Optimistic and challenging, thought-provoking and engaging, The Age of Spiritual Machines is the ultimate guide on our road into the next century.
Author: Ray Kurzweil
Ray Kurzweil is the inventor of the most innovative and compelling technology of our era, an international authority on artificial intelligence, and one of our greatest living visionaries. Now he offers a framework for envisioning the twenty-first century--an age in which the marriage of human sensitivity and artificial intelligence fundamentally alters and improves the way we live. Kurzweil's prophetic blueprint for the future takes us through the advances that inexorably result in computers exceeding the memory capacity and computational ability of the human brain by the year 2020 (with human-level capabilities not far behind); in relationships with automated personalities who will be our teachers, companions, and lovers; and in information fed straight into our brains along direct neural pathways. Optimistic and challenging, thought-provoking and engaging, The Age of Spiritual Machines is the ultimate guide on our road into the next century. From the Trade Paperback edition.
By 2020 computers will equal the capacity of the human brain; people will have relationships with virtual personalities. 10 years later machines will have the computing capacity of 1,000 brains; they will learn on their own, create their own literature and claim to be conscious. By the end of the century there will no longer be any clear distinction between humans and computers. Most conscious entities will not have a permanent physical presence and life expectancy will no longer be a viable term in relation to intelligent beings. Ray Kurzweil is a leading technologist and author of the prize-winning The Age of Intelligent Machines. He is also one of the world's leading inventors and entrepreneurs in the field of artificial intelligence.
Author: Joseph Mangina, Associate Professor of Theology & Director of Advanced Degree Studies, Wycliffe College, TorontoPublish On: 2015-05-08
Kurzweil is convinced that human beings are the intermediate organic stage
toward a new, essentially cybernetic stage of evolutionary ... Age of Spiritual Machines: When Computers Exceed Human Intelligence (New York: Penguin,
Author: Joseph Mangina, Associate Professor of Theology & Director of Advanced Degree Studies, Wycliffe College, Toronto
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
Pro Ecclesia is a quarterly journal of theology published by the Center for Catholic and Evangelical Theology.
2 ray Kurzweil, The Age of Spiritual Machines: When Computers Exceed Human Intelligence (new York: Penguin, 1999), p. 25. Kurzweil, The Age of Spiritual
Machines, p. 29. Kurzweil, The Age of Spiritual Machines, p. 15. Kurzweil, The
Author: Joshua Raulerson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Literary Criticism
In a time of protracted economic crisis, failing political systems, and impending environmental collapse, one strand in our collective cultural myth of Progress - the technological - remains vibrantly intact, surging into the future at ramming speed. Amid the seemingly exponential proliferation of machine intelligence and network connectivity, and the increasingly portentous implications of emerging nanotechnology, futurists and fabulists look to an imminent historical threshold whereupon the nature of human existence will be radically and irrevocably transformed. The Singularity, it is supposed, can be no more than a few years off; indeed, some believe it has already begun. Technological Singularity - a trope conceived in science fiction and subsequently adopted throughout technocultural discourse and beyond - is the primary site of interpenetration between technoscientific and science-fictional figurations of the future, a territory where longstanding binary oppositions between science and fiction, and between present and future, are rapidly dissolving. In this groundbreaking volume, the first to mount a sustained and wide-ranging critical treatment of Singularity as a subject for theory and cultural studies, Raulerson draws SF texts into a complex dialogue with contemporary digital culture, transhumanist movements, political and economic theory, consumer gadgetry, gaming, and related vectors of high-tech postmodernity. In theorizing Singularity as a metaphorical construct lending shape to a range of millennial anxieties and aspirations, Singularities also makes the case for a recent and little-understood subgeneric formation -- postcyberpunk SF -- as a cohesive body of work, engaged in a shared literary project that is simultaneously shaping, and shaped by, purportedly nonfictional technoscientific discourses.
