The Aztec Economic World

Merchants and Markets in Ancient Mesoamerica

Author: Kenneth G. Hirth

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316654281

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

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This study explores the organization, scale, complexity, and integration of Aztec commerce across Mesoamerica at Spanish contact. The aims of the book are threefold. The first is to construct an in-depth understanding of the economic organization of precolumbian Aztec society and how it developed in the way that it did. The second is to explore the livelihoods of the individuals who bought, sold, and moved goods across a cultural landscape that lacked both navigable rivers and animal transport. Finally, this study models Aztec economy in a way that facilitates its comparison to other ancient and premodern societies around the world. What makes the Aztec economy unique is that it developed one of the most sophisticated market economies in the ancient world in a society with one of the worse transportation systems. This is the first book to provide an updated and comprehensive view of the Aztec economy in thirty years.
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Rethinking the Aztec Economy

Author: Deborah L. Nichols,Frances F. Berdan,Michael E. Smith

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 0816535515

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 9101

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"Rethinking the Aztec Economy provides new perspectives on the society and economy of the ancient Aztecs by focusing on goods and their patterns of circulation"--Provided by publisher.
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Flora of the Voynich Codex

An Exploration of Aztec Plants

Author: Arthur O. Tucker,Jules Janick

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 3030193772

Category: Science

Page: 353

View: 7322

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The Voynich Codex is one the most fascinating and bizarre manuscripts in the world. The manuscript (potentially equivalent to 232 pages), or more properly a codex, consists of many foldout pages. It has been divided by previous researchers into sections known as Herbal/Botanical/Pharmacology; Balenological/Biological; Cosmology; one page known as The Rosette; and a final Recipe section. All the sections contain text in an unknown writing system, yet to be deciphered. Cryptological analyses by modern computer programs nevertheless have determined that the language is real and not a hoax, as has been suggested by some. Despite the fact that this codex is largely an herbal, the interpreters of this manuscript with two exceptions, have not been botanists. To this end, our recent research suggests that the Voynich is a 16th century codex associated with indigenous Indians of Nueva España educated in schools established by the Spanish. This is a breakthrough in Voynich studies. We are convinced that the Voynich codex is a document produced by Aztec descendants that has been unfiltered through Spanish editors. The flora of New Spain is vast, and the medicinal and culinary herbs used by the Aztecs were equally as copious. Even though it is our hypothesis that the Voynch Codex was written as a private herbal in 16th century New Spain, many of these herbs have relevance today because they or closely related species have been noted to be medicinal or have culinary value. The Voynich Codex has an estimated 359 illustration of plants (phytomorphs), 131 in the Herbal Section (large images) and 228 in the Pharmaceutical Section (small images of plant parts). In our book “Unraveling of the Voynich Codex”, to be published by Springer this summer, Tucker and Janick have partially identified species in the Herbal Section. In this proposed work, all of the plants of the Herbal Section will be identified along with those plants of the Pharmacology Section where identification is feasible. Each plant identification will include subdivisions to include descriptors (formal botanical identification), names in English, Spanish, and Mesoamerican names where known, ecology and range, and properties (medicinal and culinary) of these and related species. Photographs of the phytomorphs and contemporary plants will be included. These identifications represent hard evidence that the Voynich Codex is a 16th Century Mexican manuscript. Exploring the herbs of the Aztecs through the Voynich Codex will be a seminal work for all Voynich researchers and also of interest to a wider audience in medicinal and culinary herbs, artists, and historians. In summary, our new book project Flora of the Voynich Codex will provide a photo-illustrated guide to complete the botanical evidence related to the Voynich Codex, one of the most valuable historic texts of the 16th century.
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Aztec Codices: What They Tell us About Daily Life

Author: Lori Boornazian Diel

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1440851816

Category: History

Page: 381

View: 756

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From the migration of the Aztecs to the rise of the empire and its eventual demise, this book covers Aztec history in full, analyzing conceptions of time, religion, and more through codices to offer an inside look at daily life. This book focuses on two main areas: Aztec history and Aztec culture. Early chapters deal with Aztec history—the first providing a visual record of the story of the Aztec migration and search for their destined homeland of Tenochtitlan, and the second exploring how the Aztecs built their empire. Later chapters explain life in the Aztec world, focusing on Aztec conceptions of time and religion, the Aztec economy, the life cycle, and daily life. The book ends with an account of the fall of the empire, as illustrated by Aztec artists. With sections concerning a wide variety of topics—from the Aztec pantheon to war, agriculture, childhood, marriage, diet, justice, the arts, and sports, among many others—readers will gain an expansive understanding of life in the Aztec world. Provides an overview of life in the Aztec world and takes as its starting point the books created by Aztec peoples themselves Explores different topics related to Aztec history, culture, and daily life by first studying and providing a reading of a page from a codex Elucidates daily aspects of Aztec life such as diet, religion, calendars, economic systems, clothing and adornment, and more Allows students to gain both an understanding of the Aztec pictorial system of writing and of how the Aztecs lived their lives
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Olmec Lithic Economy at San Lorenzo

