The acquisition of aspect in a second language

The acquisition of aspect in a second language

Stefano Rastelli shows how comparison of behavioural (production-comprehension), processing and statistical data is improving - and partially changing - our understanding of how learners acquire the aspectual distinctions of the target ...

Author: Stefano Rastelli

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108904650

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page:

View: 798

The acquisition of the aspect is a central area in Second Language Acquisition research, the subject of hundreds of papers and dozens of edited volumes, monographs and special issues. This introduction provides the reader not only with a concise and plain presentation of the main hypotheses advanced in the past, but also with an overview of contemporary research. Stefano Rastelli shows how comparison of behavioural (production-comprehension), processing and statistical data is improving - and partially changing - our understanding of how learners acquire the aspectual distinctions of the target-language.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Tense and Aspect in Second Language Acquisition

Tense and Aspect in Second Language Acquisition

This volume explores the acquisition of tense and aspect by adult second language learners of nine target languages.

Author: Kathleen Bardovi-Harlig

Publisher: Blackwell Publishing

ISBN: 0631221492

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 492

View: 451

This volume explores the acquisition of tense and aspect by adult second language learners of nine target languages. The author focuses on the association of form and meaning in leaders' emerging system of temporal expression. The book provides a survey and synthesis of studies from five perspectives: the meaning-oriented approach, acquisitional sentences, the aspect hypothesis, the discourse hypothesis, and the effect of instruction. In addition, original longitudinal and cross-sectional studies on the acquisition of English by the author illustrate each of the perspectives and explore the importance of research design and analysis in acquisition research.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Acquisition of Lexical and Grammatical Aspect

The Acquisition of Lexical and Grammatical Aspect

Second language learning, particularly among adults, causes more difficulty. The purpose of this series is to compile a collection of high-quality monographs on language acquisition.

Author: Ping Li

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110800715

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 261

View: 557

Language acquisition is a human endeavor par excellence. As children, all human beings learn to understand and speak at least one language: their mother tongue. It is a process that seems to take place without any obvious effort. Second language learning, particularly among adults, causes more difficulty. The purpose of this series is to compile a collection of high-quality monographs on language acquisition. The series serves the needs of everyone who wants to know more about the problem of language acquisition in general and/or about language acquisition in specific contexts.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Marking Past Tense in Second Language Acquisition

Marking Past Tense in Second Language Acquisition

This book presents an analysis of the difficulties faced by native speakers of English in the learning of Romance languages.

Author: Rafael Salaberry

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9781847062383

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 289

View: 890

This book presents an analysis of the difficulties faced by native speakers of English in the learning of Romance languages. While L1 speakers of English may quickly learn to identify and to some extent, use the Spanish perfective and imperfective verb endings, the L2 representation of tense-aspect distinctions among both beginning and advanced learners requires a comprehensive multidimensional analysis. Through a detailed examination of new and existing empirical data, this book proposes a theoretical analysis of the L2 acquisition of tense-aspect marking along the lines of the claim of the default past tense hypothesis. This theoretical analysis serves to reconcile competing, alternative hypotheses and to highlight potential areas of future research. This comprehensive account will be of interest to academics researching second language acquisition and applied linguistics.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Dummy Auxiliaries in First and Second Language Acquisition

Dummy Auxiliaries in First and Second Language Acquisition

This volume is an up-to-date overview of research on dummy auxiliaries with contributions covering English, Dutch, German, French, Cypriot-Greek, first and second language acquisition, and specific language impairment as well as dialectal ...

Author: Elma Blom

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9781614513476

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 426

View: 945

Dummy auxiliaries are seemingly superfluous words that appear in learner varieties across languages. This volume is an up-to-date overview of research on dummy auxiliaries with contributions covering English, Dutch, German, French, Cypriot-Greek, first and second language acquisition, and specific language impairment as well as dialectal variation.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Crosscurrents in Second Language Acquisition and Linguistic Theories

Crosscurrents in Second Language Acquisition and Linguistic Theories

The conference was organized to update the relation between second language acquisition and linguistic theory. This book contains a selection of (mostly revised and updated) papers of this conference and two newly written papers.

