The Analysis of Actual Versus Perceived Risks

The Analysis of Actual Versus Perceived Risks

An import ant function of the Society is the annual meeting, at which var ious aspects of risk analysis are discussed. The first annual meet ing, represented by this volume, was the International Workshop on the Analysis of Actual vs.

Author: V.T. Covello

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461337607

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 387

View: 862

In 1980, a group of scientists from national laboratories, universities, and other research organizations gathered informally in a series of meetings to consider the state of research on risks to health, safety, and the environment. Each scientist had conducted research on the subject. All felt that the traditional disciplines and professional societies to which they belonged were neither ade quate nor appropriate for addressing the extraordinarily complex problems of assessing the risks inherent in modern society. The con sensus of the group was that a new society was needed to address these problems in a scientific and objective way. From these initial meetings, the Society for Risk Analysis was formed The major aims of the Society for Risk Analysis, as stated in its constitution, are • to promote knowledge and understanding of risk analysis techniques and their applications; • to promote communication and interaction among those engaged in risk analysis; and • to disseminate risk analysis information and promote the advancement of all aspects of risk analysis. Members of the Society are drawn from a variety of disciplines, including the health sciences, engineering, the physical sciences, the humanities, and the behavioral and social sciences. An import ant function of the Society is the annual meeting, at which var ious aspects of risk analysis are discussed. The first annual meet ing, represented by this volume, was the International Workshop on the Analysis of Actual vs.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Global Ecosystems

Global Ecosystems

Bengt 1983 The Assessment of Nuclear Risk: Some Experiences from the
Swedish Energy Commission. in The Analysis of Actual versus Perceived Risks.
Vincent T. Covello. W. Gary Flamrn. Joseph V. Rodricks. and Robert G. Tardiff.
eds.

Author:

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444307122

Category: Social Science

Page: 100

View: 674

NAPA Bulletin is a peer reviewed occasional publication ofthe National Association for the Practice of Anthropology,dedicated to the practical problem-solving and policy applicationsof anthropological knowledge and methods. peer reviewed publication of the National Association for thePractice of Anthropology dedicated to the practical problem-solving and policyapplications of anthropological knowledge and methods most editions available for course adoption
Categories: Social Science

Technological Risk Assessment

Technological Risk Assessment

Covello, V., and Abernathy, M. "Actual vs. Perceived Risk: A Policy Related
Bibliography." The Analysis of Actual vs. Perceived Risks. Edited by V. Covello, G
. Flairan, J. Rodricks, and R. Tardiff. New York: Plenum, 1983. Covello, V., and ...

Author: P.F. Ricci

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9024729610

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 376

View: 551

Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute on Technological Risk Assessment, Erice, Sicily, Italy, May 20-31, 1981
Categories: Technology & Engineering

De Minimis Risk

De Minimis Risk

usually done in an ad hoc and ex post facto fashion, it often seems to conflict with
the results of the objective analysis of risk. ... Covello, V. T., Flamm, W. G.,
Rodricks, J. V., and Tardiff, R. G., eds., The Analysis of Actual Versus Perceived
Risks, ...

Author: Chris Whipple

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781468452938

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 224

View: 583

On May 29 and 30, 1985, a workshop was held to explore the legal, ethical, social, scientific, and practical aspects of the use of the de minimis risk concept for health and safety regulation. The workshop was sponsored by the Society for Risk Analysis and its National Capital Area Chapter, the Environmental Protection Agency, the Nuclear Reg ulatory Commission, and the Electric Power Research Institute. The two-day meeting was held in Washington, D. C. , at the Brookings Institution; however, the Brookings Institution was not a sponsor of the meeting and did not playa role in its program. De minimis risk policy considerations were addressed from a theoretical and phil osophical viewpoint, from a quantitative and methodological basis, and through insights gained with regulatory applications. The distinctions between these three approaches to the subject are not sharp; most papers in these proceedings address aspects of all three topics. The reader familiar with the literature on the use of risk assessment in regulatory policy and decision making will find significant new contributions to the field. One of these is the examination of regulatory actions-in particular actions by the EPA-in response to risks of varying magnitude. Many attempts to seek patterns in regulatory policies have been based on analysis of the implicit economic value in obtaining risk reductions. These analyses have typically found great variability in the marginal cost 1 effectiveness of regulatory actions.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Risk Evaluation and Management

Risk Evaluation and Management

Fischhoff, B., Slovic, P., & Lichenstein, S., The “public” vs. the “experts”: Perceived
vs. actual disagreement about the risks of nuclear power. In V. Covello, G. Flamm
, J. Rodericks, and R. Tardiff (Eds.), Analysis of actual vs. perceived risks.

