The Biology of Desire

Why Addiction Is Not a Disease

Author: Marc Lewis

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 1610394380

Category: Psychology

Page: 256

View: 8990


Through the vivid, true stories of five people who journeyed into and out of addiction, a renowned neuroscientist explains why the "disease model" of addiction is wrong and illuminates the path to recovery. The psychiatric establishment and rehab industry in the Western world have branded addiction a brain disease. But in The Biology of Desire, cognitive neuroscientist and former addict Marc Lewis makes a convincing case that addiction is not a disease, and shows why the disease model has become an obstacle to healing. Lewis reveals addiction as an unintended consequence of the brain doing what it's supposed to do-seek pleasure and relief-in a world that's not cooperating. As a result, most treatment based on the disease model fails. Lewis shows how treatment can be retooled to achieve lasting recovery. This is enlightening and optimistic reading for anyone who has wrestled with addiction either personally or professionally.

The Myth of Sex Addiction

Author: David J. Ley

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1442213051

Category: Psychology

Page: 259

View: 4230


Presents the history and questionable science underlying sexual addiction, suggesting that men take responsibility for sexual choices rather than labeling sexual desire as a force that must be resisted, feared, and treated.

The Psychology of Addiction

Author: Mary McMurran

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780748401871

Category: Medical

Page: 182

View: 974


This series of books on contemporary psychological issues is aimed primarily at students beginning their undergraduate degree. All of these volumes are introductory in the sense that they assume no, or very little, previous acquaintance with the subject, while aiming to take the reader through to the end of his or her first course on the topic they cover. For this reason the series will also appeal to those who encounter psychology in the course of their professional work: nurses, social workers, police and probation officers, speech therapists and medical students. Written in a clear and jargon-free style, each book generally includes a full (and in some cases annotated) bibliography and points the way explicitly to further reading on the subject covered.

One Nation Under Therapy

How the Helping Culture Is Eroding Self-Reliance

Author: Christina Hoff Sommers,Dr. Sally Satel, M.D.

Publisher: St. Martin's Press

ISBN: 1429908955

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 7989


Americans have traditionally placed great value on self-reliance and fortitude. In recent decades, however, we have seen the rise of a therapeutic ethic that views Americans as emotionally underdeveloped, psychically frail, and requiring the ministrations of mental health professionals to cope with life's vicissitudes. Being "in touch with one's feelings" and freely expressing them have become paramount personal virtues. Today-with a book for every ailment, a counselor for every crisis, a lawsuit for every grievance, and a TV show for every conceivable problem-we are at risk of degrading our native ability to cope with life's challenges. Drawing on established science and common sense, Christina Hoff Sommers and Dr. Sally Satel reveal how "therapism" and the burgeoning trauma industry have come to pervade our lives. Help is offered everywhere under the presumption that we need it: in children's classrooms, the workplace, churches, courtrooms, the media, the military. But with all the "help" comes a host of troubling consequences, including: * The myth of stressed-out, homework-burdened, hypercompetitive, and depressed or suicidal schoolchildren in need of therapy and medication * The loss of moral bearings in our approach to lying, crime, addiction, and other foibles and vices * The unasked-for "grief counselors" who descend on bereaved families, schools, and communities following a tragedy, offering dubious advice while billing plenty of money * The expansion of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder from an affliction of war veterans to nearly everyone who has experienced a setback Intelligent, provocative, and wryly amusing, One Nation Under Therapy demonstrates that "talking about" problems is no substitute for confronting them.

The Biology of Gambling

Author: Mikal J. Aasved

Publisher: Charles C Thomas Publisher

ISBN: 0398074461

Category: Medical

Page: 356

View: 9783


The Biology of Gambling is the third volume in the Gambling Theory and Research Series. Author Mikal Aasved wrote this series to meet the need for a comprehensive review and synthesis of the many published materials pertaining to gambling theory and research. The series summarizes and critiques the findings and conclusions of investigators who have attempted to determine the motivations for gambling, both normative and excessive. Dr. Aasved provides a thorough examination of the research efforts and theoretical explanations of leaders in the field of gambling studies. This volume focuses on the etiological or causal theories that have been advanced by specialists in the medical sciences, an increasing number of whom are adopting the view that biological factors play an important role in the developmnet of many addictive, obsessive-compulsive, and other maladaptive behavior disorders. The fifteen chapters are divided into four parts. Part I reviews medical or disease models of addiction, discussing early and later conceptions. The core features of addiction, the alcohol dependence syndrome, heritability of addiction, longitudinal studies, and the quest to discover the biological basis of addiction are explored in detail. Part II examines the medical models of pathological gambling by exploring early ideas on gambling and human evolution, recent definition and diagnosis of pathological gambling, criticisms of the medical and addiction models, treatment goals, and the ongoing quest to discover the biological basis of pathological gambling. Part III concerns multicausal models of pathological gambling, and focuses on general theories of addiction, gambling-specific theories, and finishes with a critique of multicausal approaches. Part IV integrates the contents of the book by highlighting its main points and offering such concluding observations as: "Where do we now stand, and where do we go from here?" This book, as well as the entire

Rethinking Excessive Habits and Addictive Behaviors

Author: Tony Bevacqua

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1442248300

Category: Psychology

Page: 216

View: 1554


Breaking new ground, Tony Bevacqua asks us to rethink the way we talk about and treat addictive behaviors. By examining our outdated notions about "addiction," Bevacqua offers an alternative perspective to the conventional one-size-fits-all mind-set.