Author: Thom Huebner

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027224637

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 435

View: 602

The term “crosscurrent” is defined as “a current flowing counter to another.” This volume represents crosscurrents in second language acquisition and linguistic theory in several respects. First, although the main currents running between linguistics and second language acquisition have traditionally flowed from theory to application, equally important contributions can be made in the other direction as well. Second, although there is a strong tendency in the field of linguistics to see “theorists” working within formal models of syntax, SLA research can contribute to linguistic theory more broadly defined to include various functional as well as formal models of syntax, theories of phonology, variationist theories of sociolinguists, etc. These assumptions formed the basis for a conference held at Stanford University during the Linguistic Institute there in the summer of 1987. The conference was organized to update the relation between second language acquisition and linguistic theory. This book contains a selection of (mostly revised and updated) papers of this conference and two newly written papers.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Second Language Acquisition of French Tense Aspect Mood and Modality

The Second Language Acquisition of French Tense  Aspect  Mood and Modality

Critical periods and (second) language acquisition: Divide et empera. In Second Language Acquisition and the Critical Period Hypothesis, D. Birdsong (ed.) ...

Author: Dalila Ayoun

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027271785

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 252

View: 855

Temporal-aspectual systems have a great potential of informing our understanding of the developing competence of second language learners. So far, the vast majority of empirical studies investigating L2 acquisition have largely focused on past temporality, neglecting the acquisition of the expression of the present and future temporalities with rare exceptions (aside from ESL learners), leaving unanswered the question of how the investigation of different types of temporality may inform our understanding of the acquisition of temporal, aspectual and mood systems as a whole. This monograph addresses this question by focusing on three main objectives: a) to contribute to the already impressive body of research in the L2 acquisition of tense, aspect and mood/modality from a generative perspective, and in so doing to present a more complete picture of the processes of L2 acquisition in general; b) to bridge the gap between linguistic theory and L2 acquisition; c) to make empirical findings more accessible to language instructors by proposing concrete pedagogical applications.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Tense and Aspect in Second Language Acquisition and Learner Corpus Research

Tense and Aspect in Second Language Acquisition and Learner Corpus Research

While this topic has already received considerable attention in the SLA literature, it features less prominently in recent corpus-based studies of learner language. This volume intends to close this gap.

Author: Robert Fuchs

Publisher:

ISBN: 9027207151

Category:

Page: 158

View: 653

The expression of temporal relations, notably through tense and aspect, is central in all processes of communication, but commonly perceived and described as a major hurdle for non-native speakers. While this topic has already received considerable attention in the SLA literature, it features less prominently in recent corpus-based studies of learner language. This volume intends to close this gap. It shows which additional insights into the area of tense and aspect in learner language can be gained using corpus data, addressing the following questions: In which ways do corpus-based studies complement work based on other methods?; How can a corpus-based approach inform theories on the acquisition of tense and aspect specifically, and of language acquisition in general?; Are results language-specific or can universal principles be established?; How pervasive are effects of mode/register within learner corpus data?; What role does native and non-native input play?; Which methodological challenges come to the fore when using corpus data instead of elicited data?; How can the notion of "target(-like)" performance be operationalized for corpus material?; Which implications do the findings from the learner corpora have for the teaching and learning of the target language? Originally published as special issue of International Journal of Learner Corpus Research 4:2 (2018)
Categories:

The Handbook of Spanish Second Language Acquisition

The Handbook of Spanish Second Language Acquisition

Bringing together a comprehensive collection of newly-commissioned articles, this Handbook covers the most recent developments across a range of sub-fields relevant to the study of second language Spanish.

