The Black Box Society

The Secret Algorithms That Control Money and Information

Author: Frank Pasquale

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674368274

Category: Law

Page: 311

View: 6501


Every day, corporations are connecting the dots about our personal behavior—silently scrutinizing clues left behind by our work habits and Internet use. But who connects the dots about what firms are doing with all this information? Frank Pasquale exposes how powerful interests abuse secrecy for profit and explains ways to rein them in.

The Rise of Big Data Policing

Surveillance, Race, and the Future of Law Enforcement

Author: Andrew G. Ferguson

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1479892823

Category: Law

Page: 259

View: 9692


Winner, 2018 Law & Legal Studies PROSE Award The consequences of big data and algorithm-driven policing and its impact on law enforcement In a high-tech command center in downtown Los Angeles, a digital map lights up with 911 calls, television monitors track breaking news stories, surveillance cameras sweep the streets, and rows of networked computers link analysts and police officers to a wealth of law enforcement intelligence. This is just a glimpse into a future where software predicts future crimes, algorithms generate virtual “most-wanted” lists, and databanks collect personal and biometric information. The Rise of Big Data Policing introduces the cutting-edge technology that is changing how the police do their jobs and shows why it is more important than ever that citizens understand the far-reaching consequences of big data surveillance as a law enforcement tool. Andrew Guthrie Ferguson reveals how these new technologies —viewed as race-neutral and objective—have been eagerly adopted by police departments hoping to distance themselves from claims of racial bias and unconstitutional practices. After a series of high-profile police shootings and federal investigations into systemic police misconduct, and in an era of law enforcement budget cutbacks, data-driven policing has been billed as a way to “turn the page” on racial bias. But behind the data are real people, and difficult questions remain about racial discrimination and the potential to distort constitutional protections. In this first book on big data policing, Ferguson offers an examination of how new technologies will alter the who, where, when and how we police. These new technologies also offer data-driven methods to improve police accountability and to remedy the underlying socio-economic risk factors that encourage crime. The Rise of Big Data Policing is a must read for anyone concerned with how technology will revolutionize law enforcement and its potential threat to the security, privacy, and constitutional rights of citizens. Read an excerpt and interview with Andrew Guthrie Ferguson in The Economist.

Legal Regulations, Implications, and Issues Surrounding Digital Data

Author: Jackson, Margaret,Shelly, Marita

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1799831329

Category: Computers

Page: 240

View: 2645


Every year, there are advances in the way that we deal with information as individuals, governments, and organizations. We live and work predominantly online resulting in an enormous amount of digital data. The way that information is used is constantly changing with individuals, governments, and corporations all involved in collecting, storing, using, disclosing, and transferring information online. The growth in artificial intelligence and its effects on data will impact all individuals. It is imperative that a greater understanding of these new advances is gained, in particular, the legal implications they have for society. Legal Regulations, Implications, and Issues Surrounding Digital Data is an essential research publication that assists readers in understanding the current technology they are using, how digital data is being used by governments and organizations, and the current legal issues surrounding these areas that set out challenges in everyday life. Highlighting topics such as data protection, cybercrime, and privacy, this book is ideal for lawyers, academicians, IT specialists, policymakers, cybersecurity professionals, law professionals, researchers, academicians, and students.

Life by Algorithms

How Roboprocesses Are Remaking Our World

Author: Catherine Besteman,Hugh Gusterson

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022662773X

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 3978


Computerized processes are everywhere in our society. They are the automated phone messaging systems that businesses use to screen calls; the link between student standardized test scores and public schools’ access to resources; the algorithms that regulate patient diagnoses and reimbursements to doctors. The storage, sorting, and analysis of massive amounts of information have enabled the automation of decision-making at an unprecedented level. Meanwhile, computers have offered a model of cognition that increasingly shapes our approach to the world. The proliferation of “roboprocesses” is the result, as editors Catherine Besteman and Hugh Gusterson observe in this rich and wide-ranging volume, which features contributions from a distinguished cast of scholars in anthropology, communications, international studies, and political science. Although automatic processes are designed to be engines of rational systems, the stories in Life by Algorithms reveal how they can in fact produce absurd, inflexible, or even dangerous outcomes. Joining the call for “algorithmic transparency,” the contributors bring exceptional sensitivity to everyday sociality into their critique to better understand how the perils of modern technology affect finance, medicine, education, housing, the workplace, food production, public space, and emotions—not as separate problems but as linked manifestations of a deeper defect in the fundamental ordering of our society.