The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political & Social Science

Human Trafficking: Recent Empirical Research

Author: Ronald Weitzer,Sheldon X. Zhang

Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated

ISBN: 9781483369075

Category: Political Science

Page: 268

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The swell of attention surrounding human trafficking over the past two decades has driven policies and laws to combat this global issue. However, these efforts are based on assertions about human trafficking—it is huge in magnitude; it is a growing problem; and it ranks among criminal enterprises—that have no empirical evidence. Without such evidence, we lack a true understanding of the reach of human trafficking. Instead, we are left to believe sensationalized media stories, celebrity activists, and political discourse. This groundbreaking volume of The ANNALS offers empirical studies that explore the complexity, scope, and particular locales of human trafficking. The articles look beyond the misconceived portrayals of human trafficking, delving into often overseen dimensions of it, such as labor trafficking and migration, and provide breakthrough findings on victims, facilitators, and offenders. Further high-quality empirical analysis will bring about a better understanding of the nuances of human trafficking and can be used to inform future policies.
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Third Party Sex Work and Pimps in the Age of Anti-trafficking

Author: Amber Horning,Anthony Marcus

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319503057

Category: Social Science

Page: 196

View: 1676

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This volume is a compilation of new original qualitative and ethnographic research on pimps and other third party facilitators of commercial sex from the developed and developing world. From African-American pimps in the United States and Eastern European migrants in Germany to Brazilian cafetãos and cafetinas this volume features the lives and voices of the men and women who enable diverse and culturally distinct sex markets around the world. In scholarly, popular, and policy-making discourses, such individuals are typically viewed as larger-than-life hustlers, violent predators, and brutal exploiters. However, there is actually very little empirical research-based knowledge about how pimps and third party facilitators actually live, labor, and make meaning in their everyday lives. Nearly all previous knowledge derives from hearsay and post-hoc reporting from ex-sex-workers, customers, police and government agents, neighbors, and self-aggrandizing fictionalized memoirs. This volume is the first published compilation of empirically researched data and analysis about pimps and third parties working in the sex trade across the globe. Situated in an age of highly punitive and ubiquitous global anti-trafficking law, it challenges highly charged public policy stereotypes that conflate pimping and sex trafficking, in order to understand the lived experience of pimps and the men and women whose work they facilitate.
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The Oxford Handbook of Criminology

Author: Mike Maguire,Rodney Morgan,Robert Reiner

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199205442

Category: Law

Page: 1185

View: 6171

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teachers and students of criminology and is a sourcebook for professionals.
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Crime and Public Policy

Author: James Q. Wilson,Joan Petersilia

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199968233

Category: Social Science

Page: 656

View: 8851

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Crime in the United States has fluctuated considerably over the past thirty years, as have the policy approaches to deal with it. During this time criminologists and other scholars have helped to shed light on the role of incarceration, prevention, drugs, guns, policing, and numerous other aspects to crime control. Yet the latest research is rarely heard in public discussions and is often missing from the desks of policymakers. This book accessibly summarizes the latest scientific information on the causes of crime and evidence about what does and does not work to control it. Thoroughly revised and updated, this new version of Crime and Public Policy will include twenty chapters and five new substantial entries. As with previous editions, each essay reviews the existing literature, discusses the methodological rigor of the studies, identifies what policies and programs the studies suggest, and then points to policies now implemented that fail to reflect the evidence. The chapters cover the principle institutions of the criminal justice system (juvenile justice, police, prisons, probation and parole, sentencing), how broader aspects of social life inhibit or encourage crime (biology, schools, families, communities), and topics currently generating a great deal of attention (criminal activities of gangs, sex offenders, prisoner reentry, changing crime rates). With contributions from trusted, leading scholars, Crime and Public Policy offers the most comprehensive and balanced guide to how the latest and best social science research informs the understanding of crime and its control for policymakers, community leaders, and students of crime and criminal justice.
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Crime and Economics

An Introduction

Author: Kevin Albertson,Chris Fox

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136697209

Category: Social Science

Page: 318

View: 6966

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Crime and Economics provides the first comprehensive and accessible text to address the economics of crime within the study of crime and criminology. The economics of crime is an area of growing activity and concern, increasingly influential both to the study of crime and criminal justice and to the formulation of crime reduction and criminal justice policy. As well as providing an overview of the relationship between economics and crime, this book poses key questions such as: What is the impact of the labour market and poverty on crime? Can society decrease criminal activity from a basis of economic disincentives? What forms of crime reduction and methods of reducing re-offending are most cost beneficial? Can illicit organised crime and illicit drug markets be understood better through the application of economic analysis? For those interested in economic methods, but without previous economic training, this book also provides an accessible overview of key areas such as cost-benefit analysis, econometrics and the debate around how to estimate the costs of crime. This book will be key reading for undergraduate and postgraduate students of criminology and economics and those working in the criminal justice system including practitioners, managers and policy makers.
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