Author: Kimberly L. Geeslin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119457053

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 576

View: 648

Bringing together a comprehensive collection of newly-commissioned articles, this Handbook covers the most recent developments across a range of sub-fields relevant to the study of second language Spanish. Provides a unique and much-needed collection of new research in this subject, compiled and written by experts in the field Offers a critical account of the most current, ground-breaking developments across key fields, each of which has seen innovative empirical research in the past decade Covers a broad range of issues including current theoretical approaches, alongside a variety of entries within such areas as the sound system, morphosyntax, individual and social factors, and instructed language learning Presents a variety of methodological approaches spanning the active areas of research in language acquisition
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Speaking and Instructed Foreign Language Acquisition

Speaking and Instructed Foreign Language Acquisition

This is the rationale behind this book, which considers speaking from leading theoretical perspectives, investigates individual variables which affect its development, and reports the results of studies focusing on different aspects of its ...

Author: Prof. Mirosław Pawlak

Publisher: Multilingual Matters

ISBN: 9781847694744

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 320

View: 531

Developing the ability to speak in a foreign language is an arduous task. This is because it involves the mastery of different language subsystems, simultaneous focus on comprehension and production, and the impact of a range of social factors. This challenge is further compounded in situations in which learners have limited access to the target language. Thus, there is a need to explore issues related to teaching, learning and testing speaking with a view to translating the guidelines based on theoretical positions and research findings into feasible and context-specific pedagogical recommendations. This is the rationale behind this book, which considers speaking from leading theoretical perspectives, investigates individual variables which affect its development, and reports the results of studies focusing on different aspects of its instructed acquisition.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Neurobiological Factors in Second Language Learning and Acquisition

The Neurobiological Factors in Second Language Learning and Acquisition

Scientific Essay from the year 2011 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, University of Debrecen (Regnum-M Educational Co. / University of Debrecen), course: English Language and Literature Studies - ...

Author: Janos Talaber

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 9783640930883

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 72

View: 492

Scientific Essay from the year 2011 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, University of Debrecen (Regnum-M Educational Co. / University of Debrecen), course: English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, language: English, abstract: It is obvious that second language acquisition is a very inevitable phenomenon in language learning procedure, hence there is a whole library of books dealing with SLA. Contemporary findings (Pléh, 2010) have also showed that LA is one of the most important processes in our life, determining the whole procedure of language learning, not only in the case of second language, but also in the case of our mother tongue. Moreover, the whole process includes memorizing things, conceptualization, connecting cognitive information and eventual accuracy in the use of language. Interestingly enough, contemporary findings have also proved (Deb K. Roy et al., 2002) that first language acquisition begins even before the birth of the child, which means that the adaptation to the new circumstances and verbalcommunication starts in the mother’s uterus. These new researches and our devotion to medical disciplines1 have made us compose an essay on the biological factors of Second Language Acquisition. No doubt, biological and neurobiological factors are very severely important parts of LA procedures, however, they are not really put into the focus of linguistic experts. The reason for this might be traced in several things: there are some (Birnbaum, 1996) who think that biological factors are not so important, since linguistic experts are supposed to be dealing with the technical and mechanical factors of language acquisition (e.g. how we learn the things, what methodology or approaches we need to master the language properly, etc.). Others note (Clark, 1997) that even when biological factors are very determining, linguistics are obliged to stick to the main stream of language acquisition, which is – beyond any questions – not a biological but a psychological factor.However, there are a lot more others who support biological factors and dealing with neurobiology deeply in contemporary writings. These opinions all encouraged us to write an essay onbiological factors, emphasizing that biology and neurobiology are very important in Language Acquisition. Furthermore, in accordance with the new scientific findings and surveys, we were really given the suggestion that there is a great need for dealing and utilizing neurobiology in the frame of linguistics.
Categories: Literary Collections

Third language acquisition

Third language acquisition

This book deals with the phenomenon of third language (L3) acquisition.