Drugs in American Society: An Encyclopedia of History, Politics, Culture, and the Law [3 volumes]

Author: Nancy E. Marion,Willard M. Oliver

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1610695968

Category: Political Science

Page: 1163

View: 7234


Containing more than 450 entries, this easy-to-read encyclopedia provides concise information about the history of and recent trends in drug use and drug abuse in the United States—a societal problem with an estimated cost of $559 billion a year. • Contains more than 450 detailed entries on topics ranging from drugs themselves—such as alcohol, codeine, heroin, marijuana, and methamphetamines—to key individuals like Harry Anslinger to organizations such as the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) • Covers the latest developments in U.S. policies and public attitudes toward drugs and drug use • Provides citations with each entry to guide users to other valuable research resources • Features carefully selected primary documents—including excerpts from important laws, policies, and campaigns—that have shaped American drug policy over the decades

The Human Addictions

Author: Valentin Matcas

Publisher: Valentin Matcas

ISBN: 1311236791

Category: Self-Help

Page: 130

View: 7827


What is pleasure? You certainly know what pleasure is, since pleasure means everything to everybody. You know what hormones and neurotransmitters induce pleasure, and you know how to get pleasure whenever you desire. Pleasure relates to drugs, social encounters, fulfillment and desire, and it relates to entertainment too. What we want throughout this book is to model pleasure and addictions entirely, in order to prepare you in case that you ever have difficulties with pleasure. As suffering of lack of pleasure and happiness for example, or being addicted, or seeking to help others with their addiction, or seeking to learn more about yourself from your most important cognitive perspectives, or seeking ways to withdraw, etc. Pleasure, among all your feelings, along with your entire punishment-reward mechanism, does not only feel good, but it helps you understand yourself, your needs and reasoning, your behavior, and your entire meaning in the inner and outer world. Humans seek pleasure indeed, humans venerate pleasure, but are humans sentient by nature, the way Science depicts them? Because if humans are defined as feelers and if they are expected to behave as feelers in the world, then this is their meaning in the world, to feel everything, to feel good always, and to live life feeling the best, even addicted. Yet as you know, humans excel at reasoning among everything else, and not necessarily at feeling, which describes more the animal kingdom. Pleasure is very good and it is better than pain, yet it is a great difference between feeling and reasoning. Reasoning is more about coping and understanding life and the world, while feeling is more about celebrating life and the world. Yet even this statement is not entirely true, because feelings are not even abilities within your cognitive system, but feelings are only meant to signal needs, and to reward and punish you, depending on circumstances. While reasoning is your main cognitive ability, and should be treasured the most. And this makes a great difference, because if you happen to live your life valuing feelings including your good feelings more than your actual abilities including your cognitive abilities, then feelings and pleasure in special become your focus in life. And with the multitude of artificial sources of pleasure that Society can offer, it is only a matter of time before you too become addicted. And as we will see throughout the book, becoming addicted is not even an error of judgment that you make while trying to feel good in life as everyone else, but addiction is an integral part of the normal natural process of your cognitive system, and it is even used by your subconscious intelligence in various circumstances, in order to render you disposed only to specific highly important activities in life, and to neglect the rest, as it is the case with your need for reproduction, for example. Throughout this book, we study what causes addictions in the world, from all perspectives: cognitive, empiric, behavioral, social, scientific, and ideological. We also study each type of drug along with all addictive activities, in order to understand them and be able to find ways to withdraw and to avoid them in all circumstances. And since your life in this world along with your entire behavior have higher meanings, we are going to integrate drugs, pleasure, and addictions within the human behavior, and also within the human higher meanings in the world. This book is not only about drugs and addictions, but this book helps you understand your mind, needs, feelings, intelligence, society, behavior, development, rewards, punishments, health, stress, and relaxation, all leading to a better understanding of who you are, how you reason, how you feel, and how you interconnect with those around throughout life.

Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience

Author: N.A

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080914551

Category: Psychology

Page: 1816

View: 1625


Behavioral Neuroscientists study the behavior of animals and humans and the neurobiological and physiological processes that control it. Behavior is the ultimate function of the nervous system, and the study of it is very multidisciplinary. Disorders of behavior in humans touch millions of people’s lives significantly, and it is of paramount importance to understand pathological conditions such as addictions, anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, autism among others, in order to be able to develop new treatment possibilities. Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience is the first and only multi-volume reference to comprehensively cover the foundation knowledge in the field. This three volume work is edited by world renowned behavioral neuroscientists George F. Koob, The Scripps Research Institute, Michel Le Moal, Université Bordeaux, and Richard F. Thompson, University of Southern California and written by a premier selection of the leading scientists in their respective fields. Each section is edited by a specialist in the relevant area. The important research in all areas of Behavioral Neuroscience is covered in a total of 210 chapters on topics ranging from neuroethology and learning and memory, to behavioral disorders and psychiatric diseases. The only comprehensive Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience on the market Addresses all recent advances in the field Written and edited by an international group of leading researchers, truly representative of the behavioral neuroscience community Includes many entries on the advances in our knowledge of the neurobiological basis of complex behavioral, psychiatric, and neurological disorders Richly illustrated in full color Extensively cross referenced to serve as the go-to reference for students and researchers alike The online version features full searching, navigation, and linking functionality An essential resource for libraries serving neuroscientists, psychologists, neuropharmacologists, and psychiatrists