling each (to be completed in 20 parts) An
Introduction to the Old Testament, critical, historical and theological, containing a
discussion of ...

Author: William Wright

Publisher:

ISBN: OXFORD:303976224

Category: Apocryphal books (New Testament)

Page: 79

View: 749

Categories: Apocryphal books (New Testament)

Current Projects in Historical Lexicography

Current Projects in Historical Lexicography

The contributions to this volume offer a rare set of insights into ongoing lexicographical work, addressing both methodological issues such as inclusion criteria and the balance between diachronic and synchronic coverage, and practical ...

Author: John P. Considine

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Pub

ISBN: NWU:35556040819088

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 202

View: 990

Current Projects in Historical Lexicography brings together seven papers by present and recent editors of historical dictionaries and lexical databases. The collection is introduced with an overview of the history of historical lexicography from the ancient world to the present day, with particular emphasis on the major nineteenth-century dictionaries of German, French, English, Dutch, Swedish, and Danish, and on their successors. In the first paper, Javier Martin Arista describes the present state of, and the prospects for, the Nerthus lexical database of Old English. The next two introduce specialized dictionaries of the language of medieval and early modern texts: Fernando Tejedo-Herrero's comprehensive dictionary of the language of the great thirteenth-century lawcode Siete Partidas, and Juhani Norri's Dictionary of Medical Vocabulary in English, 1375-1530. Marijke Mooijaart's paper discusses the online integration of the four historical dictionaries which cover Dutch from the earliest times to the twentieth century. The next two papers, Stefan Dollinger on the Dictionary of Canadianisms on Historical Principles and the Bank of Canadian English, and Maggie Scott on the Concise Scots Dictionary, describe projects to revise twentieth-century historical dictionaries as the language varieties which they register evolve. Finally, Jeremy Bergerson's paper presents a project for an etymologically rich historical dictionary of Afrikaans. An appendix to the volume comprises two previously unpublished short documents by Katherine Barber and John Considine which bear on the history of the Dictionary of Canadianisms revision project. The contributions to this volume offer a rare set of insights into ongoing lexicographical work, addressing both methodological issues such as inclusion criteria and the balance between diachronic and synchronic coverage, and practical issues such as publication media and funding.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Oxford Handbook of the History of Linguistics

The Oxford Handbook of the History of Linguistics

This handbook makes a significant contribution to the historiography of linguistics. It will also be a valuable reference for scholars and students in linguists and related fields, including philosophy and cognitive science.

Author: Keith Allan

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199585847

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 924

View: 405

Leading scholars examine the history of linguistics from ancient origins to the present. They consider every aspect of the field from language origins to neurolinguistics, explore the linguistic traditions in different parts of the world, examine how work in linguistics has influenced other fields, and look at how it has been practically applied
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Nomina

Nomina

Graham - Campbell , ed . , Cultural Atlas of the Viking World ( London , 1994 ) .
Gruffydd ... review of The Cambridge History of the English Language , I , The
Beginnings to 1066 , edited by R. M. Hogg , and II ... Kornexl , L. , ' Progress in
historical lexicography : the Dictionary of Old English ' , Anglia , 112 ( 1994 ) , 421
-53 .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCLA:L0073779894

Category: Names, Geographical

Page:

View: 135

Categories: Names, Geographical

The New England Historical and Genealogical Register

The New England Historical and Genealogical Register

He purchased the handsome equipage and four fine horses, which had been the
property of the Duke of Kent when in Boston, and was ... Jared Sparks, and of
Joseph Worcester, the distinguished lexicographer, but for the last quarter of a
century it has been the abode of ... which had been there surrendered, to
Cambridge, where lit was placed in cantonments, she occupied the house then
nearest the ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105011705097

Category: New England

Page:

View: 988

Beginning in 1924, Proceedings are incorporated into the Apr. number.
Categories: New England

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World

The Index Islamicus ( Cambridge and London , 1958- ) has provided a register of
articles published since 1906 and monographs ... Haywood , John A. Arabic
Lexicography : Its History , and Its Place in the General History of Lexicography .

