The Birth of the Orchestra : History of an Institution, 1650-1815

History of an Institution, 1650-1815

Author: Music History and Literature San Francisco Conservatory of Music John Spitzer Chair,Neal Zaslaw Professor of Music Cornell University

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199719914

Category: Music

Page: 656

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This is the story of the orchestra, from 16th-century string bands to the "classical" orchestra of Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven. Spitzer and Zaslaw document orchestral organization, instrumentation, social roles, repertories, and performance practices in Europe and the American colonies, concluding around 1800 with the widespread awareness of the orchestra as a central institution in European life.
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The Birth of the Orchestra

History of an Institution, 1650-1815

Author: John Spitzer,Neal Zaslaw

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191513237

Category: Music

Page: 650

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This book traces the emergence of the orchestra from 16th-century string bands to the 'classical' orchestra of Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, and their contemporaries. Ensembles of bowed stringed instruments, several players per part plus continuo and wind instruments, were organized in France in the mid-17th century and then in Rome at the end of the century. The prestige of these ensembles and of the music and performing styles of their leaders, Jean-Baptiste Lully and Arcangelo Corelli, caused them to be imitated elsewhere, until by the late 18th century, the orchestra had become a pan-European phenomenon. Spitzer and Zaslaw review previous accounts of these developments, then proceed to a thoroughgoing documentation and discussion of orchestral organization, instrumentation, and social roles in France, Italy, Germany, England, and the American colonies. They also examine the emergence of orchestra musicians, idiomatic music for orchestras, orchestral performance practices, and the awareness of the orchestra as a central institution in European life.
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American Orchestras in the Nineteenth Century

Author: John Spitzer

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226769763

Category: History

Page: 493

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Studies of concert life in nineteenth-century America have generally been limited to large orchestras and the programs we are familiar with today. But as this book reveals, audiences of that era enjoyed far more diverse musical experiences than this focus would suggest. To hear an orchestra, people were more likely to head to a beer garden, restaurant, or summer resort than to a concert hall. And what they heard weren’t just symphonic works—programs also included opera excerpts and arrangements, instrumental showpieces, comic numbers, and medleys of patriotic tunes. This book brings together musicologists and historians to investigate the many orchestras and programs that developed in nineteenth-century America. In addition to reflecting on the music that orchestras played and the socioeconomic aspects of building and maintaining orchestras, the book considers a wide range of topics, including audiences, entrepreneurs, concert arrangements, tours, and musicians’ unions. The authors also show that the period saw a massive influx of immigrant performers, the increasing ability of orchestras to travel across the nation, and the rising influence of women as listeners, patrons, and players. Painting a rich and detailed picture of nineteenth-century concert life, this collection will greatly broaden our understanding of America’s musical history.
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The End of Early Music

A Period Performer's History of Music for the Twenty-First Century

Author: Bruce Haynes

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199885125

Category: Music

Page: 304

View: 8532

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Part history, part explanation of early music, this book also plays devil's advocate, criticizing current practices and urging experimentation. Haynes, a veteran of the movement, describes a vision of the future that involves improvisation, rhetorical expression, and composition.
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The Oxford Handbook of Opera

Author: Helen M. Greenwald

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0195335538

Category: Music

Page: 1177

View: 1255

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'The Oxford Handbook of Opera' captures the highly charged dynamic between opera and its audience, bringing the complexities of scholarship and the excitement of performance into the mainstream conversation. Fifty essays address an extensive range of topics.
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New Perspectives on Marc-Antoine Charpentier

Author: Shirley Thompson

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9780754665793

Category: Music

Page: 385

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The tercentenary of Marc-Antoine Charpentier's death in 2004 stimulated a surge of activity on the part of performers and scholars, confirming the modern assessment of Charpentier (1643-1704) as one of the most important and inventive composers of the French Baroque. The present book illustrates not only the sheer variety of research strands currently pursued, but also the way in which these strands frequently intertwine and generate the potential for future research. Between them, they examine facets of the composer's compositional language and process, aspects of his performance practice and notation, the contexts within which he worked, and the nature of his legacy. The appendix contains a transcription of the inventory of Charpentier's manuscripts prepared when their sale to the Royal Library was negotiated in 1726 - an invaluable research tool, as numerous chapters in the book demonstrate. The wide variety of topics covered here will appeal both to readers interested in Charpentier's music and to those with a broader interest in the music and culture of the French Baroque, including aspects of patronage, church and theatre. Far from treating his output in isolation, this book places it in the wider context alongside such composers as Lully, Lalande, Marais, François Couperin and Rameau; it also views the composer in relation to his Italian training. In the process, the under-examined question of influence - who influenced Charpentier? whom did he influence? - repeatedly comes to the fore.
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A Manual for the Performance Library

Author: Russ Girsberger

Publisher: Scarecrow Press

ISBN: 1461655943

Category: Music

Page: 182

View: 8041

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A Manual for the Performance Library is a guide for organizing and operating a library of music performance materials for orchestra, band, chorus, jazz ensemble, and chamber music.
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The Courtly Consort Suite in German-speaking Europe, 1650-1706

Author: Michael Robertson

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9780754664512

Category: Music

Page: 275

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Dance music at the courts of seventeenth-century Germany is a genre that is still largely unknown. Dr Michael Robertson sets out to redress the balance and study the ensemble dance suites that were played at the German courts between the end of the Thirty Years War and the early years of the eighteenth century. The book examines the dissemination of dance music, the influence of Jean-Baptiste Lully, instrumentation and performance practice, and the differences between the French and Italian styles. It also studies the courtly suites before the advent of Lullism and the differences between the suites of court composers and town musicians.
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The Symphony in Beethoven's Vienna

Author: David Wyn Jones

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521862612

Category: Music

Page: 231

View: 8798

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The status of Beethoven's symphonies is ingrained in Western culture, but very little is known about the environment in which the composer wrote them. David Wyn Jones explores the symphonies of other composers of the time together with the patterns of musical life in Vienna that helped shape the destiny of the symphony. This original study will be of interest to Beethoven enthusiasts and those interested in exploring the reality behind the image of Vienna as a deeply supportive musical city.
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The Early Flute

Author: John Solum

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198165757

Category: Music

Page: 164

View: 7567

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With the growing interest in recent years in the use of period instruments for recordings, live professional performances, and amateur music-making, the old-style transverse flutes are experiencing a remarkable comeback. The Early Flute is the first book in modern times to deal exclusively with the flutes used in the Renaissance, Baroque, and Classical eras. The book details the history of the transverse flute from 1500 until the early nineteenth century. Advice is given on acquiring instruments and on their care and maintenance. Additional chapters guide the reader to sources about relevant technique and style, recommend repertoire, and give general advice to the modern player. The text is enhanced by numerous photographs of important historic flutes.
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