Author: Camilla Bardel

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9783961102815

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 276

View: 668

This book deals with the phenomenon of third language (L3) acquisition. As a research field, L3 acquisition is established as a branch of multilingualism that is concerned with how multilinguals learn additional languages and the role that their multilingual background plays in the process of language learning. The volume points out some current directions in this particular research area with a number of studies that reveal the complexity of multilingual language learning and its typical variation and dynamics. The eight studies gathered in the book represent a wide range of theoretical positions and offer empirical evidence from learners belonging to different age groups, and with varying levels of proficiency in the target language, as well as in other non-native languages belonging to the learner’s repertoire. Diverse linguistic phenomena and language combinations are viewed from a perspective where all previously acquired languages have a potential role to play in the process of learning a new language. In the six empirical studies, contexts of language learning in school or at university level constitute the main outlet for data collection. These studies involve several language backgrounds and language combinations and focus on various linguistic features. The specific target languages in the empirical studies are English, French and Italian. The volume also includes two theoretical chapters. The first one conceptualizes and describes the different types of multilingual language learning investigated in the volume: i) third or additional language learning by learners who are bilinguals from an early age, and ii) third or additional language learning by people who have previous experience of one or more non-native languages learned after the critical period. In particular, issues related to the roles played by age and proficiency in multilingual acquisition are discussed. The other theoretical chapter conceptualizes the grammatical category of aspect, reviewing previous studies on second and third language acquisition of aspect. Different models for L3 learning and their relevance and implications for representations of aspect and for potential differences in the processing of second and third language acquisition are also examined in this chapter. As a whole, the book presents current research into third or additional language learning by young learners or adults, considering some of the most important factors for the complex process of multilingual language learning: the age of onset of the additional language and that of previously acquired languages, social and affective factors, instruction, language proficiency and literacy, the typology of the background languages and the role they play in shaping syntax, lexicon, and other components of a L3. The idea for this book emanates from the symposium Multilingualism, language proficiency and age, organized by Camilla Bardel and Laura Sánchez at Stockholm University, Department of Language Education, in December 2016.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Tense Aspect Modality in a Second Language

Tense Aspect Modality in a Second Language

Situated within the long-established domain of temporality research in Second Language Acquisition, this book aims to provide an update on recent research directions in the field through a range of papers which explore relatively new ...

Author: Martin Howard

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027266491

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 257

View: 835

Situated within the long-established domain of temporality research in Second Language Acquisition, this book aims to provide an update on recent research directions in the field through a range of papers which explore relatively new territory. Those areas include the expression of modality and counterfactuality, the effect of first language transfer, aspectuo-temporal comprehension, aspectuo-temporal marking at a wider discursive level, and methodological issues in the study of the acquisition of aspect. The studies presented explore English and French as second languages, involving both child and adult learners from a range of first language backgrounds in both instructed and naturalistic learning contexts. The studies draw on both spoken and written data which explore various facets of the learners’ second language comprehension and production. The volume offers new, but complementary insights to previous research, as well as pointing to directions for future research in this burgeoning field of study.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Current Trends in Child Second Language Acquisition

Current Trends in Child Second Language Acquisition

The Acquisition of Aspect in a Second Language: A Bidirectional Study of Learners of English and Iapanese. PhD dissertation, City University of New ...

Author: Belma Haznedar

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027290595

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 363

View: 538

This volume presents recent generative research on the nature of grammars of child second language (L2) acquirers -- a learner population whose exposure to an L2 occurs between the ages of 4 to 8. The main goal is to define child L2 acquisition in relation to other types of acquisition such as child monolingual and bilingual acquisition, adult L2 acquisition, and specific language impairment. This comparative perspective opens up new angles for the discussion of currently debated issues such as the role of Universal Grammar in constraining development, developmental sequences in L2, maturational influences on the 'growth' of grammar, critical period effects for different linguistic domains, initial state and ultimate attainment in relation to length of exposure, and L1-transfer in relation to age of onset. These issues are explored using longitudinal, cross-sectional, and experimental data from L2 children acquiring a range of languages, including Dutch, English, French, and Greek.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Aspects of Culture in Second Language Acquisition and Foreign Language Learning

Aspects of Culture in Second Language Acquisition and Foreign Language Learning

This volume offers a valuable contribution to this growing body of research by providing theoretical considerations and empirical research data on themes such as the development of intercultural communicative competence, the role of English ...