Author: John L. Esposito

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39076001555171

Category: Islam

Page: 466

View: 680

Categories: Islam

Studies in the History of the English Language IV

Studies in the History of the English Language IV

PhD . diss . , Cambridge : University of Cambridge . 19986 The Discourse
Motivations for Neologising : Action Nominalization in the History of English . In
Lexicology , Semantics , and Lexicography : Selected Papers from the Fourth G .
L ...

Author: Susan M. Fitzmaurice

Publisher: De Gruyter Mouton

ISBN: UOM:39015077147943

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 433

View: 403

This volume is a collection of studies that approach different questions in the history of the English language using a range of evidence and explanations for change across different periods, genres, and aspects of the language. Areas covered include a range of periods of the English language, from Old English to nineteenth-century Canadian English and present-day Pennsylvania English, and examine materials including translations, the accounts of medieval London tradesmen, internet searches, and family records from Louisiana. The contributions represent the current state of research in the field and the nature of the debates in which scholars and historians engage as regards the nature of the evidence adduced in the explanation of change and the robustness of analytical frameworks.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Words and Dictionaries from the British Isles in Historical Perspective

Words and Dictionaries from the British Isles in Historical Perspective

The volume as a whole offers new discoveries and important analytical and conceptual work, and is an essential text in the developing field of the history of lexicography.

Author: John Considine

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781443807210

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 220

View: 695

Words and dictionaries from the British Isles in historical perspective brings together a wide range of current work on English-language lexicography and lexicology by a team of twelve contributors working in England, continental Europe, and North America. Fredric Dolezal’s opening essay offers a provocative discussion of how the history of English lexicography has been, and might in the future be, written. The next four papers deal with the medieval and early modern periods: Carter Hailey investigates the dictionary evidence for individual lexical creativity in a discussion of Chaucer and the Middle English Dictionary; Gabriele Stein shows how early modern English dictionaries handled lexicological questions rather than simply listing words and equivalents; R. W. McConchie analyzes the biographical record of the lexicographer Richard Howlet, and Paola Tornaghi presents and discusses an unpublished source for the seventeenth-century lexicography of Old English. Three papers on the long eighteenth century follow: Noel Osselton’s is an analysis of the “alphabet fatigue” which led many early lexicographers to treat words at the end of the alphabetical sequence more tersely than words at the beginning; Elisabetta Lonati’s shows the engagement of John Harris’s Lexicon technicum with one of the sources of its medical vocabulary; Charlotte Brewer’s discusses the under-representation of eighteenth-century material in the Oxford English Dictionary. In the last three papers, Julie Coleman provides a groundbreaking analysis of Farmer and Henley’s Slang and its analogues; Peter Gilliver draws on the Oxford English Dictionary archives to tell the story of an important editorial crisis; and Laura Pinnavaia discusses the syntactic flexibility of a set of idioms in a corpus of nineteenth- and twentieth-century prose. The volume as a whole offers new discoveries and important analytical and conceptual work, and is an essential text in the developing field of the history of lexicography.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Multi disciplinary Lexicography

Multi disciplinary Lexicography

This book will be of interest to theoreticians, practitioners, and students of linguistic faculties.

Author: Olga M. Karpova

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781443865630

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 335

View: 589

The present book is based on presentations made during the IXth International School on Lexicography, “Multi-disciplinary Lexicography: Traditions and Challenges of the XXIst Century”, at Ivanovo State University, September 8–10, 2011, and continues a series of collective monographs devoted to the theoretical and practical problems of lexicography, published by Cambridge Scholars Publishing in 2007, 2009 and 2010. The scope of topics discussed in four parts (Dictionary as a Cross-road of Language and Culture, Dictionary Use and Dictionary Criticism, Terminology and LSP Studies, and Projects of New Dictionaries) is rather wide and focuses on burning problems of European, Russian and world lexicography, as well as on projects of new dictionaries. This book will be of interest to theoreticians, practitioners, and students of linguistic faculties.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines