The Architecture of Modern Mathematics

Essays in History and Philosophy

Author: José Ferreirós Domínguez,Jeremy Gray

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0198567936

Category: Mathematics

Page: 442

View: 1531

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Aimed at both students and researchers in philosophy, mathematics and the history of science, this edited volume, authored by leading scholars, highlights foremost developments in both the philosophy and history of modern mathematics.
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New Perspectives on Mathematical Practices

Essays in Philosophy and History of Mathematics

Author: Bart Van Kerkhove

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9812812237

Category: Science

Page: 248

View: 2012

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This volume focuses on the importance of historical enquiry for the appreciation of philosophical problems concerning mathematics. It contains a well-balanced mixture of contributions by internationally established experts, such as Jeremy Gray and Jens Hoyrup; upcoming scholars, such as Erich Reck and Dirk Schlimm; and young, promising researchers at the beginning of their careers. The book is situated within a relatively new and broadly naturalistic tradition in the philosophy of mathematics. In this alternative philosophical current, which has been dramatically growing in importance in the last few decades, unlike in the traditional schools, proper attention is paid to scientific practices as informing for philosophical accounts.
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Music and the Making of Modern Science

Author: Peter Pesic

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262027275

Category: Music

Page: 360

View: 5425

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In the natural science of ancient Greece, music formed the meeting place between numbers and perception; for the next two millennia, Pesic tells us in Music and the Making of Modern Science, "liberal education" connected music with arithmetic, geometry, and astronomy within a fourfold study, the quadrivium. Peter Pesic argues provocatively that music has had a formative effect on the development of modern science -- that music has been not just a charming accompaniment to thought but a conceptual force in its own right. Pesic explores a series of episodes in which music influenced science, moments in which prior developments in music arguably affected subsequent aspects of natural science. He describes encounters between harmony and fifteenth-century cosmological controversies, between musical initiatives and irrational numbers, between vibrating bodies and the emergent electromagnetism. He offers lively accounts of how Newton applied the musical scale to define the colors in the spectrum; how Euler and others applied musical ideas to develop the wave theory of light; and how a harmonium prepared Max Planck to find a quantum theory that reengaged the mathematics of vibration. Taken together, these cases document the peculiar power of music -- its autonomous force as a stream of experience, capable of stimulating insights different from those mediated by the verbal and the visual. An innovative e-book edition available for iOS devices will allow sound examples to be played by a touch and shows the score in a moving line.
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The Historical Turn in Analytic Philosophy

Author: E. Reck

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137304871

Category: Philosophy

Page: 372

View: 6848

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During the last 25 years, a large number of publications on the history of analytic philosophy have appeared, significantly more than in the preceding period. As most of these works are by analytically trained authors, it is tempting to speak of a 'historical turn' in analytic philosophy. The present volume constitutes both a contribution to this body of work and a reflection on what is, or might be, achieved in it. The twelve new essays, by an international group of contributors, range from case studies on individual philosophers (Russell, Carnap, Quine, and Ryle) through discussions of broader themes in the history of analytic philosophy (in logic and philosophy of language, philosophy of mathematics, epistemology, philosophy of mind and psychology) to related methodological reflections (on the relationship between doing analytic philosophy and studying the history of philosophy, on various forms of philosophical history, and on their respective benefits).
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Mathematical Knowledge and the Interplay of Practices

Author: José Ferreirós

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400874009

Category: Science

Page: 360

View: 7851

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This book presents a new approach to the epistemology of mathematics by viewing mathematics as a human activity whose knowledge is intimately linked with practice. Charting an exciting new direction in the philosophy of mathematics, José Ferreirós uses the crucial idea of a continuum to provide an account of the development of mathematical knowledge that reflects the actual experience of doing math and makes sense of the perceived objectivity of mathematical results. Describing a historically oriented, agent-based philosophy of mathematics, Ferreirós shows how the mathematical tradition evolved from Euclidean geometry to the real numbers and set-theoretic structures. He argues for the need to take into account a whole web of mathematical and other practices that are learned and linked by agents, and whose interplay acts as a constraint. Ferreirós demonstrates how advanced mathematics, far from being a priori, is based on hypotheses, in contrast to elementary math, which has strong cognitive and practical roots and therefore enjoys certainty. Offering a wealth of philosophical and historical insights, Mathematical Knowledge and the Interplay of Practices challenges us to rethink some of our most basic assumptions about mathematics, its objectivity, and its relationship to culture and science.
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Nuclear Forces

The Making of the Physicist Hans Bethe

Author: Silvan S. Schweber,S. S Schweber

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674065530

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 518

View: 2621

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What drove Nobel-winning physicist Hans Bethe, head of Theoretical Physics at Los Alamos during the Manhattan Project, to later renounce the weaponry he had worked so tirelessly to create? That is one of the questions answered by Nuclear Forces, a riveting biography of Bethe’s early life and development as both a scientist and a man of principle.
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Felix Hausdorff - Gesammelte Werke Band VII