Author: Schweizerische Akademie der Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaften. KolloquiumPublish On: 2007
Kurzweil , Ray 1999 , The Age of Spiritual Machines : When Computers Exceed Human Intelligence , New York : Viking Kurzweil , Ray 2005 , The Singularity Is
Near : When Humans Transcend Biology , New York : Viking Kurzweil , Ray and
Author: Schweizerische Akademie der Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaften. Kolloquium
the year 2000, inventor, author, and self-proclaimed “futurist” Ray Kurzweil
published a book with the interesting title, The Age of Spiritual Machines: When Computers Exceed Human Intelligence. As noted in the introduction, Kurzweil's
Author: Matthew Dickerson
Publisher: Brazos Press
A computer scientist shows that humans are more than biochemical machines, highlighting a far richer vision of personhood, creativity, and love.
He also believes that the ability to control computers by voice command, which is
currently rather rudimentary, should also be greatly improved. technoLogicaL ... The Age of Spiritual Machines: When Computers Exceed Human Intelligence.
Author: Harry Henderson
Publisher: Infobase Publishing
Category: Computer science
Presents an illustrated A-Z encyclopedia containing approximately 600 entries on computer and technology related topics.
31 language and thought machines that think In May 1997 Deep Blue , the chess
- playing IBM computer , beat world ... Ray Kurzweil wrote a book titled The Age of Spiritual Machines , When Computers Exceed Human Intelligence ( 1999 ) .
Author: Niran B. Abbas
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
The book explores historical traces of human life within the discourse of artifical intelligence. It addresses a matrix of themes about technology and change, ranging from the realm of the inanimate to the animate. it traces the ways in which the human spirit looks beyond its limitations and ponders the potentia of "being human." Niran Bahjat-Abbas is senior lecturer in the Department of Media and Cultural Studies at Kingston University, London (UK).
The Age of Spiritual Machines: When Computers Exceed Human Intelligence.
New York: Viking, 1999. Kurzweil, Raymond, ed. The Age of Intelligent Machines.
Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1992. Lansdale, Mark W., and Thomas C. Ormerod
Author: Stephen Wilson
Publisher: MIT Press
An introduction to the work and ideas of artists who use—and even influence—science and technology.
Ray Kurzweil wrote in The Age of Spiritual Machines: When Computers Exceed Human Intelligence (New York: Viking, 1999) that electronic and photonic “
machines” will, by the end of this century, be more intelligent entities than
Author: Fred Charles Iklé
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Category: Political Science
In this eloquent and impassioned book, defense expert Fred Iklé predicts a revolution in national security that few strategists have grasped; fewer still are mindful of its historic roots. We are preoccupied with suicide bombers, jihadist terrorists, and rogue nations producing nuclear weapons, but these menaces are merely distant thunder that foretells the gathering storm. It is the dark side of technological progress that explains this emerging crisis. Globalization guarantees the spread of new technologies, whether beneficial or destructive, and this proliferation reaches beyond North Korea, Iran, and other rogue states. Our greatest threat is a cunning tyrant gaining possession of a few weapons of mass destruction. His purpose would not be to destroy landmarks, highjack airplanes, or attack railroad stations. He would annihilate a nation's government from within and assume dictatorial power. The twentieth century offers vivid examples of tyrants who have exploited major national disasters by rallying violent followers and intimidating an entire nation. To explain how we have become so vulnerable, Iklé turns to history. Some 250 years ago, science was freed from political and religious constraints, causing a cultural split in which one part of our culture remained animated by religion and politics while the other became guided by science. Since then, technological progress and the evolving political order march to different drummers. Science advances at an accelerating pace while religion and politics move along a zigzag course. This divergence will widen and endanger the survival of all nations. Drawing on his experience as a Washington insider, Iklé outlines practical measures that could readily be implemented to help us avert the worst disaster.
Ray Kurzweil, The Age of Spiritual Machines: When Computers Exceed Human Intelligence (New York: Penguin Books, 1999), pp.1, 75. 8.Gates, The Road
Ahead, pp.250–1. 9.Kurzweil, TheAge of Spiritual Machines, p.202. 10. Williams,
Author: Ellen Rose
Publisher: Between the Lines
Category: Computers and civilization
User Error explodes the myth of computer technology as juggernaut. Multimedia educator Ellen Rose shows that there is no bandwagon, no out-of-control dynamo, no titanic conspiracy to overwhelm us. Instead, there is our own desire to join the fraternity of users, a fraternity that confers legitimacy and power on those who enter the brave new world. Rose exposes how we surrender decision-making power in personal and workplace computing situations. As users we willingly grant authority to the creators of software, support materials, and the seductive infrastructure of technocracy. “Smart” users are rewarded; reluctant users are pathologized. User identity is deliberately constructed at the crossroads of industry, consumer demand, and complicity. User Error sounds a timely alarm, calling on all of us who use the new technologies to recognize how we are being co-opted. With awareness we can reassert our own responsibility and power in this increasingly important interaction. Savvy, accessible, and up-to-date, User Error offers insight, inspiration, and strategies of resistance to general readers, technology professionals, students, and scholars alike.
Angelic Machines: A Philosophical Dialogue. Ethics and ... Computers in Control:
Rational Transfer of Authority or Irresponsible Abdication of Autonomy? ... The Age of Spiritual Machines: When Computers Exceed Human Intelligence.
Author: Wendell Wallach
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Technology & Engineering
Computers are already approving financial transactions, controlling electrical supplies, and driving trains. Soon, service robots will be taking care of the elderly in their homes, and military robots will have their own targeting and firing protocols. Colin Allen and Wendell Wallach argue that as robots take on more and more responsibility, they must be programmed with moral decision-making abilities, for our own safety. Taking a fast paced tour through the latest thinking about philosophical ethics and artificial intelligence, the authors argue that even if full moral agency for machines is a long way off, it is already necessary to start building a kind of functional morality, in which artificial moral agents have some basic ethical sensitivity. But the standard ethical theories don't seem adequate, and more socially engaged and engaging robots will be needed. As the authors show, the quest to build machines that are capable of telling right from wrong has begun. Moral Machines is the first book to examine the challenge of building artificial moral agents, probing deeply into the nature of human decision making and ethics.
Reprinted(1999) in 30thAnniversary Issue of International Journal of Human-
Computer Studies, 51,339-356. Retrieved August 6, 2006, ... The age of spiritual machines: When computers exceed human intelligence. New York: Penguin
Author: Szewczak, Edward J.
Publisher: IGI Global
Category: Business & Economics
"This book presents quality articles focused on key issues concerning the behavioral and social aspects of information technology"--Provided by publisher.
As amplifiers of human thought, computers have great potential to assist human
expression and to expand creativity for all of us. raymond kurzweil, the age of spiritual machines: when computers exceed human intelligence ...
Author: Elizabeth R. Petrick
Publisher: JHU Press
In 1974, not long after developing the first universal optical character recognition technology, Raymond Kurzweil struck up a conversation with a blind man on a flight. Kurzweil explained that he was searching for a use for his new software. The blind man expressed interest: One of the frustrating obstacles that blind people grappled with, he said, was that no computer program could translate text into speech. Inspired by this chance meeting, Kurzweil decided that he must put his new innovation to work to “overcome this principal handicap of blindness.” By 1976, he had built a working prototype, which he dubbed the Kurzweil Reading Machine. This type of innovation demonstrated the possibilities of computers to dramatically improve the lives of people living with disabilities. In Making Computers Accessible, Elizabeth R. Petrick tells the compelling story of how computer engineers and corporations gradually became aware of the need to make computers accessible for all people. Motivated by user feedback and prompted by legislation such as the Americans with Disabilities Act, which offered the promise of equal rights via technological accommodation, companies developed sophisticated computerized devices and software to bridge the accessibility gap. People with disabilities, Petrick argues, are paradigmatic computer users, demonstrating the personal computer’s potential to augment human abilities and provide for new forms of social, professional, and political participation. Bridging the history of technology, science and technology studies, and disability studies, this book traces the psychological, cultural, and economic evolution of a consumer culture aimed at individuals with disabilities, who increasingly rely on personal computers to make their lives richer and more interconnected.