Author: Kenneth Hirth,Ann Cyphers

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781646420568

Category: Excavations (Archaeology)

Page: 424

View: 8221

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"Examines specialized production for manufacturing obsidian cutting tools at San Lorenzo, Mexico, the first Olmec center in the southern Gulf Coast as Mesoamerica's earliest complex society between 1800-1000 BC. Through systematic analysis of this commodity and importation of raw material, on-site production, and distribution of finished goods."--Provided by publisher.
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Ancient Maya Political Economies

Author: Associate Professor in Mesoamerican Archaeology Marilyn A Masson,Marilyn A. Masson,David A. Freidel,Professor Department of Anthropology David A Freidel

Publisher: Altamira Press

ISBN: 9780759100800

Category: Social Science

Page: 436

View: 7433

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Ancient Maya Political Economies examines variation in systems of economic production and exchange and how these systems supported the power networks that integrated Maya society. Using models originally developed by William L. Rathje, the authors explore core-periphery relations, the use of household analysis to reconstruct political economy, and evidence for market development. In doing so, they challenge the conventional wisdom of decentralized Maya political authority and replace it with a more complex view of the political economic foundations of Maya civilization.
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Pre-Columbian Foodways

Interdisciplinary Approaches to Food, Culture, and Markets in Ancient Mesoamerica

Author: John Staller,Michael Carrasco

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441904713

Category: Social Science

Page: 691

View: 8576

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The significance of food and feasting to Pre-Columbian Mesoamerican cultures has been extensively studied by archaeologists, anthropologists and art historians. Foodways studies have been critical to our understanding of early agriculture, political economies, and the domestication and management of plants and animals. Scholars from diverse fields have explored the symbolic complexity of food and its preparation, as well as the social importance of feasting in contemporary and historical societies. This book unites these disciplinary perspectives — from the social and biological sciences to art history and epigraphy — creating a work comprehensive in scope, which reveals our increasing understanding of the various roles of foods and cuisines in Mesoamerican cultures. The volume is organized thematically into three sections. Part 1 gives an overview of food and feasting practices as well as ancient economies in Mesoamerica. Part 2 details ethnographic, epigraphic and isotopic evidence of these practices. Finally, Part 3 presents the metaphoric value of food in Mesoamerican symbolism, ritual, and mythology. The resulting volume provides a thorough, interdisciplinary resource for understanding, food, feasting, and cultural practices in Mesoamerica.
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Mesoamerican Lithic Technology

Experimentation and Interpretation

Author: Conference on Ancient Mesoamerican Obsidian Blade Production

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 350

View: 6036

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Any overview of prehispanic society in the Americas would identify its obsidian core-blade production as a unique and highly inventive technology. Normally termed prismatic blades, these long, parallel-sided flakes are among the sharpest cutting tools ever produced by humans. Their standardized form permitted interchangeable use, and such blades became the cutting tool of choice throughout Mesoamerica between 600-800 B.C. Because considerable production skill is required, increased demand may have stimulated the appearance of craft specialists who played an integral role in Mesoamerican society. Some investigators have argued that control over obsidian also had a significant effect on the development and organization of chiefdom and state-level societies. While researchers have long recognized the potential of obsidian studies, recent work has focused primarily on compositional analysis to reconstruct trade and distribution networks. Study of blade production has received much less attention, and many aspects of this highly evolved craft are still lost. This volume seeks to identify current research questions in Mesoamerican lithic technology and to demonstrate that replication studies coupled with experimental research design are valuable analytical approaches to such questions.
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The historical evolution of the international political economy

Author: Christopher K. Chase-Dunn

Publisher: Edward Elgar Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1184

View: 5908

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This volume focuses on the role of intersocietal and interstate relations in the evolution of human societies from hunter-gatherer bands to the contemporary global system. The essays and research articles included are by ethnographers, archaeologists, political scientists, economists, historians, geographers and sociologists. The emphasis is on long run, large scale structural change and the historical evolution of human institutions.
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The Postclassic Mesoamerican World

Author: Michael Ernest Smith,Frances Berdan

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 382

View: 3974

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Thirty-eight chapters by twelve contributors provide a social and cultural analysis of life in ancient Mexico and Central America.
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