Author: V.T. Covello

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461321033

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 556

View: 357

Public attention has focused in recent years on an array of technological risks to health, safety, and the environment. At the same time, responsibilities for technological risk as sessment, evaluation, and management have grown in both the public and private sectors because of a perceived need to anticipate, prevent, or reduce the risks inherent in modem society. In attempting to meet these responsibilities, legislative, judicial, regulatory, and private sector institutions have had to deal with the extraordinarily complex problems of assessing and balancing risks, costs, and benefits. The need to help society cope with technological risks has given rise to a new intellectual endeavor: the social and behavioral study of issues in risk evaluation and risk management. The scope and complexity of these analyses require a high degree of cooperative effort on the part of specialists from many fields. Analyzing social and behavioral issues requires the efforts of political scientists, sociologists, decision analysts, management scientists, econ omists, psychologists, philosophers, and policy analysts, among others.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Communicating Risks to the Public

Communicating Risks to the Public

“The Public Versus the Experts: Perceived Versus Imagined Sources of
Disagreements about Risks,” in V. Covello, G. Flamm, J. Rodricks, and R. Tardiff (
eds.), The Analysis of Actual Versus Perceived Risks, New York: Plenum. 1983.
Fischhoff ...

Author: R.E Kasperson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400919525

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 482

View: 745

Risk communication: the evolution of attempts Risk communication is at once a very new and a very old field of interest. Risk analysis, as Krimsky and Plough (1988:2) point out, dates back at least to the Babylonians in 3200 BC. Cultures have traditionally utilized a host of mecha nisms for anticipating, responding to, and communicating about hazards - as in food avoidance, taboos, stigma of persons and places, myths, migration, etc. Throughout history, trade between places has necessitated labelling of containers to indicate their contents. Seals at sites of the ninth century BC Harappan civilization of South Asia record the owner and/or contents of the containers (Hadden, 1986:3). The Pure Food and Drug Act, the first labelling law with national scope in the United States, was passed in 1906. Common law covering the workplace in a number of countries has traditionally required that employers notify workers about significant dangers that they encounter on the job, an obligation formally extended to chronic hazards in the OSHA's Hazard Communication regulation of 1983 in the United States. In this sense, risk communication is probably the oldest way of risk manage ment. However, it is only until recently that risk communication has attracted the attention of regulators as an explicit alternative to the by now more common and formal approaches of standard setting, insuring etc. (Baram, 1982).
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Understanding Risk

Understanding Risk

Stockholm, Sweden: Riskkollegiet. Litai, D., D.D. Lanning, and N.C. Rasmussen.
1983. The public perception of risk. Pp. 213-224 in V.T. Covello, W.G. Flamm, J.V.
Rodricks, and R.G. Tardiff, eds., The Analysis of Actual Versus Perceived Risks ...

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309133246

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 942

Understanding Risk addresses a central dilemma of risk decisionmaking in a democracy: detailed scientific and technical information is essential for making decisions, but the people who make and live with those decisions are not scientists. The key task of risk characterization is to provide needed and appropriate information to decisionmakers and the public. This important new volume illustrates that making risks understandable to the public involves much more than translating scientific knowledge. The volume also draws conclusions about what society should expect from risk characterization and offers clear guidelines and principles for informing the wide variety of risk decisions that face our increasingly technological society. Understanding Risk Frames fundamental questions about what risk characterization means. Reviews traditional definitions and explores new conceptual and practical approaches. Explores how risk characterization should inform decisionmakers and the public. Looks at risk characterization in the context of the entire decisionmaking process. Understanding Risk discusses how risk characterization has fallen short in many recent controversial decisions. Throughout the text, examples and case studies--such as planning for the long-term ecological health of the Everglades or deciding on the operation of a waste incinerator--bring key concepts to life. Understanding Risk will be important to anyone involved in risk issues: federal, state, and local policymakers and regulators; risk managers; scientists; industrialists; researchers; and concerned individuals.
Categories: Political Science

Environmental Science

Environmental Science

High Voluntary Risk acceptability Involuntary Low Low Perceived benefit High
FIGURE 18-14 The acceptability of a risk ... benefit analysis , a process in which
one analyzes Actual versus Perceived Risk The main purpose of risk assessment
is ...