Author: Janusz Arabski

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642202012

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 292

View: 258

In recent years language learning has been increasingly viewed by some SLA researchers as an essentially social-psychological process in which the role of a wider sociocultural context should not be marginalized. This volume offers a valuable contribution to this growing body of research by providing theoretical considerations and empirical research data on themes such as the development of intercultural communicative competence, the role of English as a lingua franca in intercultural communication, and the place of cultural factors in SLA theorizing, research, second/foreign language teaching and teacher training. The volume also contains contributions which share the linguistic interest in the culture-related concepts and constructs such as time, modesty, politeness, and respect, discussing the culture-dependent differences in conceptualization and their reflection in particular language forms and linguistic devices.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Second Language Acquisition

Second Language Acquisition

This book offers a succinct theoretical introduction to the basic concepts in language testing in a way that is easy to understand.

Author: Rod Ellis

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019437212X

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 147

View: 335

This book offers a succinct theoretical introduction to the basic concepts in language testing in a way that is easy to understand. In the Japanese context, this book is highly recommended for university faculty members involved in obtaining assessment literacy, teachers who want to validate their exploratory teaching and testing, or applied linguistics students new to the language testing field. The book is divided into four main sections. The first provides an overview of the principles of language testing. The next contains short extracts from the testing literature with questions which stimulate further thinking. Section 3 is a list of references with brief annotations and Section 4 a glossary of referenced testing terms.
Categories: Foreign Language Study

Second Language Acquisition

Second Language Acquisition

This book covers key topics in second language acquisition and bilingualism, examining different theoretical approaches and introducing key theories in the field.

Author: Neal Snape

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 9781137367075

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 246

View: 603

This book covers key topics in second language acquisition and bilingualism, examining different theoretical approaches and introducing key theories in the field. Real studies are examined in areas such as acquisition of morphology, syntax and phonology, and practice questions give students a chance to think critically about crucial areas.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Acquisition of Spanish as a Second Language

The Acquisition of Spanish as a Second Language

This volume offers an introduction to the field of second language acquisition with a particular focus on second language Spanish.

Author: Kimberly L. Geeslin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317417194

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 406

View: 179

This volume offers an introduction to the field of second language acquisition with a particular focus on second language Spanish. It connects key issues in the acquisition of Spanish as a second language to theoretical and empirical issues in the field of second language acquisition more generally by exemplifying central concepts in second language acquisition through the exploration of the most widely researched structures and most recent developments in the field of second language Spanish. It is written for a non-specialist audience, making it suitable for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses and readers, while its treatment of recent empirical developments also makes it of interest to researchers in second language Spanish as well as allied fields.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Second Language Acquisition

Second Language Acquisition

This book is a thorough revision of the highly successful text first published in 1994.

Author: Susan M. Gass

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0805835288

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 488

View: 208

This book is a thorough revision of the highly successful text first published in 1994. The authors retain the multidisciplinary approach that presents research from linguistics, sociology, psychology, and education, in a format designed for use in an introductory course for undergraduate or graduate students. The research is updated throughout and there are new sections and chapters in this second edition as well. New chapters cover child language acquisition (first and second), Universal Grammar, and instructed language learning; new sections address issues, such as what data analysis doesn't show, replication of research findings, interlanguage transfer (multilingual acquisition and transfer), the aspect hypothesis, general nativism, connectionist approaches, and implicit/explicit knowledge. Major updates include nonlanguage influences and the lexicon. The workbook, Second Language Learning Data Analysis, Second Edition, makes an ideal accompaniment to the text.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines