The Caspian Sea Encyclopedia

Author: Igor S. Zonn,Aleksey N Kosarev,Michael Glantz,Andrey G. Kostianoy

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642115240

Category: Science

Page: 525

View: 9979

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“The Caspian Sea Encyclopedia” is the second one in the new series of encyclo- dias about the seas of the former Soviet Union published by Springer-Verlag. The ?rst volume – “The Aral Sea Encyclopedia” was published by Springer in 2009. The series will be continued by “The Black Sea Encyclopedia” in 2010. Today the Caspian Sea is known to readers thanks to its oil and gas resources, sturgeon and caviar, signi?cant sea-level variations, socio-economic and political problems. The Caucasus and Central Asia (http://eurodialogue. org/?les/fckeditor_?les/Caspian-s- map2. png) vii viii Introduction For more than 250 years the Caspian Sea was shared by two states: Russia (the Soviet Union) and Persia (Iran). After the disintegration of the USSR in 1992, the new independent states of Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan have radically changed the political and economic situation in the region. In addition to Russia and Iran, who had determined the situation on the Caspian for a long period, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan are now interested parties, beginning a new stage in the historical development of the Caspian region. This increase in the number of the Caspian legal entities from two to ?ve has given rise to a whole tangle of geopolitical, economic, international legal, ethnic and environmental problems, each of which demands its own approach and settlement mechanism.
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The Black Sea Encyclopedia

Author: Sergei R. Grinevetsky,Igor S. Zonn,Sergei S. Zhiltsov,Aleksey N. Kosarev,Andrey G. Kostianoy

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642552277

Category: Science

Page: 889

View: 4441

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This publication is devoted to the natural feature – the Black Sea and its littoral states. At the same time the Azov Sea is also considered here. This region is the focus of many geopolitical, economic, social and environmental issues that involve not only the countries coming out to the Black and Azov Seas, but other world countries, too. This publication contains over 1500 articles and terms providing descriptions of geographical and oceanographic features, cities, ports, transport routes, marine biological resources, international treaties, national and international programs, research institutions, historical and archaeological monuments, activities of prominent scientists, researchers, travelers, military commanders, etc. who had relation to the Black Sea. It includes a multi-century chronology of the events that became the outstanding milestones in the history of development of the Black Sea – Azov Sea region.
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Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences

Author: N.A

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128130822

Category: Science

Page: 4306

View: 7089

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The oceans cover 70% of the Earth’s surface, and are critical components of Earth’s climate system. This new edition of Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences summarizes the breadth of knowledge about them, providing revised, up to date entries as well coverage of new topics in the field. New and expanded sections include microbial ecology, high latitude systems and the cryosphere, climate and climate change, hydrothermal and cold seep systems. The structure of the work provides a modern presentation of the field, reflecting the input and different perspective of chemical, physical and biological oceanography, the specialized area of expertise of each of the three Editors-in-Chief. In this framework maximum attention has been devoted to making this an organic and unified reference. Represents a one-stop. organic information resource on the breadth of ocean science research Reflects the input and different perspective of chemical, physical and biological oceanography, the specialized area of expertise of each of the three Editors-in-Chief New and expanded sections include microbial ecology, high latitude systems and climate change Provides scientifically reliable information at a foundational level, making this work a resource for students as well as active researches
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Seas and Waterways of the World

An Encyclopedia of History, Uses, and Issues

Author: John Zumerchik,Steven Laurence Danver

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1851097112

Category: History

Page: 731

View: 7017

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This is the first comprehensive encyclopedia on the history of the vast and varied ways human beings have used the world's waterways for business, protection, and recreation. * 134 entries, organized alphabetically within 3 sections * Approximately 50 contributors—experts in the study and practice of water-based commerce * A chronology of important events in nautical history * A rich selection of photographs, illustrations, and maps
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The Aral Sea Encyclopedia

Author: Igor S. Zonn,M. Glantz,Aleksey N. Kosarev,Andrey G. Kostianoy

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540850880

Category: Science

Page: 290

View: 8109

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The ‘‘Aral Sea Encyclopedia’’ is the first one in the new series of encyclopedias about the seas of the former Soviet Union. Preparing it we faced certain difficulties. The thing is that this encyclopedia is a monument to the sea that is disappearing during our lifetime. The world community considers the situation with the Aral Sea and all changes that occurred in its whereabouts in the recent decades as one of the most serious, if not disastrous anthropogenic environmental crises of the 20th century. Before 1960, this was a water-abundant sea-lake that was fourth among world lakes after the Caspian Sea (USSR, Iran), the Great Lakes (USA, Canada) and Victoria Lake (Africa). This was a real ‘‘pearl’’ among the sands of the largest deserts, the Karakums and the Kyzylkums. Navigation between the sea ports Muinak and Aralsk and fisheries famous for the Aral breams, barbells, sturgeons, shemaya, and others were developed here. One could find beautiful recreational zones and beaches here. The deltas of the Amudarya, the major river of Central Asia, and the Syrdarya bringing their waters into the Aral Sea were famous for their biodiversity, fishery, muskrat rearing, reed prod- tion. The local population found occupations related to the water infrastructure.
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Encyclopedia of Biological Invasions

Author: Daniel Simberloff,Marcel Rejmanek

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520264215

Category: Nature

Page: 765

View: 2857

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"Addresses all aspects of this subject at a global level--including invasions by animals, plants, fungi, and bacteria--in succinct, alphabetically arranged articles. Featuring many cross-references, suggestions for further reading, illustrations, an appendix of the world's worst 100 invasive species, a glossary, and more ..."--The publisher.
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Encyclopedia of European Peoples

Author: Carl Waldman,Catherine Mason

Publisher: Infobase Publishing

ISBN: 1438129181

Category: Europe

Page: 955

View: 2972

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Presents an alphabetical listing of information on the origins, prehistory, history, culture, languages, relationships to other cultures and more regarding European peoples.
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Encyclopedia of the World's Coastal Landforms

Author: Eric Bird

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402086385

Category: Science

Page: 1516

View: 2174

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This unique richly-illustrated account of the landforms and geology of the world’s coasts, presented in a country-by-country (state-by-state) sequence, assembles a vast amount of data and images of an endangered and increasingly populated and developed landform. An international panel of 138 coastal experts provides information on “what is where” on each sector of coast, together with explanations of the landforms, their evolution and the changes taking place on them. As well as providing details on the coastal features of each country (state or county) the compendium can be used to determine the extent of particular features along the world’s coasts and to investigate comparisons and contrasts between various world regions. With more than 1440 color illustrations and photos, it is particularly useful as a source of information prior to researching or just visiting a sector of coast. References are provided to the current literature on coastal evolution and coastline changes.
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Encyclopedia of World Geography

Author: Peter Haggett

Publisher: Marshall Cavendish

ISBN: 9780761472896

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 3456

View: 9558

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Presents profiles of countries from around the world, with information on such topics as historical events, the environment, physical geography, habitats, animal and plant life, agriculture, the economy, culture, governments, and industries.
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The Eastern Arctic Seas Encyclopedia

Author: Igor S. Zonn,Andrey G. Kostianoy,Aleksandr Semenov

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319242361

Category: Science

Page: 403

View: 7475

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This Encyclopedia is designed to accumulate and systematize our knowledge about the unique natural water areas - the Laptev, East Siberian and Chukchi seas, their wealth, the events that took place on its waters and shores, and the remarkable people whose lives were and are closely intertwined with the seas. The Encyclopedia contains about 1,500 terms and concepts related to the seas in alphabetical order. It describes geographical features: rivers, lakes, straits, bays; provides information about towns, seaports, transport communications, basic aquatic biological species, nature reserves, national and international programs for the study of the sea, research institutes, historical monuments, activities of prominent explorers and travelers, researchers and scientists. The Encyclopedia also includes a chronology of major historical events connected with the Eastern Arctic seas for more than 400 years.
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