Author: Daniel D. Chiras

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 0763708607

Category: Science

Page: 642

View: 764

Completely updated, the seventh edition of 'Environmental Science' enlightens students on the fundamental causes of the current environmental crisis and offers ideas on how we, as a global community, can create a sustainable future.
Categories: Science

Risk Perception Risk Communication and the Effectiveness of Pesticide Labels in Communicating Hazards to South African Farm Workers

Risk Perception  Risk Communication  and the Effectiveness of Pesticide Labels in Communicating Hazards to South African Farm Workers

Oxford : Oxford University Press . Fischhoff B , Slovic P and Lichtenstein S ( 1983
) The Public v's ' The Experts ? In Covello VT , Flamm Wg ; Rodricks JV ; and
Tardiff RG ( eds ) , The Analysis of Actual v's Perceived Risks . New York :
Plenum .

Author: Hanna-Andrea Rother

Publisher:

ISBN: MSU:31293027364003

Category: Agricultural laborers

Page: 914

View: 335

Categories: Agricultural laborers

Risk Management

Risk Management

Perceived. Risk. vs. Actual. Risk. When assessing risk, we must be aware that the
perceived risk is often different from the ... Therefore, risk assessment
corresponds to the perception of threat or opportunity and not to exact knowledge
of it.

Author: Emmanuel Fragnière

Publisher: George Sullivan

ISBN: 9781423918004

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 133

View: 329

This book is about managing business risks by examining worst-case scenarios and putting safeguards into place to mitigate loss of revenue, market share, customers, and other assets. As with all Crisp Fifty-Minute books, it includes exercises and forms to help readers put the principles into use in their own organization. RISK MANAGEMENT shows business managers how to ask the right questions to protect the assets of the company and, by following a realistic case study, how to develop a risk management strategy and ensure its success.
Categories: Business & Economics

Decision Making for Technology Executives

Decision Making for Technology Executives

3 reprinted by permission of Elsevier Science Inc . , from “ Notes on the Bhopal
Accident : Risk Analysis and Multiple ... [ 4 ] Litai , D . , “ The Public Perception of
Risk , ” in The Analysis of Actual Versus Perceived Risks , V . Covello ( ed . ) ...

Author: Harold A. Linstone

Publisher: Artech House Technology Manage

ISBN: UVA:X004313960

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 315

View: 256

Become a more effective decision-maker, communicator, and manager by using the valuable techniques described in this unique book. It's designed to help you break away from the constraints of the technologist's "analytical/scientific" viewpoint and employ broader organizational and personal perspectives that strengthen your decision-making ability and leadership skills. "Decision-Making for Technology Executives" shows you how to utilize this multiple perspective approach to problem-solving and systems development in real-world, outside the laboratory, situations. You learn how this three-dimensional approach has been applied successfully to a wide spectrum of complex systems tasks: from system forecasting to technology assessment, from industrial catastrophes to facility siting decisions, from corporate strategy to acquisition. Through valuable case studies, such as the Exxon Valdez and Bhopal accidents, you learn lessons on improving technology and risk assessment, forecasting, and crisis management. And through ready-to-implement, practical guidelines you see how to become a more effective decision-maker and manager, while improving communication between technologists and others involved in the decision process. A one-of-its-kind look at the multiple perspective concept, this guide helps to increase your understanding of complex sociotechnical systems, boost the technologist's effectiveness as an executive, and improve technological risk management, forecasting, and planning.
Categories: Business & Economics

Social Theories of Risk

Social Theories of Risk

2 Meetings and Conferences with TARA Input and Support , 1981 – 1985
Washington , DC June 1 - 3 , 1981 International Workshop on the Analysis of
Actual Versus Perceived Risk Published as : V . T . Covello , W . G . Flamm , J . V .
Rodricks ...

Author: Sheldon Krimsky

Publisher: Praeger Pub Text

ISBN: 027594168X

Category: Psychology

Page: 412

View: 413

This volume traces the development of risk theory's dominant conceptual frameworks by using leading theorists' own accounts of how they formed their perspectives. It examines from the vantage point of social sciences the fundamental bases and theoretical foundations of risk analysis. The phenomenon of risk is considered, accordingly, in its psychological, social, and cultural connotations. The complexity of issues, the tensions among interested parties, the uncertainties, and the human response to risk are explored, for the first time in a single volume, by leading theorists in the field.
Categories: Psychology

Some Factors Influencing the Nonexpert s Perception and Evaluation of Environmental Risks

Some Factors Influencing the Nonexpert s Perception and Evaluation of Environmental Risks

Providing risk information in communities : Factors affecting what is heard and
accepted . Science ... In V.T. Covello , W.G. Flamm , J.V. Rodricks , & T.G. Tardiff (
Eds . ) , The analysis of actual vs perceived risks . New York : Plenum Press .