See especially Ray Kurzweil, The Age of Spiritual Machines: When Computers Exceed Human Intelligence (New York: ... When Humans Transcend Biology (
New York: Viking, 2005); Hans Moravec, “Today's Computers, Intelligent
Author: Robert M. Geraci
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Millions of users have taken up residence in virtual worlds, and in those worlds they find opportunities to revisit and rewrite their religious lives. Robert M. Geraci argues that virtual worlds and video games have become a locus for the satisfaction of religious needs, providing many users with devoted communities, opportunities for ethical reflection, a meaningful experience of history and human activity, and a sense of transcendence. Using interviews, surveys, and his own first-hand experience within the virtual worlds, Geraci shows how World of Warcraft and Second Life provide participants with the opportunity to rethink what it means to be religious in the contemporary world. Not all participants use virtual worlds for religious purposes, but many online residents use them to rearrange or replace religious practice as designers and users collaborate in the production of a new spiritual marketplace. Using World of Warcraft and Second Life as case studies, this book shows that many residents now use virtual worlds to re-imagine their traditions and work to restore them to "authentic" sanctity, or else replace religious institutions with virtual communities that provide meaning and purpose to human life. For some online residents, virtual worlds are even keys to a post-human future where technology can help us transcend mortal life. Geraci argues that World of Warcraft and Second Life are "virtually sacred" because they do religious work. They often do such work without regard for-and frequently in conflict with-traditional religious institutions and practices; ultimately they participate in our sacred landscape as outsiders, competitors, and collaborators.
Kurzweil tells the story of the inventor and the emperor in his 2000 book The Age of Spiritual Machines: When Computers Exceed Human Intelligence. He aims not
only to illustrate the power of sustained exponential growth but also to highlight ...
Author: Erik Brynjolfsson
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
Category: Business & Economics
A New York Times Bestseller. A “fascinating” (Thomas L. Friedman, New York Times) look at how digital technology is transforming our work and our lives. In recent years, Google’s autonomous cars have logged thousands of miles on American highways and IBM’s Watson trounced the best human Jeopardy! players. Digital technologies—with hardware, software, and networks at their core—will in the near future diagnose diseases more accurately than doctors can, apply enormous data sets to transform retailing, and accomplish many tasks once considered uniquely human. In The Second Machine Age MIT’s Erik Brynjolfsson and Andrew McAfee—two thinkers at the forefront of their field—reveal the forces driving the reinvention of our lives and our economy. As the full impact of digital technologies is felt, we will realize immense bounty in the form of dazzling personal technology, advanced infrastructure, and near-boundless access to the cultural items that enrich our lives. Amid this bounty will also be wrenching change. Professions of all kinds—from lawyers to truck drivers—will be forever upended. Companies will be forced to transform or die. Recent economic indicators reflect this shift: fewer people are working, and wages are falling even as productivity and profits soar. Drawing on years of research and up-to-the-minute trends, Brynjolfsson and McAfee identify the best strategies for survival and offer a new path to prosperity. These include revamping education so that it prepares people for the next economy instead of the last one, designing new collaborations that pair brute processing power with human ingenuity, and embracing policies that make sense in a radically transformed landscape. A fundamentally optimistic book, The Second Machine Age alters how we think about issues of technological, societal, and economic progress.
He is the author of The Age of Intelligent Machines and the national best-seller The Age of Spiritual Machines: When Computers Exceed Human Intelligence. My
grandfather came back from a return visit to Europe in the mid-1950s with two ...
Author: John Brockman
Category: Biography & Autobiography
What makes a child decide to become a scientist? •For Robert Sapolsky–Stanford professor of biology–it was an argument with a rabbi over a passage in the Bible. •Physicist Lee Smolin traces his inspiration to a volume of Einstein’s work, picked up as a diversion from heartbreak. •Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, a psychologist and the author of Flow, found his calling through Descartes. Murray Gell-Mann, Nicholas Humphrey, Freeman Dyson . . . 27 scientists in all write about what it was that sent them on the path to their life's work. Illuminating memoir meets superb science writing in stories that invite us to consider what it is–and what it isn’t–that sets the scientific mind apart.
As evidence for this move from tough - to tender - minded materialism , consider
Ray Kurzweil ' s recently published The Age of Spiritual Machines : When Computers Exceed Human Intelligence . Kurzweil is a leader in artificial