Philosophisches Werk. "Sant' Ilario. Gedanken aus der Landschaft Zarathustras" "Das Chaos in kosmischer Auslese" Essays zu Nietzsche

Author: Felix Hausdorff,Werner Stegmaier,Egbert Brieskorn

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783540208365

Category: Mathematics

Page: 920

View: 2121

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Wahrend einer Konferenz zum "Jiidischen Nietzscheanismus" 1995 in Greifs­ wald hatte mich EGBERT BRIESKORN eingeladen, in der Edition der Gesam­ melten Werke FELIX HAUSDORFFS dessen philosophische Schriften mit einer Einleitung herauszugeben. FELIX HAUSDORFF hatte darin eng an NIETZSCHE angeschlossen, und er hatte in Greifswald sein erstes Ordinariat fUr Mathematik erhalten - ich sagte spontan und, wie sich bald herausstellen soUte, leichtsinnig ja. Statt nur mit einer kurzen Einleitung hatte ich es bald auch mit langwieri­ gen Erschlief&ungen des Werks und seiner Kommentierung zu tun. Doch je mehr ich mich in FELIX HAUSDORFFS Schriften einarbeitete, desto mehr notigten sie mir Respekt ab: in ihrer Klarheit, ihrer Redlichkeit, ihrer vornehmen Beschei­ denheit, ihrer gedanklichen Selbstandigkeit und vor allem in ihrer erstaunlichen Aktualitat. Vielleicht ist nach iiber hundert Jahren nun die Zeit gekommen, in der sie fiir die philosophische Orientierung so fruchtbar werden konnen, wie sie es verdienen. Bei der Kommentierung haben viele helfende Hande mitgewirkt. Mein Dank gilt zuerst den studentischen und wissenschaftlichen Hilfskraften: MIRKO GRON­ DER und KATRIN STELTER haben die Hauptarbeit in der Recherchierung der Belege iibernommen, JUDITH KARLA und TANJA SCHMIDT eine Vielzahl von Nachweisen beigesteuert, WOLFGANG SCHNEIDER und RALF WITZLER an den Vorarbeiten mitgewirkt. Doz. Dr. REINHARD PESTER (friiher Greifswald, jetzt Berlin) hat uns bei den Nachweisen zu LOTZE, Prof. Dr. MARTIN HOSE (frii­ her Greifswald, jetzt Miinchen) bei Zitaten aus der griechischen Literatur, Prof. Dr. GISELA FEBEL (friiher Stuttgart, jetzt Bremen) bei Zitaten aus der franzosischen Literatur, Prof. Dr. WALTER ERHART, Prof. Dr.
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The Oxford Handbook of the History of Mathematics

Author: Eleanor Robson,Jacqueline Stedall

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191607444

Category: Mathematics

Page: 926

View: 7983

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This Handbook explores the history of mathematics under a series of themes which raise new questions about what mathematics has been and what it has meant to practise it. It addresses questions of who creates mathematics, who uses it, and how. A broader understanding of mathematical practitioners naturally leads to a new appreciation of what counts as a historical source. Material and oral evidence is drawn upon as well as an unusual array of textual sources. Further, the ways in which people have chosen to express themselves are as historically meaningful as the contents of the mathematics they have produced. Mathematics is not a fixed and unchanging entity. New questions, contexts, and applications all influence what counts as productive ways of thinking. Because the history of mathematics should interact constructively with other ways of studying the past, the contributors to this book come from a diverse range of intellectual backgrounds in anthropology, archaeology, art history, philosophy, and literature, as well as history of mathematics more traditionally understood. The thirty-six self-contained, multifaceted chapters, each written by a specialist, are arranged under three main headings: 'Geographies and Cultures', 'Peoples and Practices', and 'Interactions and Interpretations'. Together they deal with the mathematics of 5000 years, but without privileging the past three centuries, and an impressive range of periods and places with many points of cross-reference between chapters. The key mathematical cultures of North America, Europe, the Middle East, India, and China are all represented here as well as areas which are not often treated in mainstream history of mathematics, such as Russia, the Balkans, Vietnam, and South America. A vital reference for graduates and researchers in mathematics, historians of science, and general historians.
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Sets for Mathematics

Author: F. William Lawvere,Robert Rosebrugh

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521010603

Category: Mathematics

Page: 261

View: 1842

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In this book, first published in 2003, categorical algebra is used to build a foundation for the study of geometry, analysis, and algebra.
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Russell's Unknown Logicism

A Study in the History and Philosophy of Mathematics

Author: S. Gandon

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137024658

Category: Mathematics

Page: 263

View: 6399

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In this excellent book Sebastien Gandon focuses mainly on Russell's two major texts, Principa Mathematica and Principle of Mathematics , meticulously unpicking the details of these texts and bringing a new interpretation of both the mathematical and the philosophical content. Winner of The Bertrand Russell Society Book Award 2013.
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