Author: Elaine Vaughan

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: UCAL:B146418

Category: Environmental health

Page: 229

View: 332

Categories: Environmental health

Fordham environmental law journal

Fordham environmental law journal

123 Yet , public risk perception coupled with DOE ' s forty - year history of secrecy
, almost guaranteed that the public ... Actual Disagreements About the Risks of
Nuclear Power , in THE ANALYSIS OF ACTUAL Versus PERCEIVED Risks 230 ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:B5088442

Category:

Page:

View: 793

Categories:

Risk Taking Behavior

Risk Taking Behavior

The public ” vs “ the experts " : Perceived vs actual disagreements about risks of
nuclear power . In V. T. Covello , W. G. Flamm , J. V. Rodricks , & R. G. Tardiff (
Eds . ) , The analysis of actual versus perceived risks ( pp . 235-249 ) . New York
 ...

Author: Frank Yates

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated

ISBN: PSU:000056719451

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 345

View: 263

Offering contributions from the fields of psychology, economics, medicine and business, this study examines the psychological foundations and ramifications of risk-taking behaviour. It provides recommendations on the encouragement of appropriate risk-taking in a business setting.
Categories: Business & Economics

Risk Analysis and Scientific Method

Risk Analysis and Scientific Method

Pap smear 58 Pareto conditions 86, 209ff. perception of risks 105ff., 114ff. see
risk perception pharmaceutical risks 18ff. ... and weak senses of 64ff. risk,
acceptability as a function of probability 104ff. risk, actual vs. perceived 148ff.,
176ff. risk, ...

Author: Kristin Shrader-Frechette

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400952416

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 236

View: 99

Much of the work in this volume was supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant SES82-05112 from the Program in History and Philosophy of Science and the Division of Policy Research and Analysis. (Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation. ) Several of these essays were written because of the impetus afforded by speaking invitations. An earlier version of Chapter 3 was presented in Berkeley in January 1983 at a Principal Investi gators' Conference sponsored by the National Science Foundation, Division of Policy Research and Analysis, Technology Assessment and Risk Assessment Group. In May 1982, an earlier version of Chapter 5 was presented at the meeting of the Society for Philos ophy and Technology, held in conjunction with the American Philosophical Association meeting, Western Division, in Columbus, Ohio. Finally, earlier versions of Chapter 6 were presented in Boston in December 1981 at the Boston Colloquium for the Philosophy of Science, as well as at the University of Delaware in January 1982 and at the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association held in Philadelphia in October 1982. An earlier version of this same chapter was published in Philosophy of Science Association 82, volume 1, ed. T. Nickles, Philosophy of Science Association, East Lansing, Michigan, 1982. A number of people have helped to make this book better than it might have been.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Analysis of 1990 Farm Bill Conservation Options

Analysis of 1990 Farm Bill Conservation Options

1981. " The Advantages of Contingent Valuation Methods for Benefit - Cost
Analysis . ... Perspectives on Risk Perception . ... 1981. " The Public vs. ' The
Experts ' : Perceived vs. Actual Disagreements About Risks . " In The Analysis of
Actual vs.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UIUC:30112019037677

Category: Agricultural conservation

Page: 74

View: 917

Categories: Agricultural conservation

INIS Atomindex

INIS Atomindex

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:319510006497042

Category: Nuclear energy

Page:

View: 681

Categories: Nuclear energy

Environmental Risk

Environmental Risk

1995 ) THE SCIENCE CHARADE 1653 plague the lay person ' s perception of
risk 198 and are exacerbated by serious ... See D . Litai et al . , The Public
Perception of Risk , in The Analysis of Actual Versus Perceived Risks 213 , 219
tbl .

Author: John S. Applegate

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105063655083

Category: Environmental law

Page:

View: 709

Categories: Environmental law

CARD Staff Report

CARD Staff Report

1981 . " The Advantages of Contingent Valuation Methods for Benefit - Cost
Analysis . ... Perspectives on Risk Perception . ... The Public ' vs . ' The Experts ' :
Perceived vs . Actual Disagreements About Risks . " In The Analysis of Actual vs .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: CORNELL:31924050807613

Category: Agriculture

Page:

View: 370

Categories: Agriculture